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in Divinity, and Master of Trinity College) and his brother Mr. Christopher Brook', sometime Mr. Donne’s Chamber-fellow in Lincoln's Inn, who gave Mr. Donne his wife, and witnessed the marriage, were all committed to three several prisons.

Mr. Donne was first enlarged, who neither gave rest to his body or brain, nor. to any friend in whom he might hope to have an interest, until he had procured an enlargement for his two imprisoned friends.

He was now at liberty, but his days were still cloudy; and being past these troubles, others did ftill multiply upon him, for his wife was (to her extreme sorrow) detained from him ; and though with Jacob he endured not an hard service for her, yet he lost a good one, and was forced to make good his title, and to get possession of her by a long and restless suit in law, which proved troublesome and sadly chargeable to him, whose youth, travel, and needless bounty had brought his estate into a narrow compass.

It is observed, and most truly, that silence and submission are charming qualities, and work most upon passionate men: and it proved so with Sir George; for these, and a general report of Mr. Donne’s merits, together with his winning behaviour (which when it would entice had a strange kind of elegant irresistible art), these and time had so dispassionated Sir George, that as the world had approved his daughter's choice, so he also could not


resigned his Professorship of Gresham College in 1629, upon his appointment to the Mastership of Trinity College in Cambridge, vacated by the death of Dr. Leonard Maw, Bishop of Bath and Wells. In 1631 he was made Archdeacon of Wells, and in that year he died; and was buried in Trinity College Chapel, without either monument or epitaph. He is described as a man of wit and learning. And Mr. Horsey commends him for his “concionandi copia.” Of his writings there is extant only one discourse, from the title of which we may form an idea of the nature of the questions, which were then usually discussed in the divinity schools. De auxilio divinæ gratiæ exercitatio theologica, nimirum, an possibile sit duos eandem “ habere gratiæ mensuram, et tamen unus .convertatur et credat, alter non : e Johan. xi.

(Ward's Professors of Gresham College.)

45, 46."

Ý A Bencher and Summer Reader at Lincoln's Inn, to the chapel of which he was a benefactor. He is much commended as a poet by Ben Jonson, Drayton, and others of his cotemporaries. He wrote an elegy, consecrated to the never dying memory of Henry Prince of Wales, London 1613, 4to. He also públished Eclogues dedicated to his much loved friend Mr. William Brown of the Inner Temple, London, 1614, 8vo. To this gentleman Dr. Donne hath inscribed two poems, “ The Storme” and “ The Calme."

but see a more than ordinary merit in his new son; and this at last melted him into so much remorse (for love and anger are so like agues, as to have hot and cold fits; and love in parents, though it may be quenched, yet is easily rekindled, and expires not till death denies mankind a natural heat), that he laboured his son's restoration to his place; using to that end, both his own and his sister's power to her Lord, but with no success, for his answer was, “ That though he was unfeignedly sorry for what he had done,

yet it was inconsistent with his place and credit to discharge and readmit 166 servants at the request of passionate petitioners.”

Sir George's endeavour for Mr. Donne's readmission was by all means to be kept secret:-(For men do more naturally reluct for errors, than submit to put on those blemishes that attend their visible acknowledgment)-But however it was not long before Sir George appeared to be so far reconciled as to wish their happiness, and not to deny them his paternal blessing, but yet refused to contribute any means that might conduce to their livelihood.

Mr. Donne's estate was the greatest part spent in many chargeable travels, books, and dear-bought experience: He out of all employment that might yield a support for himself and wife, who had been curiously and plentifully educated, both their natures generous, and accustomed to confer, and not to receive courtesies: These and other considerations, but chiefly that his wife was to bear a part in his sufferings, surrounded him with many fad thoughts, and some apparent apprehensions of want.

But his sorrows were lessened and his wants prevented by the seasonable courtesy of their noble kinsman, Sir Francis Wolly of Pirford in Surry”, who intreated them to a cohabitation with him, where they remained with much freedom to themselves, and equal content to him for some years ; and, as their charge increased (she had yearly a child), so did his love and bounty.

It hath been observed by wise and considering men, that wealth hath seldom been the portion, and never the mark to discover good


? The son of Sir John Wooley, Knight, Latin Secretary to Queen Elizabeth, who, though a layman, was promoted to the Deanery of Carlisle on the death of Sir Thomas Smith. He was knighted some time after his advancement to that dignity. He caused a monument to


people”; but, that Almighty God, who disposeth all things wisely, hath of his abundant goodness denied it (he only knows why) to many, whose minds he hath enriched with the greater blessings of knowledge and virtue', as the fairer testimonies of his love to mankind; and this was the present condition of this man of so excellent erudition and endowments, whose necessary and daily expences were hardly reconcileable with his uncertain and narrow estate; which I mention, for that at this time there was a most generous offer made him for the moderating of his worldly cares, the declaration of which shall be the next employment of my pen.

God hath been so good to his church, as to afford it in every age some such men to serve at his altar as have been piously ambitious of doing good to mankind; a disposition that is so like to God himself, that it owes itself only to him, who takes a pleasure to behold it in his creatures. These times (anno 1698), he did bless with many such, some of which live to be patterns of apostolical charity, and of more than human patience. I have said this, because I have occasion to mention one of them in my following discourse; namely, Dr. Morton, the most laborious and learned Bishop of Durham ; one that God hath blessed with perfect intellectuals and a


be erected to himself and his parents in the cathedral church of St. Paul's. He is there represented as sitting between his father and mother. The inscription begins

« D. O. M. “ Joannes Wolleius, eques auratus, Regina Elizabethæ a Secretioribus Confiliis, Secretarius “ Linguæ Latinæ, Cancellarius Ordinis Periscelidis, Doctrinâ, Pietate, Fide, Probitate, Gra« vitate clarissimus.

06 Obiit anno 1595."

Then follow twenty-four Latin hexameter verses, in which are contained the history and character of Sir John Wooley, Elizabeth his wife, afterwards Lady Elfemore, and Sir Francis Wooley their fon.

( Dugdale's History of St. Paul's.)

a “ I returned and saw under the sun, that the race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the Itrong ; neither yet bread to the wise, nor yet riches to men of understanding." Eccles. ix. II.

• According to the Greek Poet,

Σοφια δε πλετο κτημα τιμιωτερον, ,

cheerful heart at the age of 94 years (and is yet livingo); one, that in his days of plenty had so large a heart as to use his large revenue to the encouragement of learning and virtue, and is now (be it spoken with sorrow) reduced to a narrow state, which he embraces without repining, and still shews the beauty of his mind by so liberal a hand, as if this were an age in which tò-morrow were to care for itself. I have taken a pleasure in giving the reader a short but true character of this good man, my friend, from whom I received this following relation. He sent to Mr. Donne, and intreated to borrow an hour of his time for a conference the next day. After their meeting, there was not many minutes passed before he spake to Mr. Donne to this purpose. “Mr. Donne, the occasion of send

ing for you is to propose to you, what I have often revolved in my own thought since I last saw you, which nevertheless I will not declare but


“ The learned, pious, and painful Bishop of Durham (Morton) hath fought in front “ against Roman fuperftition and idolatry.” (Sir Edward Deering's Speech against the Remonfrants.)--This learned and charitable prelate, as Isaac Walton somewhere cails him, not more distinguished by the splendor of his parentage, than by his habitual temperance and diligence in study, died Sept. 22, 1659, in the 95th year of his age, after having received the most injurious treatment from the Parliament. No apology is necessary for the insertion of the following affecting story concerning him. “ Having suffered imprisonment at different times, and undergone many hardships, he was expelled from Durham-house. Wandering from place to place, he at last went to London with about fixty pounds —(which it seems was then his all); -- he was overtaken on the road" by Sir Christopher Yelverton, who being known to the Bishop was unknown to him; and in discourse asking the old gentleman, “ What he was," the good Bishop replied, “ I am that old man, the Bishop of Durham, notwithstanding all “ your votes :" For Sir Christopher was not free from the stain of the times. Whereupon Sir Christopher demanded where he was going : “ To London,” replied the old gentleman ; “to live a little while and then die.” On this Sir Christopher entered into further discourse with him, took him home with him into Northamptonshire, where he became tutor to that son of his, which was afterwards the incomparably learned Sir Henry Yelverton, and prefaced this most excellent Bishop's little piece of Episcopacy.” (Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy, p. 18.)—“He was," says his excellent pupil, “ an ancient Bishop, and had all the qualifications fit for his order, either to adorn or govern a church; but above all he was eminent for his invincible patience under so many violent persecutions and almost necessities, always rejoicing in his losses, and protesting that he thought himself richer with nothing and a good conscience, than those were who had devoured his goodly bishopric. He was fortyfour years a bishop, a thing so extraordinary, that but one exceeded him in this island.” (Sir H. Yelverton's Preface to EmiXotOS a posodoxos, or the Episcopacy of the Church of England justified.)

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to me

upon this condition, that you shall not return me a present answer, but " forbear three days, and bestow some part of that time in fasting and prayer“, “ and after a serious confideration of what I shall propose, then return


your answer. Deny me not; Mr. Donne, for it is the effect “ of a true love, which I would gladly pay as a debt due for yours to me.” This request being granted, the Doctor expressed himself thus :-“Mr. Donne, I know your education and abilities;

education and abilities ; I know your expectation “ of a state-employment, and I know your fitness for it, and I know too “ the many delays and contingencies that attend court-promises; and let

me tell you, that my love, begot by our long friendship and your merits, “hath prompted me to such an inquisition after your present temporal estate,

as makes me no stranger to your necessities, which I know to be such as your generous spirit could not bear, if it were not supported with a pious patience : You know I have formerly persuaded you to wave your courthopes, and enter into holy orders; which I now again persuade you to embrace, with this reason added to my former request: The King hath yesterdayo made me Dean of Gloucester, and I am also possessed of a benefice, the profits of which are equal to those of my Deanery; I will

" think

d The condition required by Dr. Morton of Mr. Donne, that he should not give an answer to the Doctor's proposal, until he had passed three days in fasting and prayer, deserves notice, as marking the high devotional spirit of the times: For it is to be remembered that this was not the proposition of an enthusiastic puritan, but of a very eminent and respectable divine of the Church of England. If our ancestors carried matters of this nature too far (which there is no reason to think they did), their successors have run into the contrary extreme. A principle of piety exercised in referring our concerns to the providential direction of the Supreme Being, would be no bar to the wisdom, ability, and success of our lawful undertakings. This sentiment, that prayer and labour should co-operate, is expressed by Donne himself, in one of his poems, though with no elegance of language,

" In none but lis are such mixt engines found,
" As hands of double office ; for the ground
“ We till with them, and them to heaven we raise;
“ Who prayerless labours or without this prays,
++ Doth but one half-that's none."

(Blogr. Brit. 2d. Edit.)

• He was presented by the King to the Deanery of Gloucester, June 22, 1607, throug!2 the recommendation of Archbishop Bancroft.

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