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and learned gentleman, after one of the most able and eloquent displays of oratory ever heard within the walls of that house, moved that the petition be referred to the grand committee on courts of justice.

Mr. Goulbourn, the secretary for Ireland, opposed the motion, which vcnt, he said, to fix a stigma upon the whole administration of the law in Ireland.

After a debate of considerable length, and a sarcastic reply from Mr. Brougham, the House divided. For the motion, 59—against it, 139.-Majority 80.

Sir Henry Parnell and Mr. Abercromby supported the motion; and Mr. V. Fitzgerald, Colonel Barry, and Mr. Peel opposed it.

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FRANCE, On the 12th of May the archbishop of Valencia assisted by several Spanish ecclesiastics, celebrated a pontifical mass in the church of the Visitation at Toulouse, to return thanks to the Almighty, in consequence of the entrance of the French armies into Castille. A numerous body of emigrant and refugee Spanish clergy and religious assisted at the ceremony.

Another illustrious and virtuous exile has sought for hospitality and protection amongst the French. Peter Joseph de Font, archbishop of Mexico, has been obliged to quit bis diocese, which is at present the scene of revolutionary movements, and political anarchy, and where religion is persecuted by each contending and ambitious chief. This prelate was born in 1777 at Lenaré, in the diocess of Saragossa, and was consecrated archbishop of Mexico in 1815.

A manuscript to which is affixed the signature of the duchess of Angouleme, has been for some years past in private circulation. It details the events which took place in the temple from the 13th of August, 1792, until the death of the dauphin, Louis the 17th. . This work has at length been

printed, but without the signature : no doubt however remains as to its illustrious author; for she alone was witness to many occurrences therein related; and the spirit of forbearance and forgiveness which pervades the whole piece, with the expression of gratitude for every service performed, all accord with the character of our virtuous princess.

ROME. On the 16th of May, his holiness held a secret consistory, in which he declared two new cardinals, one of whom is father Placedus Zurla, born in Legnago, on the 2nd of August 1769, of the order of Camaldulensis, consultor of the Propaganda, and of the Index, and prefect of Studies at the college of Urbain; the other is Anne Louis Henry de la Fare, archbishop of Sens, to which dignity he was raised in the year 1817. He was born in the diocese of Lucon on the 8th of September, 1752. At the same consistory his holiness also nominated 14 new bishops, to fill the vacant sees in France. And on the 19th of May a public consistory was held, at which cardinal Zurla received his hat, and took the customary oaths. A consistorial advocate, monsignor Invernizzi, pleaded in this consistory in favour of the beatification of the venerable servant of God, Bartholomew de Marteribus, arclıbishop of Braganza, in Portugal.

PRUSSIA. The concordat which has been arranged a considerable time back between his holiness the Pope, and the king of Prussia, could not be acted upon, in consequence of a variety of obstacles occurring, which prevented its execution; these are at length happily surmounted. Catholic bishops are to be immediately appointed, who are to have episcopal jurisdiction over the Catholics residing in the Prussian dominions; and the concordat itself was put in full force on the first day of last April.

A division has, arisen among the

Jews of Berlin, which has been car. 1816, and was considered one of the ried on with much warmth by the must worthy prelates of Spain. Don contending parties. The subject in Simon Antony de Rentêria, bishop of. dispute, was, whether the prayers,

Lerida, also generally, supposed to psalms, &c. should be repeated in the have met the same fate, He had only Hebrew or German tongue; the parti

been nominated bishop in 1819, and. sans ofthe latter opinion having incurr- had been for some time past in the ed the displeasure of the police, have,

hands of the Constitutionalists at Bara been silenced, their synagogue bas

celona. Since the commission of these, been closed, and they have been oblig- murders, several religious bave been, ed to conform to the ancient practices

embarked from the same port, for the of the Jews.

purpose, as was given out, of trans GERMANY

porting them to Carthagena, but as the The emperor of Austria has autho- vessels, which took out these venerized father de Wilten, abbot of a rable, men, returned on the following: house of the order of Premontré, situ. day, it was generally believed that ated at Inspruck, to establish a college their destruction had already been of Gymnacium within the precincts of accomplished. Letters have been rea his monastery. This is the ninth con çeived from Bayonne, dated the 14th vent of that order, which has been of June, which state, that accounts either preserved or re-established by had arrived from Seville, of the total the emperor, it contains at present not suppression of the .convents of both less than forty religious, who are all sexes, by a decree of the Cortes. dedicated to useful employments. SPAIN.

DIED. The melancholy fate of Don Ray, On the 8th of May, of a disorder in

his chest, cardinal Vivién Orsini. His mond Strauch, bishop of Vich, de

eminence was born at Foligno, on the serves to be recorded. He had been

23d of August, 1751, and was only for some time contined in the citadel declared cardinal in the consistory, of Barcelona, and in April last was held on the 10th of March last. brought before a tribunal, which, al

On tħie 2d of June, aged 83, Mrs.

Mary Edridge. though it declared him innocent, or

On the 11th, the rev, Thos. Furby. dered him to be conducted to Tarra

On the 16th, at the age of 75, Mr. gona, and enjoined him to fix bis resis

Thomas Cleghorn, formerly a merdence in that town. . A detachment u chant in the city, and afterwards of St.

Omer's college. Froin the time that troops had the care of hiin, and also

the members of this establishment of a priest, and of a religious on the

were obliged, by the French revoluroad; they arrived on the 16th of the

tion, to seek a refuge in England, this same month at Opdalt ; here the bi- gentleman has constantly resided at,

Old Hall Green. His death was shop was ordered to alight from the

nearly sudden, although he had long earriage by the commander of the de

prepared himself for the awful event. tachment, who immediately fired at

The natural goodness of his heart, him with a pistol, and shot him dead with the suavity of his manners, and upon the spot, · The priest and the his affectionate disposition, had enreligious met their death in the same

deared him to his numerous friends,

while his fervent and unaffected piety manner. The bishop was 63 years of

affords a well-grounded hope, that he age, and belonged to the order of

has changed a mortal life for a bliss, Cordeliers, he was consecrated in ful eterniiy.

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AMBROSE Cubdon, Printer, 2, Carthusian-street, Aldersgate-streat. .

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JOHN DUNS SCOT, Whom the English, the Irish, and the Scots, have at different periods claimed as their countryman, was born according to Leland, upon the authority of some old records preserved in Merton college Oxford, at Dynstan, or Dunston, a messuage belonging to that college, in the parish of Emildon, or as Cam, deo and Harpsfield spell it, Hemildon, in the county of Nor, thumberland. It seems probable that he was an Englishman, for by the statutes of Merton, no one but an Englishman could be admitted to a fellowship in that college, and his name QCcurs in the manuscript catalogue of fellows under Edward the second. All authors agree that his parents trod in the humble .walks of life; and, many relate that in his childhood he exhis: bited no marks of those superior talents which afterwards burst forth with so much eclat, and which rendered his name cele brated all over christendom; nor of that aptness in disputation, and of that dexterity in discussing the scholastic questions of the day, which procured him the title of the Subtle Doctor. However, as soon as be displayed some sparks of extraordinary abi lities, he was placed at Oxford; and here the progress he made in learning was so rapid, that it was not long before he was i elected a fellow of Merton college. He afterwards returned to his native county, and although he was still very young, he received the habit of saint Francis in a convent of the or,

der at Newcastle. After the expiration of his novitiate, he made his profession, and was again sent to Oxford, where he pursued his studies with incredible avidity under the celebrated William Ware. “Here,” says Collier, “he afterwards commenced doctor of divinity, and was made professor of that faculty, and read upon the master of the sentences. From Oxford he travelled to Paris, where he had likewise the honour of the divinity chair. At last he settled in the same function at Cologne where he performed to a great degree of reputation. He had the distinction of the subtle doctor; for, as Pits represents him, he had the faculty of penetrating the most abstruse subjects, and distinguishing the most difficult questions; insomuch that there was scarce any thing too hard for his understanding. He was a great champion of the immaculate conception, and by the advantage of his public disputations upon this argument, he prevailed with the audience to desert Albertus Magnus, and come over to his sensiments.” It is remarkable that he appeared as a public professor at Oxford when he was no more than twenty-four years of age; Michael Hoyer even says that he was only twenty, and that his lectures were attended both by the old, and by the young: and that professors of long standing were seen eagerly catching the truths which fell from the

young
doctor's lips.

His reputation now became 80 great that the general of the Franciscans, Gonsalvus, ordered him, in virtue of a decree of a general muster held at Tou. louse, to proceed to Paris, that he might become a professor and regent of studies in that city. He instantly obeyed the summons, and set out on his journey as a simple religious, travelling on foot, and begging for support on his road and for his passage across the sea. At Paris he filled the divi. nity chair with universal applause, and publicly defended the opinion of the immaculate conception against Albertus Magnus with so much talent and address, that the university of Paris presented him with a doctor's cap and stiled him the subtle doctor: this happened in the year 1304, when he must have been about twenty-six years of age : a decree was moreover une animously passed, by which every future candidate for the doc. tor's cap was obliged to adopt upon this point the sentiments of Scot; the same was afterwards done by the universities of Co

logne, Salamanca, Naples, Mentz, Alcala de Henares, and Seville. At this time all Europe resounded with the praises of the subtle doctor; but what most redounded to the honour of one who was considered in the schools as a paragon of learning, and who ranged without an equal in the wide field of scholastic disputation, was the blameless simplicity of his life, his unaffected piety, his ready submission to the commands of his religious superiors, and his strict attention to the rules of his order, even in the slightest observances; of this we have the following remarkable instance. He was walking to take the air with some of his religious brethren, and busily employed in conversation, when á messenger from the general delivered to him a letter, which he immediately perused, and finding that it contained an order for his removal to Cologne,' he instantly set off for the place of his destination, without taking leave of his friends and scholars, altho’ he was earnestly pressed by his less scrupulous brethren to return to his convent and once more SeĖ his religious companions before he quitted them, probably for ever; but Scot chose rather to be thought wanting in civility than in obedience. The inhabitants of Cologne by some means received intelligence of his near' approach to their city: many of them therefore, with the magistates and clergy at their head, went out to meet him, and conducted him with much ceremony to the convent of his order : here he opened a school, which was soon crowded with scholars : to these he read the master of the sentences, which he illustrated with his own commentaries, and sustained with universal applause, and if it were possible even increased the high character he had already obtained. He was also greatly instrumental in forming an university, which was completely established in 1388, under pope Urbán the sixth, when it received the same privileges as the university of Paris. After a short and laborious life, spent as a public professor in Oxford, Paris; and Cologne, always teaching, writing, or holding public disputations, he expired in the latter city, on the eighth day of November 1308, in the thirtyfourth year of his age : as he had always lived in exact conformity to the vows be made when he entered upon his religious life, and in every thing had followed the rules of the gospel, so he died the death of the just, and was interred in the church

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