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took Lieutenant Ball and about a dozen Some time before we entered the square
men from Company E, leaving the regi- the First South Dakota had occupied the
ment in command of Lieutenant-Colonel village of Barasoain, which is practically a
Little for the time being. Moving rapidly continuation of Malolos, though it has, orat
over to the left of the regiment, our little de least then had, a separate municipal gov-
tachment found a narrow road leading into ernment. This circumstance caused some
the capital, and we went up it on the jump, of our compatriots from the far north to
now and then halting for a few seconds feel irritated by the none too modest boast
to peer around corners. The road soon of a few of the men of the Twentieth Kan-
became a street, and here we were joined sas to the effect that the Kansans had been
by the ubiquitous Mr. Creelman, quite out the first men actually in the capital.
of breath from his exertions in overtaking After all of us were comfortably seated
s, he having“smelled a rat” when he saw about our own firesides in the United States
leave. We were fired upon by about a the newspaper war waged over this ques-
ren men behind a street barricade of tion was only less bloody than the sangui-
res, gave them a couple of volleys and nary long-range contest carried on by the
rushed them. A minute later we were Kansans with the men of the Tenth Penn-
e plaza or public square, and ex- sylvania over the Marilao affair. This is
ed shots with a few men who were one of the weaknesses of troops having local
g through the streets starting fires. or State pride to cater to. Circumstances
vildings occupied by Aguinaldo as had simply enabled men from these two
'nce and as offices and the Hall regiments to be the first to enter Malolos
ess were burning. We gave such and the neighboring town. As a matter of
; a few men could, and I sent fact, the victory belonged to the whole di-
I to General MacArthur that the vision and the troops co-operating with it.
urs. In a few moments troops Malolos was defended, not at Malolos it-
e regiments of the brigade, as self, but at Caloocan, Tuliajan River, Ma-
brigade commander himself, linta, Polo, Meycauayan, Marilao, Bocaue,

and Guiguinto.
h of General Funston's Philippine papers, “From Malolos to San Fernando,”

will appear in the September Number.]

REPAYMENT

Ву John Kendrick Bangs

AT part of me that from the earth hath come
et earth take back again when comes the hour
t marks of my achievement the full sum,
id sets the limit to my feeble power.

lge no bit of it,—the loan of clav
† from her breast I've ta’en I shall return,
ve no slight reluctance to repay,
ver think the debt incurred to spurn.

which of the spirit is in me
earth-creditor of me demand:
give earth's, to Immortality
s divine from the Immortal Hand,

The necessity of repairing the railroad and now as the regiment began to yell bridge and the much damaged track so that and rush forward, they vacated. A few trains bringing up supplies from Manila of us seized the railroad bridge, which they could cross, as well as the construction of a had not much injured, and several regibridge for our wheeled transportation, made ments crossed on it, deploying again on the it necessary for the whole division to remain other bank preparatory to continuing the on the north bank of the Marilao all the advance. The loss of the enemy had been next day, and it was not until the morning light, and we found only a few dead in of the 29th that we resumed the march. their trenches and near them. The day's rest and quiet had been a God- While we were forming on the north bank send to all, as the weather was becoming of this stream we could see at Bigaa station, uncomfortably hot in the middle of the day, about two miles up the track, a number of and in spite of the short marches the men railroad trains, and could see that the were beginning to show signs of fatigue, enemy's troops were entraining. Our fieldthis condition being partly due to the watch- guns opened and created much confusion fulness imposed at night. But the regi- among them. As they fell back from Bigaa ment, in common with the whole division, they burned the town, and we could see the formed line of battle, having the First and dense clouds of smoke rolling skyward as Second Battalions on the firing line and the we took up the march. Passing through Third in reserve, five hundred yards in rear, Bigaa at about half past eleven, we met and we trudged across the open fields, still with no resistance on our part of the line, having our right on the railroad. On our though we heard some firing by other orleft was the First Montana, and across the ganizations. We began fondly to hope that railroad, to the right, the Tenth Pennsyl- we might camp that night in Malolos, but it vania. The Third Artilery was in reserve. was not to be. At a little after four o'clock

As the long irregular line of blue ap- we approached the Guiguinto River, and proached the river near Bocaue we could found the trenches on the opposite bank see trenches on the opposite bank. Soon deserted. The railroad bridge was burncame the crackle of the Mausers and the ing, but the fire had made but very little usual whining and zipping of bullets. We progress, and was put out by the men of quickened our pace, and when we were Company B of the Twentieth Kansas, the within eight hundred yards the two bat- men carrying water from the river in vestalions on the firing line opened up. We sels that they found in near-by houses. made the attack at a fast walk, each man The stream was deep, and the banks high stopping only long enough to take aim, and and steep, so chat our seizure of this bridge reloading as he advanced. In some re was a most fortunate circumstance. spects this method of attack is to be pre- Across the river for about twelve hundred ferred to the advance by rushes, as the shoot- yards stretched a perfectly level field from ing is much more accurate. The enemy's which the rice had been harvested. Befire was rather heavy, but after we opened yond that was what appeared to be dense very wild. Major Metcalf and six enlisted woods. There was not a sign of life anymen were wounded. Metcalf, as has been where, but scouts were sent out up the told, had been shot through one ear in the railroad track a few hundred yards. The trenches at Caloocan, and now went to the large force of the enemy, concealed in elabother extreme by getting a bullet through a orate trenches in the margin of the woods, foot, an exceedingly painful and annoying held their fire until they could make it wound. For several hours he tried to stay count better than by giving themselves with the regiment, but finally gave it up and away in order to stir up a few scouts. No sorrowfully allowed himself to be hauled one had any doubt that the coast was abback to Manila. He recovered in time to solutely clear, and the crossing began imjoin us at San Fernando.

mediately. The ties had not been removed The Filipinos had learned by bitter ex- from the bridge, so that this was not a matperience that it was not always best to re- ter of difficulty. The Tenth Pennsylvania main too long in their trenches, especially if and the Twentieth Kansas began crossing the ground to the rear was open, so that at the same time, the former using the rightthey could be shot down in getting away, hand side of the structure and the latter the left-hand. Two field-pieces and the Colt ment had cleared the bridge, was astonished automatic were brought across the bridge at the number of writhing forms in the little by hand and prepared to open to the front part of the field that we had crossed, and at in case the necessity should arise. For the the number of men being assisted to the time being all horses had to be left on the shelter of the few straw stacks. The cry south bank.

“Hospital Corps” was coming from all I was standing at the north end of the sides. bridge, talking to General MacArthur and Chief Trumpeter Barshfield and I were watching my regiment cross, when we were stooping down behind the prone men of startled by a most terrific fire opened on us. Company G, and my attention was atThe bullets came from the north, and it was tracted to the difficulty one of the men, correctly surmised that the enemy's trenches Private Birlew, was having in extracting a were in the edge of the woods on the oppo- shell that had jammed in his piece. I was site side of the field. It was by far the best so close I could have touched him, and do shooting that I have ever seen the Filipinos not suppose I watched him more than three do. They were beyond the effective range seconds, when I saw one whole side of his of our Springfields, and knew it. They had head torn open, and his face dropped down the exact range and were using their sights, into the rice stubble, his hands clutched and had a good rest for their rifles over the convulsively, and life's battle with him was parapet of their trench. The bullets were over. The Filipinos had no mind to allow whipping up little dust spots all about, and us to come to close quarters when they had actually filling the air with their various no friendly stream to stop our rush, and sorts of noises. Major P. B. Strong, ad- when they saw that we were going to close jutant-general of the division, standing with them, vacated their trenches, and the within three feet of General MacArthur, firing ceased as abruptly as it had begun. was wounded, and dozens of bullets struck I went at once toward the bridge to rethe bridge.

port to the division commander, and on my The two regiments crossed with great way passed one of the little straw stacks, rapidity, each company, as it cleared the and noticed behind it half a dozen wounded bridge, deploying and rushing up to the men being treated by the surgeons of the firing line. The Tenth Pennsylvania de- regiment who by the way got under fire as ployed to the right of the railroad and much as any of us. The fight had not the Twentieth Kansas to the left. It was lasted more than fifteen minutes, but the enough to warm the cockles of a soldier's Twentieth Kansas had Privates Birlew, heart to see the perfect coolness of these Dix, and Wilson killed, and Captain W. J. now veteran fighters under that rain of bul- Watson and eighteen enlisted men woundlets to which they could make no adequate ed. Captain Watson, one of the best offireply. Each company of the Twentieth cers in the regiment, carries to this day, just Kansas, as it cleared the bridge, formed back of his heart, the bullet received at line at one pace interval, moved on a run Guiguinto. It was the last of his active by the left flank, faced to the front at a service with the Twentieth Kansas, but he point that would make its right coincide came back to the Philippines a year later in with the left of the company that had the Fortieth United States Volunteers, and preceded it, and then fairly flew over the lost a leg in an engagement in Mindanao. ground until it came up on the firing line, Having had his system sufficiently ventiwhen it went down flat to the earth and the lated by bullets, Watson is now engaged in men began to work their rifles with great the peaceful pursuit of presiding over the vigor. The most of our firing was by post office at his home town of Pittsburg, platoon volleys, and crash succeeded crash Kansas. with intervals of only a few seconds. The The troops that had fought at Guiguinto two field-pieces and the Colt automatic were bivouacked in line of battle. The next in action, and were adding to the uproar. forenoon was spent in the necessary but We soon began to advance by rushes, in or- prosaic work of distributing rations and der to come to close quarters. I was up on ammunition, and it was after two o'clock the firing line, and having occasion to look in the afternoon when we resumed the to the rear in order to see if all of the regi- march, the Twentieth Kansas having the

VOL, L.-17

same relative position as on the preceding orously shelled the trenches and redoubts day. We were more than interested in the at a distance of about a mile, but without long and well-made trench, twelve hundred causing any stir in their vicinity. Immediyards north of the bridge that had shel- ately upon the cessation of the cannonade tered our assailants of the night before. If the infantry advance began, the whole there had been any dead or wounded in Second Division being deployed on a front them they had been removed. It is very of over two miles. As for two days past, unlikely, however, that the Filipinos had the Twentieth Kansas formed the right of had more than a few men hit, as they had Otis's brigade, which was on the left of the fought at long range behind excellent cover, railway. while we had been in the open. We ad- The various regiments of the division had vanced slowly and cautiously, passing line been so reduced by sickness, heat prostraaster line of formidable trenches that must tions, and battle casualties that they did not have cost an enormous amount of labor on aggregate the formidable total that a week the part of the noncombatants who had before had forced the passage of the Tuliabeen rounded up by thousands by the in- jan. Wheaton's brigade, which had been surgent leaders and compelled to work on coming up in rear of the division, guarding them. During the afternoon no resistance the line of communication was now dewas encountered, and at night we encamped ployed immediately behind us as a support. within three miles of the insurgent capital. So that as the two lines moved forward we We would have had time to go in, but it was numbered about six thousand men. As supposed that resistance of a serious nature the advance was to be made successively would be offered, and it was not desired to from the right of the division to the left, bring on a fight when there was not suffi- Hale's brigade got the first start, and we cient daylight left to finish it in style. heard some lively firing on its front and saw

From a strategic stand-point, Malolos was that it was carrying one or two lines of a place of no importance, but it was taken trenches. Immediately in advance of the for granted that the enemy would desper- Twentieth Kansas was a redoubt covering ately resist our occupation of his capital be- probably an acre of ground, with flankcause of the moral effect that such a disas- ing trenches. We were within a thousand ter would have, not only discouraging their yards of it, when I had the regiment lie own people, but giving the impression in down, and sent a few scouts to examine the foreign lands that the insurgent cause was work. It was ticklish work, but manfully lost, for it must not be forgotten that to the done. It would be better to sacrifice half a last the deluded Filipinos gave themselves dozen men than five or six times that num“Dutch courage” by believing every ridicu- ber. We watched the scouts anxiously as lous rumor of foreign intervention in their they darted forward and threw themselves behalf. All reports agreed that the great on the ground between dashes. Finally fight of the campaign was at hand, and it they made the last rush and went over the looked ominous, for on our front were line parapet of the redoubt. It was with great after line of trenches and some formidable relief that we heard no firing, and soon they earthen redoubts. Scouts reported that up were back on the parapet signalling that the to this evening they were strongly held. coast was clear. We then went forward

The next morning we were up bright and rapidly, and soon passed the work and were early in anticipation of an eventful day, for, halted some distance beyond it by the divifighting or no fighting, the occupation of an sion commander, who was close up to the enemy's capital is a historical event of im- firing line. There was still a little firing in portance. When daylight came not a trace the direction of Hale's brigade, and a numof life was apparent in the trenches on the ber of high bullets fired at his right reached front of our brigade, but the Filipinos might us, one man of the regiment being wounded. be playing one of their sharp tricks, trying We were now less than a mile from the to lure us into an incautious advance. Be- nipa houses in the suburbs of Malolos. I ginning at exactly seven o'clock there was was on the railroad track with the division an artillery preparation of half an hour, in commander, when he asked me if I would which the eight or ten field-pieces with us, like to take a few men and feel my way into under the direction of Major Young, vig- the town. I said I would be glad to, and

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