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spite of his efforis, to perform their office. At length: he got through the formidable gate.

9. When lie felt the motion of the carriage which was prepared to transport him to his former habitation, he screamed out, and uttered some inarticulate sounds ; and as he could not bear this new movement, he was obliged to descend. Supported by a benevolent arm, he sought out the street where he had formerly resided; he found it, but no trace of his house remained'; one of the public edifices occupied the spot where it had stood.

10. He now saw pothing which brought to his recol- lection, either that particular quarter, the city itself, or the objects with which he was formerly acquainted.-The houses of his nearest neig!bours, which were fresh in fuis memory, had assumed a new appearance."

Il. In vain were his looks directed to all the objects around hini; he could discover nothing of which he had the smallest remembrance. Terrified, he stopped and fetched a deep sigh. To him what did it import, that the city was peopled with living creatures ? None of them were alive to him; he was unknown to all the world, and he knew : nobody; and whilst he wept, he regretted his dungeon.

12, At the name of the Bastile, which he often nounced and even claimed as an asylum, and the sight of nis clothes which marked his former age, the croud gathered around him; curiosity, blended with pity, excited their attention. The most aged asked him many questions, but had wo remembrance of the cire cumstances which he recapitulated.

13. At length accident brought to his way an ancient domestic, now a superannuated porter, who, confined to his lodge for fifteen years, had barely sufficient strength to open the gate. Even be did not know the master he had served; but informed him that grief and misfortune had brought his wife to the grave thirty years before ; that his children were gone abroad te distant climes, and that of all his relations and friends None now remained,

14. This recital was made with the indifference which people discover for eyents long passed and almost fare

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got!en. The miserable mangroaned, and greaned alone. The croud around, offering only unknown features to his tiew, made him feel the excess of his calamities even more than he would have done in the dreadful soktude which he had left.

15. Overcome with sorrow, he presented himself be. fore the minister, to whose humanity he owed that kiberty which was now a burden to him. Bowing down he said, " Restore me again to that prison from which you have taken me. I cannot survive the loss of my nearest relations, of my friends, and in one word, of a whole generation. Is it possible in the same moment to be informed of this universal destruction, and not to wish for death ?

16. "This general mortality, which to others comes slowly and by degrees, has to me beon instantaneous, the operation of a moment. Whilst secluded from society, I lived with myself only; but liere I can neither. live with myself, nor with this new race, to whom my anguish and despair appear only as a dream.”

17. The minister was melted; he caused the old domestic to attend this unfortunate person, as only be could talk to himn of his family.

18. This diseourse was the cingle consolation which he received ; for he shunned intercourse with the new race, born since he had been exiled from the world is and he passed his time in the mid-t of Paris, in the same solitude as he had done whilst confned in a dungeon: for almost half a century.

19. But the chagrin and m rtification of meeting no perion who could say to him, << We were formerly known to each other," soon put an end to his existence,

A .

couniry affords, the cataract of Niagara is infinitely the greatest. In order to have a tolerable idex of this stupenduous fall of water, it will be necessary to : conceive that part of the country in which Lake Erie is situated, to be elevated above that which contains Lake Ontario about three hundred feet.

2.. The slope which separates the upper and lower

country is generally very steep, and in many places almost perpeudicular. It is formed by horizontal strata of stone, great part of which is what we comin inly call lime stone. Tire slope may be traced from the north side of Lake Ontario, near the bay of Teronto, round the Westend of the lake; thenceits direction is generally east, between Lake Ontario and Lake Erie ; it crosses the strait of Niagara ; and the Cheneseco river; after which it becomes lost in the country towards tive Seneca Lake.

3. It is to this slope that our country is indebted both for the cataract of Niagara and the great talls of the Chenesoco. The cataract of Niagara was foi merly down at the northern side of the slope, near to that p'ace, which is now known by the name of the Landing; but from the great length of time, added to ihe grear quantity of water, and distance which it falls, the solid sene is worn away, for about seven miles, up towards Lake Erie, and a cha m is formed which nu persoil can ap.. proach without horror.

A. Down this charm the water pushes with a most astonishing velocity, after it makes the great pitch. l. going up the road near this chasm, the fancy is consantly engaged in the contemplation of the inost romantic and awful prospects inaginable, until at length, the eye catches the falls, the imagination is instantly arrested, and you admire in silence! The river is about one hundred and thirty-five poles wide, at the falls, and the perpendicular pitch one hundred and fifty feet.

5. The fall of this vast body of water produces a sound, which is frequently heard at the distance of twenty miles, and a sensible tremulous motion in the carth for some poles round. A heavy fog, or cloud, is constantly ascending from the falls, in which rainbows may always be seen when the sun shines.

6. This fog, or spray, in the winter season falls upon the neighbouring trees, where it congeals, and produdes a most beautiful chrystalline appearance. This remark is equally applicable to the falls of the Cheneseco.

7. The difficulty which would attend levelling the rapids in the chasm, prevented my attempting it; but I conjecture the water must descend at least sixiy-five feet,

The perpendicular pitch at the cataract is at least one hundred and fifty feet: to these add fifty-eight feet, which the water falls in the last half mile, immerliately above the falls, and we have two hundred and seventythree feet, which the water falls in a distance of about seven miles and a half.

8. If either ducks, or geese, inadvertently alight in the rapids, above the great cataract, they are incapable of getting on the wing again, and are instantly hurried on to destruction. There is one appearance at this cataract, worthy of some altention, and which I do not remember to have seen noted by any writer.

9. Just below the great pitch the water and fuam may be seen puffed up in spherical figures nearly as large as common cocks of hay ; they burst at the top; and project a column of spray to a prodigious height; they then subside, and are succeeded by others, which barst in like manner. This appearance is most conspicuous about half way between the island that divides the falls, and the west side of the strait, where the largest column of water descends.

Narrative of the Captivity of Mrs. Yemima Howe,

taken by toé Indians at Hindsdale, New-Hampsbire, July 27, 1775. As Messrs. Caleb Howe, Hilkiah Grout, and,

Benjamin Gasfield, who had been hoeing corn in the meadow west of the river,were returning homea Jittle before sunset, to a place called Bridgman's fort they were fired upon by twélie indians, who had ambushed their path.

2. Howe was on horseback, with two young lads, his children, behind him. A ball, which broke his thigh, brought him to the ground. His horse ran a few rods. and fell likewise, and both the lads were taken. The Indians in their savage manner, coming up to Howe, pierced his body with a spear, tore off his scalp, stuck a hatchet in his head, and left him in this forlorn condition.

3. He was found alive the morning after, by a party of men frein Fort Hinsdale; and being asked by one of the party whether he knew him, he answered Yes, I know you all. Those were his last words, though he

did not expire until after his friends had arrived with: him at Fort Hinsdale. Grout was so fortunate as to esca pe unhurt.

4: But Gaffield in attempting to wade through the river, at a certain place which was indeed fordable at that time, was unfortunately drowned. Flushed with the fuccefs, they liad met with here, the favages went directly to Bridgman's Foit. There was no man in it, and only three women and some children. Mrs. Jemiina Howe, Mirs. Submit Grout, and Mrs. Eunice Gäffield.

5. Their hulbands I need not mention again, and their feelings at this juncture I will not attempt to describe.com They had heard the eromies' guns, but knew not what happened to tlieir friends.

6. Extremely anxious for their fafety, they stood longing to embrace them, until at length concluding from the noise they heard without, that some of them were come, they unbarred the gate in a hurry to receive them; when lo! to their inexpressible disappointment and furprize, instead of their husbands, in rushed a number of hideous Indians to whom they and their tender offspring became an easy preyi and from whom they had nothing to exixc, but either an immcdiate death, or a long and dole ful captivity.

7. The latter of thefe, by the favor of Providence, turned out to be the lot of these unhappy women, and their stilt more unhappy, because more helpless children. Mrs. Gaf. field had but one, Mrs. Grout had three, and Mrs. Howe Sevent. The eldest of Mrs. Howe's was eleven years old, and the youngest but fix months.

8. The two eldeft 'were daughters, which she had by her, frå husband Mr. William Phipps, who was also Dain by the Indians, of which I doubt aot but you have feen an account in Mr. Doolittle's history. It was from the south of this woman that I lately received the foregoing account. She also gave me, I doubt not, a true, though, to be fure, a very brief and imperfe&t history of her captivity, which I here insert for your perufal.

9. The Indians (the fays) baving plundered and let fire to the fort, we marched, ag near as I could judge, a mile and a halt into the woods, where we encamped that night.

d. When the moraing came and we had advanced se

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