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THE INTRODUCTION.

I

HAVE been persuaded by a friend, that I ought to obey, to write The

Life of Richard Hooker', the happy author of five (if not more) of the eight learned books of “ The Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity.” And though I 'have undertaken it, yet it hath been with some unwillingness, foreseeing that it must prove to me, and especially at this time of my age, a work of much labour to inquire, consider, research, and determine what is needful to be known concerning him. For I knew him not in his life, and must therefore not only look back to his death (now sixty-four years past) but almost fifty years beyond that, even to his childhood and youth, and gather thence such observations and prognosticks, as may at least adorn, if not prove necessary for the completing of what I have undertaken.

This trouble I foresee, and foresee also that it is impossible to escape censures ; against which I will not hope my well-meaning and diligence can protect me (for I consider the age in which I live); and shall therefore but intreat of my reader a suspension of them, till I have made known unto him some reasons, which I myself would now fain believe, do make me in some measure fit for this undertaking: And if these reasons shall not acquit me from all censures, they may at least abate of their severity; and this is all I can probably hope for.—My reasons follow:

About forty years past (for I am now in the seventieth of my age) I began a happy affinity with William Cranmer (now with God) grand

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nephew

Ifaac Walton's edition of 1675 has been followed in the preceding lives of Dr. Donne and Sir Henry Wotton. It is thought expedient to deviate from that edition in the Life of Mr. Hooker, by adopting that which was last revised by Walton, and is prefixed to his works printed at London in 1723, and at Oxford in 1793, yet without admitting those passages swhich Mr. Strype has introduced into the text.

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nephew unto the great Archbishop of that name; a fainily of noted prudence and resolution; with him and two of his sisters I had an entire and free friendship: One of them was the wife of Dr, Spencer, a bosom-friend, and. fometime com-pupil with Mr. Hooker in Corpus Christi College in Oxford, and after President of the same. I name them here, for that I shall have occasion to mention them in this following discourse; as also their brother, , of whose useful abilities my reader may have a more authentic testimony than my pen can purchase for him, by that of our learned Camden and others.

This William Cranmer, and his two fore-named sisters, had some affinity, . and a most familiar friendship with Mr. Hooker, and had had some part of their education with him in his house, when he was parson of Bishop'sBorn near Canterbury; in which city their good father then lived. They had, I say, a great part of their education with him, as myself, since that time, a happy.cohabition with them; and having some years before read part of Mr. Hooker's works with great liking and satisfaction, my affection to them made me a diligent inquisitor into many things that concerned him; as namely, of his person, his nature, the management of his time, his wife, his family, and the fortune of him and his. Which inquiry hath given me much advantage in the knowledge of what is now under my consideration, and intended for the satisfaction of my reader. .

I had also a friendship with the Reverend Doctor Ushers, the late learned Archbishop of Armagh; and with Doctor Morton, the late learned and charitable" Bishop of Durham; as also with the learned John Hales,

of

& The character of this eminent Prelate is happily expressed in the eulogium of the University of Oxford, inscribed on his portrait, which was ordered to be prefixed to his edition of The Epistles of Ignatius.“ Jacobus Userius, Archiepiscopus Armachanus, totius Hyberniæ “ Primas, Antiquitatis primævæ peritissimus, orthodoxæ Religionis Vindex áværtifpatos, “ Errorum malleus, in concionando frequens, facundus, præpotens, vitæ inculpatæ exemplar “ spectabile.”

How properly this epithet is applied to this excellent person appears, from his behaviour in 1602, in the earlier period of his life, while the plague raged at York.. The poorer sort of the infected, being turned out of their habitations, had booths erected for them at a moor near the city; for whose comfort and relief in that fatal extremity, Mr. Morton often repaired to them from

Marston,

of Eaton College, and with them also (who loved the very name of Mr. Hooker) I have had many discourses concerning him; and from them, and many others that have now put off mortality, I might have had more informations, if I could then have admitted a thought of any

fitness for what by persuasion I have now undertaken. But though that full harvest be irrecoverably lost, yet my memory hath preserved some gleanings, and my diligence made such additions to them, as I hope will prove useful to the completing of what I intend. In the discovery of which I shall be faithful, and with this assurance put a period to my Introduction

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Marston, to preach unto them, and to minister consolation to their languishing fouls, having withal provisions of meat carried with him in sacks, to relieve the poorest sort with. But as often as he went thither, he suffered not any servant to attend him, but himself saddled and unsaddled his horse, and he had a private door made through the wall of his study (being the utmost part of the house) for prevention, left he might bring the contagion with him and endanger his whole family. (Richard Baddiley's Life of Bishop Morton. ) -—Having thus laid the foundation of virtue when in a more private and humble station, he built upon it a most noble superstructure. His various actions of splendid liberality and extensive beneficence, through the whole course of a long life, are only to be equalled by the magnanimity which he displayed in his great sufferings. By his will, dated Feb. 20, 1658, and proved O&. 1,

1660, when he had little or nothing left, he bequeathed his chalice to All-Saints Church in York, and ten pounds to the poor of the parish where he died, which was at Easton-Maudit, in Northamptonshire. In his epitaph he is declared " Bonis exutus omnibus, bona - præterquam Famâ et Conscientiâ.”

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THE LIFE OF RICHARD HOOKER.

IT is not to be doubted, but that Richard Hooker was born within the

precincts', or in the city of Exeter. A city which may justly boast, that it was the birth-place of him and Sir Thomas Bodley *; as indeed the county may, in which it stands, that it hath furnished this nation with Bishop Jewell',

'On the east of Exeter is a parish church, called Heavy-Tree, memorable for the birth of Mr. Hooker, the judicious author of “The Ecclesiastical Polity," and of that great civilian, Dr. Arthur Duck. (Camden's Britannia.)

Sir T. Bodley was the founder, or rather the restorer of the public library at Oxford, which was originally begun by Humphry, Duke of Gloucester, who lived in the reign of Henry VI. and collected together, and considerably enlarged two libraries, one founded by Richard of Bury, from his great love of books, usually called Philo-biblos, Bishop of Durham in the reign of Ed. III. and another by Thomas Cobham, Bishop of Worcester.-" Illa Bodlei Industria plus“ quam humana; illa tot Linguarum Artiumque infinita Comprehenfio doctos tantum egit in “Stuporem ; at illa incredibilis Morum Suavitas, ille in Congresfibus Geftuque toto Lepos “ et veluti Atticismus quidam doctos indoctofque juxta cepit.” (Orati Funebr. I. Hales.) « King James, in 1605, when he came to see our. University of Oxford, and amongst other edifices now went to view that famous library renewed by Sir Thomas Bodley, in imitation of Alexander, at his departure broke out into that noble speech... If I were not a king, I would be an university man. And if it were so, that I must be a prisoner, if I might have my wish, I would depre to have no other prison than that library, and to be chained together with so many good authors and mortuis magistris.” (Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy, Part I. Sect. II. p. 177.)

Dr. John Jewell, Bishop of Salisbury, one of the brightest ornaments of the reformed religion, the celebrated author of “ The Apology of the Church of England;" a work ever. to be commended for the classic elegance of its language, and the nervous strength of its argumentation. It attracted the notice of the Council of Trent, who passed a very severe censure upon it, and though a refutation of it was undertaken by a Spanish and Italian

Bishop,

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