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not enough to bear the expenses of the journey. If any one dies who has no relations, christians, they take the place of his relations, and attend in great numbers at his funeral. In fine, the love they bear one another, excites the astonishment of the Gentiles, who

of them as the

used to


of the first christians, “See, how they love one another; they have but one heart and one mind.”

You cannot have a true love of Jesus Christ without loving his holy Mother too. For this reason, we are careful to inspire them with a tender devotion to the blessed Virgin. This devotion is strongly established in the countries that are lately become christian. There is not a Neophyte who does not every day recite his beads in her honour : and though we frequently tell them there is no sin in omitting this practice, especially when engaged in other affairs, yet if any one misses it he always accuses himself of it at confession. Although the insupportable heat of the Indies makes fasting very painful, yet most of them fast every Saturday and the eve of festivals, and then they eat veither fish nor eggs, but are content with herbs. They do not think travelling sufficient reason to dispense with this custom. I attended, on her death-bed, an old woman, wbo since the age of 20, when she was baptized, had never missed fasting on these days, whatever fatigue of travelling or other occupation, she had. These festivals are celebrated with much pomp and great concourse of people, particularly at Dour, where the church, the handsomest on this mission, is dedicated to the blessed Virgin. In this church, there is a lamp which burns day and night in her honour. These good Neophytes come from the extremities of the mission to take oil from this lamp and apply it to their sick. God often rewards their faith by wonderful cures, and other events, which can be nothing but the effect of the wonderful protection of the Mother of God. The following is an instance among others. A great persecution arose that was likely to be of serious consequence to religion. A Catechist was deputed to implore the prince's protection. The negociation was delicate and dangerous. Before he set off, he addressed himself to the blessed Virgin, and conjured her to assist this persecuted Church;

and bend the heart of the prince to whom he was deputed. He thought he heard an interior voice which promised him success. He goes with confidence, arrives at the palace gate, and demands an audience. As the prince was not yet up, he was ordered to wait; the catechist renewed his prayer, and besought again the blessed Virgin to conduct the affair. He had not waited above a quarter of an hour, when the officer of the guards came to enquire if there were any one who wanted an audience. The catechist presented himself, and was imme.

diately introduced. The prince approaching with a pleasant i countenancé, said, “Be of good heart-what you require shall

be done. A great queen appeared to me in my sleep and commanded me to be favourable.” The catechist explained his object, obtained wbat he wished, and peace was restored to the church.

They have likewise a tender devotion to the saints ; whose intercession they invoke in their wants. Those they most frequently pray to, are their Angel Guardian, their Patron, St. Joseph, St. John Baptist, St. Michael, the Protector of our Mission, S. S. Peter and Paul, St. Thomas the Apostle, of these countries, and S. Fa. Zavier. When they begin any journey, they always recommend themselves to their Angel Guardian. “ When I set off,” said one of these fervent converts to me, “I join my Angel Guardian - I always keep him in my mind, and follow him as young Tobias did the angel Raphael." There is scarcely a year in which they do not experience the effect of the particular protection of the saints to whom they have the greatest devotion; particularly of St. F. Zavier. who does not forget in heaven, that people who, on earth were the first objects of his zeal.

I think I have now answered all your enquiries, my dear father; and you have nothing more to desire, as I have given you a full knowledge of all that passes in this mission. I shall conclude by praying to the Lord that he would give you the grace which will enable you to exercise here the zeal with which you seem to be filled. Remember me in the holy sacrifice of the altar; and believe me

Your's, &c.




To the Editor of the Cathoac Miscellany. SIR,-I am inclined to believe, that the spot from whence we commence our present excursion, was in the disastrous days of persecution, a station supplied by the Benedictines, and I am strengthened in my opinion from the following entries, which I have extracted from an authentic document now lying before me. An. 1621. And at Barbican, at London, thro’a cruel fit of ye stone, died ye V. R. F. Vincent Sadler, as he was intending to retire to his Monastery of Diculwart wth his nephew Mr. Thomas Vinsent Sadler, ye last of his many converts, but ye 1st & only of his own family and blood, leaving behiod him a great opinion of his sanctity, being a map of most exemplary life, & wonderful industry. President of ye Engh Cong before the Union.". An. 1662. And in ye Charter-house-yard at London at my Ld. Dorset's, above four-score years old, died R. F. Will. Johnson, alias, Chambers, a famous Missioner professed in Spain." As we approach towards Morefields, we feel a pleasing recollection, that if we are passing over a site once hallowed by the piety of our early Catholic ancestors, we are also now upon the same ground, where the religious zeal of later Charitable Catholics, has been successfully exerted in promoting several useful and beneficent establishments; and that in this neighbourhood the virtuous and the learned have sought a shelter from persecution and from malice. Not far from thence at Hoxton, the indefatigable and highly-gifted Abraham Woodhead resided; there it was that many of his celebrated controversial works were composed, and there he gained many to the one fold of the one shepherd. In Charles Square, Hoxton, also a Catholic school existed in times when the worthy master risked his all, for merely educating Catholic youth. And in fact he actually suffered from the murderous mob of the year eighly. The Benevolent, a Catholic Charity, eminently useful and deservedly encouraged at the present day, owed its commencement to the unassuming exertions of a few tradesmen, who were occasionally in the habit of spending an evening at a public house near Bunhill Row. Their custom was, to recite together the office of the dead, then for each one to subscribe a trifle towards the funds, and to form plans for the management of their rising charitable association, while they forgot the labours of the day in a pint of porter and a pipe. Among these praiseworthy tradesmen, the following seem to have taken the lead: Peter Lyon, whom we have had already occasion to notice: he was a smith and screw-maker in TooleyStreet, and was for some time the senior member or father of the Blacksmiths' company. Joseph Hunt. He wasa glazier in Smithfield, and was also father of the Glaziers company: Mr. Mc Carthy, a baker in Bunhill-row, and Peter Flarty, whose name is still dear to the society as a most beneficent benefactor. The Associated Charities. Now the most extensive, and more abundant in funds, than any other of the London Catholic Charities, originated in the humble endeavours of several poor men, who assembled in 1797, at the Mariners, a public-house in Fore-street, and subscribed each, one penny per week, towards the education of the po They drew


rules for the government of their society, which they denominated the Laudable: numerous associations were afterwards formed upon the same plan, and at length they all merged into the general term of the Associated Charities.

Among the first promoters of the Laudable, was a Greenwich Pensioner; who, hearing that the government was in want of men, exclaimed, that it was a shame for any one to be eating the bread of idleness, when his country required his services; be therefore left the college, came to London, paid his pence twelve months in advance, and embarked; but he was never heard of afterwards ; probably he perished in the heat of battle. Rope-maker’s Alley, a name still dear to the remembrance of many an aged Catholic, was in this neighbourhood; here stood the two Catholic Chapels, from whence the informer Pain, and his guilty associates, dragged to trial the exemplary and virtuous bishop, James Talbot, the Rev. James Dillon, the Rev. Anthony Barnewell, and others; when had it not been for the unbiassed and upright conduct of the judge and of the jury, death, or at least perpetual imprisonment must have been the portion of these respectable ecclesiastics. Nor were the clergy the only objects attacked by this merciless informer; for the laity were frequently seized upon and forced into confinement; this happened to the father of the present very highly respectable clergyman, the Rev. Joseph Hunt; and the same would have occurred to his uncle; had he not saved himself by flight. These chapels were known by the appellations of Messrs. Dillon and Fuller's Chapel; and of Messrs. Barnard and Dunn's Chapel; but they were more generally called Brown and Thompson's Chapels, from the names of the persons who had the care of them. At length, one was closed, and the other was considerably encreased in its dimensions ; this last fell a prey to the violence of an infuriated mob, unawed by the presence of the city chief magistrate, who could have prevented the destruction of the building, had he chosen to have done his duty. The Political Magazine, for the year 1780, while recording the depredations committed by the mob at this place, says, “A person who saw a crucifix thrown into the flames by the associators, could not help observing, that when the most believing and pious christians burnt Jesus Christ in effigy, there was too much reason to fear the total decline of the christian religion in the metropolis." After this disgraceful event, the Chapel in White Street was erected ; and in this chapel, for nearly forty years, the catechumen was washed in the regenerating waters of baptism; the holy sacrifice of the Mass was offered up in propitiation to the God of mercy and justice; the bread of life was delivered to the faithful; and the doctrine of truth and salvation was regularly delivered. At length, the British Catholic, no longer goaded by the penal statutes, or shackled by legal disabilities, dared to propose the erection of a metropolitan chapel. This project first originated with a few individuals, who met on the 23rd day of May, 1816, and formed a sub-committee, empowered to raise funds for carrying the intended undertaking into effect; and on the 20th of June, the first circular was printed and distributed; it was dated from the Chapelhouse, and was signed by the Rev. Joseph Hunt. The pro

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