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was afterwards on the 14th of FebruAs the news of the death of his ho- ary, 1785, declared cardinal, and liness the late pope did not reach us
transferred to the pric of Imola. until a very short tinse previous to the During the subsequent troubles in publication of our last number, we which Europe was involved, he concould do no more than briefly notice
ducted himself with the greatest pruthe melancholy erent. We shall
dence and circumspection, and escaptherefore now enter more fully into
ed all molestation, He attended at the subject. Gregory Barnaby Chiar
the conclave which was held at Veamonte was born on the 14th of Au- nice, in consequence of the death of gust, 1740, at Cesena, of poble and Pius the sixth, and was himself electvirtuous parents, who were allied to ed pope on the 14th of March, 1800. the family of Pius the sixth. After He was crowned on the 21st of the the death of his father, his mother same month, but was prevented from took the religious habit and died in making his public entry into Rome the odour of sanctity in 1777, At
until the 3d of July following. The the early age of sixteen he himself long discussions entered into between joined the congregation of niount his holiness and Bonaparte, relatire Cassin, which is a branch of the Be. lọ the French and Italian concordats nedictine order; and here he made of 1801, and the journey wbich the his religious vows. He soon acquired holy father made into France, are in a reputation for his fervent pięty, and the recollection of most of our read. for his profound knowledge of theo- ers. These, instead of producing the logy and of canon law; both of hoped for effect, ended in the forcewhich he taught for some tune with able possession of the ecclesiastical considerable applause. But he quit- states by Napoleon in 1818, and in ted his professor's coat, when pro- the imprisonment of the pope, who moted to the bishopric of Tivoli, Iłe was taken from Rome on the 6th of
July, and was carried by hasty stages into France, and again removed to Savona, where he was detained a prisoner until 1812, when he was conducted to Fontainbleau ; and did not recover his liberty until January 1814, when he immediately commenced his journey towards Rome, and reached his capital on the 24th of May in the same year. From this time the holy father has led a life of comparative tranquillity, incessantly engaged in promoting the interests of the church, and the good of religion ; by negocialing with, and by forming many ecclesiastical arrangements with several of the princes of Europe, by filling up many of the vacancies in the sacred college ; and by supplying an incredible number of vacant diocesses with virtuous and zealous bishops ;' and by re-establishing the order of Jesus, he has essentially promoted a religious and enlightened education among the youths of a great part of ihę çontinent, and has furnished the weans of providing the distant missions with pious and indefatigable labourers.
For a considerable time past his holiness was unable to assist at any public ceremony, 'the swelling of his legs and other infirmities brought on by age, and by the hardships he had endured, obliged him to lead a life of retirement. To take the air, he was drawn about his garden in a small
chair. The king of France sent him after his accident a niechanical bed, which seemed to afford him some re. lief; but his strength daily diminished, and on the 15th of August all hopes were given up of his recovery, 'wben cardinal Consalvi intimated the situation of his holiness to the cardi. nal dean, and to the cardinal vicar and as first cardinal of the creation of the holy father, he informed the sacred college of the same unfavourable news. All the cardinals assembled at the Quirinal palace, to see the dying pontid. On the 16th be was affected with as light deliriun. On the 17th
he expressed a desire to receive the holy eucharist, which was administer. ed to him in form of a viaticum at five o'clock on the following morning, by cardinal Bertazzola, his ancient almo. ner. From this moment the holy father appeared dead to the world, and occupied alone with the thoughts of futurity, and at half-past one on the morning of the 19th be received extreme uuction, His voice shortly after failed him, although he still appeared absorbed in prayer, and at six in the morning of the 20th he breathed his last, in presence of cardinals Galeffi, Bertazzoli, and Consalvi, who attended him during his agony and recited prayers for him.
According to ancient custom the obsequies of the pope take place nine days after his decease, and on the following day, the cardinals, after asa sisting at the mass of the Holy Ghost, enter the conclave two and two, while those who are absent from Ronie enter afterwards as they arrive. The present time of the year is very unfavourable for holding this assembly ; as tevers generally prevail at Rome in the autumn ; and the cardinals are accustomed to quit the city, and reşide in the country during the unhealthy season. The sacred college is at present composed of fifty-three cardinals, six of whom are of the or dçr of bishops ; thirty-six of the order priests ; and eleven of the order of deacons. Cardinals Julius Maria de la Somaglia, dean; Joseph Ferrao, and Fabrius Rnffo, are the chiefs of the three orders. Cardinals Somaga. lia and Ruffo are the only cardinals reinaining of the creation of Pius the sixth, and the rest are of the creation of the late pope. There are in the sacred college two, Germans—the archduke Rudolph, archbishop of Olmutz, and cardinal Haeffelin, the Bavarian minister at Rome; three French cardinals, de Bausset, de Clermont Tonnere, archbishop of Tolouse, and de la Farre, archbishop of Sens; one Spanish cardinal, Denis
Bardaxi de Azara, ancient audtior of who are chiefs of the orders. Telethe Rota ; and one Portuguese cardi- graphic dispatches and couriers were nal, Charles de Cunha, patriarch of sent off, to announce to the different Lisbon. There were also thirteen courts of Europe an event which so "cardinals reserved in petto by the late nearly concerns the Catholic world, pope, and it does not appear that he and as soon as the news has been ofdeclared any of them before his ficially received, the bishops of the death. Thus the fifty-three cardinals different diocesses have issued pasto. who compose the sacred college, rals, directing their clergy to offer up forty-five are Italians, and seven only the holy sacrifice of the inass for the are foreigners. Among the whole
repose of the soul of the late holy number there are but two religious, father, and to supplicate the Almighty cardinals Castelli, and Zurla.
that a worthy and apostolic successor It cannot be ascertained how many may be placed in the chair of St. cardinals will assist at the conclave, Peter. In this country, the veneraas several of the foreign cardinals will ble vicars apostolic, seconded by not have it in their power to attend, their clergy, and by the laity, bave and probably some of the Italians displayed a loyal zeal in rendering will be absent from illness or infirmi- due respect to the memory of the ty; for there are six cardinals who deceased pontiff. are upwards of eighty years of age ;
In the different chapels of the me. thirteen who are turned of seventy- tropolis, and the neighbourhood, mass nine; twenty-three who are between was celebrated on the same day, and sixty and sixty-nine; eight froni fifty- at several a solemn dirge was performthree to fifty-nine; and only three ed. The chapel of St. Thomas the who have not yet reached their forty- apostle was hung in black during three fifth year. At the last c«nclare there days. The chapel of Hanıpstead was were thirty-five cardinals assembled, also hung with black, and the dirge all Italians with the exception of performed with awful solemnity. It' three. Ten cardinals were absent. was on Tuesday the 23d of SeptemIt continued three months. The ber, that the right Rev. Dr. Poynter, shortest conclave beld during the pre- the beloved and venerated vicar aposceeding century was that of 1721, at tolic of the London district, assisted which Innocent the thirteenth was by his coadjutor, and nearly all, of elected; it was concluded at the ex- his clergy residing in London and its piration of forty days: and the longest vicinity, with sone who had come was that of 1740, at which Benedict from a distance, celebrated a pontifithe 15th was elected; for this conclave cal high mass, and delivered an af
assembled during six entire fecting and impressive discourse in inonths, in which time five cardinals his metropolitan chapel of St. Mary, died. Of the long succession of Moorfields, where a solemn dirge popes, fourteen have been French- was performed, which exceeded any men, five Germans, three Spaniards, thing of its kind attempted in this and Portuguese, one was an English- kingdom since the days of the reforman, two have been Africans, eight mation, if we except the dirge which Thrasians, Goths, and Dalmitians, took place in St. Patrick's chapel, and the rest have all been Italians. Sutton-street, after the death of pope
Immediately after the decease of Pius the sixth : the expenses of which his holiness, cardinal Pacca, the were defrayed, according to report, chamberlain assumed the principal by a branch of the royal family, authority in Roine, and he will con- RITES OF SEPULTURE. tinue to govern during the vacancy, There has een a good deal of talk and concert with the three cardinals, in Dublin about the refusal of a sex.
ton to allow a Roman Catholic cler. gyman to read the burial service in the church-yard of the parish of St. Kevin, at the grave of a Mr. d'Arcy. The sexton is said to have intimated, that he acted under the injunctions of the archbishop of Dublin. The following opinion of Mr. O'Connell, on the subject, has been published in the Irish papers :
“ There is no statute law preventing a Catholic priest from praying for a deceased Catholic in a church yard. The mistake on this subject originates in a misapprehension (frequently a wilful one), of the statute of the 21st and 22d of the late king, cap. 24, sec. 1. But that section contains no prohibition. It is not in itself any enactment of a positive or affirmative nature. It operates merely by way of exception, and it simply deprives such Catholic priest as may officiate at a funeral in a church or church-yard,' of the benefits conferred by that act.
“ Now, vo Catholic priest at present want the benefit of that act at all. It is, in truth, now a dead letter remaining with much similar lumber on the Statute Book, creating no rights, constituting no privations, useless in its enactments, nugatory in its exceptions.
“The next question asked me is whether the praying for the dead by a Catholic priest at a funeral or in a church yard is prohibited by the common law? My answer is, that it is not. The Catholic religion had preexistence in the common law; it was adopted into the common law as part and parcel of that law. So the law continued until what was called the reformation, in the reign of Henry VIII. The Catholio religion being thus part and parcel of the common law, it follows, necessarily, that praying for the dead could not be prohibited either at funerals, in churchyards, or elsewhere. On the contrary, it was at common law part of the duty of the priest, and he was bound to pray for the dead at funerals or in church-yards. And it was reciprocally one of the rights of the king's subjects at common law to have prayers said for the dead by Catholic priests at funerals and in Church-yards.
“Thus, such prayers not being pro. hibited, but, on the contrary, being enjoined at common law, and there
being no statute to forbid such praying, it follows, as a matter of course, that no Catholic priest can be legally prevented from praying for a deceased Catholic at a funeral in a church-yard.
“ The next question turns upon the mode of redress, should a Catholic priest be prevented from thus officiating: As to that, I ain of opinion (but with some doubts) that an action would lie at the suit of the executors of the deceased against any person who prevented a Catholic priest from. praying in the church-yard over the body of their testator. But, as I am unwilling to advise litigation where it may be avoided, I think the best remedy would be found in the peaceful but determined assertion of the right. Let the 'friends of the deceased peaceably, surround the priest and the body during the service. Let any violence which may arise come from the preventing parties, and then the individuals to whom that violence may be used will have a distinct right of action, or may proceed by indiciment against the persons who use force. In many counties there may be the natural and usual apprehension that the magistrates tinged (to speak moderately) with Orange, may not do strict justice to the Catholics on an oco. cation of this sort , in every such case the indictment, as soon
as found should be removed by certiorari into the King's Bench, where every body is sure of meeting impartial justice. If grand juries, acting on a similar bad feeling, throw out the bills of indictment, the Court of King's Bench, upon making out, by affidavit, a proper case for that purpose will grant a criminal information.
“ Thus it will be found that there are abundant means for the Catholics to maintain this their undoubted right. I am decidedly of opinion that it ought to be asserted. *The Catholics may as well at once abandon the tombs of jheir fathers and relatives, as submit to the petty, and tyrannical bigotry which now seeks, unjustly and illegally, to deprive them at nioments of the greatest and most bitter sorrow, of the awful but melancholy consolations of their holy religion.
“I therefore repeat my decided opinion, that the Catholics have a right to these prayers, and that such right should be exerted with determination, but peaceably and without any illegal violence whatever.
“ DANIEL O'CONNELL.”
OPENING OF THE NEW CA- which a large party were hospitably
THOLIC CHAPEL IN ULVER. entertained by the reverend chaplain
of the congregation ; the company were
much delighted with the vocal per. On Tuesday, the 9th inst. this beau
formance of the gentlemen who had tiful little chapel was opened for divine assisted in the choir. Many, approservice--a grand high mass was sung priate and select pieces were also sung by the Rev. John Morris, assisted by
with much taste and good style by the
Rev. Messrs. Morris, Albot, Brigham, the Rev. Mr. Albot, as deacon; the
and Holden—the evening was spent Rev. Mr. Fairclough, as sub-deacon ;
in the greatest harmony and hilarity, the Rev. Mr. M'Hugh (pastor of the and the company separated highly congregation) as inaster of the cere- gratified with the whole proceedings monies, and attended by six other
of the day.
BIRTH, reverend gentlemen. The choir was
on the 1st of Sept. at Bath, the admirably conducted by Mr. Gillows
lady of the hon. Charles Clifford of a Mr. Kay, from Liverpool, a gentleman daughter. of superior science, generously con
MARRIED. ferred his assistance on the organ
On Monday, the
18th, at Rainford,
William Gerard Walmsley, Esq. to Messrs. Kenshall and Cann, and Mr.
Mrs. Gerard, relict of John Gerard, and Mrs. Gillow, were the chief vocal
esq. of Windle-hall, county of Lanperformers, all from Liverpool, whose powers in sacred music are known, and
DIED. which were exerted with great judge
At Kensington, in consequence of
the rupture of a blood vessel, the Rev. ment and admirable effect on this oc.
Gilles Vielle, aged 65 years. This casion. After the gospel a controversial worthy clergy man, who was à native, discourse 'was delivered by the Rev.' of France, had for many years past J. Bird, in the course of which he de- officiated as pastor to the Catholic monstrated the necessity of an infal
congregation at Kensington.
At Rome, on the 22d of July, aged lible authority in matters of religion, 43 years, William Money, esq. láte of congratulated the Catholics on the Norfolk. progress of their religion in every part Drowned, while bathing off Brighof the kingdom-be exhorted them to
ton, on the 12th of September, Mr.
Joseph Edward Tucker, aged 21 a constant and regular attendance in
years, late of South Molton-street, that chapel, which had been raised London. with so much care and industry by On the 18th inst, the hon. Mrs. But., their worthy pasťor, and where they, ler, aged '82, at Twickenham. and their children may be fed with
The Rev. Peter Alexis Massot, aged
71 the bread of life, and instructed in the
He was many years chaplain years.
at the chapel, Spanish place, but infir. true faith without the least error. He mities and the loss of his sight had exorted persons of other communions obliged him to retire for some time also to attend and hear the real ténets past-his amiable manners and exem. and precepts of the Catholic church,
plary piety endeared him to all who
knew him. which had been so shamefully misre- Found dead in his bed, on the 19th presented--he powerfully exhorted of September, the Rev. Francis Joseph them seriously to enter upon the in- Cheorollais, late missionárý at Stratvestigation, in order that they be no
ford, in Essex. This gentleman was an longer unhappily tossed to and fro,
ancient Lazarist, and inherited all the
spirit of his great patron saint Vincent and carried away with every wind of de Paul-he was indefatigable a's doctrine. After the prayer for the King, missionary, and a żealous protector the “ Domine salvum fac regem” was and efficient supporter of the schools
which he himself had established for sung in excellent style. In the after
the gratuitous education of the children noon vespers and complin were
of his congregation, which, perhaps, chanted alternately by the clergy and is the most indigent of any in the choir with the happiest effect-after neighbourhood of Londot.
Amhrose Cuddon, Printer, 2, Carthusian-street, Aldersgate-street.