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He did, in his last will, give an account of his faith and persuasion in point of religion and church-government, in these very words :
J Robert Sanderson, Doâor of Divinity, an unworthy ininister of Jesus Christ, and, by the providence of God, Bishop of Lincoln, being by the long continuance of an habitual dittemper bżought to a great bodily weakness and faintness of spirits, but (by the great mercy of God) without any bodily pain otherwise, or decay of undertanding, do make this my Will and Teftament (written all with my own band) revoking all former Wiills by me herctofole made, if any such thall be found. Firtt, 3 commend my soul into the hands of Almighty God, as of a faithful Crcator, wjich I humbly beseech him mercifully to accept, looking upon it, not as it is in itself (infinitely polluted with lin), but as it is redeemed and purged with the precious blood of his only beloved Son and my mog (weet Saviour, Jesus Chriâ ; in confidence of whose merits and mediation alone it is, that I cal myself upon the mercy of God for the pardon of my lins, and the hopes of eternal life. And here J do profess, that as I have lived, lo J deüre and (by the grace of God) resolve to die in the communion of the Catholic Church of Christ, and a true son of the Church of England ; which, as it tands by law elablished, to be both in dodrine and willhip agreeable to the wozd of God, and in the mot, and most material points of both, conformable to the faith and prašice of the godly churches of Chriâ in the primitive and purer tiines, I do firmly bclieve : led co to do, not so much from the force of cuđom and education (to which the greatet part of mankind owe their particular Different persuaüons in point of religion) as upon the clear evidence of truth and reason, after a serious and unpartial era: mination of the grounds, as well of Popery as Puritanism, accouding to that measure of understanding, and those oppoztunities which God hath affożded me: and herein J am abundantiy satisfied, that the schism which the Papins on the one hand, and the fuperdi: tion which the Puritans on the other hand, lay to our charge, are very juftly chargeable upon themselves respeđively. waherefode I humbly beseech Almighty God the father of mercies, to preserve the Church by his power and providence, in peace, truth, and godliness, evermore to the world's end: which doubtless he will do, if the wickedness and security of a lnful people (and particularly those lins that are lo rife, and seem daily to increase among us, of unthankfulness, riot, and facrilege) do not tempt his patience to the con: trary. And I also fartber humbly beseech him, that it would please him to give unto our gracious Sovereign, the reverend Bithops, and the Parliament, timely to conüder the great danger that vilbly threatens this Church in point of religion by the late great increase of Popery, and in point of revenue by sacrilegious inclosures ; and to provide such wholesome and effe&ual remedies as-may prevent the fame before it be too late.
And for a further manifestation of his humble thoughts and desires, they may appear to the reader, by another part of his will which follows:
as for my corruptihle body, I bequeath it to the earth whence it was taken, to be decently buried in the parish church of Bugden, to: wards the upper end of the chancel, upon the second, or, at the farthest, the third day after my decease ; and that with as little noise, pomp, and charge as may be, without the invitation of any person, how near foever related to me, other than the inhabitants of Bugden ; without the unnecesary erpence of escutcheons, gloves, ribbons, tc. and without any blacks to be hung any where in or about the house or church, other than a pulpit-cloth, a hearse-clotb, and a mourning-gown for the preacher ; whereof the fozmer, after my body shall be interred, to be given to the p?cacher of the funeral sermon, and the latter to the curate of the parish, for the time-bcing. Anb my will further is, that the funeral sermon be preached by any
cwn houtbois chaplain, containing some wholesome discourse con: cerning mortality, the resurrcition of the dead, and the lat judgmient; and that he fall have for his pains five pounds, upon condition that he speak nothing at all concerning my person either good. or ill, other than I myself thall dire& ; only úgnifying to the auditory that it was my erpress will to have it fo. And it is my will that no cofly monument de created for my memory, but only a fair fat marble fone to be laid over me, with this inscription, in legible Roman chara&ers :--DEPOSITUM ROBERTI SANDERSON NUPER LINCOLNIENSIS EPISCOPI, QUI OBIIT ANNO DOMINI MDCLXII. ET ÆTATIS SUÆ SEPTUAGESIMO SEXTO, HIC REQUIESCIT IN SPE BEATÆ RESUR
-This manner of burial, although I cannot but folesre it will prove unsatisfađory to fundry my neareft friends and relations, and be apt to be censured by others, as an evidence of my too much parümony and narrownels of mind, as being altogether unusual, and not accouding to the mode of these times ; yet it is agreeable to the sense of my heart, and I do very much deäre my will may be carefully observed herein, hoping it may become er: emplary to come or other : at lead howsoever tellifying at my death, wbat I have so often and earneðly profeţed in my life time, my: utter dislike of the datteries commonly used in funeral sermons, and of the vat erpences, otherwise laid out in funeral solemnities and
• Prefixed to the inscription on his monument are his arms: and there is also an addition denoting the day on which he died, viz. January 29, 1662. Mr. James Heath (of whom see “ Wood's Ath. Ox.” Vol. II. col. 337.) wrote an elegy with an epitaph on the much lamented death of Dr. Sanderson.
“ It was the request of Rainbow Bishop of Carlifle, that no pomp or state should be used at his funeral, no more than any eulogium should be made of him (such was his rare modesty and humility); fo did he desire to be buried in Dalston churchyard, and to have a plain stone laid over his grave, with no other inscription but that such a day and year died Edward, Bishop of Carlisle.” Life of Bishop Rainbow, p. 81.)
entertainments, with very little benefit to any, which, if bcaowed in pious and charitable wolks, might redound to the public of private benefit of many persons. This is a part of his will.
I am next to tell, that he died the 29th of January, 1662, and that his body was buried in Bugden, the third day after his death ; and for the manner, that it was as far from oftentation, as he desired it; and all the rest of his will was as punctually performed. And when I have, to his just praise, told this truth, that he died far from being rich, I shall return back to visit, and give a further account of him on his last fick-bed.
His last will, of which I have mentioned a part, was made about three wecks before his death, about which time, finding his strength to decay, by reason of his constant infirmity, and a consumptive cough added to it, he retired to his chamber, expressing a desire to enjoy his last thoughts to himself in private, without disturbance or care, especially of what might concern this world. Thus, as his natural life decayed, his spiritual life seemed to be more strong, and his faith more confirmed: ftill labouring to attain that holiness and purity, without which none shall see God. And that not any of his clergy (which are more numerous than any other bishop's of this nation) might suffer by his retirement, he did, by commission, empower his chaplain, Mr. Pullin", with episcopal power, to give institutions to all livings or church-preferments, during this his disability to do it himself. In this time of his retirement, which was wholly spent in devotion, he longed for his dissolution ; and when some that loved him prayed for his recovery, if he at any time found any amendment, he seemed to be displeased, by saying, “ His friends said their prayers backward for him; and that it was “ not his desire to live an useless life, and, by filling up a place, keep ano- ther out of it that might do God and his church more service.” He would often with much joy and thankfulness mention, “ that during his 3 Y 2
u Mr. John Pullin, B. D. and formerly Fellow of Magdalen College, Cambridge. We find his name subscribed to a copy of commendatory Latin verses prefixed to “ Duport's Greek Version of Job.” He was a Prebendary of Lincoln, and also Chancellor of Lincoln.
“ being a housekeeper, which was more than forty years, there had not “ been one buried out of his family, and that he was now like to be the “ first.” He would also mention with thankfulness, “ that, till he was " threescore
years of age, he had never spent five shillings in law, nor, upon “ himself, so much in wine: and rejoiced much that he had so lived, as
never to cause an hour's forrow to his good father; and that he hoped “ that he should die without an enemy.
He in this retirement had the church prayers read in his chamber twice every day; and at nine at night some prayers read to him and a part of his family, out of “ The Whole Duty of Man.” As he was remarkably punctual and regular in all his studies and actions, so he used himself to be for his meals: and his dinner being appointed to be constantly ready at the ending of prayers, and he, expecting and calling for it, was answered, “ It “would be ready in a quarter of an hour.” To which his reply was, with some earnestness, “ A quarter of an hour !-Is a quarter of an hour no" thing to a man that probably has not many hours to live?” And though he did live many hours after this, yet he lived not many days; for the day after (which was three days before his death) he was become so weak and weary either of motion or sitting, that he was content, or forced, to keep his bed. In which I desire he may rest, till I have given some short account of his behaviour there, and immediately before it.
The day before he took his bed (which was three days before his death) he, that he might receive a new assurance for the pardon of his sins past, and be strengthened in his way to the New Jerusalem, took the blessed sacrament of the body and blood of his and our blessed Jesus, from the hands of his chaplain Mr. Pullin, accompanied with his wife, children, and a friend, in as awful, humble, and ardent a manner, as outward reverence could express“. After the praise and thanksgiving for this blessing was
? This narrative entirely confutes the rumour that was industriously propagated concerning this good man,“ that, before his death, he repented of what he had written against the Pres“ byterians, and that on his death-bed, he would suffer no hierarchical minister to come to "pray with him, but desired, and had only Presbyterians about him:” And further to contra