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ficed in one diocese, and all most dear and entire friends. But in Spain Mr. Wadsworth met with temptations, or reasons, such as were so powerful as to persuade him (who of the three was formerly observed to be the most averse to that religion that calls itself Catholic) to disclaim himself a member of the church of England, and declare himself for the church of Rome; discharging himself of his attendance on the ambassador, and betaking himself to a monastic life, in which he lived very regularly, and so died.
When Dr. Hall, the late Bishop of Norwich, came into England, he wrote to Mr. Wadsworth (it is the first epistle in his printed decades), to persuade his return, or to shew the reason of his apostacy. The letter feemed to have in it many sweet expressions of love; and yet there was in it some expression, that was so unpleasant to Mr. Wadsworth, that he rather chose to acquaint his old friend Mr. Bedel with his motives; by which means there passed betwixt Mr. Bedel and Mr. Wadsworth divers letters, which be extant in print and did well deferve it: For in them there seems to be a controversy, not of religion only, but who should answer each other with most love and meekness. Which I mention the rather, because it too feldom falls out to be so in a book war,
© Mr. James Waddesworth, who died a pensioner of the holy inquisition in Seville, was edua cated at Emanuel College in Cambridge, being a fellow-student and a chamber-fellow with Mr. Bedel. They were also beneficed in the same diocese; and they both left England at the same time. When Sir Charles Cornwallis, Treasurer to Henry Prince of Wales, went ambassador to Spain, he took with him Mr. Wadde/worth as his chaplain, who was prevailed on to change his religion, and entirely to abandon his native country, and was afterward appointed to teach the Infanta the English tongue, when the match betwixt Prince Charles and her was believed to be concluded. “It appears,” says Bishop Burnet, “ as if in these two, Mr. Bedei " and Mr. Waddesworth, those words of our Saviour had been to be verified—'There fall be tivo "' in one bed, the one shall be taken and the other left.' For as the one of these was wrought on to “ forsake his religion, the other was very near the being an instrument of a great and harry
change in the Republic of Venice.”
• The collection of these letters forms a very valuable appendix to Bishop Burnet's Life of Bishop Bedel. Those which paffed between Mr. Bedel and Mr. Waddesworth, on the converfion of the latter to Popery, discover that mildness and benignity of temper on the part of the former, which should be preferved in all controversies. On the contrary, the acrimony and harshness of Mr. Joseph Hall, writing on the same subject, are truly reprehensible.
There is yet a little more to be said of Mr. Bedel; for the greatest part of which the reader is referred to this following letter of Sir Henry Wotton's, written to our late King Charles I.
MAY IT PLEASE YOUR MOST GRACIOUS MAJESTY, “ HAVING been informed that certain persons have, by the good wishes “ of the Archbishop of Armagh, been directed hither with a most humble “ petition unto your Majesty, that you will be pleased to make Mr. William “ Bedel, now resident upon a small benefice in Suffolk", Governor of your “ college at Dublin, for the good of that fociety: And myself being re“ quired to render unto your Majesty fome testimony of the said William “ Bedel, who was long my chaplain at Venice in the time of my first em“ ployment there, I am bound in all conscience and truth (so far as your
Majesty will vouchsafe to accept my poor judgment) to affirm of him, “ that I think hardly a fitter man for that charge could have been pro“pounded unto your Majesty in your whole kingdom for singular erudi“ tion and piety, conformity to the rites of the church, and zeal to advance " the cause of God; wherein his travels abroad were not obfcure in the “ time of the excommunication of the Venetians.
“ For it may please your Majesty to know, that this is the man whom “ Padre Paulo took, I may say, into his very soul; with whom he did commu“nicate the inwardest thoughts of his heart; from whom he professed to have
received more knowledge in all divinity, both scholastical and positive, than « from
any that he had ever practised in his days: of which all the passages were well known to the king your father, of most blessed memory. “ And so, with your Majesty's good favour, I will end this needless office; “ for the general fame of his learning, his life and Christian temper,
and “ those religious labours which himself hath dedicated to your Majesty, do “ better describe him than I am able.
“ Your Majesty's most humble and faithful servant,
« H. WOTTON."
Mr. Bedel had been presented by Sir Thomas Jermyn to the living of Horingsbeath, in Suffolk.
To this letter I shall add this, that he was, to the great joy of Sir Henry Wotton, made Governor of the said college (August 1627); and that after a fair discharge of his duty and trust there, he was thence removed to be Bishop of Kilmore (September 3, 1629). In both which places his life was so holy, as seemed to equal the primitive Christians. For as they, so he kept all the Ember weeks, observed (besides his private devotions) the canonical hours of prayer very striểly, and so he did all the feasts and fastdays of his mother, the Church of England. To which I may add, that his patience and charity were both such as thewed his affections were set
upon things that are above;" for indeed his whole life brought forth the “fruits “ of the spirit;" there being in him such a remarkable meekness that, as St. Paul advised his Timothy in the election of a bishop, 1 Tim. iii. 7. “ That he have a good report of those that be without;” so had he: For those that were without, even those that in point of religion were of the Roman persuasion (of which there were very many in his diocese), did yet (such is the power of visible piety) ever look upon him with respect and reverence, and testified it by a concealing and safe protecting him from death in the late horrid rebellion in Ireland, when the fury of the wild Irish knew no distinction of persons: and yet there and then he was protected and cherished by those of a contrary persuasion; and there and then he died, not by violence or misusage, but by grief in a quiet prison (1629). And with him was lost many of his learned writings, which were thought worthy of preservation; and among the rest was lost the Bible, which by many years' labour, and conference, and study, he had translated into the Irish tongue', with an intent to have it printed for public use.
e Burnet's Life of Bedel, p. 180, 209.
* This zealous prelate, desirous that the free use of the Scriptures should diffeminate a knowledge of the true religion among the Irish, selected one King, a convert from Popery, who was fupposed to be the most elegant writer of his native language then alive, whether in prose or verse. Though he was much advanced in years, the Bishop thought him not only capable of undertaking an Irish version of the Bible, but qualified for a higher characler: He ordained him, gave him a benefice in his own diocese, and employed him in this useful work, directing him to found his version on the English tranflation. The good Bishop revised the whole: And it was his usual custom after dinner and supper to read over a chapter, and to compare it with the original Hebrew, the LXXII, and Diodati's Italian version. See Burnet's
Life of Bifhop Dedel," p. 118, 119.
More might be faid of Mr. Bedel, who, I told the reader, was Sir Henry Wotton's first chaplain, and much of his second chaplain Isaac Bargrave", Doctor in Divinity, and the late learned and hospitable Dean of Canterbury; as also of the merits of many others that had the happiness to attend Sir Henry in his foreign employments : But the reader may think that in this digression I have already carried him too far from Eton college; and therefore I shall lead him back as gently and as orderly as I may to that place, for a further conference concerning Sir Henry Wotton.
Sir Henry Wotton had proposed to himself, before he entered into his collegiate life, to write the life of Martin Luther", and in it the history of the reformation as it was carried on in Germany. For the doing of which he had many advantages by his several embassies into those parts, and his interest in the several princes of the empire: By whose means he had access to the records of all the Hans towns, and the knowledge of many secret passages that fell not under common view; and in these he had made a happy progress, as is well known to his worthy friend Dr. Duppa, the late Reverend Bishop of Salisbury. But in the midst of this design, his late Majesty, King Charles I. that knew the value of Sir Henry Wotton's pen, did, by a persuasive loving violence, to which may be added a promise of five hundred pounds a year, force him to lay Luther aside, and betake himself to write the history of England: In which he proceeded to write some short characters of a few kings, as a foundation upon which he meant to build; but for the present meant to be more large in the story of Henry VI. the founder of that college, in which he then enjoyed all the worldly happi
: Of this excellent divine, and the cruel treatment he and his family received from Colonel Sandys, see Mr. Todd's “ Deans of Canterbury,' p. 100. His learning and his hospitality are particularly noticed in the inscription on his monument: “ Amæno ingenio pietatem et eru“ ditionem ornavit;-gentibus exteris domique nobilibus gratiflimus hofpes hofpitio genero« fiflimo repofuit."
" A life of this reformer, written with candour and impartiality, has long been a desideratum in the republic of letters. That which is extant in the English language, entitled “ The Life “ and Death of Dr. Marter, the Passages whereof have bin taken out of his owne and other “godly and most learned Men's Writings who lived in his time, i Thes. v. 12, 13," was printed in 1641, and is a mere literal translation from Melchior Adam.
ness of his present being. But Sir Henry died in the midst of this undertaking; and the footsteps of his labours are not recoverable by a more than common diligence'.
This is some account both of his inclination, and the employment both of his time in the college, where he seemed to have his youth renewed by a continual conversation with that learned society, and a daily recourse of other friends of choicest breeding and parts; by which that great blessing of a cheerful heart was still maintained: He being always free, even to the last of his days, from that peevishness which usually attends age.
And yet his mirth was sometimes damped by the rememberance of divers old debts“, partly contracted in his foreign employments; for which his just arrears due from the King would have made satisfaction. But being still delayed with court-promises, and finding some decays of health, he did, about two years before his death, out of å Christian desire, that none should be a loser by him, make his Laft Will. Concerning which, a doubt still remains, namely, whether it difcovered more holy wit, or conscionable policy? But there is no doubt, but that his chief design was a Christian endeavour that his debts might be satisfied.
And that it may remain as such a testimony, and a legacy to those that loved him, I shall here impart it to the reader, as it was found written with his own hand. Еe
i Of this historical work a very small fragment is extant, written in the Latin language, with great elegance, and entitled “Henrici VI. Angliæ et Galliarum Regis, Hiberniz “ Domini, Etonensis ad Tamelin Collegii Conditoris vita et exceffus." Upon the King's return from Scotland, in 1633, Sir Henry Wotton wrote a Latin panegyric, printed in the “ Reliquiz Wottonianæ," with this title, “ Ad Regem e Scotia reducem Henrici Wotton “ Plausus et Vota."
"Sir Henry Wotton is at this time under arrest for three hundred pounds, upon execution, and lies by it. He was taken coming from the Lord Treasurer's, foliciting a debt of four thousand pounds, due to him from the King.” (Mr. Garrard to the Lord Deputy. Straf ford's Letters, Vol. I. p. 338.)