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English Grammar *

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Part III., " 1861. Sixth English Reading Book, Edinburgh 2nd edition

18ii(t. Advanced English Reading Biwk, Edinburgh 2nd edi

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Copy Books four numbers, Philadelphia 1845.* CONVERSE, C. C,

The Musical Bouquet. See Bradl'ury Sr Converse. COOK, AMOS 1,

Student's Companion, (Rending, &c.,^ Portland 1812; Cone >rd, N. H. 2nd edition 1823." COOK, DAVID,. The American Arithmetic, New Haven 1st edition 180U. COOK. F. a, Tegctinoier's Manuel of Domestic Economy, London 1853. COOK, WILLIAM H.,

Principles of Surgery, for Students.*

Dramatic Dialogues for Schools.*

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Introduction to do., New Haven 1812.*
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Elements of Chemical Physics, Boston.* Chemical Problems and Reactions, Cambridge 1857.* CUOK3LEY, G. G.,

Selections from Catullus, revised by Bristed, New York 1849 • COOPKR, JOAB GOLDSMITH, The North American Selling Boot, Phila. 1834.* Plain and Practical Kniriish Grammar, Phtla. 1831. Abridgment of Murray's English Grammar, Philadelphia 1838* New Pronouncing Dictionary of English Language,

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The English School-master, London (1624) 40th edition 1680. COPPEE. HENRY,

New School Academic Reader, Philadelphia.* The Select Academic Speaker, Philn. I860. Elements of Rhetoric, Philn. revised edition I860.** Elements of Logic, Philadelphia 1880. CORDEHIUS. M ,

Colloqumrum Centnrin, Clarke's edition, (Ixsnd. 20th edition 1761): Boston 18th edition 178J ;) Exeter 18110; Worcester 18111; (New York 18J9.) Clarke's edition revised by Ross, Philadelphia 1810. Colloquies, in Latin, Philadelphia.*

edited by J. Hardie.* Nonvelle Traduction des Culloques, 1806.*


Thorough Bnse and Harmony, New York.* CORMON & MANN IE,

Dictionnnire Portatif, Franc, et Italien, abridged by Lanri, Paris 1830" CORNELL, WILLIAM M„

An English Grammar. Buston 1st edition 1840.*

First Steps in Geography, New York 1858 *
Primary Geography, New York (1854) 1855.
Intermediate Geography, New York 1856.*
High School Geography, New York 1H56 ('57.)
Companion Atlas to do.. New York 1855.*
Grammar School Geography. New York.*
Cards for the Study of Map Drawing. New York.*
Outline Ma|w. New York.*
Key to do.. New York.*

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The Science of Arithmetic, Loiulon 3rd edition 1857 COTTIN. MADAME.

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Principles of Butnnv—Cryptogamia, Phils. 1853.*
Buuclihrlet's Elemeutnry Treatise on Mechanics, N.Y.*
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Lectures on the History nf Philosophy, translated by

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York'1849* Lectures on the True, the Bcniiliful. and the Good, translated l.y Wight, New York 1854 1856.* COUTAN. MADAME A.. Chun des Poesies, New York 1850*


Questions on Matthew, New York.*
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Direst of English Grammar, New York 1852; (2nd
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The Austrian Army is recruited by conscription, the period of service being for eight years, with two years in addition for the reserve; but such soldiers as wish it may generally obtain leave after six years' service. Those who serve eight years are understood to have a claim for employment on railways and in the custom-houses. Substitutes are allowed, but they are provided solely by the State, and the means used for supplying them is made an element towards securing good Non-Commissioned Officers for the Austrian Army, in the following manner.

The sum paid over by private individuals for avoiding service in the Army is £150 (1,500 florins,) and the Government, in providing a substitute, pays him the interest of this sum during his period of service, and the capital when it is completed. A good substitute is permitted to serve twice, and he may thus receive £300 (3,000 florins) when he quits the army. Generally speaking, the substitutes provided by the Government are good Non-Commissioned Officers, who by these means are induced to continue a length of time in the service.

The Officers are obtained during a state of peace, either from the Military Academies, or by direct entry as Cadets, after passing a slight examination, into the regiments of infantry and cavalry, in which capacity they perform the ordinary duties of soldiers, and no particular period of service is required in this grade. The entry as Cadets is by nomination, part by the Colonels, proprietors of Regiments; part consisting of those having claims on the Regiments; and part of those recommended from the ranks.

Those who join the Army from the Military Academies consist principally of the sons of military men, whose education is mainly provided for by the State, and of others who are placed there by means of funds provided by provinces, districts, municipalities, or private individuals.

Any Austrian subject has a claim for admittance, on payment of the annual sum prescribed by the regulations.

There is no fixed proportion existing between the Infantry and Cavalry officers supplied from the Military Academics, and those entering regiments directly as cadets, but it is understood that the former do not amount to more than one-twentieth or one-thirtieth of the latter.

The Artillery and Engineers are now entirely supplied with officers from the Military Academies.

There is no difference in the pay of officers of the same rank in the various arms in Austria.

Officers when not required are placed on half-pay, which is rather less than the half of their actual pay whilst serving. When an officer dies, his widow is not entitled to a pension, but the state provides for the education of the children; and to prevent distress, an officer is not permitted to marry unless he has a certain income, independent of his pay, for the maintenance of his wife.

The promotion in the Infantry and Cavalry is regimental, and usually by seniority; but there is no doubt that promotion by selection also takes place, though not in the regiment itself, the officer selected being promoted into another regiment. The promotion in the Artillery and Engineers is also by seniority, and by corps, and, until the Hungarian war, was exceedingly slow.

Although not actually sanctioned by the authorities, cases have occurred in the Austrian service where officers have purchased steps from others serving in different regiments to themselves in the following manner:—if any officer is about to retire from the service, the promotion in the regiment being by seniority, the officer whose turn it would be to obtain the promotion would frequently sell his right to a junior officer serving in another regiment, who would thus be promoted into the vacancy. We were informed that this system had formerly led to frequent duels between the officer obtaining the promotion, and those officers in the regiment whose prospects were directly .injured, by the senior having sold his promotion, and thus stopped their advancement


Military education in Austria has been entirely remodeled since the Hungarian war, and is now conducted in a very regular and systematic manner under the sole control and supervision of the Fourth Section of the Supreme War Department, entitled "Military Schools."

The establishment consists besides of

2 Majors of Infantry.
1 Captain of Artillery.

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