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ROME. The beautiful church of St. Paul situated without the walls, which for its antiquity, and the symmetry of its architecture, stood nearly without a rival, fell on the fifteenth of July a prey to the flames. This misfortune is attributed to the negligence of some workmen, who were repairing the leads, and who, it is supposed, let some live coals fall. It was in the night when the fire was discovered, and the roof was then in a complete blaze. Every attempt was made to save the building, but it was too late, and this magnificent temple was in a few hours reduced to a heap of ruins. The Benedictines of Mont-Cassino had long served this church, and it was in the contiguous convent that the holy father had resided previous to his being decorated with the cardi

nal's cap.

the regency upon their good dispositions, and promised that the head of the church would employ all his influence to render to religion its authority, and to the state tranquillity.

PORTUGAL Lisbon, August 5th. The most excellent and most reverend Don Jacomo Filipe, archbishop of Nazianzo, apostolic nuncio to his most faithful majesty, landed on Sunday the third inst. and was received with every mark of respect. On the 30th of July the cardinal patriarch arrived at Pezo da Regna, and on the 31st at Lamego; he was received by all ecclesiastical, civil, and military authorities of that city, with the most unequivocal testimony of pleasure and veneration; the concourse of people who welcomed him on his entrance into the city was immense, as it had been in all the other places through which he passed.

SARDINIA. His majesty the king of Sardinia has, by an audience dated the 23d of July, given to the Jesuits the direction of the colleges already established in the convent of the Minimo. The preamble states that the Jesuits have always employed themselves honourably, and that they are still employed for the good of youth, not only in their own louses of education, but also in the royal schools, which have been already confided to them. The convent is to be given up to the rector, so that he may be enabled to open schools in Novenber next, for theology and belles lettres, and he is also to be put into possession of the other colleges as soon as they can be arranged. The necessary expenses to be defrayed by the university. The rector is to have the direction of the public schools for Latin annexed to the colleges ; he is also to name the prefects of theology and belles lettres, and the prefects of the faculties of law and medicine will be presented by him and named by his majesty.

GERMANY. Several of the German princes on. the borders of the Rhine, have concluded an arrangement with the holy see for their Catholic subjects. These princes are the king of Wirtembourg, the grand duke of Baden, and of Hesse Darmstadt, the dukes of Nessau, and the elector of Hesse-Cassel. The sovereign pontiff has granted a bull authorising the convention with these princes, although it has not yet been officially pnblished. The episcopal sees established by this arrangement are, for Baden Fribourg, which is to be the metropolitan ; for Wirtembourg, Bottenbourg; for the grand dutchy of Hesse, Yargence; for Nassau, Limbourg : and for Hesse-Cassel, Fulde. Some difficulty has however since arisen with regard to the persons nominated by the different government to fill the vacant sees, and from the known character of several, it is generally supposed that they will not be received by the court of Rome.

Mr. Levi. a rabin of the synagogue de saint Avold, at Metz, after having been instructed in the precepts of the Catholic faith, by the abbé Beauvalet professor in the seminary, lately made his abjuration, and was baptized by abbé Go, archpriest and rector of Notre Dame, and took the names of Louis Paul, he iş fifty-one ars of age, and was boru in the grand dutchy of Hesse.

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Death of the Pope.

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(From the Moniteur of Tuesday.) TRLEGRAPHIC DISPATCH.

Lyons, August 25th. The prefect of the Rhone to his excellency the president of the council of ministers,

The Pope died on the 20th inst, at six o'clock in the morning.

I have forwarded this evening to his excellency the minister of foreign affairs, à courier with a dispatch from the ambassodor of France at the court of Turin.

His holiness was 81 years old, had been cardinal 39 years, and sat in St. Peter's chair 23 years, 5 months and 6 days.

DIED. On the 28th of July, at New Ross (Ireland), in the 76th year of his age, the very rev. Philip Crane, ex-provincial of the order of St. Augustin. Profound learning,, solid piety, and unremitting zealdistinguished through life this venerable ecclesiastic. He occupied for many years the chair of theology in the Irish college of his order in Rome. Since his return to Ireland his transcendent virtues claimed the homage of all who knew him, Sensible of his piety and. prudence, his brethren elected him at different periods as their superior. The charity and zeal which he uniformly evinced in the discharge of the various duties devolving on him as their common father, has embalmed his ineniory in their recollection, and they now tes! tify' their sorrow at 'his departure from this life, by the tears which they shed over his grave. “But the souls of the just are in the band of God, and the torment of death shall not touch then.". (Wisdom, iii, 4.)

On the 14th of July, Mrs. Elizabeth Smithson, aged 85 years.

On the 1st. of August, universally heloved and respected, Charles Hornyhold, esq. aged 63 years, uncle to Thos. Hornyhold, esq. of Blacknsorepark, Worcestershire,

On the 15th of August, aged 53 years, much respected, Mrs. Inman, wife of Mr. Inman, York.


AMERICA. In consequence of an application made by M. Dubourg, bishop of Louisiana, government has granted an annuity of two hundred dollars to each missionary enıployed by him in the conversion of Indians. His lordship has therefore called the Jesuits to his assistance in the Missouri state, and has bestowed upon then an establishment at Florissant. These fathers are about to send from their noviciate in Maryland, nine · labourers who are to be employed among the Indians, The bishop has finally determined to quit St. Louis, where he has hitherto resided, and where he has experienced many vexations from the trustees of his church; and as he has res ceived a regular deed of gift from the Ursuline nuns of New Orleans, of their convent, with the church, and several houses erected upon their pro; perty, he will for the future take ap his ubode in this town, which is the largest in his diocess. The nuns have a plantation adjoining the town which they intend to inhabit.

KentuCKY.Numerous conversious daily take place in this extensive diocese. Mr. David, coadjutor to Dr. Flaget, bas opened the eyes of many by his controversial writings ; and Mr. De regand has the happy ta. lent of bringing over many, to the true faith, by the force and perspicuity of his discourses. The religious establishments of women are daily increasing. On the third of May Jast, four sisters of St. Vincent de Paul were installed is the parish of Scott, by Mr. Chalyal. The sisters of Nazareih have a numerous school at Louis-villa, and Mr. Nerincks has established his nuns in two new pa; rishes. Of the extent of our nisa sions some idea may be formed when it is stated that Mr. Abel alone has the care of congregations scattered pver a surtace of 300 leagues,

On Monday the 4th of August, Mr.
Chas. Dignam, to Miss Margaret
Dunn, second daughter to Mr. Silves.
ter Dunn, of London-street.

On Monday the 11th of August,
Mr. Wallace, of Brumptom, Kent, to
Miss Maria Young, of Upper Thames-

And on the following day, Mr. R. Young, wholesale stationer of

upper Thames-street, to Frances,' second dánghier of Mr, John Roberts, of the Strand.



AMBROSE Cuddon, Printer, 2, Carthusian-street, Aldersgate-street.

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Was born in Staffordshire, at Swinerton, in 1552. His father was William, the fourth son of sir Anthony Fitzherbert, a celebrated lawyer of Norbury, in Derbyshire, according to Dodd; but the life prefixed to “ A Treatise concerning Policy and Religion" says Dorsetshire ; and his mother was Isabel, coheiress of Humphrey Swinerton of Swinerton, in Staffordshire. In this county Thomas received the rudiments of his education ; he was afterwards, in 1568, sent either to Exeter or Lincoln college, Oxford : but an order of the council of Trent appeared, which declared that occasional conformity was inconsistent with the severity of the gospel and behaviour of Christians in all ages : he was therefore obliged to leave the university without taking his degrees, and to return to his paternal residence where he strenuously and effectually opposed the conformity of some of his friends; and marrying soon after, he was greatly instrumental in upholding the Catholic cause, both by his learning, and by his prudence, and still more by his example. As he was however avowedly a recusant, information was soon laid against him, and in 1572 he was committed to prison : but obtaining his discharge, fresh informations were preferred, and to avoid a second imprisonment, he privately left the country, and retired to London ; where his wife and family soon after joined him.

In the metropolis a new field was opened for the exercise of his zeal, and he exerted himself in confirming many who were wavering in their faith, or who at least outwardly conformed, to prevent the consequence of a prosecution : he was also instrumental in recovering back to the fold of the church, many who had gone astray, and had wandered from the belief of their ancestors, solely that they might give an unrestrained loose to their passions, under the indulgent auspicies of the new religion. This line of conduct however obliged him a second time to seek his safety by flight; he therefore crossed the channel and arrived in Paris with his lady in the year 1582. In this city he was soon known to the distressed and to the wretched, particularly of his own country; to these he proved a kind friend, and as far as lay in his power he dispelled their wants. He also advocated the cause of the unfortunate Mary, and presented a memorial in her favour to the French court, and to the duke of Guise. But while engaged in alleviating the miseries of human nature, his wife died; he then changed the course of life which he had hitherto pursued, and gave himself up entirely to the performance of works of mercy, and of charitable deeds. About this time he also contracted a friend. ship with the duke of · Ferrara, and was by that nobleman persuaded to accompany him into Spain : where he became eminently serviceable to many of the distressed English, in consequence of the interest the duke had procured him at court, and also by the abundant alms, which he was enabled to collect, and by a singular turn of good fortune the court settled a pension upon himself. As the duke was the professed patron of the English, whom the sanguinary laws of Elizabeth, and the persecuting spirit of her ministers, had forced from their homes, Mr. Fitzherbert made it a point of duty to accompany him during his several journeys into Spain, and Flanders. Upon one of these excursions he was accused before the states of Flanders of holding a correspondence with Cecil, secretary of state to queen Elizabeth ; and also of a design to set fire to the magazine at Mechlin. His accusers were : culprits, who suffering under the torments of the rack, thought to escape the punishment of death, by raising a fabricated plot: the imposition was discovered by the duke, 'who cross examin

year 1595.

ed the informants himself: this happened at Bruxelles in the

He afterwards returned into Spain, and from thence accompanied the duke to Milan; in which city he tarried but a short time, and quitting his noble friend and patron, he went to Rome with the intention of embracing the ecclesiastical state, a project which he had for some time past contemplated. Apartments were provided for him adjoining the English college, the rules of which he strictly followed in the distribution of his time, for prayer and other religious duties : the college bell was as attentively observed by him, as by the most fervent student. He was soon ordained priest, and appointed agent for the English clergy : this office he held for twelve years, during which time he employed his lei. sare hours in composing several learned works, which in that age were highly esteemed.

The court of Rome had in 1607 some thoughts of sending a hishop into England, and he was upon the list of those who were nominated as fit to be appointed to that dignity. This project however was not then carried into effect; and two years after, in 1609, he resigned the office of agent to the English clergy, in consequence of some remonstrances which had been made by Mr. Birket, and others of the secular clergy, who believed that he was in the habit of consulting father Parsons, and other Jesuits; and that he was privately attached to their order. Dr. Richard Smith, who became afterwards bishop of Calcedon, was appointed his successor, and to him, at Mr. Birket's desire, he delivered up all his accounts and instructions. In 1614, five years after this event, on the feast of the Purification, he took the habit of the society, was professed on the vigil of the feast of the Annunciation, and on the following day he song his first mass. (Vide life, prefixed to a Treatise upon Policy and Religion).

He afterwards acted openly for the society, and was made rector of the English college, which appointment he enjoyed during twenty-two years, affording an example of obedience and docility to the commands of his own superiors, while at the same time he was a kind and affectionate father to the stu. dents committed to his care.

He led a life of almost continual prayer, till at length worn out with age and full of good works,

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