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His last publication was a pamphlet entitled “Medical Essays ;" in which he complains of his literary critics. He died in 1779, learing considerable savings from a very moderate income.

Beattie, James,-a philosopher and poet, was born in Scotland, in the year 1735. After the requisite preliminary acquisitions in his neighbourhood, he repaired to New Aberdeen, and went through a regular course of study in the university established there. His first publication was a volume of “ Original Poems and Translations,” which ap: peared in 1760. The "Judgment of Paris," was published in 1765. These poetical effusions, especially the beautiful piece called, “ The Hermit,” obtained for him great applause.

This very distinguished writer occupied, in early life, the humble station of an usher in a grammar school. Whilst in that situation, he wrote his celebrated work, entitled the “ Minstrel ; or the Progress of Genius ;' part of which appeared in 1771. The elegance and feeling which characterize

poem, cause regret that it was never finished, according to the author's views. His merit became so con. spicuous that the magistrates of New Aberdeen elected the assistant of their grammar school, to the honourable and distinguished office of Professor of Moral Philosophy and Logic in their University.

Not long after this event, he published an “Essay on the Immutability of Truth in Opposition to Sophistry and Scepticism." This work demonstrated him to be an anxious promoter of the best interests of mankind; a judicious philosopher; and a pertinent and captivating reasoner. tended his reputation, and enlarged the circle of his friends : amongst whom may be reckoned Dr. Gregory of Edinburgh, the earl of Mansfield, Dr. Johnson, Lord Lyttelton, and doctors Hurd and Porteus, the bishops of Worcester and London.

In 1783, he published " Dissertations Moral and Critical," in one volume quarto; and in 1786, by the recommendation of the present bishop of London, “ Evidences of the Christian Religion,” in two small volumes. In 1790 and 1793, appeared “ The Elements of Moral Science,” in two volumes octavo. All these works display good sense, extensive knowledge, and able reasoning. Dr. Beattie's ill state of health disqualified him, for some time before his death, for performing the duties of his office in the university. He ied in 1803, in the 68th year of his age.

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Dr. Beattie possessed a vigorous understanding and a most benevolent heart. His talents were improved to a high degree, by almost every species of science and literature. He had deeply studied the evidence on which the truth of Christianity rests; and the result was, an unshaken persuasion of its Divine original. This induced him to labour zealously to convince others of what he himself so firmly believed, and so highly appreciated.

His poetical talents were very considerable ; and had he continued to cultivate them, in advanced life, he would probably have attained still higher celebrity. But there is reason to suppose that he long neglected the mountain of Olympus"

;" for the hill of“ Zion,” and was more anxious to attain the character of a christian hero, than that of the greatest of modern bards.

BERKLEY, George,--the celebrated bishop of Cloyne, was born in Ireland, in 1684. He possessed a most comprehensive and acute mind, which received all the aids of education. His first essays as a writer were published in the Spectator and Guardian ; which entertaining works he adorned with many pieces in favour of virtue and religioni. He published several very ingenious treatises on philosophical subjects ; the most celebrated of which is his "Minute Philosopher.”

He conceived a noble and benevolent plan for converting the savage Americans to Christianity, by a college to be erected in the Sommer Islands, otherwise called the Isles of Bermuda. But the design, after several years labour to accomplish it, was frustrated by the ignorance or misconduct of those on whom he depended for support. He died, suddenly, in 1753, at Oxford; and was buried in Christ Church, where there is a monument erected to his memory.

His morality, religion, manners, and disposition, were equal to his extraordinary abilities. Pope, by whom he was well known, sums up his character in one line. After mentioning some particular virtues, which characterized other prelates then living, he ascribes

« To Berkley ev'ry virtue under beaven.” BLAir, Robert,

,-a Scottish divine and poet, was born about the beginning of the eighteenth century. He had a very liberal education in the University of Edinburgh ; and was afterwards sent abroad by his father, for improvement, and spent some time on the continent. After undergoing

the usual trials appointed by the church of Scotland, be was ordained minister of Athelstaneford, in the county of East Lothian, in 1731, where he passed the remainder of his

life.

As his fortune was easy, he lived very much in the style of a gentleman, and was greatly respected by all persons of character in the neighbourhood. He was not only a man of learning, but of elegant taste and manners. As a poet he is entitled to considerable distinction. · But his highest praise is, that he was a man of sincere piety ; and very

assiduous in discharging the duties of his clerical function. As a preacher, he was serious and warm, and discovered the imagination of a poet. He died of a fever in 1746, in the 47th year of

his age.

His poem entitled “ The Grave,” is his greatest work, and amply establishes his fame. It is a production of real genius, and possesses a merit equal to many pieces of the first celebrity. It is composed of a succession of unconnected descriptions, and of reflections that seem independent of one another, interwoven with striking allusions, and digressive sallies of imagination. Whatever subject is either discussed or aimed at, the poet always endeavours to melt the heart, and alarm the conscience, by pathetic description and serious remonstrances; and his sentiments are delivered in a novel and energetic manner, that impresses them strongly on the mind. He is always moral, yet never dull ; and though he often expands an image, yet he never weakens its force. If the same thought occurs, he gives it a new form; and is copious without being tiresome. He writes under the strong impression of christian and moral truths. Conviction gives force to imagination ; and he dips his pen in tne stream which religion has opened in his own bosom.

BLAIR, Dr. Hugh, was born in Edinburgh, in the year 1718. After the usual grammatical course at school, he entered the Humanity Class in the University of Edinburgh ; and spent eleven years at that celebrated seminary, assiduously employed in literary and scientific studies. ordained as a minister in 1742; and commenced his public life with highly favourable prospects. Besides the testimony given to his talents and virtues, by successive ecclesiastic promotions, the University of St. Andrews, in 1757, conferred on him the degree of D. D. a literary honour which, at that time, was very rare in Scotland. In 1762, the king erected and endowed a professorship of Rhetoric and Belles

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Lettres, in the University of Edinburgh į and appointed Dr. Blair, “ in consideration of his approved qualifications," Regius Professor, with a suitable salary. His lectures were well attended, and received with great applause. In 1783, when be retired from the labours of the office, he published bis Lectures on Rhetoric and Belles Lettres ;' and the general voice of the public has pronounced them to be a most judicious, elegant, and comprehensive system of rules, for forming the style, and cultivating the taste of youth.

It was long before he could be induced to favour the world with the publication of his discourses from the pulpit. These elegant compositions experienced a degree of success, of which few publications can boast. They are universally admitted to be models in their kind; and they will long remain durable monuments of the piety, the genius, and sound judgment of their author. They circulated rapidly and widely, wherever the English tongue extends; and they were soon translated into almost all the languages of Europe. The king thought them worthy of a public reward ; and conferred on their author a pension of 2001. a year, which continued unaiierea tu nis deams.

In 1748 he married an excellent woman, possessed of great sense and merit. By her he had a son who died in infancy; and a daughter who lived to her twenty-first year, the joy of her parents, and adorned with all the accomplishments that become her

age
and sex.

He lost his wife a few years before his death, after she had, with the tenderest affection, shared in all his fortunes, and contributed near half a century to his comfort and happiness.

His last summer was devoted to the preparation of the fifth volume of his sermons; and, in the course of it, he exhibited a vigour of understanding, and capacity of exertion, equal to the powers of his best days. But the seeds of a mortal disease were lurking unperceived within him. At the close of the year 1800, he felt that he was approaching the end of his course, He, however, retained to the last moment the full possession of his mental faculties ; and expired with the composure and hope which become a christian pastor.

“Dr. Blair was the perfect image of that meekness, simplicity, gentleness, and contentment, which his writings recom. mend. He was eminently distinguished through life, by the prudence, purity, and dignified propriety of his conduct. His mind, by constitution and culture, was admirably formed

for enjoying happiness. Well balanced in itself, by the nice proportion and adjustment of its faculties, it did not incline him to any of those eccentricities, either of opinion or of action, which are too often the lot of genius. He was long happy in his domestic relations; and, though doomed at last to feel, through their loss in succession, the heaviest strokes of affliction ; yet his mind, fortified by religious habits, and buoyed up by his native tendency to contentment, sustained itself op Divine Providence, and enabled him to persevere to the end, in the active and cheerful discharge of the duties of his station ; preparing for the world the blessings of elegant instruction ; tendering to the mourner the lessons of Divine consolation : guiding the young by his counsels ; aiding the meritorious with his influence ; and supporting, by his voice and by his conduct, the best interests of his country.

CARTER, Elizabeth,—was born in the year 1718. She very early in life discovered the superior cultivation, which her mind had received from the superintendence of a sensible, learned, and worthy parent. She was so well versed in the Latin and Greek fanguages, and so well qualified to teach them, that she gave to her only brother Henry his classical education, before he went to Canterbury school.

In 1758 she translated from the original Greek, all the works of Epictetus which are now.extant; to which she added an Introduction and many critical Notes. The learning and ability which she displayed in the execution of this work, are well known ; and they have received very high applause. This performance may justly be said to do honour *o her sex, as well as to herself.

In 1762 she published a volume of miscellaneous Poems. They were celebrated among the verses of lord Lyttelton, who had read them in manuscript. The merit and beauty of these compositions have been highly applauded. Simpli. city of sentiment, sweetness of expression, and morality the most amiable, grace every page.

She was also the contributer of two Papers to “ The Rambler," which were much esteemed by Dr. Johnson. The one is an allegory, in which Religion and Superstition are delineated in a masterly manner; and the other an ingenious ironical letter on modish pleasures, bearing the signature of Chariessa.

This excellent woman was greatly respected for her superior understanding, extensive knowledge, scientific and

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