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agne, for which we are excomated. 6s. "The devout Brisset intending afterwards to found a house for the knights of St. John of Jerusalem, made an exchange with the nuns, and bestowed upon them twenty acres of land at a distance from London, for ten acres situated in the vicinity of their priory ; upon these he laid the foundations of the iotended religious structure and donations coming in, from all quarters, the buildings were completed, and
ye yere of Christe, as I have the words from an old MS, 1185, ye vi ides of Merch, ye dominical letter F. ye chyrche of ye hospitall of St. Johns Jerusalem, was dedicated to ye honor of St. John Baptiste, by ye worshypfull fader Araclius, patriarke, of ye altre of St. John evangelist, by ye same patryarke." Vide Weaver. This priory flourished in repute and wealth, until the latter end of the reign of Henry the eighth, when that rapacious monarch abolished the house, and appropriated the funds to his own use, after he had settled an annuity upon each knight, and had accorded one thousand pounds per annum to the prior, who however never received any part of this grant, for upon learning the final dissolution of his house, he suddenly expired through excessive grief. The revenues of this splendid foundation were valued in the king's books at 3385l. 198. 8d. of ancient yearly rent. The church, during the life of the king, was used as a storehouse for tents, nets, and other implements used in the royal hunts; yet degraded as it was, its final destruction was undetermined until “In 3 Edw. VI, the church for the most part, with the great bell-tower, (a most curious piece of workmanship, graven, gilt, and enamelled to the great beautifying of the city, (says Stow) was undermined and blown up with gunpowder, the stone whereof was employed in building the lord protector's house in the Strand."
We now come to THE CHARTER HOUSE, celebrated by our annalists, for the steady resistance the pious inmates offered to the spiritual encroachments of the sacrilegious Henry ; for their edifying demeanour under persecution ; and for the constancy with which they braved the terrors of death when commanded to abjure the faith of their ancestors. It has also subsequently attracted notice, in consequence of the muniticence of Thomas Sutton, a wealthy merchant who lived in the
reign of James the first. He purchased the remains of this religious edifice, and endowed it with funds amply sufficient to support a school, and maintain a certain number of poor brethren. A raging pestilence ravaging the metropolis in the 23d
year of king Edward the third, the churches and burial grounds of London were not sufficiently capacious to receive the dead who were brought for interment. To remedy the evil, Sir Walter Manny, a man highly esteemed by his sovereign, and universally beloved by every class of society, for he was a good soldier, a prudent statesman, and a devout christian, purchased about thirteen acres of land called Spittlecroft ; these he converted into an immense cemetery, which he procured to be blessed by Ralph Stafford, bishop of London, and in less than a single year upwards of 50,000 bodies were deposited within its walls. He then caused a chapel to be erected, offerings to be received, and masses said for the repose of the souls of this multitude of deceased Christians: and about the year 1371, he founded a house for Carthusian monks upon the same site. This monastery he denominated the Salutation. We shall advert to the sufferings which many of the religious brethren of this pious establishment underwent, for their attachment to the ancient faith, when we retrace our route, which our paper reminds us it is already time to do, although our progress on this day has been very limited. We shall therefore only remark, that at the top of Aldersgatestreet, queen Catherine of Arragon, the first wife of Henry the eighth, erected a chapel, and called it Mount Calvery, upon the same mound where a wind-mill had formerly stood, and which had been blown down in a tempest. This chapel existed but a short time before it was suppressed. Now let us return to Smithfield, a spot recorded in the early days of English history, as a scene of pastimes and of amusements, of masks and of tournaments, but which was converted by the merciless Henry into a field of slaughter. Here the aged confessor of queen Catherine, the venerable Forest, was s.'spended from a gibbet over a fire by a chain, which was fastened round his waist : and to shew a palpable mark of disrespect to the old religion, a crucifix of a gigantic size had been pur. posely brought from Wales to furnish fuel for the fire into which, after some time of agonizing suffering, the expiring martyr and the gibbet were thrown, and quickly consumed. Here Lambert suffered for denying the real presence in the sacramen, and at the same fire were burning Barnes, Gerrard, and Jerrom, for denying the authority of the Catholic church ; while close by, for supporting the doctrines of this same church, Powell, Able, and Featherstone were ripped up alive after a momentary suspension from the gallows, and their bodies die vided into quarters. Here also many others, both men and women, expired at the stake for upholding opinions, contrary to the will of their infallible king. The fires once lighted, were not suffered to be extinguished even under the tender hearted young Edward, for he also occasionally sent an obstinate unbeliever to the flames. And during the disturbed reign of the disappointed Mary, these fires raged with encreased fury, and many for their religious opinions alone unjustifiably suffered at the stake. Yet dreadful as were these executions, still they were far exceeded in cruelty under the mild and merciful Elizabeth, when the Catholic priest was doomed to expire by the halter, the kuife, and the caldron, while the faggot and the stake were reserved for the Puritan and the Annabaptist. We would willingly quit this scene of horror; but should we hasten to the once peaceful and secluded abode of the pious CARTHUSIANS, our steps would be arrested by the sight of the mangled remains of their late virtuous prior, suspended over the gate, as a memento to the religious inmates of their approaching fate. We should soon behold eighteen of these inestimable men, sentenced to the same death which their prior had lately undergone, when three were chained in an upright position during thirteen days, and then with four of their com- : panions drawn upon hurdles to the place of execution, where they suffered. Their limbs were then cut off, their bowels were burned, and their bodies quartered, scalded, and afterwards placed on different buildings in the city, and on the gate of the monastery. Two others were hung on gibbets, the remaining nine were confined in prison, until, by hard usuage and various privations, they all expired. Such were the cruel. ties practised by Henry! and in this country they were never equalled, if we except the butcheries under his worthy daughter
Elizabeth. The scenes of carnage have however long past by, and that they may never be renewed in this or any other state, is the prayer of
P.S. Perhaps Mr. Editor many of your readers may be aware,
that your office for publishing the Catholic Miscellany is situated upon part of an inclosure which was inhabited for centuries by a long succession of holy contemplatives, and which has furnished to the church a glorious host of martyrs.
Mr. Editor,-People wonder and wonder, how and why it is, that London should be so inundated with Atheistical and irreligious works : but really it ceases to appear surprising, when we consider how much pains are taken by the defenders of Christianity, to decry as damnable and idolatrous, far the greater number of Christians extant. Accordingly we find, in most of the publications, which are written to defend Christianity, one half is occupied with the abuse of Catholicity, and that a defence of Christianity is commonly blended with abuse of Popery. Whenever I read Dr. Watson's apology, Locke's Work's, Porteus' or Paley's proofs of the divine origin of Christianity, I can compare them to nothing but the satyr in Æsop's fable, who blew. hot and cold with the same breath. What can be the motive is scarce possible to divine. The work which Mr. Horne, the curate of Christ church, Newgate street, thought fit to write as an antidote to Carlile's works, has plenty of no-popery zeal in it to recommend it to his Protestant readers. Accordingly we find that by placing Catholics and Deists together under his censure, it affords him an opportunity of retailing out a few invectives which answers his purpose better than argument or truth. How far his attacks on Catholicity are warrantable I will endeavour to shew. I cannot but admire the ingenuity of Mr. Horne in his application of scripture: but not to make the gentleman vain I beg to remind him that one much older, and much wiser than himself, and a master of arts too, was at least equally ingenious in the application of scripture on a visit he paid to our blessed Saviour after his fasting forty days in the desert, and if he said nothing about the abstaining from meats so very applicable to the occasion, Mr. Horne must excuse him, as he was under a disadvantage that Mr. Horne is not, viz. the necessity of confining himself to the pages of the old Testament.
In order to lay open the beauties of Christianity in the most engaging light, Mr. Horne wishes us to believe that before the year fifteen hundred, the whole Christian world were followers of one (the pope), who opposeth and exalteth himself above all laws, human and divine, sitting as God in the church of God, and shewing himself that he is God, whose coming is after the working of satan, with all power, and signs, and lying wonders, and commanding to abstain from meats; and at this present day, far the greater part of the Christian world are followers of this same beast, and false prophet, and harlot of Babylon. Surely the incarnate monster, the late Pius the seventh, must have sat for his picture to this master of arts, to enable him to convince this nation of the truths of Christianity. Who will dare profess himself an infidel after such a beautiful display of Christian faith and Christian morality. But here is the apostacy! It only then remains for Mr. Horne to point out the precise time, when the church of Rome fell off from the one, holy, catholic, and apostolic church of Protestantism ! and I am convinced that after that, not a single infidel will remain within the unit, ed kingdom to call forth the future energies of this master of arts.
Erit mihi magnus Apollo, Crutched Friars, Sept. 10th, 1823.
It was the misfortune of father Southwell, to live in an age when neither religion, truth, talent, nor even innocence, were sufficient protection against the fury of the reformers (so called). He lived in the reign of Elizabeth, and possessed a richness of imagination, and a felicity of versification, which eminently en