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it shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon, at the day of judgment, 23 than for you.

And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted unto heaven, shalt be brought down to hell; for if the mighty works which have

been done in thee had been done in Sodom, it would have remained 24 until this day. But I say unto you, that it shall be more tolerable for 25 the land of Sodom, in the day of judgment, than for thee. -At that

time Jesus answered and said: I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven

the fiery indignation of Heaven.” and its history sound like a fable.

22. See Mat. x. 15, and the note It would have remained until this thereon.

day. Its wickedness was the sole 23. Thou, Capernaum. A more cause of its ruin. direct address because he was in it 24. See note on Mat. X. 15.at the time.-Exalted unto heaven. More tolerable. Scripture here conIs. xiv. 13, 14. Art favored with the firms what is consonant to experimost exalted privileges. Jesus him ence and reason, that punishment self lived there. It was even more has its degrees. The greater the privileged than other towns in the sin, the greater the misery.-What neighborhood. --Brought down to must be our condition, national or hell. Or, the abyss. This, as well individual, temporal or eterval, if as the foregoing expression, is plain- we shut our eyes against clearer ly hyperbolical. The meaning is, Gospel light than shone even upon that, from the enjoyment of the no- Chorazin, Bethsaida, and Caperblest privileges, it would, on ac naum, or if we darken it with the count of its impenitence and un vapors of sin ? “ How shall we esfaithfulness, be brought down to cape if we neglect so great salvathe lowest condition. The word tion ?”. translated hell is Hades, which 25—27. Compare Luke x. 21, means strictly the place of the de- 22, where the same expressions of parted, whether good or bad; it Jesus' devout joy are uttered on the was represented by the Jews as return of the Seventy. situated beneath the earth. It has 25. At that time. As if to mark sometimes been translated grave. how soon Jesus reassured bis faintIt here refers to the abject degra- ing spirit, and turned froin the saddation to which Capernaum would dening view of the inefficacy of be reduced, compared with its for- his labors, to the most devout and mer distinguished opportunities, grateful feelings. “To think of and not to any place of punishment God was again to be revived, again in the future world. The predic- to be his Christ, strong in hope.”tion has been fulfilled; and even its Answered and suid. Went on to situation is now lost, so completely say. He replied to no question, has the town been effaced frorn the but proceeded to say, in addition to earth. The same laws of God's his foregoing rernarks, what folmoral government are in action Jows.— I thank thee, O Father. I now; and the city or nation, which make grateful acknowledgments to is exalted to heaven in point of thee, or give glory. This is an privileges, will yet, if unfaithful ejaculatory prayer.-Father is the and wicked, finally sink into ob- uniform title with which Jesus adlivion, and its place be unknown, dresses the Deity. It argues no

and earth, because thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes. Even so, Father, for so it 26

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small advance in the Christian life, 'fisherman. The Scribes and Phari-
when his followers can with truth sees, puffed up with their learning,
and sincerity, and not as a mere rejected the counsel of God, but
form, or from cold imitation, call the common people heard Jesus
God their Father. The conviction gladly. Preached by persons of
of God's paternal character is the such humble origin as himself and
stronghold of goodness in the hu- his Apostles, the Gospel would ap-
man heart.-Lord of heaven and pear to be less indebted for its truth
earth. Universal sovereign, whose and success to any power, or learn-
will there is none to dispute, above ing, or wisdom of man, and more
or below. The inquiry may be ap- plainly and unequivocally to be the
propriately made here, How could special revelation of Heaven. The
the Saviour address this prayer to Jews were accustomed to attribute
God, if he was himself God? If every thing directly to the agency
he was the Higheșt, why did he of God, even what was done by the
address a higher than himself? will or instrumentality of man.
Did he thank himself? Or, if we Thus Jesus, in conformity to the
adopt the doctrine of two natures, usual mode of speech, represents
which by the way is not once men God as hiding these things from
tioned in the Bible in any place, the wise and prudent, by which we
did one of his patures thank the are not to understand that their un-
other? Would that constitute wor belief was caused, but only permit-
ship ?— Because thou hast hid these ted, by him, and that it was attribut-
things, &c. That is, the truths of able to their own folly.-The latter
the Gospel.—The wise and prudent. clause of the verse may be illustra-
The worldly wise, those wise in ted by two quotations from the Tal-
their own conceits.—Hast revealed muds. “From the time in which
them unto babes, i. e. to men of little the temple was destroyed, wisdom
learning, fame, or influence, but was taken away from the prophets,
who were of innocent and docile and given to fools and children.”
dispositions. He elsewhere calls “ In the days of the Messiah, every
his disciples little ones. Mat. x. 42. species of wisdom, even the most
In this verse is contained a pecu- profound, shall be revealed; and
liar idiom of the Hebrew language, this even to children.”
an instance of which occurs in 26. So it seemed good in thy sight.
Rom. vi. 17. The cause of grati- For many things this is the only
țude was not, as the sentence literal. satisfactory explanation, that they
ly expresses it, that God had hid-

are as they are.

When the specuden these things from the wise and lations of philosophy can go no revealed them to babes; but be- farther, it soothes the troubled mind cause, having in his providence to say, It is the will of our God, permitted them to be hidden from That will is so benignant, where we the learned and the famous, poets, can understand it, that we can trust orators, statesmen, and pbiloso- it, where it is inscrutable; being phers, he had communicated them perfectly convinced, that, could we to the meek and the childlike, to see the whole, we should see it adthe unlearned carpenter and simple vancing our welfare through dark

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27 seemed good in thy sight. All things are delivered unto me of my Father;

and no man knoweth the Son but the Father; neither knoweth any map the Father, save the Son, and he to whoinsoever the Son 28 will reveal him. Come unto me all ye that labor and are heavy

ness as well as light, through clouds in his full glory, except to his Son, and mysteries as well as in the and those of a like spirit with him, plainest revelations and blessings. who have been enlightened by him

27. All things, i. e. all things ne in relation to the character of the cessary to my mission and the sal- Father.-Will reveal him. Instead vation of mankind, and not strictly of him read them, that_is, both the all things in the universe. All Father and the Son. The Son reknowledge of God needful for my veals himself and his Father, reofficial work, as the rest of the veals his Father in himself. The verse shows; not all power and sense of the whole is, that the Fagovernment. General terms are to ther has given him a full commisbe limited in interpretation by the sion and knowledge in relation to connection in which they stand.- the salvation of mankind, and that Are delivered unto me of my Father. none but the Father and Son, and By my Father. Mat. xxviii. 18. those who are instructed by the John xvii. 2. A plaiu declaration Gospel, can enter completely into of the subordination of the Sun to their plans with regard to the rethe Father. Though my religion formation of the world. Spiritual is rejected by the wise and prudent, things must be spiritually known. would seem to be his meaning, yet Only the god-like can comprehend I can fall back and repose with joy the god-likc. on the assurance that God has given 28-30. This paragraph grows me this mission to perform, and all naturally out of the preceding verthings adequate to its triumphant ses. He had been speaking with a fulfilment.-No man. No one.

thankful exultation of the commisKnoweth the Son but the Father. Know sion given him by the Father for here, as in many other cases, has the salvation of mankind. He now the sense of being intimately ac invites all, but especially the weariquainted with. No one knows the ed and overburdened, to come and Son as the Son, i. e. in his peculiar experience the life, liberty, and bliss and glorious relation to the Father, of this salvation. His mind had but the Father. The Gospel was been raised so high in the contemso far in advance of mankind, and plation of his mission, that he even of the Jews, as a religious breaks out into a beautiful apostropeople, that no one, not even his phe to the children of toil and sordisciples, fully understood and sym- row, to come to him and experipathized with him in his subliine ence the blessings of the Gospel. purposes. He could look to Heaven The imperative mode is here used alone for support. But he was not less in the sense of command than solitary, for the Father was with of earnest supplication. O come him, and understood him and his unto me. errand into the world.Neither 28. Come unto me. Not physicalknoweth any man—any one--the ly, but spiritually. Those come Father, save the Son, &c. So, on the unto Christ, who obey and love other hand, the Father is not known him. John vi. 35, vii. 37.-All ye

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laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn 29 of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart; and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is easy, and iny burden is light.

30

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that labor and are heavy-laden. condescending teacher and guide, All without distinction are invited. in coutrast with the baughty Scribes Those who labored under the en and Pharisees, who treated the peocumbrances of the Mosaic ritual, ple at large with contempt; who those who were heavy-laden with put upon them burdens heavier human traditions, those who groan- ihan they could bear, and would ed under the slavery of sin, and not so much as touch them with those who were oppressed with the one of their fingers. Mat. xxiii. nameless cares and trials of human 4. Luke xi. 46.— Ye shall find rest. existence, were addressed in this Fulfil the condition, and you shall moving entreaty. Whatever be the receive the reward.—Unto your toil or the suffering, rest is promised, souls. Jesus does not promise his on condition of going unto Jesus.- followers exemption from the comI will give you rest. Jesus would mon, outward, physical ills of life. supersede burdensome ceremo- But he does promise that they shall nies, with a simple, spiritual faith have rest, where rest is of most and practice. Acts xv. 10. Gal. v. value, in the soul. There shall be i. He would overthrow the oppres- peace in the heart. In the virtues sive commandments of men, and of the Christian character, in purivindicate in their power the laws ty, self-denial, piety, and mercy, of God. He would extract the there is a quiet and tranquil happisting from sorrow, sickness, and ness truly divine. The soul feels death, and give rest and gladness a conscious dignity and serene to the sons and daughters of grief. elevation, as if raised above the When the soul is directed to Jesus

that sweep this lower it finds peace, as the disturbed mag, world. “There is in man a higher netic needle, pointing to jts pole of than love of happiness; he can do attraction, straightway subsides, and without happiness, and instead becomes still. The knowledge of thereof find blessedness.” Let not God which he communicates calms the good grieve, if they have little the agitated soul. The burdens he of the gold, or honors, or pleasures imposes, so far from wearying, re of this world. Our Father does new the strength. The duties he not pay his faithful ones in things enjoins promote present and future of so perishable a nature, but in happiness. Here is found

the higher rewards of the spirit " A sovereign balm for every wound,

itself.

30. For my yoke is easy, 8c. The 29. Take my yoke, &c. A com Christian religion makes none but mon figure. To follow or obey reasonable requirements, and inone is to wear his yoke; a ineta poses none but necessary restraints. phor from husbandry, to illustrate it is free from the burdensome religion. The sense is without dis- ceremonial of the Jews.

It repute,-Submit to my instruction, quires no arduous pilgrimages like learn of me the truth of God, and Mahometanism, nor the bloody sacriobey it.-For I am 'meek and lowly fices and human offerings of pagan in heart. Jesus would be a mild, idolatry. It gives free course and

storms

A cordial for our fears."

CHAPTER XII. The Reasonings of Jesus with the Scribes and Pharisees, and his Rebukes of their Wickedness.

T that time Jesus went on the sabbath-day through the corn; and

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2 corn, and to eat. But when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto him:

Behold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do upon the sab

noble gratifications to all the high,

CHAP. XII. enduring faculties of the soul, and 1-8. Mark ii. 23-28. Luke vi. enjoins self-denial only in things 1–5. hurtful, and where it brings joys 1. At that time. About that time. far deeper and richer than those of Luke specifies the time, though obany sensual or worldly nature. scurely, as the second Sabbath afThe Christian has found it to be so ter the first," which is conjectured by by experience. The yoke of Christ Carpenter to mean the first Sabbath is easy, and his burden light to him. after Pentecost, in our month of Take the whole chequered course May.--Sabbath-day. Correspondof life through, and he has dis- ing to our Saturday.—The corn. covered only one thing suited alike The fields of grain, probably barto all states and all changes, and ley or wheat. Indian corn was that is Religion ; tempering and en- unkuown till modern times. All hancing pleasures, soothing troub- kinds of grain were formerly called les, cheering difficulties, enriching corn.--An hungered. An old Engpoverty, smoothing the pillow of lish expression for hungry. The sickness, and glorifying the bed of ears of corn. The heads of grain. death; and in all giving a peace Luke adds, they rubbed them in their that passeth understanding. hands, for the purpose no doubt of

We have probably read these last shelling out the kernels from the paragraphs of the chapter so many heads.-Eat. This they were altimes in a monotonous mood and lowed to do by the law of Moses, the sluggish acquiescence of habit, Deut. xxii. 25, but they were not that we have not considered the

to reap, or carry any away. commanding and awful strain, as 2. Thy disciples do that which is of the summons to judgment, fitted not lawful, i. e. do that which is to make every heart quake, with forbidden by law. What they held which the responsibility of the to be forbidden was not the pluckhearers of Christ is sounded forth, ing and eating of the grain, but door the inexpressible sweetness and ing it on the Sabbath. Moses had winning grace with which he calls enjoined abstinence frorn labor on on the wearied, suffering, and siv- that day. Ex. xx. 10, xxxv. 2, 3. ful to come to him and to forget Numb. xv. 32—36. And these their woes in the boson of his love. rigid formalists carried his laws, It is a passage to starile all the fears, relative to the day of rest, to such and thrill with ecstacy all the hopes extremes, as to forbid even works of that inbabit the human heart; a pas- necessity and mercy. One teacher sage to be read with deep awe, held that attendance on the sick with tears of penitence, and tears was uplawful on that day. The of joy. Muse upon it in thy heart following passage occurs in one of till the fire burns.

the Rabbinical books, which may

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