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trampling under foot a number of change its complexion; or who associations calculated to yield them present it in society by which it that harvest of pleasure they most cannot fail to be disgraced! This desire? We know, indeed, that the subject admits of much enlargement. gratifications which religion thus It may, however, be sufficient to bint yields to the refined taste at some of those disfiguring processes among its very smallest fruits. But to wbich we have referred. Some still we urge the point, because we thus degrade it, for instance, who wish to shew the irreligious, that teach its truths in a vulgar, canting; they are but clumsy architects of or needlessly technical phraseology: their own little fabric of happiness, Others do it like dishonour, by assothat they are not worse Christians ciating it with absurd peculiarities, than philosophers, and that the unauthorised demands, or capricious enemy of religion is the enemy of prohibitions; who send it abroad in taste. We urge it also to shew a large-brimmed hat, cut off the those of the young who may con- lappels of its coat, or deny it a bow ceive that religion is calculated to to its neckcloth. But far deeper are give a sort of torpedo touch to the the wounds which those inflict upon more refined sensibilities of our na- it who display it to the world shorn ture, to extirpate by a sort of Van- of those moral graces, those charms dal attack all the gratifications of of temper and affections, which are taste, to disenchant the scenery some of its appointed passports to with which the creative hand of the heart. Are there not some who painting and poetry surprises and de- teach the world to associate frowns lights us; that religion is strong even with religion; who clothe its neck at her supposed weak point; that she with the thunders of disputation ; is rich even where she is confessedly who invest it with the porcupine the poorest; that she is the friend of coat of an irritable temper; who all innocent pleasure, the ally of ge- throw into its eye the glare of envy, nius, the living fountain not less of and into its cheek the hue of jean our daily gratifications than of our lousy; who arm it with the knife of eternal joys.

controversy, and satire, and censoriA topic not less iniportant than ousness ? We dare not trust our this remains still to be noticed. It selves to complete the sketch. It is appears (if indeed it could ever be a sort of portrait wholesome neither disputable) incontrovertibly from to conceive nor to contemplate. this essay, that the beauty and sub. Rather would we call upon the limily of all objects depend much friends of religion to present her to upon the associations with which the world in all the native “ beauty they are connected. Now this pro- of holiness.” How sublime are the position is so extensively true, that associations with which she is transevin religion may be disfigured by mitted to us, both in the language of the medium through which, or the Scripture, and in the person

of society in which, it is seen. It is Christ! Let then the guardians of indeed true that the really philoso- these “ oracles of God," and the phical will learn, as in certain op- followers of this Master, adhere to tical. illusions, to correct the effect the language of the one and endeaof a refraction such as this; and not our to reflect the image of the other. charge upon the object the defects It is a rule of eternal obligation, both of the medium. But since all men as to the language in which we deare not philosophers, and therefore scribe and as to the portrait which this sort of correctness cannot be we exhibit of Christianity,“ see that expected, how ill do those serve the thou make all things according to interests of religion who shew it to the pattern shewed to thee in the the world through a mediuni which mount :” see that all be cast in the must distort is proportions or ' moulds of heaven. Wbilst we ree proach the enemies of the Gospel with their aspersions upon religion An Account of the Society for proas if offensive to taste, let us beware moting Christian Knowledge. Lonof supplying any ground for them. don : Rivington. 1811. If her lessons are to have universal currency, we must teach them in the The title of the present article will universal language of intelligence probably so prise many of our readand good taste, and not in the patois ers. They will be greatly disapof a party. If she is to be raised to pointed, however, if they are led to the throne of the world, her soldiers expect from it a discussion of the must muster, not under the petty comparative excellence of the sysflags of faction, but under the migh- tems of education of Bell and Lanty banner of the Cross. She must caster, to which the sermon of Dr. be presented to the world invested Marsh, prefixed to this account, with her own infinite and immortal might be supposed to invite us. attributes; and we trust that, led by They will be no less disappointed, if the hand of God, they will see the they look for a critique on the tracts star, and worship.

of this Society, for an exposition of We here take our leave of Mr. its various claims on the public gratiAlison, and of the topic to which he tude and support, or for a statement has directed our attention, with some of the circumstances in the manageregret that our limits do not admitment of its affairs which may tend to of a wider excursion with him. His diminish ibe weight of those claims. book would be improved, we think, We mean to direct the attention of by one or two additional chapters on our readers to the single point of the the unnoticed parts of his subject to information which the Society has which we have adverted; by a ge- this year thought proper to give to Deral abbreviation of the chapters the public respecting the Syrian already in our hands; by the sim- Christians of Malayala. We briefly plification of some of his sentences; alluded to this subject in the ab. and, above all, by his treating at stract of the Society's Report in our length, as be is bound, both in the last number, p. 59, intimating an character of a pbilosopher and a intention to consider it more fully clergyman, upon the topic so inad- hereafter. Be it therefore known to equately touched by us-the impor- our readers, that the Society for protance of religion to the most exqui- moting Christian Knowledge bave site enjoyments of taste. These de- published, in their last Report, some fects, however, with the exception particulars concerning the Syrian of the last, are but small spots in a Christians, which have been transbrilliant performance. We should mitted to them by their missionaries be glad to learn by a volume of in India. The Society had put a sermons from the same hand, that question to these missionaries, whethe author thinks as justly upon the- ther it would be practicable to emology as on belles lettres ; that he ploy the Syrian Christians in their is an equally formidable enemy to Indian mission in conjunction with all prejudices and errors; and that them, the German and Danish mis(if we may venture upon the allu- sionaries. The reply to this in. sion), baving slain "the lion and the quiry, as stated in the Society's Rebear" of unsound philosophy, he is port, we will now lay before our as terrible an assailant of the giant” readers. enemies of religion, infidelity, “ In reply to a query, whether worldliness, dissipation, and indif- Syrian priests could be employed in ference.

the missions, they (Messrs. Kolhoff and Horst) enclose a memorandum, stating their reasons why they de.

cline a union with those priests, as CHRIST. OBSERT. No. 122,

P

1

they hold doctrines which militate “ The cast out of wbich all the priests against The Thirty-nine Articles of are taken are the Cassanares, and the priests the Church of England, the Augus- claim ani equality with the highest cast of line Confession, and the Nicene

that country; the Nairs; and, on this acCreed. This memorandum the Board

count, they have hardly any intercourse

with people of lower casts", whereby they deem proper to be submitted to

incapacitate themselves for the propagation public inspection.” The memoran

of Christianity. dum is as follows:

* We hope that the above reasons will " Already, in 1725 and following years, justify our request, that we may be excused our predecessors, the missionaries at Tran- tion admitting those Christians to a union québar and Madras, by the advice of their

of taith with ourselves, and to the office of friends in Europe, endeavoured to make ac

teachers in our orthodox congregatious, in quaintance with the dignitaries and priesis violation of our ordination oath." of the St. Thomas or Syrian Christians, and “ The Rev. Mr. Pohlé, in reply to 10° unite them with the Protestant Church; the same query, observes that he or, at least, to bring them to agree in doctrine with the Protestants. They hoped that the Christians of the Syrian church,

can only mention, with respect to the hatred of the Syrians against the Papists what his predecessors, the former would favour such a union. They employed for this purpose a very learned divine of German missionaries, had reported the Reformed Church at Cochin, the Reve. on that subject in their German rend Valerius Nicolai, and they spoke with Missionary Accounts, which he had several Syrian priests that came to the coast got translated into English by Mr. at different tivies. But they were at last Horst, and a copy whereof he had obliged to give up all hopes of such a union. subjoined; from which he drew, as a The following abstract of the result of these conclusion, the impracticability of researches will shew how unfit the Syrian uniting in missionary concerns with clergy are to be Protestant missionaries.

those Christians; adding, however, “ The Syrian Christians are split into two

that their present situation might sects directly opposed to each other, yet equally receding from the orthodox doctrine probably be better known it some of the Christian church; Nestorians and person acquainted with their lanEutychians. They pray, moreover, to the guage were to reside among them Virgin Mary and to the saints (though not for a year or two, for the purpose of precisely to the same as the Church of gaining sufficient information reRome), and desire their mediation. They specting their present state. The believe that good works are meritorious. extracts herewith transmitted,” the They twld the doctrine of works of sapere. Society adds, " are so interesting rogation. Their public prayers and admi. and pointed that it has been deemed ristrution of the sacrament are in a tonglie not understood by the people. Celibacy

proper to subjoin them.” bas grown customary among their priests,

These extracts, however, it will though it is not enjoined. Thus their doce be unnecessary to transcribe, as the urine nilitates against the 22,5th, 11th, 14th, substance of them has been ala bill, and in a manner also against the 32d ready given in the memorandum of articles of religion, and against the Nicene Messrs. Kolhoff and Horst. We shall, Creed.

however, have occasion to refer to They are so ignorant that they could them. not cven be used as sub-assistants to our na- Mr. Pæzold also gives bis decided sive Catechists, and of course, as such peo- opinion, that it would be impractiple use to be, they are obstinate and would demand of us to conform to their persuasion It is a remarkable ciroumstance, ihat the and ritual instead of conforming themselves immediately preceding report of this society, to that of the Church of England.

viz, that for 1810), contains a letter of these Their proper language is not Syriac, very gentlemen, Messrs. Kolhoff and Horst, wut the Jlalayalini idiom. They only make in which they anxiously defend themselves, shorit to read as much Syriac as is necessary from a similar charge brought against them fo del braving the plass, and reading their by the missionaries of the London Missionlities, such are almost tie sanie will those ary Society; a charge originating probably tentu a'l

in misappreliension in both cases,

cable to employ the clergy of the informed them, that he had been Syrian church in the Society's mis- ordained by Mar Gabriel, a Nestosions, “ they being sectaries of the rian bishop, who“ celebrated mass," Nestorian and Eutychian principles, and used a “ missal,” and who, praying idolatrously to the Virgin we are afterwards told, when soliMary and to the Apostle St. Thomas, cited to unite in the true orthodox and laying a great stress upon many doctrine, answered “ in a papistical very superstitious ceremonies. Be- strain.” The journals of the Dafore they could be employed in a nish missionaries further record, Protestant mission, they must them- that they had some correspondence selves,” he observes, " be converted with Valerius Nicolai, a Dutch mifrom the error of their ways, of nister at Cochin, respecting the Sywhich little if any hope could be rian Christians. It appears thate entertained.”

about the year 1729, Mr. Nicolai The missionaries therefore, it is had written several letters to a Syobvious, have no knowledge then- rian bishop, one Mar Thomas, with selves of the Syrians, who live in a a view to reclaim him from an error country far remote from them; but in doctrine by proofs from holy they had found some notices of writ, (the bishop maintaining, as is them in looking over the journals alleged, a tenet of Eutyches, that of their brethren the Danish inis- Christ had but one nature), but this sionaries, between the years from bishop had declined giving any an1725 to 1738, as appears from the swer till he should receive permis. extracts above mentioned, where sion from his patriarch in Syria, no allusion is made to any com- From the perusal of these jour. munication of a later date. These nals the Society's present missionformer missionaries also had not aries had come to the conclusion, themselves visited the Syrian Chrise that the Syrian Christians of Ma. tians; but they had seen, as appears layala“ are Nestorians, and worby the extracts from their journals, ship the Virgin Mary,” and that, some Syrians evidently of the Ro- therefore, they cannot be admitted mish church, who came to Madras to “an union of faith with themon a pilgrimage to St. Thomas's selves.” Mount, as is usual with the Roman Such is the account which, in the Catholics in India. That the only year 1811, the Society for proSyrians they saw were of the Ronnish moting Christian Knowledge have church is fully proyed by these very thought proper to publish respectextracts, which ascribe to them the ing the Syrian Christians of Mause of smissals” and “mass,” the layala. Its publication, however, acknowledgment of “ the supre- could only have been proper on the macy of the pope,” and “subjec- supposition that no more recent and tion to a Portuguese bishop,” &c.&c. authentic accounts of this interestSuch Syrian Christians as have ing people could be obtained. It joined the Church of Rome are well is possible, indeed, that the worthy known to be in a degenerate and most missionaries of the Society, who'are illiterate state, and they are justly chiefly Germans, and have little in80 described by the missionaries. tercourse with the English in India, But it does not appear that they were ignorant of the existence of ever saw one of those Syrian Chris- any such accounts. But it seems tians of Malayala who continue hardly possible that, to some memseparate from the Church of Rome. bers at least of the Board for maThey state, indeed, their having naging the affairs of this society, it seen a Nestorian Syrian priest ; but, should not have been known, that in he also must have belonged to that' the year 1805, the Madras Governchurch, for be spoke of the ado- ment sent the Rev. Dr. Kerr, senior ration of the mother of God," and chaplain at the presidency of Ma. ,

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dras, on a special mission to Mala- usages, and consider themselves as
bar and Travancore, (before Dr. the descendants of the flock esta-
Buchanan visited those countries), in blished by St. Thomas, who is gene-
order to investigate the state of the rally esteemed the Apostle of the
Syrian and otheri 'hristians; and ibat East. Their ancestors emigrated
theofficial Report which this esteem- from Syria, and the Syro-Chaldaic
ed and much-lamented clergyman is the language in which their
made to Lord William Bentinck, church service is still performed,
was afterwards published under the They admit no images within their
authority of the Supreme Govern- churches, but a figure of the Virgin
ment of India.' If they had paid Mary with the child Jesus in her
the slightest attention to this Re- arms, which is considered merely as
port, it would probably have pre- an ornament, and not a subject of ido-
vented their present publication. latrous worship."
It would, at least, have prevented " It has been long believed, that
their charging the Syrian church these Christians held the tenets of
of Malayala with the errors of the Nestorian heresy, and that they
Rome ; for it would have clearly were obliged to leave their own
pointed out to them the distinetions country in consequence of persecu-
which exist among the Christians on tion. However, it appears, that the
the Malabar coast, and must have Creed they now hold denies that heresy,
convinced them that the accouut and seems to coincide in several points.'
which they have given to the world, with the Creed of St. Athanasius, hut
under the sanction of their authority, without its damnatory clauses. The
referred principally, if not wholly, service in their church is performed
to the Syrian Roman Catholics, and very nearly after the manner of the
not to the true Syrian Church of Church of England; and when the
Malayala. An extract from the Re- Metropolitan was told, that it was
port of Dr. Kerr will prove this hoped that one day an union might
point.

take place between the two churches, " In the creeds and doctrines," he he seemed pleased at the suggestion. observes, "of the Christians of Mala- – The character of these people is bar, internal evidence exists of their marked by a striking superiority being a primitive church; for the su- over the heathens in every moral espremacy of the pope is denied, and the cellence ; and they are remarkable doctrine of transubstantiation never for their veracity and plain dealing. has been held by them. They also re. They are extremely attentive to garded, and still regard, the worship their religious duties. They are reof images as idolatrous, and the doc- spected very highly by the Nairs; trine of purgatory to 'be fabulous. and the Rajahs of Travancore and Moreover, they never admitted as Cochin admit them to rank next to sacraments, extreme unction, mar- the Nairs. Their number, it is geriage, or confirmation. All which nerally supposed, may be estimated facts may be substantiated on re- at seventy or eighty thousand. The ference to the Acts of the Synod, direct protection of the British Goassembled by Don Alexis de Mene- vernment has been already extended ses, Archbishop of Goa, at Udiam- to them ; but as they do not reside per, in the year 1599.

within the Britisb territories, I am “ The Christians on the Malabar doubtful how far it may be useful coast," he proceeds to state, “ are to them. To unite them to the Church divided into three sects; 1. The St. of England would, in my opinion, Thomę, or Jacobite Christians. 2. be a most noble work; and it is The Syrian Roman Catholics. 3. most devoutly to be wished, that The Latin Church."

those who have been driven into the "1. The St. Thomé Christians Roman pale miglit be recalled to still retain their ancient creed and their ancient church ; a measure

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