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Sir Francis Drake", Sir Walter Raleigh", and many others memorable for their valour and learning'. He was born about the year of our Redemption, one thousand five hundred fifty and three; and of parents that were
Bishop, it remains yet unanswered. Originally written in Latin, it was translated into the Greek, French, Italian, Spanish, and Dutch languages. To Peter Martyr, Bullinger, and many other foreign Protestants, it gave infinite satisfaction. An English version by a lady, Anne the second daughter of Sir Anthony Cook, and the wife of the Lord Keeper Sir Nicholas Bacon, was published for the use of the common people in 1564, and ordered to be kept in every parish-church throughout England and Wales. This great and good prelate, having impaired his constitution, as well by the fatigues he underwent when abroad, as by an incessant application to his studies, died Sept. 23, 1571, in the fiftieth year of his age. Of his noble challenge to the learned of his adversaries, or to all the learned men that be alive. See “ Concilia Magnæ Britanniæ," Vol. IV. p. 220.
“ Juelle, Mater quem tulit Devonia,
BUCHANANI POEMATA, P. 3,60.
m Sir Francis Drake, the first captain who achieved the circumnavigation of the globe, was the son of a private clergyman in Devonshire. See “ Prince's Worthies of Devon," 239, and his Life in Dr. Johnson's Works, Vol. XII. p. 63.
n Prince's Worthies, &c. p. 530, fays:-“ Who hath not known or read of this prodigy of “ wit and fortune, Sir Walter Raleigh, a man unfortunate in nothing but in the greatness of « his wit and advancement, whose eminent worth was such both in domestic policy, foreign “ expeditions, and discoveries in art and literature, both practic and contemplative, that it “ might seem at once to conquer example and imitation!” (Howell's Familiar Letters, p. 387.) This great man fell a victim to the jealousy of Gondomar, the Spanish Ambassador. No one encountered danger with more intrepidity and firmness : Yet his character never shone with greater lustre, than when he patiently sustained the injurious and indecent language of the Attorney-General, Coke, at his trial.
• Mr. Prince, in the dedication of his “ Danmonii Orientales Illuftres,” or “ The Worthies of Devon," observes, that “he presents to the view of the reader such an illustrious troop of “ heroes as no other country in the kingdom, no other kingdom (in so small a tract) in "Europe in all respects is able to match, much less excel."
not so remarkable for their extraction or riches, as for their virtue and industry, and God's bleibng upon both; by which they were enabled to educate their children in some degree of learning, of which our Richard Hooker may appear to be one fair testimony, and that nature is not so partial as always to give the great blessings of wisdom and learning, and with them the greater blessings of virtue and government, to those only. that are of a more high and honourable birth.
His complexion (if we may guess by him at the age of forty) was sanguine, with a mixture of choler; and yet his motion was slow, even in his youth, and so was his speech, never expressing an earneftness in either of them, but a gravity suitable to the aged. And it is observed (so far as inquiry is able to look back at this distance of time) that at his being a schoolboy, he was an early questionist, quietly inquisitive”, “Why this was, and that was not, to be remembered?"! “ Why this was granted, and that denied?” This being mixed with a remarkable modesty, and a sweet serene quietness of nature, and with them a quick apprehension of many perplexed parts of learning, imposed then upon him as a scholar, made his master and others to believe him to have an inward blessed divine light, and therefore to consider him to be a little wonder. For in that, children were less pregnant, less confident, and more malleable, than in this wiser, but not better age".
This meekness and conjuncture of knowledge, with modesty in his conversation, being observed by his schoolmaster, caused him to persuade his parents (who intended him for an apprentice) to continue him at school till he could find out some means, by persuading his rich uncle, or some other charitable person,. to ease them of a part of their care and charge; assuring them, that their son was so enriched with the blessings of nature and grace, that God seemed to single him out as a special instrument of his glory. And the good man told them also, that he would double his diligence in instructing him, and would neither expect nor receive any other reward, than the content of so hopeful and happy an employment.
p Principium est scientiæ quærere, et principium quærendi dubitare. »
· The age was, perhaps, not wiser, though it might be more knowing in some respects.
This was not unwelcome news, and especially to his mother, to whom he was a dutiful and dear child; and all parties were so pleased with this proposal, that it was resolved so it should be. And in the mean time his parents and master laid a foundation for his future happiness, by instilling into his soul the seeds of piety, those conscientious principles of loving and fearing God; of an early belief, that he knows the very secrets of our fouls ; that he punisheth our vices, and rewards our innocence; that we should be free from bypocrisy, and appear to man, what we are to God, because first or last the crafty man is catched in bis own snare. These seeds of piety were so seasonably planted, and so continually watered with the daily dew of God's blessed spirit, that his infant virtues grew into fuch holy habits, as did make him grow daily into more and more favour, both with God and man; which, with the great learning that he did attain to, hath made Richard Hooker honoured in this, and will continue him to be so to succeeding generations.
This good schoolmaster, whose name I am not able to recover, (and am sorry, for that I would have given him a better memorial in this humble monument, dedicated to the memory of his fcholar) was very solicitous with John Hooker', then Chamberlain of Exeter, and uncle to our Richard, to take his nephew into his care, and to maintain him for one year in the university, and in the mean time to use his endeavours to procure an admission for him into some college; still urging and assuring him that his charge would not continue long; for the lad's learning and manners were both so remarkable, that they must of necessity be taken notice of; and that God would provide him some second patron, that would free him and his parents from their future care and charge.
John Hooker, alias Vowell, was born at Exeter, in 1524, of a very creditable family, being the second son of Robert Hooker, Mayor of that city. Having received his education at Oxford, where he studied the Civil Law, he travelled into Germany, and at Cologn kept his exercises in law, and took his degree there. Next he went to Strasbourg, and sojourned with Peter Martyr, by whom he was instructed in divinity. Returning home after a short stay, he travelled into France, and was prevented from proceeding into Italy and Spain by the French declaration of war against England. Hence he retired to his native town, whereof he became the first Chamberlain in 1554, and was chosen one of the Citizens for the same in the Parliament, holden at Westminster in 1571. He died in 1601, at the age of near eighty years. He assisted Holinshed in his Chronicles, and is mentioned by several writers with singular respect as an antiquary, and an historian of great accuracy and fidelity.
These reasons, with the affectionate rhetoric of his good master, and God's blessing upon both, procured from his uncle a faithful promise that he would take him into his care and charge before the expiration of the year following, which was performed.
This promise was made about the fourth year of the reign of Queen Mary; and the learned John Jewel (after Bishop of Salisbury) having been in the first of this queen's reign expelled out of Corpus Christi college in Oxford (of which he was a fellow), for adhering to the truth of those principles of religion, to which he had assented in the days of her brother and predecessor Edward VI. and he, having now a just cause to fear a more heavy punishment than expulsion, was forced, by forsaking this, to seek safety in another nation, and, with that safety, the enjoyment of that doctrine and worship for which he suffered.
But the cloud of that persecution and fear ending with the life of Queen Mary, the affairs of the church and state did then look more clear and comfortable ; so that he, and many others of the same judgment, made a happy return into England about the first of Queen Elizabeth ; in which year
this John Jewel was sent a commissioner or visitor of the churches of the western parts of this kingdom, and especially of those in Devonshire', in which county he was born ; and then and there he contracted a friendship with John Hooker, the uncle of our Richard.
s This good man was one of the first victims to Popish resentment after the accession of Queen Mary, being expelled by seven of the fellows of his college, for attending Peter Martyr's lectures in divinity; for preaching doctrines contrary to Popery; for receiving ordination by the new forin, and refusing to be present at mass. He concluded his valedictory speech, delivered on occasion of his expulsion, with these words : “ Valeant ftudia, valeant hæc tecta, “ valeat sedes cultissima literarum, valeat jucundissimus conspectus vestri : valete juvenes, va-
lete socii, valete fratres, valete oculi mei, omnes valete.” ! temporary dereliction of the Protestant faith; which happened foon afterward, affords a melancholy instance of the imbecillity of human nature to withitand the attempts of insidious artifice. But, "like Cranmer, he burst forth with fevenfold fplendor from that momentary eclipse which obfcured his fame.
+ " Mr. Jewel was appointed for the western circuit, and so it fell out fitly that he presented the firit-born of his labours in the ministry, after his return from exile, in Devonshire, and parts adjacent; there first breaking the bread of life where first he received the breath of life; where he endeavoured more to win his countrymen to embrace the reformation by preaching and good usage, than to terrify and awe them by that great authority, the Queen's majesty had. armed him with.” (Prince's Worthies, &C. p. 422.)
In the third year of her reign, this John Jewel was made Bishop of Salisbury; and there being always observed in him a willingness to do good and oblige his friends, and now a power added to it, John Hooker gave him a visit at Salisbury," and besought him, for charity's fake, to look fa
vourably upon a poor nephew of his, whom nature had fitted for a scholar; but the estate of his parents was so narrow, that they were unable to give him the advantage of learning; and that the bishop would, there
fore, become his patron, and prevent him from being a tradesman; for “ he was a boy of remarkable hopes.” And though the bishop knew men do not usually look with an indifferent eye upon their own children and relations, yet he assented so far to John Hooker, that he appointed the boy and his schoolmaster should attend him, about Easter next following, at that place; which was done accordingly: and then, after some questions and observations of the boy's learning, and gravity, and behaviour, the bishop gave the schoolmaster a reward, and took order for an annual pension for the boy's parents, promising also to take him into his care for a future preferment; which was performed. For, about the fourteenth year of his age, which was anno 1567, he was, by the bishop, appointed to remove to Oxford, and there to attend Dr. Cole", then president of Corpus Christi college ; which he did; and Dr. Cole had (according to a promise made to the bishop) provided for him both a tutor (which was said to be the learned Dr. John Reynolds*) and a clerk's place in that college; which
u Dr. William Cóle, in 1599, exchanged with Dr. John Reynolds the presidentship of Corpus Christi College for the deanery of Lincoln, which he did not long enjoy. He fied into Germany in the time of Queen Mary, and Anthony Wood names him as one of the exiles at Geneva engaged with Miles Coverdale and others in a new translation of the Bible. He mistakes him for his brother Thomas Cole, mentioned in “Lewis's History of the several “ Translations of the Bible," p. 206.
* The great prodigy of learning in his time, Crakanthorp, under whom he was educated, applied to him what was said of Athanasius. “ To name Reynolds is to commend virtue it“ self.” “He alone,” says Bishop Hall, in his “Decadof Epistles,” (Dec. I. Ep. 7.)“ was a well“ furnished library, full of all faculties, of all studies, of all learning: the memory, the reading “ of that man were near to a miracle.” He was the great champion of Protestantism against Bellarmine.
“ Cum vibrat doctæ Reynoldus fulmina linguæ,