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“ Order and Causes of Salvation' (which was first written in Latin), Armi“ nius took the occasion of writing some queries to him concerning the con

sequences of his doctrine; intending them, it is said, to come privately to “Mr. Perkin's own hands; and to receive from him a like private and a “ like loving answer. But Mr. Perkins died before those queries came to

him, and it is thought Arminius meant them to die with him. For

though he lived long after, I have heard he forbore to publish them-but « since his death his fons did not. And it is a pity, if God had been so

pleased, that Mr. Perkins did not live to fee, consider, and answer those

proposals himself; for he was also of a most meek spirit, and of great “ and fanctified learning. And though since their deaths, many of high

parts and piety have undertaken to clear the controversy; yet for the “ most part they have rather satisfied themselves, than convinced the “ dissenting party. And, doubtless, many middle-witted men, which yet

may mean well, many scholars that are not in the highest form for

learning, which yet may preach well, men that are but preachers, and “shall never know, until they come to heaven, where the questions stick “ betwixt Arminius and the Church of England (if there be any), will yet “ in this world be tampering with, and thereby perplexing the contro

versy, and do therefore justly fall under the reproof of St. Jude', for being busy-bodies, and for meddling with things they understand not”.”:


Rather, St. Peter. 1 Pet. iv. 15, and 2 Pet. ii. 12.

p In England Arminianism was hostile to civil liberty, and Calvinism favourable to it. It has been already remarked that James, however he pretended to promote the condemnation of Arminius and his doctrines at the Synod of Dort, encouraged the Arminians at home. He promoted Laud, Howson, Corbet and Neil, who were all zealous Arminians. There is reason to suppose that they abetted his arbitrary measures, and by that means recommended themselves.

“ The Puritans, who will allow no free-will at all, but God does all, yet will allow the subject his liberty to do or not to do, notwithstanding the King, the God upon earth. The Arminians, who hold we have free-will, yet say, when we come to the King, there must be all obedience, and no liberty to be stood for.” (Selden's Table Talk, under the Article FREE-WILL.)

And here it offers itself (I think not unfitly) to tell the reader, that a friend of Sir Henry Wotton’s, being designed for the employment of an ambassador, came to Eton, and requested from him some experimental rules for his prudent and safe carriage in his negociations : To whom he smilingly gave this for an infallible aphorism ; “ That, to be in safety him

felf, and serviceable to his country, he should always, and upon all occa“ fions, speak the truth.” It seems a state paradox: “.For,” says Sir Henry Wotton, “

you shall never be believed: And by this means your truth “ will secure yourself if you shall ever be called to any account; and it “ will also put your adversaries, who will still hunt counter, to a lots in all “ their disquisitions and undertakings?.".

Many more of this nature might be observed, but they must be laid aside; for I shall here make a little stop, and invite the reader to look back with me whilst, according to my promise, I shall say a little of Sir Albertus Morton' and Mr. William Bedel, whom I formerly mentioned.

I have told you that are my reader, that at Sir Henry Wotton's first going ambassador into Italy, his cousin, Sir Albertus Morton, went his secretary: And I am next to tell you that Sir Albertus died Secretary of State to our late King; but cannot, am not able to express the sorrow that possessed D d


9 When Sir Henry Wotton gives this shrewd advice to his friend, he seems really to have held that unfavourable opinion of the function of an ambassador, which he had once declared. in his celebrated definition.

“He died in the vernality of his employments and fortunes, under the best king and master in the world.” (Reliq. Wotton. p. 477.)

Sir Henry Wotton's epigram on the death of Sir Albertus Morton's wife is well knows.

“ He first deceased: She for a little tried
- To live without him : likid it not, and died."

Albertus Morton was elected scholar of King's College, Cambridge, in 1602. He went to Venice as Secretary to his uncle Sir Henry Wotton, and was afterward agent for King James at the court of Savoy, and with the Princes of the Union in Germany, Secretary to the Queen of Bohemia in 1616, one of the Clerks of the Council, and knighted in Sept. 1617, and at last Secretary of State, in which post he died in November, 1625. (Dr. Birck's Life of Henry Prince of Wales.)

Sir Henry Wotton at his first hearing the news that Sir Albertus was by death lost to him and this world. And yet the reader may partly guess by these following expressions : The first in a letter to his Nicholas Pey, of which this that followeth is a part:

“ And, my dear Nick, when I had been here almost a fortnight, 16 in the midst of my great contentment, I received notice of Sir Albertus “ Morton's departure out of this world, who was dearer to me than mine

own being in it. What a wound it is to my heart, you that knew him “ and know me, will easily believe: But our Creator's will be done and un

repiningly received by his own creatures, who is the Lord of all nature and " of all fortune, when he taketh to himself now one and then another, till that “ expected day wherein it shall please him to dissolve the whole and wrap

up even the heaven itself as a scroll' of parchment. This is the last phi

losophy that we must study upon earth. Let us, therefore, that yet re“ main here, as our days and friends waste, reinforce our love to each other ." which of all virtues, both spiritual and moral, hath the highest privilege, “ because death itself cannot end it'. And my good Nick," &c.

This is a part of his sorrow thus expressed to his Nick Pey: The other part is in this following elegy, of which the reader may safely conclude it was too hearty to be dissembled.


• Ifaiah, xxxiv. 4.

* These are noble and exalted sentiments, such as Chriftianity alone inculcates.

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u Agreeable to that more ancient observation, “ Curæ leves loquuntur, ingentes ftupent.”. (Seneca.)

* This curious line reminds us of part of an extravagant elegy to the memory of a pleasant poet of the last century, Colonel Lovelace, in which the author, E. Revett, says,

“ Why should some rude hand carve thy sacred stone,
“ And there incise a cheap inscription,
" When we can thed the tribute of our tears :
“ So long, till the relenting marble wears?
“ Which shall such order in their cadence keepy.
" That they a native epitaph shall weep;
“ Until each letter spelt diftinctly lies,
“ Cut by the mystic droppings of our eyes.";

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This concerning his Sir Albertus Morton.

And for what I shall say concerning Mr. William Bedel, I must prepare the reader by telling him, that when King James sent Sir Henry Wotton ambassador to the State of Venice, he sent also an ambassador * to the King of France, and another to the King of Spain. With the ambassador of France went Joseph Hall, late Bishop of Norwich, whose


and useful works speak his great merit: 'with the ambassador of Spain went James Wadsworth; and with Sir Henry Wotton went William Bedel.

These three chaplains to these three ambassadors were all bred in one university, all of one college (Emanuel College in Cambridge), all bene


y Thus in the beautiful “ Lycidas" of Milton

“ Now thou art gone, and never must return !
“ Thee, hepherd, thee the woods and desert caves,
“ With wild thyme and the gadding vine o'ergrown,
“ And all their echoes mourn."

* An ingenious modern critic has juftly remarked, that “the poetical compositions of Sir “ Henry Wotton, when considered in their proper light, namely as the effusions of one who “ merely fcribbled for his amusement, will be found deserving of praise.”

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