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1832* Elements of Mineralogy, Boston 1st edition 1827; N.

York • Outlines of Geology, Hartfird 1st edition 183:1; New

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edition 183U. Introduction to Study of Botanv, (Hartford 1st edition

1832:) New York 31.t edition 1854. Elements of Botany, New York.* Outlines of Physiology. New York (1st edition 1836 :1 3rd edition 1844; 11th edition 1846; revised edition 1848. COMTE, AUGUSTUS, Philosophy of Mathematics, translated by Gillespie, New York (1850) 1853. COMTE. AUGUSTUS. & MILNE EDWARDS, See IV. S. W. Kuschtnbtrgtr, First Books of Natural History. COXANT. T. J„

Hebrew Grammar. See IV. Qeteniul. CONDIE, D. F..

Practice of Medicine. See G. H. Harlow.
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CONMLLAC ABBE DE.

Princi[ies de la Grninmairc Franchise, Paris 18112.
La Irfigiqtie, ou l'Art de |ienser. Paris 1807.
Logic; translated by J. Neef, Plnla. 18U9.
CONE. 8.,

The II innonio, for Schools. New Haven 1851.*
CONG DUN, J. W.,

Botanv. See Green o"- Congdon.

CONNELLY, ,

English Grammar *
CONSTABLE'S EDUCATIONAL SERIES,

First English Heading Book, Part I., Edinburgh I860. "Part II., " 1801.

Part III., " 1861. Sixth English Reading Book, Edinburgh 2nd edition

18ii(t. Advanced English Reading Biwk, Edinburgh 2nd edi

tion 18IMJ. Curnc's Elements of Musical Analysis, Edinburgh 2nd

edition 1861. Brewster's Household Economy, Edinburgh 2nd edition 1858.

CONTROLLER, ,

Copy Books four numbers, Philadelphia 1845.* CONVERSE, C. C,

The Musical Bouquet. See Bradl'ury Sr Converse. COOK, AMOS 1,

Student's Companion, (Rending, &c.,^ Portland 1812; Cone >rd, N. H. 2nd edition 1823." COOK, DAVID,. The American Arithmetic, New Haven 1st edition 180U. COOK. F. a, Tegctinoier's Manuel of Domestic Economy, London 1853. COOK, WILLIAM H.,

Principles of Surgery, for Students.*

COOKE. INCREASE.
Dramatic Dialogues for Schools.*

The American Orator. New Haven 1811 1818; Hart-
ford 2nd edition 1814.
Introduction to do., New Haven 1812.*
Sequel to do.,*
COOKE, JOSI.M1 P., JR..

Elements of Chemical Physics, Boston.* Chemical Problems and Reactions, Cambridge 1857.* CUOK3LEY, G. G.,

Selections from Catullus, revised by Bristed, New York 1849 • COOPKR, JOAB GOLDSMITH, The North American Selling Boot, Phila. 1834.* Plain and Practical Kniriish Grammar, Phtla. 1831. Abridgment of Murray's English Grammar, Philadelphia 1838* New Pronouncing Dictionary of English Language,

Philadelphia 1831.* New Latin Grammar, New York 182°*. Vi-gilii Opera—with Notes. New York 9th ed. 1853. Scholar's Assistant. (System of Arithmetic.) Philadelphia 1st edition 1830; (New York.) COOPER. M. A.,

See Xenophon. COOPER. THOMAS.

Elements of Political Economy, Columbia, S. C. *96;

(2nd edition 1829.) The Institutes of Justinian. New York 1842.* Accum's Chemical Amusement, Philadelphia 2nd edition 1818. COOPF.R, RKV. MR ,

History of North America, Lansingburg 1835; New

York IH18.* Histories of Greece and Rome, &c, Plymouth 1808 (2nd edition 1818.) COOT& EDWARD,

The English School-master, London (1624) 40th edition 1680. COPPEE. HENRY,

New School Academic Reader, Philadelphia.* The Select Academic Speaker, Philn. I860. Elements of Rhetoric, Philn. revised edition I860.** Elements of Logic, Philadelphia 1880. CORDEHIUS. M ,

Colloqumrum Centnrin, Clarke's edition, (Ixsnd. 20th edition 1761): Boston 18th edition 178J ;) Exeter 18110; Worcester 18111; (New York 18J9.) Clarke's edition revised by Ross, Philadelphia 1810. Colloquies, in Latin, Philadelphia.*

edited by J. Hardie.* Nonvelle Traduction des Culloques, 1806.*

CORFE, ,

Thorough Bnse and Harmony, New York.* CORMON & MANN IE,

Dictionnnire Portatif, Franc, et Italien, abridged by Lanri, Paris 1830" CORNELL, WILLIAM M„

An English Grammar. Buston 1st edition 1840.*
CORNELL, S. S..

First Steps in Geography, New York 1858 *
Primary Geography, New York (1854) 1855.
Intermediate Geography, New York 1856.*
High School Geography, New York 1H56 ('57.)
Companion Atlas to do.. New York 1855.*
Grammar School Geography. New York.*
Cards for the Study of Map Drawing. New York.*
Outline Ma|w. New York.*
Key to do.. New York.*
CORNER, JULIA,

Child's Pictorial History of England, Philadelphia.* CORNWELL, J. & J. G. FITCH.

The Science of Arithmetic, Loiulon 3rd edition 1857 COTTIN. MADAME.

Elizabeth, ou Les Exile's de Sibfrie, New York.*
Same, with Vocabulary, &c, New York.*
COTTING, J. R..

Introduction to Chemistry, Boston 1822.*
Synopsis of Lectures oo Geology, Trenton 1825.
COUES, 8. E.,
Outlines of Mechanical Philosophy, Boston 1851.*

COULOMB. C. A.,
L'lntroducteur Fran^ais; First Principle! of the French
Language, New Hfiveu 1829.*
COULTAS, HARLAND,

Principles of Butnnv—Cryptogamia, Phils. 1853.*
COUIiTENAY. E H.
Buuclihrlet's Elemeutnry Treatise on Mechanics, N.Y.*
The Differential and Integral Calculus, New York.*
COUSIN, VICTOR.
Lectures on the History nf Philosophy, translated by

Wif ht. 2 vols, New York 1852 '36.* Element* of Psychology, translated by Henry, New

York 4th edition 1856. Philosophy of the Beautiful, translated bv Daniel, N.

York'1849* Lectures on the True, the Bcniiliful. and the Good, translated l.y Wight, New York 1854 1856.* COUTAN. MADAME A.. Chun des Poesies, New York 1850*

COVEL. ,

Questions on Matthew, New York.*
■* "Acts, New York.*

COVELL. T. T..
Direst of English Grammar, New York 1852; (2nd
ed'lion 1853:) 3rd edition 1853: 7lh edition 1855.
COVVUERY. M. F.,

Elementary Mural Lessons, Philadelphia 1857.*
COW'PER, B. H.,

Wutde's Cudex Alexandrinus Nov. Test. Grscnj, N. York.* COWPF.R, WILLIAM. The Tssk. Boyd's School Edition, New York.* School editions, Boston 1849 ; (Philadelphia 1852.*) COX, GEORGE.

First Steps. See James Hinton. COXE. A. F.

Public School Singing Book, Philadelphia.* CRABB. GEORGE. English Synonyms, Boston 1st edition 1819; New York

(1845";) 10th edition 1847 1859. Dictionary of General Knowledge, New York 1830; Philn. 1847.* CRAIG. JOHN D., Elements of Euclid, Baltimore 1818. fawner's Complete Measurer, corrected by Keith, I Baltimore 4th edition 1820. CJtAKELT. WILLIAM.

Dictionaries. See Entick. CRAMER, J. B.,

Instruction for the Piano Forte, edited by Willy, '44.* CRAXDALL, T. R,

crnopsis of English Grammar, Delphi, N. Y. 1849. CRAXDLE, D. Columbian Spelling Book, Cooperstown 1st edition 18J0.

CRANFORD, ,

Butler's Analogy of Religion, with Questions, New York.* CRAVEN, J. T., Child's First Music Book for the Piano Forte, Boston; New York.*

CREASH, ,

Rupture Catechism, fcc, New York* CREASY, E. S, Rise and Progress of the English Constitution, New York 3rd edition.* CREIGHTON, JAMES. Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names, Philadelphia 1st edition 1814. CRISP1XUS, D , Sallostii Omnia 0|iern quae Extant, tDelnh. edition,)

Philadelphia 1804 1814. Ovidii, Oe Tristibus Libri V., (Delph. edition.) London 1719. CRITTENDEN. A. F., * S. W., System of Double Entry Book-keeping, School edition, Ph.lsdelphta 1845. CRITTENDEN, b. W„ Treatise on Single Entry Book-keeping. P:iila.* Treatise on Book-keeping by Single and Double Entry, School edition, Philadelphia 1849 ('54.)

Same. Counting-House edition, Philadelphia.* fur Common Schools, Phila.* for High Schools, Phila* for Commercial Institutes, Phila.* CROOKS, G. R.,

Butler's Analogy, with Life and Analysis, New Yurk

< 11-5(1) '59. See McClintock ir Crooks. CROOKS. G. R., «fc A. J. SCHEM,

Latin-English School Lexicon, from Ingerslev, Phila. I860. CROOKS, W., Farndny's Lectures on Physical Forces, London 1860; New York 186(1. CROSBY, ALPHEUS,

First Lessons in Geometry. New York 1850.

Greek Lessons, Boston (1855) 1850.

Tables illustrative of Greek Inflection, Boston 184 '348

I862.*
Grammar of the Greek Language, Boston 1st edition

1844; 29th edition I860.
Grammar of Dialectic Greek, Boston 1843.*
Syntax of the Greek Language, Boston 1843.*
Homer's Odyssey, with Notes, Boston 1843 *.
Xenophon's Anabasis, Boston (1848) 1859.
Companion to do . Boston 1843.*
CROSBY, HOWARD.

Sophj'Cles' GSdipus Tyrnnnus, New York lRW.*
CROSBY, W. H.,

Quintus Curtius Rufus, New York.* CROSSLEY, J. T.,

Dutlv Lesson Books. See Dttitn A- Cros/tlty. CROSSLEY, J. T., * VV. MARTIN,

Intellectual Calculator; Every Boy's Arithmetic, London 21st edition 1834. CROSWELL, HARRY,

Young Churchman's Guide, for Sunday Schools, Book I., New Haven 1823. Same. Books II., Ill, IV., V., New Haven 1823.* CROZET. J.,

First lessons in Arithmetic, Richmond.* Arithmetic for Colleges, &c, Richmond.* Descriptive Geometry, New York 1821 1851.* CRUIKSHANK, J.,'

American Tutor's Assistant, Philadelphia 1825.* CRUIKSIIANK, J. A.,

Sabbath School Gems, New York.*

CRUSius, <;. c,

Greek and English Lexicon of Homer, translated by H. Smith. Hartford 1844.* CRUTTENDEN, D. H.,

Philosophy of Sentential Language, New York.*

Primnry Reader. Albany •

Systematic Arithmetic for Beginners, Albany.*

Introduction to do.. New York.*

Lnrser Arithmetic for Beginners, Albany.* CRUVELLl. D..

Instructiun in Singing with Scales, tfcc, Boston.*

Method of Singing. New York.* CUB1 Y SOLER, MARIANO,

New Spanish Grammar, Baltimore, 2nd Fedition, 1825; (3rd edition 1826.)

Gramatica de la Lengua Castellana, Bait. 1824.*

The English Translator, Boston 1826.*

The Latin Translator, Boston 1826.*

The Greek Translator, Boston 1826.*

The French Transl»tor, Baltimore.*

The Spanish Translator, Baltimore.*

New Pocket Dictionary of English and Spanish, Baltimore 1824.*

Le Traducleur Francois, Boston 1826; Baltimore 1826.* CULM AN, L.,

Sentences for Children, Boston 1723.* CULVER. RICHARD,

The Practical Render, Philadelphia, 1855.

Walker's Elements of Elocution and Oratory, Philadelphia 2nd edition 18(10. CUM.MINGS, 3. A.,

New Pronouncing Spelling Book, Bolton 1st edition 1819 1822 1834*

First Lessons in Geography and Astronomy, Bolt. lit

edition 1818 1830 1826.*

Introduction to Ancient nnd Modern Geography, Host

lit edition 1813; (-2nd edition 1814;) 3rd edition

1815; 5th edition 1818; Gth edition 1818: Tth

edition 18-20; 8th edition 1821 ; »th edition lr>>3:

10th edition I83U; N. York Kith edition 182-i.**

School Aiihb to do., Boston 8th edition, no dnte.

The New Testament, for use of Schools, Bolt. (1827;)

4th edition 18.16 Questions on the New Testament, Boston 3rd edition 1820 '26. CUNNABKI.f,, J. S.,

Accordion Book, Boston; New York.* CURRIE. JAMES.

Elements of Musical Analysis, Edinb. 2nd ed. 1801. CURTIS, A.,

An English Parsing Table, 1828.*
CURTIS, a. II ,

The Little Singer, New York.*
The (Juitur Instructor, New York.*
CURTIS, G. H., Jr. (■'. II NASH.
The School Vocalist, New York*
CURTIUS RUI'US. UUINTUS.

De Rebus Ostis Alex. Mngni. London 1769.

edited by Schmitz and Zumpt. Philadelphia 1850. Life and Exploits of Alexunder, edited bv Crosby, New York.'

CUTBU8H. JAMES,
Philosophy of Experimental Chemistry, 2 vols., Phila-
delphia 1813.
On Hvdruitatics, or Specific Gravity, 1813.*
CUTLER, ANDREW,

English Grammar and Parser, Plainfield 1st edition 1841." CUTTER. CALVIN.

Physiology for Children. Boston 1846.

Cummnn School Physiology. Boston 1st edition 1846.

Anatomy and Physiology, Boston 1845; 2nd edition

1846: 3rd edition 1846 First Rook on Anntomy and Physiology, New York

1847; Boston 1848.

First Book on Anatomy. Phvsiolngy, and Hvgeine, N.

York 1H47 (vm) '38; Boston l'84» \r>3.' Trentiie on Anntomv, Physiology, and Hvgeine, Boat.

1848 '49'53: (Sew York 1854 )

Anatnmicnl Plates; District School Series, Now York." CUTTER. EUNICE P.,

llumnn nnd Coinpnrntive Anatomy, Physiology, and Hvgeine, New York 1854 '58.* CZF.RNY, CARL,

Method for the Piano Forte, Boston; New York.*
Treatise on Thorough Base, Buston; New York.*
Exercises in Velocity, Boston.*

XV. MILITARY SYSTEM AND SCHOOLS IN AUSTRIA.

L OUTLIXE OF MILITARY SYSTEM.

The Austrian Army is recruited by conscription, the period of service being for eight years, with two years in addition for the reserve; but such soldiers as wish it may generally obtain leave after six years' service. Those who serve eight years are understood to have a claim for employment on railways and in the custom-houses. Substitutes are allowed, but they are provided solely by the State, and the means used for supplying them is made an element towards securing good Non-Commissioned Officers for the Austrian Army, in the following manner.

The sum paid over by private individuals for avoiding service in the Army is £150 (1,500 florins,) and the Government, in providing a substitute, pays him the interest of this sum during his period of service, and the capital when it is completed. A good substitute is permitted to serve twice, and he may thus receive £300 (3,000 florins) when he quits the army. Generally speaking, the substitutes provided by the Government are good Non-Commissioned Officers, who by these means are induced to continue a length of time in the service.

The Officers are obtained during a state of peace, either from the Military Academies, or by direct entry as Cadets, after passing a slight examination, into the regiments of infantry and cavalry, in which capacity they perform the ordinary duties of soldiers, and no particular period of service is required in this grade. The entry as Cadets is by nomination, part by the Colonels, proprietors of Regiments; part consisting of those having claims on the Regiments; and part of those recommended from the ranks.

Those who join the Army from the Military Academies consist principally of the sons of military men, whose education is mainly provided for by the State, and of others who are placed there by means of funds provided by provinces, districts, municipalities, or private individuals.

Any Austrian subject has a claim for admittance, on payment of the annual sum prescribed by the regulations.

There is no fixed proportion existing between the Infantry and Cavalry officers supplied from the Military Academics, and those entering regiments directly as cadets, but it is understood that the former do not amount to more than one-twentieth or one-thirtieth of the latter.

The Artillery and Engineers are now entirely supplied with officers from the Military Academies.

There is no difference in the pay of officers of the same rank in the various arms in Austria.

Officers when not required are placed on half-pay, which is rather less than the half of their actual pay whilst serving. When an officer dies, his widow is not entitled to a pension, but the state provides for the education of the children; and to prevent distress, an officer is not permitted to marry unless he has a certain income, independent of his pay, for the maintenance of his wife.

The promotion in the Infantry and Cavalry is regimental, and usually by seniority; but there is no doubt that promotion by selection also takes place, though not in the regiment itself, the officer selected being promoted into another regiment. The promotion in the Artillery and Engineers is also by seniority, and by corps, and, until the Hungarian war, was exceedingly slow.

Although not actually sanctioned by the authorities, cases have occurred in the Austrian service where officers have purchased steps from others serving in different regiments to themselves in the following manner:—if any officer is about to retire from the service, the promotion in the regiment being by seniority, the officer whose turn it would be to obtain the promotion would frequently sell his right to a junior officer serving in another regiment, who would thus be promoted into the vacancy. We were informed that this system had formerly led to frequent duels between the officer obtaining the promotion, and those officers in the regiment whose prospects were directly .injured, by the senior having sold his promotion, and thus stopped their advancement

H. OUTLINE OP SYSTEM OP MILITARY EDUCATION.

Military education in Austria has been entirely remodeled since the Hungarian war, and is now conducted in a very regular and systematic manner under the sole control and supervision of the Fourth Section of the Supreme War Department, entitled "Military Schools."

The establishment consists besides of

2 Majors of Infantry.
1 Captain of Artillery.

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