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therefore proceeded in this search with all moderate haste, and about the twentieth year of his age, did shew the then Dean of Gloucestero (whose name my memory hath now loft) all the Cardinal's works marked with many weighty observations under his own hand; which works were bequeathed by him at his death as a legacy to a most dear friend.
About a year following he resolved to travel ; and the Earl of Essex going first the Cales, and after the Inand voyages, the first anno 1596, the second 1597, he took the advantage of those opportunities, waited
, upon his Lordship, and was an eye-witness of those happy and unhappy employments'. But he returned not back into England, till he had staid some years first in Italy, and then in Spain, where he made many useful observations of those countries, their laws and manner, of government, and returned perfect in their languages.
The time that he spent in Spain was, at his first going into Italy, designed for travelling to the holy land, and for viewing Jerusalem and the Sepulchre of our Saviour. But at his being in the furthest parts of Italy, the disappointment of company, or of a safe convoy, or the uncertainty of returns of money into those remote parts, denied him that happiness; which he did often occasionally mention with a deploration.
Not long after his return into England, that exemplary pattern of gravity and wisdom, the Lord Elsemore', then keeper of the great seal, and Lord
o Dr. Anthony Rudd, born in Yorkshire, and Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. He died Bishop of St. David's in 1614. Of his sermon preached in 1596 before Queen Elizabeth, from Pf. xc. 12, in which by personally alluding to her advanced years, and plainly telling her Majesty, that “age had furrowed her face, and besprinkled her hair with its meal,” he incurred her heavy displeasure.”
(Şee Fuller's Ch. History, B. X. Cent. xvii. p. 60.). p Of this expedition in 1596, in which Cadiz was taken from the Spaniards, a narrative written by the Earl of Eflex is inserted in Cambden's Annals of England, &c.
4 Sir Thomas Egerton, Knight, a native of Cheshire, the founder of the house of Egerton. In consideration of his singular merits he had the care of the Great Scal committed to bim, May 6, 1596, under the title of Lord Keeper, and by King James I. he was created Baron of Ellesmore, and constituted Lord Chancellor of England. His literary character is pourtrayed in the following letter written by Sir Francis Bacon, when he presented him with a copy of “The Advancement of Learning."
Chancellor of England, taking notice of his learning, languages, and other abilities, and much affecting his person and behaviour, took him to be his chief Secretary; supposing and intending it to be an introduction to some
more “ May it please your good Lordship, “I humbly present your lordship with a work, wherein as you have much commandment « over the author, so your Lordship hath great interest in the argument: for, to speak with« out flattery, few have like use of learning or like judgment in learning, as I have observed “ in your Lordfhip. And again your Lordfhip hath been a great planter of learning, not only “ in those places in the church, which have been in your own gift, but also in your com“mendatory vote no man hath more constantly held “detur digniori”; and therefore both
your Lordship is beholden to learning, and learning beholden to you ; which maketh me “presume, with good assurance, that your Lordship will accept well of these my labours, *" the rather because your Lordship in private speech hath often begun to me in expressing
your admiration of his Majesty's learning, to whom I have dedicated this work; and whose
virtue and perfection in that kind did chiefly move me to a work of this nature. And so So with signification of my most humble duty and affection to your Lordship,
“ I remain.” 1605 .
(Bacon's Works, vol. III. p. 229.)
This excellent person died at the age of feventy years, March 15, 1616-17, having on the third of that month resigned the Great Seal, which on the seventh was given to Sir Francis Bacon. “It was said of Bankes the Attorney (General) that he exceeded Bacon in eloquence, 66 Chancellor Ellesmore in judgment, and William Noy in law.”
( Lord Strafforde's Letters, vol. I. p. 427.)
TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.
( Ben Jonson.)
Lloyd in his State Worthies, p. 756, observes, that “ Christendom afforded not a person " which carried more gravity in his countenance and behaviour, than Sir Thomas Egerton, “insomuch that many have gone to the Chancery on purpose only to see his venerable garb, *** (happy they who had no other business) and were highly pleased at fo acceptable a picture.".
more weighty employment in the State; for which, his Lordship did often protest, he thought him very fit.
Nor did his Lordship in this time of Master Donne's attendance upon him, account him to be so much his servant, as to forget he was his friend; and to testify it, did always use him with much courtesy, appointing him a place at his own table, to which he esteemed his company and discourse to be a great ornament.
He continued that employment for the space of five years, being daily useful, and not mercenary to his friends. During which time he (I dare not say unhappily)fell into such a liking, as (with her approbation) increased into a love with a young gentlewoman that lived in that family, who was niece to the Lady Elsemore', and daughter to Sir George Moor', then Chancellor of the Garter and Lieutenant of the Tower.
Sir George had some intimation of it, and knowing prevention to be a great part of wisdom, did therefore remove her with much hafte from that to his own house at Lothesley, in the county of Surry; but too late, by reafon of some faithful promises which were so interchangeably passed, as never to be violated by either party:
These promises were only known to themselves; and the friends of both parties used much diligence, and many arguments to kill or cool their affections to each other: but in vain ; for love is a flattering mischief, that hath denied aged and wise men a foresight of those evils that too often prove to be the children of that blind father, a passion that carries us to commit errors with as much ease as whirlwinds remove feathers, and begets in us an unwearied industry to the attainment of what we desire. And such an industry did, notwithstanding much watchfulness against it, bring them secretly together (I forbear to tell the manner how), and at last to a marriage too, without the allowance of those friends, whose approbation
Sister to Sir George Moor of Loxly-Farm, in the county of Surry, Knight, and widow of Sir John Wooley, of Pirford in Surry, Knight, and mother of that Sir Francis Wooley, , who kindly took Dr. Donne and his wife under his protection.
* This gentleman was Treasurer or Receiver General of the revenues of Henry Prince of Wales in 1604. In 1610 he was made Chancellor of the Order of the Garter, and in 1615 Lieutenant of the Tower,
(See Wood's A. O. vol. I. page 492.)
always was, and ever will be necessary, to make even a virtuouslove become lawful.
And that the knowledge of their marriage might not fail, like an unexpected tempefi, on those that were unwilling to have it fo; and that preapprehenfions might make it the less enormous, when it was known, it was purposely whispered into the ears of many that it was so, yet by none that could affirm it. But to put a period to the jealousies of Sir George (doubt often begetting more restless thoughts then the certain knowledge of what we fear), the news was, in favour to Mr. Donne, and with his allowance, made known to Sir George, by his honourable friend and neighbour, Henry Earl of Northumberland': But it was to Sir George so immeasurably unwelcome, and so transported him, that as though his passion of anger and inconsideration might exceed theirs of love and error, he
prefently engaged his sister the Lady Elsemore, to join with him to procure her Lord to discharge Mr. Donne of the place he held under his Lordship.—This request was followed with violence; and though Sir George were remembered, that errors might be overpunished, and desired therefore to forbear till second considerations might clear some scruples, yet he became restless until his suit was granted, and the punishment executed. And though the Lord Chancellor did not at Mr. Donne's dismission give him such a commendation, as the great Emperor Charles the Fifth did of his Secretary Eraso“, when he presented him to his son and
+ Henry Percy, the ninth Earl of Northumberland of that name; “a learned man himself " and the generous favourer of all good learning,” as he is called by Anthony Wood. This nobleman, upon the marriage of his youngest daughter Lady Lucy Percy, a lady of the most distinguished wit and beauty, with the Lord Haye, afterward created Viscount Doncaster and Earl of Carlisle, discovered the same harshness of disposition, which he probably censured in the father-in-law of Dr. Donne. The treatment which he received from James I. to whom he always shewed the most faithful attachment, affords one among many instances of the injustice of that monarch, who fined this nobleman 30,000l. and “ imprisoned him in the “ Tower from 1605 to 1619 upon a mere suspicion, without the least proof of his having had “ knowledge of the powder-plot, as Cecyll himself confessed in a letter to Sir Thomas Ed“ munds, dated Dec. 2. 1605."
( Birch's View of the Negociations, &c. p. 245.) u On the 16th of January 1556, his Majesty palled the act “ of the Renunciation of the .« Crown of Spain and all its dominions to his fon Philip in the presence of Francis de Eraflo
successor Philip the Second, saying, “ That in his Eraso, he gave to him a
greater gift than all his estate, and all the kingdoms which he then re“ signed to him ;" yet the Lord Chancellor said, “ He parted with a “ friend and such a secretary as was fitter to serve a king than a subject.”
Immediately after his dismission from his service, he fent a fad letter to his wife, to acquaint her with it; and, after the subscription of his name, writ,
JOHN DONNE, ANNE DONNE, UN-DONE; And God knows it proved too true: For this bitter physic of Mr. Donne's dismission was not strong enough to purge out all Sir George's choler, for he was not satisfied till Mr. Donne and his sometime compupil in Cambridge that married him, namely, Samuel Brook* (who was after Doctor K2
“his Secretary and all the Spaniards then at Brussels.” (Stevens's Translation of the History of Charles V. written in Spanish by D. F. Prudencio de Sandoval, Bishop of Pamplona, &c. p. 453.) It was probably at this very time that the Emperor recommended this faithful secretary to his fon.
* Samuel Brook, descended from a respectable family at York, was the son of Robert Brook an eminent merchant, and Lord Mayor of that city in 1582 and in 1595. He was admitted of Trinity College in Cambridge in 1596; and on September 26, 1612, being then Chaplain to Prince Henry, he was chosen Divinity Professor in Gresham College, on the recommendation of that Prince, whose unhappy death followed, Nov. 6th ensuing. In 1613 he was elected one of the twelve preachers of the University, and the year following he wrote a Latin pastoral, which was acted with applause before King James in Trinity College Hall, on Friday, March 10. Copies of this performance are yet extant with this title, “ Melanthe, “Fabula pastoralis, acta cum Jacobus, Magnæ Brit. Franc. et Hiberniæ Rex, Cantabrigiam “fuam nuper inviserat, ibidemq; mufarum atque animi gratiâ dies quinque commoraretur. “ Egerunt Alumni Coll. San. et individuæ Trinitatis Cantabrigiæ. Excudebat Cantrellus “Legge, Mart. 27, 1615." In 1630 he is faid to have composed an Arminian Treatise of Predestination, with which he acquainted Bishop Laud, who encouraged him in the work, recommending it to the revisal of Dr. Lindsey and Dr. Beale, two great Arminians, and promising to peruse it himself, as appears by sundry letters. (Pryne's Canterbury's Doom. p. 167.) Of this tract Mr. Horsey, in the funeral oration delivered in Trinity College Clupei, thus speaks, “ Nec illum przetereo foetum nuperrime formatum " de magno et fecreto Pracieftina“ tionis Mysterio Disputaticnes." Quanti nobis esset a Tineis et Latebris redime:c has preciosas “chartas, ut typis fideliter excufæ in manus omnium pervenirent.” in 1615 he was uzated D.D. and in 1618 was promoted to the Rectory of St. Margaret's, Lothbury, in London. He