Зображення сторінки

March, 1776, the British troops embarked for Halifax, *and general Washington entered the town in triumph.

38. In the ensuing summer, a small squadron of ships, *commanded by Sir Peter Parker, and a body of troops, "under the generals Clinton and Cornwallis, attempted to wake Charleftown, the capital of South Carolina.

The ships made a violent attack upon the fort on Sullivan's Inánd, but were repulled with great loss, and the expedi*tion was abandoned.

39. In July, Congress published their declaration of independence, which forever 'feparated "America from Great-Britain. This great event took place two hundred

and eighty-four years after the first discovery of America by Columbus ; one hundred and seventy from the first effc&tual settlement in Virginia ; and one hundred and fifty-fix from the firft settlement in Plynouth in Mallachuletts, which were the earliest Engli dla fettlements in America.

40. Just after this declaration, general Howe, with a powerfol force, arrived near New-York, and landed the troops upon Staten Ifand. General Washington was in New-York with about thirteen thousand men, encamped either in the city or the neighbouring fortifications.

41. The operations of the British began by the action on Long Ifand in the month of August. The Americans were defeated, and general Sullivan and Lord Stirling, with a large bedy of men, were made prisoners. The night after the engagement, a retreat was ordered and executed with such filence, that the Americans left the inand without alarming their enemies, and without loss.

42. In September, the city of New-York was abandoned by the American army, and taken by the Englife.

43. In November, fort Washington, on York-1 Nand, was taken, and more than two thoufand 'men made prisoners. Fort Lee, opposite to Fort Washington, on the Jersey fhore, was foon after taken, but the garrifon escaped.

44. About the same time, General Clinton was sent with a body of troops to take poffeffion of Rhode Island, and succeeded. In addition to all these lolfes and defeats, the American army suffered by defertion, and more by Lickness, which was epidemic, and very mortal.


played unexampled bravery, and captured almost the whole detachment.

54. The militia asembled from all parts of New-Enge land to Aop the progress of general Burgoyne. These with the regular troops, formed a respectable army; commanded by general Gates,

55. After two severe actions, in which the generals Lincoln and Arnold, behaved with uncommon gallantry and were wounded, general Burgoyne found himself ene closed with brave troops, and was forced to surrender this whole army, amountir

ing to ten thousand men, into the hands of the Americans. This happened in October.

56. This event diffused a univerfal joy over America, and baid a foundation for the treaty with. France,

57. But before these tranfactions, the main" boty of the British forces, bad embarked at New-York, filed up the Chesapeak, and landed at the head of Elk river. The army foon began their ,march for, Philadelpltia. General Washington had determined to oppose them, and for this purpose made a stand upon the heights near Brandywine Creek.

58. Here the armies engaged, and the Americans were overpowered, and fufféred great tofs: The enemy foon pursued their march, and took pofefion of Philadelphia towards the close of September:

59. Not long after, the two armies were again engaged at Germantown, and in the beginning of the action The Americans had the advantage ; but by foine uulucky accident, the fortune of the day was turned in favor of the British. Both fides suffered confiderable loftes ; on the fide of tle Americans, was general Nash.

60. In an attack upon the forts at Mud Ifand and Red Bank, the Hessians were unfuccessful, and their commanda er, colonel Doniop, killed. The Britith alfo' lost the Augusta, a ship of the line. But the forts were afterwards taken, and the navigation of the Delaware opened. Gea neral Wathington was reinforced, with part of the troops which had coinpofed. the northern army under general Gates ; and bath arnies retired to winter quarters.

61. In O&tober; the fame month in which general Burgoyne was taken at Saratoga, general Vaughan with a finall fleet, failed up Hudson's river, and walitonly


timber in the neighboring forest. A plan was laid by Massachusetts collected for the purpose. But the plan failed of successy

Borsele dintrede them and a confiderable nere and the whole marine force fell into the hands of the Bri tifh, except fonie veslels, which were burnt by the Amerisans themfelves,

71. la October, general Lincoln and count d'Estaing made an assault upon Savannah ; but they were repulfed with confiderable lols. In this action, the celebrated. Polisi count, Pulaski, who had acquired the reputation of a brave Toldier, was mortally wounded.

72. In this summer, general Sullivan marched with a body of troops into the Indian country, and burnt and destroyed all their provisions and settlements that fell in

their way.

73. On the opening of the campaign the next year, (1780) the British troops left Rhode land. An expedision under general Clinton and Lord Cornwallis, was un dertaken againft Charleston, South Carolina, where general Lincoln commanded. This town, after a close fege of about fix' weeks, was furrendered to the British commander; and general Lincoln and the whole American garrison were made prisoners.

74. General Gates was appointed to the command in the fouthern department, and another army collected. August, lord Cornwallis attacked the American troops a Cainden, in South Carolina, and routed them with conf derable lofs. He afterwards marched through the Southern States, and supposed thein entirely subdued.

75. The fame summer, the British troops macle freguen incurfions from New York into the Jersies ; ravaging and plundering the country. Ju fome of the fe defcents, the Rev. Mr. Caldwelt, a respectable clergyinan and warm patriot, and his lady, were inhumanly murdered by the Lavage foldiery.

76. In July a French fleet, under Monsieur de Ternay with a body of land forces, cominanded by count de Ro chainbeau, arrived at Rhode Idand, to the great joy of the Americans.

77. This year was also diftinguished by the infamous treason of Arnold. General Walhington having foms Business to tranfact at Wethersfield, in Connecticut, left Arnold to command the important poft of Weft-Point,

« НазадПродовжити »