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iron utenfils; but how were they to be obtained ? They
? would neither permit him to return to James-town, nor let the Englich know where he was, leaft they should demand hinn fword in hand.
8. Captain Smith, who was as fenfible as courageous; said, that if Powhatan would permit one of his subjects to enrry to James-Town a leaf which he took from his pock et book, he should find under a tree, at the day and hour appointed all the articles demanded for his ransom.
9. Powhatan consented; but without having much faitla in his promises, believing it to be only an artifice of the Captain to prolong his life. But' he had written on the leaf a few lines, fufficient to give an account of his fituation. The messenger returned. The king sent to the place fixed upon, and was greatly astonished to and every thisg which had been demanded.
10. Powhatan could not conceive this mode of transmita ting thoughts; and Captain Smitha was henceforth looked npon as a great magician, to whom they could not show tooMach respect. He left the savages in this opinion, and haft, ened to return home.
o or three years after, some fresh differences arifi ing amidst them and the English, Powhatan, who no lon, ger thought thom sorcerers, but Aill feared their power, laid a horrid plan to get rid of them altogether. His project was to attack them in profound peace, and cut the throats of the whole colony.
12. The night of this intended conspiracy, Pocahontas took advantage of the obscurity and in a terrible storm, which kept tire favages in their tents, escaped from her. father's house, advised the English to be on their guard, but conjured them to spare her family; to appear ignorant of the intelligence the had given, and terminate all their difference, by a new treaty.
13. It would be tedious to relate all the services which this angel of peace rendered to both nations. I fhall only add, that the English, I kdow not from what motives, bus certainly against all faith and equity, thought proper to carry ber of. Long and bitterly did she deplore her fate; and the only confulation she had was Captain Smith, in whom Se found a second father.
14. She was trosted with great respect and warriad
da plaatet by the name of Rolfe, who foon after took her to England. This was in the reign of James the firft; and it is said, that the monarch, pedantic and ridiculous in every point, was so infatuated with the prerogatives of royalty; that he expressed his difpleasure, that one of his fubjects Bould dare to marry the daughter even of z lavage king:
15. It will not perhaps be difficult to decide on this occasion, whether it was the favage king who derived honor from finding himself placed upon a level with the European prince, or the English monarch, who, by his pride and prejudices, reduced himself to a level with the chief of the favages. ...16. Be that as it will, Captain Smith, wlio had retúrned to London before the arrival of Pocahontas, was extremely happy to fee her again ; but dared not treat her with the same familiarity as at James-Town. As soon as the faw him, the threw herself into his ařms, calling him her father ; but finding that he neither returned her ca2 rasses with equal warınth, nor the endearing title of daugh ter, she turned afide her head and wept bitterly; and it was a long tine before they could obtain a single wore from her.
17. Capt. Smith inquired several times what could be the cause of her addiction. “ What! faid she, did I not save thy life in America ? When I was torn from the arms of my
father, and conducted amongst thy friends, didst thout Hot promise to be a father to me? Didit thou not assure mezi that if I went into thy country thou wouldst be my father, and that I frould be thy daughter? Thou haft de ceived me, and behold me, now here, a stranger and, an
18. It was not difficult for the Captain to make his peace with this charming creaturè, whom he tenderly loved. He presented her to several people of the firft quality ; but he Hever dared to take her to court, from which, however, the received feveral favors. ez 19. After a refidence of several years in England, as example of virtue and piety, and attachment to her hufa Vänd then died, as the was on the point of embarking for Americat She left an only for, who was married, and
left none but daughters ; and from these are defcended some of the principal characters in Virginia.
Emilius, or Domestic Happiness.
and opposite principles, that it is a matter of extreme delicacy. Perhaps there is no situation in life in which it is fo difficult to behave with propriety, as in the contest between parental authority and parental love. This is undoubtedly the reason why we fee fo few happy families. Few parents are both loved and respected, because most of them are either the dupes or tyrants of their children.
2. Some parents, either from a natural weakness of mind or an excess of fondnels, permit, and even encourage their children, in a thousand familiarities, which render them ridiculous, and by diminishing the respect which is due to their age and station, destroy all their authority.
3. Others, ruled by a partial and blind affe&ion, which can deny nothing to its objed, indulge their children in all their romantic wishes, however trifling and foolith; however degrading to their dignity or injurious to their welfare,
4. Others Loured by inisfortunes, or grown peevith and jealous by the loss of youthful pleasures, and an acquintance with the deceit and folly of the world, attempt to restrain the ideas and enjoyments of youth by the rigid maxims of age.
5. The children of the first class often offend by filly manners and a kind of good natured difrefpe&. Those of the fecond are generally proud, whimsical and vicious, Those of the third, if they are fubdued when young, by the rigor of parental discipline, forever remain morose, illiberal and unfociable: or if, as it commonly happens, they find means to escape from restraint, they abandon themselves to every species of licentiousness.
6. To parents of these descriptions may be added another class, whose fondness blinds their eyes to the moft glaring vices of their children; or invents suck palliations, as to prevent the most falutary correctione.
7. The taste for ainulements in young people, is the most difficult to regulate by the maxims of prudence. In this artiste, pareuts are apt to orr either by extremne intel
- familie è molt i
Je to the
retrai piace, naturally checks the extravagant sallies of mirth,
gence on the one hand, or immoderate rigour on the other.'
8. Recollecting the feelings of their youth, they give on
bounded licence to the inclinations of their children; or ch varios
having lost all relish for amusements, they refuse to gratify
their most moderate defires. which it
9. It is a maxim which universally holds true, that the
best method of guarding youth from criminal pleafures, is Ontest le
to indulge them freely in those that are innocent. A perfon who has free access to reputable fociety, will have little inclinatiou to frequent that which is vicious.
10. But thofe, who are kept under constant reftraint, tren.
who are feldom in amusements, who are perpetually aweel S of me
by the frowns of a parent, or soured by a disappointment of their most harmless wifnes, will at times break over all bounds to gratify their taste for pleasure, and will not be anxious to discriminate between the innocent and the cri
minal. mildien is
11. Norbing contributes more to keep youth within the limits of decorum, than to have their fuperiors mingle in their company, at proper times, and participate of their anrufenents.
12. This condescension, fatters their pride: at the fame time, that respect for age, which no familiarities can wholly
and the indelicate rude nesses which young people are apt to naxins &
indulge in their jovial hours.
13. That awful diftance at which fome parents keep their Wildren, and their abhorrence of all juvenile diverfions, which compel youth to facrifice their most innocent desires, or veil the gratifications of them with the most anxious fetrecy, have as direct a tendency to drive young perfonis into a profiigate life, as the force of vicious example: 14. It is impoffible to give to the age of twenty the feel. ings or the knowledge of sixty, as it would be tolly to with
to clothe 'a child with grey hairs, or to Namp the fading af
peat of Autumn on the bloom of May. Nature has given globo every age fome peculiar paflions and appetites; to modeas, rate and refine these, net to stifle and destroy, is the business i pomenom prudence and parental care.
15. I was led into this train of reflections by an acquain"tance with the family of Emilius, which is a rare instance of domeßic felicity. Parents indulgent to their children,
hey bol felveit
hofpit:be to their friends, and univerfully respected; their Suns equally generous, modeft and manly.
16. Emilia, an only daughter, the pride of her parents, poflcfied of every accomplishment that can honor hierfelf, or endear her to her friends; an ealy fortune, and a disposition to enjoy and improve it for the purposes of humanity; perfect harmony in domestic life, and unafie &ed satisfaction in the pleasures of society. Such is the family of Emilius.
17. Such a family is a little paradife on earth; to enty their happiness is almost a virtue. Conjugal respect; parental tenderness, filial obedienee, and brotherly'kivduess, are fo feldom united, in a family, that when I am honored with the friendship of such, I am equally ambitious to participate their happiness, and profit by the example.
18. Emilia'a fituation must be peculiarly agreeable. Her parents delight to gratify her in every amusement: and contented with this she knows no with beyond the sacred bounds of honor. While by their indulgence the enjoys every rational pleasure, the reward: their generous care by a dutiful behaviour and unblemited manners.
19. B: thus discharging the reciprocal duties of their refpective ftations, the happiaets of each is secured. The folicitude of the parent and the obedience of the child equal ly contribute to the bliss of the little fociety; the one call ing forth every act of tenderness, and the other displayed in all the filial virtues.
· 20. Few families are destined to be so happy is that of Emilius. Where I to choose the fituation where I could pass my life witla most fatisfaction, it would be in this do. mestic circle. My house would then be the residence of delight; unmingled with the anxieties of ambition or the regret of disappointment.
21. Every act would be dictated by love and respect; every conntenance would wear the smile of complaisance; and the little unavoidable, troubles, incident to the happieft situation, would only serve to increase our friend firip and jinprove our felicity, by making room for the exercife of Virtue,