Зображення сторінки
PDF
ePub

MONTHLY INTELLIGENCE,

ROME. We have the happiness to state that the chair of St. Peter is again filled, by the election to the pontificate of Cardinal della Genga. This event, interesting to the whole Christian church, took place on Sunday the 28th of September. The cardinals, to the number of thirty-four, eutered the conclave on the 3d of September, and on subscquent days, several other members of the sacred college arrived, and were admitted, after taking the accustomed oaths, to their respective seats in the conclave. The whole number present at the last scrutiny amounted to forty-nine: so that four cardinals alone were absent. Each cardinal was acco

ccoinpanied by a conclavist: he had also in attendance a dupifer: and one servant was allowed to wait upon him ; all of whom were bound to secrecy: so that nothing could trauspire without the walls of the conclave, which could lead to the knowledge of the preponderance of votes, ascertained in the daily scrutiny. It may be regarded an extraordinary circuinstance that in the short space of twenty-five days, an election should have concluded, which generally occupics several months. His present holiness has assumed the name if Leo the twelfth. He was born on the 2d of August, 1760, at Della Genga, in the diocess of Spoletto), which is in the ecclesiastical states. Promoted to the archiepiscopal see of Tyre in 1793, he was sent nuncio to Cologne; and after the seculariza. tion and seizure of church property in 1803, was appointed extraordinary nuncio at the diet at Ratisbone. Spending some years in Germany, without being able to accomplish the object of his mission, he quitted this country; and passing through France in 1808, he gave a dismal picture of the state of religion among the Ger. mans. He then went to Rome, and retired into the bosome of his family, where he remained during the persecution which immediately followed. After the restoration of Louis the eighteenth to the throne of France, he was appointed extraordinary nuncio, and commissioned to compliment his

majesty upon the recovery of his king. dom; and very, probably his mission had some ulterior object in view with regard to religion. He had his first audience on the 31st of May, 1814, and very soon after was attacked with a severe illness, which obliged him to quit for a time, Paris. He however recovered, and returned to Rome towards the end of the same year. A numerous promotion of cardinals took place on the 8th of March, 1816, and the archbisliop of Tyre was the first upon the list. 'He thus became a member of the sacred college, and the most honourable charges were soon bestowed upon him. He was appointed perfect of the congregation for the residence of bishops; perfect of ecclesiastical immunities; a member of the congregation for examining bishops in theology ; arch priest of St. Mary major: and upon the death of cardia nal Litta, he was nominated by the late pope, to be vicar-general of Rome. As soon as his election to the pontificate was known to the cardinals who were then assembled in the chapel of the Quirinal palace, he was requested by the cardinal dean to declare whether he would accept this supreme dignity. He submitted to the divine will, and announced his intention of assuming the name of Leo the twelfth. Monsignior Zucche, the perfect of the ceremonies, then read aloud the process verbal of acceptation, having for witness Monsr, Perugini, bishop of Porphiry and sacristan, Monsig. Mazio, secretary of the sacred college, and two assistants of ceremonies. The two senior cardinal deacons, Fabricus Ruffo and Hercules Consalvi, placed the uew pontiff between them, and conducted him in front of the altar, and after a short prayer accompanied him to the sacristy, where he took his seat upon a throne, and tlie conclavists, with the masters of the ceremonies, removed his cardinals dress, and clothed him in the pontifical habits, which consist of silk stockings, shoes with a cross embroidered in gold upon each of them; a white satin Cassock, a girdle, a rock et, a mozette, a stole, and cap. His holiness was then reconducted to the

The cere

front of the altar by the two cardinal the auditor of the chamber; the treadeacons, and seated upon a throne, surer; the major domo ; the prelate's received the first obedience of the car- assistants to the throne ; and the aposdinals, who were presented one by tolic protonotaries.' His holiness havone according to their rank of senio- ing entered the church, was conducted rity; they were habited in a vivlet to the altar of the blessed sacrament, cassocki, a rocket, a mozette, and a when he descended from his throne cloak. The cardinal chamberlain, and made a short prayer upon his after making his obedience, placed knees. The procession then moved the fisherman's ring upon the finger towards the papal altar; after the of the pope, who gave it to Monsgr. pope had reniounted his throne and Zucche, to have the name which he had put on his mitre. At this altar had just taken engraved upon it. In he again prayed, and took his seat the mean time the cardinal first dea.

upon a cushion. The cardinal dean con, having requested permission of entoned the Te Deum, during which his holiness, to announce bis exaltation, time the holy father received the thirdwent, accompanied by a master of the homage which was followed with verceremonies, who bore the papal cross, sicles and prayer for the new pontiff to the great gallery which looks over The pope afterwards descended from the square of the Quirinal, and put- the altar, and, standing upon the ting on his cap, he proclaimed aloud steps, gave his first apostolic benedicthe election in the following terms :- tion to an immense concourse of peoApnnuncio vobis gaudium magnum pa- ple who Allied the church. pam habemus em. ac, rev D. Annibalem, mony terminated at the moment the tituli S. Mariæ trans Tyberim, preshy- angelus was sung.

It is said, the terum S. R. E. cardenalem della Genga greatest preparations were making for qui sibi nomen imposuit Leo XII. Then the coronation, which was to take was almost instantaneously circulated place on Sunday the 5th of October, over the city by the crowd who had ihe feast of the Rossary.

Little can assembled in the Quirinal square : at present be known as to the changes and it appeared to give general' satis- which will probably take place in faction. The air was rent with accla- several of the departments of govern. mations, joined with the discharge of ment; it appears however that cardiartillery from the castle of St. Angelo, nal Consalvi, whose health is in a very with the firing of the arms of the Swiss precarious state, retires, and that carguards, and with ringing of the bells dinal Della Sumaglia has been apof all the churches. In the evening, pointed his successor as secretary of upon an intimation from the perfect of state. This cardinal was born in 1744, the ceremonies, forty-six cardinals as- and raised to the purple by Pius the sembled in the palace of the Vatican, sixth in 1795. He is dean of the saand ranged theinselves according to cred college, and holds many other their rank in the Sixtine chapel. His considerable appointments. holiness from the Quirinal palace having in his carriage the cardinals On the 14th inst. a highly respectaDella Somaglia and Pacca, after re- ble party, consisting of upwards of one ceiving the pontifical habits, which hundred persons dined at the London were presented to him by the cardi. tavern, in Bishopgate-street, for the nal deacons in the sacristy contiguous purpose of assisting the funds of the to the chupel, he entered this chape! German Catholic chapel. The chair and being seated, received the second was taken upon the occasion by W. homage. M. Bofondi, auditor of the Lescher, esq. who was supported on Rota then brought the cross, and the his right by the right rev. Dr. Bramprocession composed of all the pre- ston, V. A. and on his left by the lates, singing. Ecce sacerdos magnus, rev. F. Muth. After the cloth had commenced its route towards the ba- been removed the usual toast swere silisk of St. Peter. After the prelates proposed by the chairman, and one in followed the cardinals, each according particular given hy the rev. F. Muth, to his rank; the conservators of the namely, “the Emperor of Austria, Roman people, M. Bernetti, governor and the sovereigns of the Germanic of Rone, the prince Altieri, senator, confederation,”

received with and the two first deacons : then came great enthusiasm. The chairman then the holy father carried upon a throne rose to propose a toast which was insurrounded with nuble guard and timately connected with the object of officers, with the commandant-general the meeting, and in pressing it, he Bracci. The procession was closed by could not bụt express his foars that

was

its interests had not been consulted by German language for the same object the choice that had been made of so A collection was made, which we were inefficient a chairman. He trusted told amounted to upwards of sixtyhowever that the indulgence which five pounds. The right rev. Dr. had been extended to him on former Bramston proposed the chairman's occasions would not be denied to him health, who returned thanks in an ap on the present, and that the cause of

propriate speech, in concluding which charity would not be allowed to suffer he took occasion to congratulate the through the incapacity of its advocate meeting upon the honour which his in the chair. After some comments lordship had done it by his presence, upon the nature and objects of the in- and gave his health. The health of the stitution which they had met to sup- rev. Wm. Morris was given, and the port, he proposed, “ Success to the rev. gentleman returned thanks. The German Catholic chapel,” which was rev. F. Muth returned thanks in an drank umidst long and loud cheers. excellent speech after his health, and

The rev. Wm. Morris then rose, and that of his colleague, the rev. J. Bechhoped the company would extend to er, had been drank, and proposed the him every allowance for the shortness health of the Catholic clergy of the of the notice, and the unprepured London district. state in which he had been called up- The rev. Richard Horrabin returned on to plead the cause of the German thanks in a neat speech. chapel, like a lawyer who has his The healths of the treasurer and brief put into his hand when entering comnittee, the stewards, secretary, the court in which he has to advocate

&c. were successively drank and the its contents, he had been at a very hilarity of the evening kept up to a short notice requested to undertake late hour. Several excellent songs the task of addressing the meeting were given by Mr. Dignum as well as now before him in behalf of the chapel by Messrs. Taylor, Briant, and other which had been raised for them and gentlemen. their fellow-countrymen. He felt the

DIED. less diffidence, unprepared as he was, At Paris, on the 24th of Aug. Joha on the present occasion, from the re- M'Neal, M. D. aged 34. collection of the liberal manner in On the 27th 'ult. Mr. Thomas Leadwhich his appeal on a former one had hitter, aged 66, late of Tottenham been met in the same cause, a cause Court Road. which he was always ready to assist Suddenly, on the 1st inst. Mrs. Har. by his feeble advocacy, the interest gitt, wife of Mr. C. Hargitt, of York. of which, he had near his heart. Same day, at Chelsea, Mrs. WineThe rev. gentleman, in addressing the fred Flint, aged 71. company at some length, took occa- On the 3d, at Paris, aged 84, the rev. sion to point out the iinportance of a John Daniel, formerly president of place of worship like the one they had Doway college; he afterwards held met to uphold, to the foreigner who the presidency of Old Hall Green for had left his own country, his kindred a short time, to which post he was sucand his friends, and who had but ceeded by the late bishop, Stapleton. the consolation of religion, to dispel For several years past, he has resided the surrounding gloom of a strange at the house, formerly, the English and friendless laud. He also alluded college at Paris, and is known to the to the present necessities of the chapel, literary world by his history of the and described in a feeling and deli- Anglo Saxon church. cate manner the situation of its funds, On the 4th inst. at Preston, in Lan. which precluded it from affording to cashire, Mrs. Mary Sharrock, aged 79. its worihy and zealous pastors, any On the 5th inst. Joseph Battie, Esq. but a scanty and inefficient support. late of Kensington. He was deputy After warmly recommending the commissary in the service of the hocause for which lie pleaded, the nourable East India company: reverend gentleman concluded by On the 10th, John Webb Weston, entreating the company to shew by esq. late of Sutton Hall, Surry, their liberality on that evening, their On the 16th, Mr. Robert Fogg, late zeal for the honour of God's house, of Warwick-street, Golden-squaro, and he called upon them to surpass,

aged 33. by the amount of their donations, the On the 11th, the rev. Robert Blacoe, collection of the preceding, year. of Fernehaugh, near Preston. The rev. Francis Mujh then followed, and addressed the company in the

Lately, Mr. Joseph Binter, of Oss

ford-street, aged 67.
AMBROSE CUDDON, Printer, 2, Carthusian.street, Aldersgate-street.

THE

Cathalte fiscellany;

AND MONTHLY

REPOSITORY OF INFORMATION,

FOR NOVEMBER, 1823.

BIOGRAPHY.

RICHARD CRASHAW.
“ Poet and Saint! To thee alone were given
The two most sacred names of earth and heaven,
• The hard and rarest union 'that can be
Next that of Godhead and humanity:
Ah wretched we, poets of earth! but thou
Wer't living the same poet which thou'rt now.

Cowley's Lines on the Death of Crashaw.

c. The life of the poet, Richard Crashaw, in his conversion to the Catholic faith, presents a remarkable instance of the force of sincerity and disinterestedness in leading to the knowledge of truth, and of the efficacy of that religion in withdrawing his affections from the enjoyments of life, and from the prospects of worldly gain, which he sacrificed for his conscience. Being brought up in staunch Protestant principles, and educated for the protestant ministry, of which he for sometime exercised the functions, his conversion to the faith and subsequent life and death in the profession of and strict adherence to the tenets of our holy religion, would have an interest for Catholic readers, exclusive of the excellence of some part of his writings, and of the poetry which he has left behind him.

His name is little known or spoken of in the present age, though the circumstance of his works having gone through several editions, in his life time, shows that they were held in some estimation, about the period of their appearance. His works, it is probable, have been read only by those, who in these days of stupendous accumulation of literary productions, in their admiration for those of the first modellers of English versification, have sufficent patience to make their way, through much rugged metre, to arrive at some natural imagery, and to wade through much dull reading to catch now and then a lively sally, or participate in the poetic glow of the fervid or sublime. On this account, some notice of the writings of Crashaw may be acceptable to the readers of a Miscellany; and if his life possesses an interest, in the developement of the piety and religious feeling that characterized it, so also will be found in his works some specimens of poetry, worthy of being extracted from the dust and cobwebs in which they seem enveloped.

Richard Crashaw was born about the beginning of the seventeenth century, his biographers have not been able to ascertain the precise year, but from various accounts, it is clear that his birth took place very close upon the year 1600. His father, William Crashaw, is believed to be the same person of that name, who was minister of White Chapel parish, in the County of Middlesex, and who distinguished himself by his anti-catholic zeal. Chalmers

says

“ he was a divine of some note in his day, and a preacher in the Temple Church, London," and his name is in the title pages of some works of which he was author, priucipally. directed against the Catholics. A work published in 1608, and entitled “ A translation of the life of Galeacus Carraciolo, the Marquis of Pico, who forsook all the attractions of rank and wealth, for the quiet enjoyment of the reformed religion, being converted by Peter Martyr," was the production of his pen. A translation of a poem, published in 1616, being “ The complaint, or a dialogue between the soul and body of a damned man,'* and in the same year a small work entitled, manual for true Catholics, or a handful, or rather a heartful, of holy meditations and prayers,” are also ascribed to him. In an old number of the Gentleman's Magazine for January, 1794, there is mention made of a work with the folowing curious title, “ A mittimus to the Jubilee at Rome, or the rates of the Popes

[ocr errors]

There is a Work of this nature said to be from the pen of St. Bernard.

« НазадПродовжити »