« НазадПродовжити »
such studies and arguments, as enter not into the consideration of many that labour to be thought great clerks, and pretend to know all things.
Nor were these only found in his study, but all businesses that passed of any public consequence, either in this or any of our neighbour-nations, he abbreviated either in Latin, or in the language of that nation, and kept them by him for useful memorials : So he did the copies of divers letters and cases of conscience that had concerned his friends, with his observations and solutions of them, and divers other businesses of importance, all particularly and methodically digested by himself.
He did prepare to leave the world before life left him, making his will when no faculty of his soul was damped or made defective by pain or sickness, or he surprised by a sudden apprehension of death; but it was made with mature deliberation, expressing himself an impartial father by making his children's portions equal, and a lover of his friends, whom he remembered with legacies fitly and discreetly chosen and bequeathed. I cannot forbear a nomination of some of them; for, methinks, they be perfons that seem to challenge a recordation in this place; as namely, to his brother-in-law Sir Thomas Grimes, he gave that striking clock" which he had long worn in his pocket; to his dear friend and executor Dr. King (late Bishop of Chichester), that model of gold of the Synod of Dort",
“ fiecle, est connu par un livre en sa langue, imprimé a Londres fous ce titre : Buzbytas, “ C'est une espece d'apologie du Suicide. Il cite, pour appuyer ses dangereuses idées, l'exam“ ple d'un grand nombre de heros paiens, ensuite celui de quelques saints de l'ancien Testa
ment, d'une foule de martyrs, de confesseurs, de penitens, &c. Jeius Christ même est “ amené en preuve de son systéme. Un livre aussi extraordinaire n'empêche pas l'auteur de “ devenir Doyen de S. Paul, parce qu'il fut regardé comme une forte de confolation qu'il “ vouloit donner á ses compatriots, que la melancolie jette souvent dans cette fureur."(Nouveau. Diet. Hift.-- Caen. 1783.)
u Charles I. on the morning of his execution, presented his attendant, Mr. Thomas Herbert, with his filver clock.
* The States General directed a gold medal to be struck in commemoration of the Synod held at Dort. On one side is represented the Assembly of the Synod, with this inscription, “ ASSERTA RELIGIONE.” On the reverse, a mountain, on the summit of which is
with which the States presented him at his last being at the Hague; and the two pictures of Padre Paolo', and Fulgentio’, men of his acquaintance
temple, to which men are ascending along a very steep path. The four winds are blowing with great violence against the mountain. Above the temple is written the word JEHOVAH, in Hebrew characters. The inscription is “ ERUNT UT MONS SION. CIOCXIX. D These winds are intended to represent those who at that time much disturbed the tranquillity of the church. (Histoire Metallique de la Republique de Hollande, par M. Bizot. tom. I. p. 139.)
“Let me be bold to send you for a new-year's gift, a certain memorial, not altogether “ unworthy of some entertainment under your roof, a true picture of Padre Paolo the Ser“ vita, which was first taken by a painter, whom I sent unto him from my house then neigh“ bouring his monastery. I have newly added thereunto a title of mine own conception. «« Concilii Tridentini Eviscerator. You will find a scar in his face, that was from a Roman « assassinate that would have killed him as he was turned to a wall near his convent.” (Sir Henry Wotton's Letter to Dr. Samuel Collins, Provost of King's Colleges and Profesor Regius of Divinity, Jan. 17, 1637.)
In this letter the character of Father Paul is drawn in such pleasing colours, that the reader cannot be displeased with a transcript of it. “ I am desirous of characterising a little unto
“ you such part of his nature, customes, and abilities, as I had occafion to know by fight or i “by inquiry. He was one of the humblest things that could be feen within the bounds of
“ humanity ; the very pattern of that precept ' Quanto doctior tanto fubmifior,' and enough “ alone to demonstrate, that knowledge well digested non inflat. Excellent in positive, excel“ lent in scholastical and polemical Divinity; a rare mathematician, even in the most ab“ fruse parts thereof, as in Algebra and the Theoriques; and yet withal so expert in the
history of plants, as if he had never perused any book but Nature. Lastly, a great Canonist, “ which was the title of his ordinary service with the state ; and certainly in the time of the “ Pope's interdict they had their principal light from him. When he was either reading or “ writing alone, his manner was to fit fenced with a castle of paper about his chair and over “ head; for he was of our Lord of St. Alban's thinking, “That all air is predatory,' and
efpecially hurtful when the spirits are most employed. He was of a quiet and settled tem“per, which made him prompt in his counsels and answers, and the same in consultation " which Themistocles was in action autorida feu ixQWT&TOS."
2 The friend and biographer of Father Paul, and celebrated for the dignity and freedom with which he preached the pure word of God. Of the real exellence of his discourses, no better testimony can be adduced than the declaration of Pope Paul V. “He has indeed some good sermons, but bad ones withal : He stands too much upon Scripture, which is a book
when he travelled Italy, and of great note in that nation for their remarkable learning.–To his ancient friend, Dr. Brook (that married him) Master of Trinity College in Cambridge, he gave the picture of the blessed Virgin and Joseph.-To Dr. Winniff (who succeeded him in his deanery) he save a picture called the “ Skeleton.”—To the succeeding dean, who was not . then known, he gave many necessaries of worth, and useful for his house; and also several pictures and ornaments for the chapel, with a desire that they might be registered, and remain as a legacy to his successors.--To the Earls of Dorset and Carlisle, he gave several pictures, and so he did to many other friends ; legacies, given rather to express his affection than to make any addition to their estates : But unto the poor he was full of charity, and unto many others, who, by his constant and long-continued bounty, might entitle themselves to be his alms-people ; for all these he made provision, and so largely, as, having then fix cirildren living, might to fome appearmore than proportionable to his estate. I forbear to mention any more, left the reader may think I trespass upon his patience; but I will beg his. favour to present him with the beginning and end of his will. .
Ja the name of the blessed and gloxious Trinity, amm. I John Donne, by ihe mercy of Chrif Jesus, and by the calling of the Church of England, Priest, being at this time in good health and perfeđ underQanding (praised be God therefore) do hereby make my latt Will and Teltament, in the manner and form following:
Fira, 1 give my gracious God an entire sacrifice of body and soul, with my mon hur ble thanks fol that assurance which his Blofies Spirit imprints in me now of the C. Ivation of the one, and the resuri jion of the other; and for that undant and cheerful resolution which je same Suitit bath eữablithed in me to live and die in the religion nou profeted
" that if any man will keep close to, he will quite ruin the Catholic Faith.” (Father Pauls · Letters, Let. XXVI.) Induced by some specicus promises of the Pope's Nuncio to leave Venice, and under a safe conduct to go to Rome, he at first met with a kind reception, but was afterwards burnt in the field of Flora. (Fuller's Church Hif. Cent. XVII. B. X. 2:98.)
in the Church of England. In erpeđation of that refurreâion, 1 desire my body may he buried in the moût private manner that may be; in that place of St. Paul's Church, London, that the now Residentiaries have at my request deligned for that purpose, tc.— And this my lat Will and Testament, made in the fear of God, (whose miercy 3 humbly beg, and conđantly rely upon in Jesus Chrift), and in perfect love and charity with all the world (whose pardon J ask, from the lowett of my servants, to the highest of my superiois), written all with my own hand, and my name subscribed to every page, of which there are five in number.
Sealed Decemb. 13, 1630.
Nor was this blessed sacrifice of charity expressed only at his death, but in his life also, by a cheerful and frequent visitation of any friend whose mind was dejected, or his fortune necessitous; he was inquisitive after the wants of prisoners and redeemed many from prison that lay for their fees or small debts; he was a continual giver to poor fcholars, both of this and foreign nations. Besides what he gave with his own hand, he usually fent a servant, or a discreet and trusty friend, to distribute his charity to all the prisons in London, at all the festival times of the year, especially at the birth and resurrection of our Saviour. He gave a hundred pounds at one time to an old friend, whom he had known live plentifully, and by a too liberal heart and carelesness, became decayed in his estate ; and when the receiving of it was denied, by the gentleman saying, “ He wanted not;"for the reader may note, that as there be some spirits so generous as to labour to conceal and endure a sad poverty rather than expose themselves to those blushes that attend the confession of it, so there be others to whom nature and grace have afforded such sweet and compassionate souls, as to pity and prevent the distresses of mankind, which I have mentioned because of Dr. Donne’s reply, whose answer was,-“I know you want not what “ will sustain nature, for a little will do that; but my desire is, that you, “ who in the days of your plenty have cheered and raised the hearts of fo many
of your dejected friends, would now receive this from me, and .< use it as a cordial for the cheering of your own:" And upon these terms
it was received. He was a happy reconciler of many differences in the families of his friends and kindred (which he never undertook faintly, for fuch undertakings have usually faint effects), and they had such a faith in his judgment and impartiality, that he never advised them to any thing in vain. He was, even to her death, a most dutiful son to his mother, careful to provide for her supportation, of which she had been destitute, but that God raised him up to prevent her necessities, who having fucked in the religion of the Roman Church with her mother's milk, spent her estate in foreign countries, to enjoy a liberty in it, and died in his house but three months before him.
And to the end it may appear how just a steward he was of his Lord and Master's revenue, I have thought fit to let the reader know, that after his entrance into his deanery, as he numbered his years, he (at the foot of a private account, to which God and his angels were only witnesses with him,) computed first his revenue, then what was given to the poor and other pious uses ; and lastly, what rested for him and his; and, having done that, he then blessed each year's poor remainder with a thankful prayer: which, for that they discover a more than common devotion, the: reader shall partake some of them in his own words:
“ So all is that remains this year
“ Deo Opt. Max. benigno
“ So that this year God hath blessed me and mine with
“ Multiplicatæ funt fuper
“ Da Domine, ut quæ ex immensa