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Wherself first known unto them. He that seeketh her "early shall have no great travel : for he shall find her

sitting at his doors. To think therefore upon her in

perfection of wisdom, and whoro watcheth for her "shall quickly be without care. For she goeth about i“ seeking fuch as are worthy of her, the weth herself fa“ vourable unto them in the ways, and meeteth them "in every thought."


Spectator, No. 631,
HAD occafion to go a few miles out of

town, tome days-Ance; in a fage coach, where I had for my fellow travellers, a dirty beau; and a pretty young Quaker woman. - Háving no inclination to talk minch at that time, I placed myself backward, with a design to survey thera, and pick a fpeculation oot of my two companions, Their different figures were sufficient of theinfelves to drawr my attention.

2. The gentleman was dreted in a fuit, the ground whereof had been black, as I perceived from fome' few fpaces that had efcapeil the powder which was incorporated with the greatest part of his coat; his perriwig, which coft po fmall fom, was after fo Dovenly a manner' cást over his Ahoulders, that it seemed not to have been combed fince the year 1711; his linen; which was not much concealed; was diubed with plain Spanish from the chin to the lowest buttort, and the diamond upon his finger (which natarally dreaded the wearer) put me in mind how it sparkled amidst the rubbith of the mine where it was fira difcovered.

3. On the other hand, the pretty Quaker appeared in all the elegance of cleanliness. Not a fpeck was to be found on her. A clear, clean, oval face, joftredged about with Irrle this plaits of the purest.cambric, rèceived great advantages from the shade of her black hood; as did the whiteness of her arms from that fober-coloured ftaffia which hite had cloathed hemself: The phinnefs of her dress was very well suited to the fimplicity of her phrases; all whiên put together, though they could not give me a great opiston of her religion, they did of her inocencét .

4. This adventure occafioned my throwing together a - few hot ngen aninofs, whiclv I shall confrder as one of

the half virtues, as Aristotle calls them, and shalt recim. mend it under the three following heads : As it is a mark of politeness; as it produceth love ; and as it bears analogy to purity of mind.

S. First, it is a mark of politeness. It is universally agiced upon, that no one, unadorned with this virtue, s can go into compiny without giving a manifest offence.

The easier or higher any one's fortune is, this duty rifes proportionably. The different nations of the world are

as much distinguished by their cleanliness; as by their • arts and sciences. The more any country is "civilized,

the more they confult this part of politenes. We need but compare our ideas of a female Hottentot with an Erige Lisb beauty, to be satisfied of the truth of what has been ud. vanced.

6. In the next place, cleanliness may be said to be the foster-mother of love. Beauty, indeed, most cominonly produces that passion in the mind, but cleanliness preserves it. : An indifferent face and person, kept in perpetual neatne is, hath won many a heart from a pretty flattern. Age itfelf is not unamiable, while it is preferved clean and unsullied: like a piece of metal constantly kept smooth and bright, we look on it with more pleasure than ou á new vefel that is cankered with rust.

7. I might observe further, that as cleanliness renders us agreeable to others, so it makes us cafy to ourselves; that it is an excellent preservative of health: and that several vices destructive, both to mind and hody, are inconsistent with the habit of it. But these rekections I shall leave to the leisure of my readers, and shall obferve in the third place ; that it bears a great analogy with purity of mind, and namurally inspires refined sentiments and passions,

8. We find, from experience, that through the prevalence of custom, the most vicious actions lose their horror, by being made familiar to us. On the contrary, those who live in the neighbourhood of good examples, Hy from the Srst appearance of what is shocking. It tares with us much after the fame manner as our ideas. Our senfes, which are the inlets to all the images conveyed to the niind, can only transmit the impreffion of fuch things as usually surroand

em; so that pure and unsullied thoughts are naturally


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fuggested ta the mind, by those ohjects that perpetually enconypass us, when they are beautiful and elegant in their kind.

9. In the Eart, where the warmth of the climate makes cleanliness in re iminediately necesary than in colder countries, it is made one part of their religion ; the Jewish law (and the Mahometan, which in fome things, copies after it) is filled with bathings, purifications, and other ritęs of the like nature. Though there is the above nained convenient, remon to be assigned for these ceremonies, the chief intention, undoubtedly, was to lipify inward purity and cleanli. hels of heart by those outward. washings,

10. We read several injunctions of this kind in the book of Deuterono:ny, which confirm this truth, and which are but ill accounted for by saying, as fome d's, that they were only instituted for convenience in the desert, which otherwife could not have been habitable for fo

many years. 11. "I all conclude this effiy with a story which I have fome where read in an account of Malomėtas fupeiftition, A Dervise of great fiin&ity one morning had the misfortúne as he took up a chryftal cup, which was confecrated to the prophet, to let ic fall upor the ground, and dash it to pieces. His fon co:ning in fome tiine after, he stretched out His liand to bless-hiin, as his inanner was every morning; but the youth going out fumbled over the threshold and broke

As the old man wondered at these events, a catavan paffed by in its way from Mecca. The dervisetup proached it to be a blefangi, but as he loked one of the holy cam:ls, he received a kiek froia the beast

, that forely bruised him. His forrow and amazement encrealed

upon him, till he recollected that, through hurry and inadver. tency, he lead that inorning come abroad without wathing kis fiinds,

his acn.


Table of Contents.



Page ULES for Reading and Speaking,

5 General directions for expressing the passions, Examples for illustrating do. Select Sentences for forming the morals, 16 The Cobler and his Son,

28 Honesty Rewarded, Story of Perrin and Lucetta, 30 Characier of Sophia, a young lady,

39 Agathocles and Calista,

84 Story of La Roche, Mirror.

37 Funeral of General Fraser, Burgoyne. 49 Story of Lady Harrel Ackland, do.

50 Adventures of Ceneral Putnam Humphrey. 53 The faithful American Dog.

58 Volcanoes of Iceland, Encyclopædia.

60 Extract from Dawe's Oration,

62 General Washinglon's Resignation at the close

of rhe war,
Singular instance of patriotism, Hume.
Address to the inhabitants of New Hampshire,

Conjugal Affection, Haller.

73 Story of Logan, a Mingo, Chief, Jefferson. 75 Speech of a Scythian Ambassador to Alexander, 76 Patnam and the Wolf, Humphrey,

77 The aged prisoner released from the Bus. tile, Mercier.

80 Description of the falls of Niagara, Ellicot. 82 The Caprivity of Mrs. Howe, Gay.,

84 The Whistle, Franklin.

93 History of Pocationtas, Chastellaux.

96 Emilius, or Domestic Happiness, Webster,

98 Emilia, or the happiness of retirement, de.






Juliana, a real character, do.

Rules for behaviour, Chesterfield.

Family disagreements the frequent cause of

immoral conduct,
Self Tormenting,

History of Columbus,


Sketch of the history of the late war,

Webster. 129

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Oration on the Boston Massacre, Warren. 141

Another on the same, Hancock,

Barlow's Oraton, July 4, 1787.

Declaration of the Amer. Congress, July 6, 75, 199


Exiract from Mr. Ames' Speech in Congress, 167

From Cicero's Oration against Verres,
Speech of Canules,

Publius Scipio,

Caius Marius,



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