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We shall avail ourselves of recent applications of Photography to transferring engravings to electrotypes, ready to be used in ordinary type printing, to give our readers exact impressions from the illustrations of some of the earliest school books. We have before us a little book of about the size of the “New England Primer Improved," with the following title,

“A GUIDE FOR THE CHILD AND YOUTH, IN Two Parts. The first for Children: containing plain and pleasant directions to read ENGLISH; with Prayers, Graces, and Instructions, fitted for the capacity. The second for Youth : Teaching to write, Cast Accounts, and Read more perfectly; with several other Varieties, both pleasant and profitable. By T. H., M. A., Teacher of a private school. London: 1762."

In his Address “ to the Parents, or others,” Mr. T. H., says:“When I consider how Ignorance of late had prevailed amongst the Vulgar, and how those who never learned anything themselves, will yet pretend to teach others; I was almost at a loss whether I should proceed in this small but useful Tract. But since a blessed Sunshine hath appeared in our Horizon, I resolved to publish it for the use and Benefit of Children, and those of riper years." This is followed by The Capital Roman Letters ;" "The Small Roman Letters ;" The Vowels ;The Consonants ;Double Letters ;The Great Italick Letters ;" "The Small Italick ;" "Syllables, ab, eb, ib, ob, ub, and ba, be, bi, bo, bu, by, dc.;" which is followed by a page of “The Dutiful Child's Promises,” viz. :

"I will fear God and honour my King.
I will honour my Father and Mother.
I will obey my Superiors.
I will submit to my Elders.
I will love my Friends.
I will hate no Man.

I will forgive my Enemies, and pray to God for them." Then follows the illustrated Alphabet for “The Child's Guide," which is again introduced as “The Youth's Guide,” with extracts mainly from the Bible. We combine the two in the following pages. The illustrations, as well as the rhymes, were either copied from, or suggested by “The New England Primer Improved," or else introduced into the latter from “The Guide," or else both were copied or suggested from an earlier original, which we have not the facilities at hand for determining. The illustrations were copied for this Journal by the American Phototype Company, whose office is in Leroy Place, Bleeker Street, New York.

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THE CHILD'S BEHAVIOUR FROM MORNING TO NIGHT. First in the Morning when thou dost Be meek in thy Carriage, stare none in awake,

the Face; To God for his Grave thy Petition make. First hold up your hands, and then say Some heavenly Prayer use daily to say, thy Gracc. And the God of Heaven will bless thee The Grace being said, if able thou be alway.

To serve at the Table, it will become Child, after thou hast prayed to God for

thee. his Assistance, observe these following But in sitting down, to your Betters give

If thou canst not wait, presume in no case, Rules.

place. Down from thy Chamber when as thou suffer each Man first served to be; shalt go,

For it is a point of great courtesie. Thy Parents salute & the household also. Let not thy Tongue at the Table walk; Thy Hands see thou wash, thy Head also And of no matter either jangle or talk; comb;

For Cato doth say that in old and in Keep clean thy apparel both abroad and

young, at home.

The first step to Virtue is to bridle the This done,thy Satchel, & thy Books take;

And to the School haste thou do make.

In the Church.
At going to School.
In going your way, and passing the street,

When unto the Church thou shalt take Thy Hat put off, salute those you meet."

thy way, When to the School thou shalt resort,

Kneeling or standing to God humbly Salute thy Master, I do thee exhort:

pray. Thy fellows also, in token of Love.

| A contrite Heart he will not despise,

| But doth account it a sweet Sacrifice. Lest of unkindness they thee reprove: Learn then in thy youth, for it is too true,

Unto him thy Sins Shew and confess, It will be too late when Age doth ensue.

| Asking for them Pardon and ForgiveIf thou doubt any thing, desire to be told;

ness. It is no shame to learn, be thou never so

Then ask thou in Faith, not doubting to

have, old. When from School you shall take your

And thou shalt receive that which thou

dost crave, way, Make haste to your home, and stay not More merciful he is than Tongue can exto play:

press, The House then entering, in the Parents

The Author and Giver of Grace and presence,

Goodness. Humbly Saluto them, with due reverence. In the Church comely thy self well be

have; At the Table.

Sober in' carriage, with countenance When down to the Table thy Parents

ve. shall sit,

The Lord doth call it the House of Prayer. In place be ready for purpose most fit. It must not be used as a Market or Fair.

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| ADAM, ALEXANDER, A French Grammar. Philadelphia, Ist edition, 1823. Summary of Geography and Hist. London, (1794.) ABBOTT, GORHAM D.,

2d ed., 1797. The English Spelling-Book. (Anon.) New York, Roman Antiquities. Ed. by Wilson. N. Y., 1819. 1847. (1849.)

(2d ed., 1814, 1826. Phila., new edition, 1858.) ABBOTT, G. D., & J. LEAVITT,

Rudiments of Latin and English Grammar. EdinThe American Reader, (Anon.) No. I. N. Y. Bos.*

burgh, (1772.) 4th ed., 1793. Boston, 1st ed. No. II. N. Y., '48. (Bos.)

1799. 2d ed., 1803, (1809, '12, '14, '25.) Alb. No. II. N. Y., '49. (Bos.)

1st ed., 1820. N. Y., (1818.) 2d ed., 1820. (30 Smellie's Philosophy of Nat. History. Boston.*

ed., 1826, '31, '39. New Hampshire, 1825.)** ABBOTT, JACOB,

Edited by J. D. Johnson. N. Y., 3d ed., 1838, 39. The Little Philosopher, Boston, 1833, (*55.)

New edition. By W. W. Cam.* The Little Learner-To Talk. New York, 1855.*

Abridged by W. Biglow. (Elements of Latin GramTo Think. New York, 1856.*

mar.) (Leominster, 1804.) Boston, Al ed., 1811. To Rend New York, 1856.* Rudiments of Latin Grammar. Troy, 3d Am. od., Common Things. N. Y., 1856.

1806. 2d ed., 1809. * Right and Wrong. N. Y., 1856.* Edited by C. D. Cleveland. Hartford and Phila., Elements of Astronomy. New York. *

1836. (Phila., 1847.) Mr. Markham's History of France, New York, 1859. Simplified by A. Fiske, N. Y., (1822.) 2 ed., 1824. Narrative of General Course of History. (Harper's Revised by E. Fitch. Troy, 4th ed., 1814. School History.) New York, 1860.

Improved by B. A. Gould. Boston, 1825, '97, '30, Philosophy. See John Abercrombie.

31, '35, 28, 30, 32, 33, 34, '36, '39.) NorthSee N. W. Fiske & J, Abbott

ampton, 1844. See the following

Revised by D. Patterson. N. Y., 1830, 1833. ABBOTT, J. & C. E.,

Abridged by W. Russell. N. H., 1824. 2d ed., 1895.** The Mt. Vernon Arith. Part I. N. Y., 2d ed., 1846.*

" by Wells. Boston 1843.* " II. N. Y. 1847 *

Abridgement, with corrections, &c. Boston, 1824. Addition Columns, N. Y., 1846, 1817.

Compendious Dictionary of the Latin Tongue. EdinABBOTT, MESSRS. (J. & C. E.)

burgh, 2d ed., 1814. The Mt. Vernon Render. Junior. (Bos, '38.) 1812. ADAMI, C.,

(N. Y.)

Commentar zu den Relief- und Karten-Globen. Ber.,'32. 4 .

" Middle. (Bos., 37, 42.) | ADAMS, CHARLES,

New York, 1835.** English Grammar. Boston, 1st ed., 1838.**
16 . * " Senior, Boston, 1840. ADAMS, C. B.
ABBOTT, J. & J. S. C..

Geology. See Gray & Adams.
Common School Drawing Cards. Three Sets. N. Y.* ADAMS, DANIEL,
Drawing Cards. Ten Series, N. Y.*

Understanding Render. (Leominster, 1803. 3d ed., ABBOTT, J. S, C.,

'05. Cambridgeport, 4th ed., 1907.) Wore., 5th The Young Astronomer. N. Y., Ist ed., 1846, 1847.

ed., 1401, (1807. Bust., 1819. Leicester, 121.)** ABEL, F. A., & C. L. BLOXAM,

Monitorial Reader. Keene, 1839. Concord, 1841.* Handbook of Chemistry. Philadelphia, 1854.*

The Agriculturn! Reader. Boston, 1824.* ABEL, THOMAS,

Thorough Scholar. (English Grammar.) Leominster, Subtential Plane Trigonometry. Philndelphin, 1761.* Mass., 1803. Montp., 3d ed., 1814. 4th ed., 1817. ABERCROMBIE, JOHN,

Geography, Boston, Ist ed., 1814 3d ed., 1818. 4th Inquiries concerning the Intellectual Powers, New

ed., 1819, (Ilth ed., 1820.) York, (1832.) '60.

Atlas to do. Boston.* Same. Ed. by J. Abbott. Bos., 1835, (1839) 1845, Improved Atlas. Boston.*

1846. N. Y, 1819, 1853. (Phila. Hart., 1833.)* Primary Arithmetic. Boston. N. Y. Keene. Worc.* Essay on the Intellectual Powers. N. Y.*


(Leominster, 2d ed., 1H02, '05. Intellectual Philosophy. Philndelphia.*

Keene, 10th ed., 1818.) 1894. Philosophy of the Morn! Feelings. N. Y, (1834,) 58. New Arithmetic. Keene, (1827) 28, 29, 30, 34, 35, Moral Philosophy. Ed. by J. Abbott. Boston, 1836.

36, '40, '41, n.d. Revised ed., n. d. N. Y., 0, d. N. York, Phila.*

(Boston. Worcester.) ABERNETHY, ANDREW

Key to do. Boston. New York. Keene. Worcester. Pocket Chronological Directory. Hart., 1817.*

Improved Arithmetic. New York. * ACCUM, FREDRICK,

Key to do. New York.* Chemical Amusement. Edited by T. Cooper. Phila- ! Book-keeping. Keene, n. d. New York.* delphia, 2d edition, 1818.

Mensuration, &c. Boston, N. Y. Koene. Worcester. System of Theoretical and Practical Chemistry. 2 ADAMS, EBENEZER, vols, Philndelphia, 1808.

English Grammar. See Lindley Murray. ACHAINTRE, N. L.,

ADAMS, FREDERIC A., fatires de Juvenal. Tr. par J. Dusaulx. Par., 10th First Book in Arithmetic. N. Y., 1849. Philndelphia. ed., 1826.

Same in French. By E. Cammont. N. Y., 1855. ACKERMAN, A.,

Arithmetic. In two parts. Lowell, 1846, 1848 First Book of Natural History. N. Y., 7th ed., 1847. Philadelphia, revised edition, 1851.**

anding Reader. Ath ed., 1907.) l. 1821. ** Understan Cambridgeport: 1.1919. Leire

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