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ous wretch refused to be a Imall nuinber of men, under the
sfome cannon at Salem, but the people had intelligence of the design, took tip the draw bridge in that town, and prevented
the cannon were fecured; so that the expedition failed.
16. In April, colonel Siñitli, and major Pitcairn, were fent with a body of troops, to destroy the military stores which had been collected at Concord, about twenty miles from Boston. At Lexington' the militia were collected on a green, to oppose the incurfion of the British forces. These were fred on by the British troops, and eight men killed on the spot.
17. The inilitia were difperfed, and the troops proceedad. to Concord; where they destroyed a few stores. But ou their return, they were" inceffanaly 'harraffed by the Americans, who, infilamed with just resentment, "ared opon them from houses and fences, and pursued them to Boften.
18. Heré was spilt the first blood in the late war; a war which fevered America from the British empire. Lexington opened the Arst scene of the great drama, which in its progress exhibited the most illustrious characters and events, and closed with a revolution, equally glorious for the actors, and important in its confequences to the human race.
19. This battle roused all America. The militia collected from all quarters, and Boston was in a few days befieged by twenty thousand men. A stop was put to all intercourse between the town and country, and the inhabitants were reduced to great want of provisions.
20. General Gage promised to let the people depart if they would deliver up their arms. The people complied ; but when the general had obtained their arms the prefidi
people ge. 21. In the incan time Gommand of colonel Allen, and colonel Easton, without'any public orders, furpriled and took the Britidh garrison'at Tia conderoga, without the loss of a man.
22. In June following, our troops' attempted to fortify Bunker's hill, which lies in Charlestown, and but a mile and a half from Boston. Tl«y had, during the night, thrown up a finall breast work, which theltered them from the fire of the British cannan,
to Boston, to enforce the new laws; but he was received with coldness, and opposed with spirit in the execution of his commiffion,
9. The assemblies throughout America, remonftrated and petitioned. At the same time many contributions of money and provisions from every quarter, were sent to the inhabitants of Bofton, who were suffering in confequence of the port bill.
10. The same year, troops arrived in Boston, to enforce the wiiked and unjust a&ts of the British partiament. Fortifications were erected on Boston veck, by order of Gené.ral Gage; and the ammunition and stores in Cambridge and Charlestown were feized and secured.
11, In September, deputies from most of the Colonies, met in Congress at Philadelphia. Thefe delegates approy. ed of the conduct of the people of Massachusetts ; wrote a letter to General Gage ; publified a declaration of rights; formed an association not to import, or'ufe British goods ; sent a petition to the King of Great Britain ; an address to the inhabitants of that kingdom ; another to the inhabitants of Canada; and another to the inhabitants of the colonies.
12. In the beginning of the next year (1775) was pafied the Fisbery Bill, by which the northein colories were forbid to fish on the Banks of Newfoundland, for a certain time. This bore hard upon the comneree of the colonies, which was in a great measure fupported by the fithery.
13. Soon after another bill was pufied, which restrained the trade of the middle and northerr colovies; to Great-Brj. tain, Irelavd, and the Welt-Inies, except under certain conditions. These re eated acts of oppreffion on the part of Great Britain, alienated the affections of America from her parent and fovereigni, and produced a combined crpofi. tion to the whole system of taxation.
14. Preparations began to be made, to oppose by force, the execution of thefe acts of Parliament. The, militia of the country were trained in the use of arms, great encos. ragement was given for the manufacture of gun-powder, and areasures were taken to obtain all kinds of military stores.
15. In February, colonel Leslie was fant with a de tachmen: of troops from Boston, to take pollution of
fame cannon at Salem, but the people had ititelligence of the delign; took tip the draw bridge in that town, and prevented the trours from paffing, until the cannon were fecured ; so that the expedition failed: * 16. in April, colonel Smith, and major Pitcairn, were fent with a body of troops, to destroy the military stores which had been collected at Concord, about twenty miles from Boston. At Lexington the militia were collected on a greću, to oppose the incurfion of the Britisk forces. These were fired on by the British troops, and eight men killed on the spot.
17. The militia were difperfed, and the troops proceeded to Concord; where they destroyed a few stores. But ou their return, they were inceffanaly 'harraffed by the Americans, who, inflamed with just refentinent, 'fired opon them from houses and fences, and pursued them to Beften.
18. Heré was spilt the first blood in the late war; a war which severed America from the British empire. Lexington opened the first scene of the great drama, which in its progress exhibited the most illustrious characters and events, and closed with a revolution, equally glorious for the actors, and important in its confequences to the
19. This battle roufed all America. The militia collect. ed from all quarters, and Boston was in a few days befieged by twenty thousand men. A stop was put to all intercourse between the town and country, and the inhabitants were reduced to great want of provisions.
20. General Gage promised to let the people depart if they would deliver up their arms. The people complied ; but when the general had obtained their arms the prefidious wretch refused to let the people ge.
21. In the incan time a small nu inber of men, under the Gommand of colonel Allen, and colonel Easton, without any public orders, furpriled and took the Britih garrison'at Ti. conderoga, without the loss of a man.
22. In June following, our troops attempted to fortify Bunker's hill, which lies in Charlestown, and but a mile and a half from Boston. Tháy had, during the night, thrown up a sinall breaft work, which heltered them froin the fire of the British cannon,
23. But the next morning, the Britith army was sent to drive them from the hill, and landing under coyer of their cannon, they set fire to Charlestown, which was confumed, and marched to attack our troops in the entrenchments. A fevere engagement ensued, in which the British suffered a very great lofs boih of officers and privates.
24. They were repulsed at first, and thrown into diforder ; but they finally carried the fortification with the point of the bayonet. The Americans suffered a small lofs, compared with the British ; but the death of the brave general Warren, who fell in the action, a martyr to the cause of his country, was severely felt and universally lamented.
25. About this time, the Continental Congress appointed George Washington, Esq. a native of Virginia, to the chief command of the Anierican army. This gentleman had been a distinguished and succesful officer in the preceding: war, and he seemed destined by Heaven to be the faviour of his country.
26. He accepted the appointinent with a diffidence which was a proof of his prudence and his greatness. He Tefused any pay for eight years laborious and arduous fervice, and by his matchless skill, fortitude and perseverance, conducted America through indescribable difficulties to independence and peace.
27. While true merit is eftemed, or virtue honored, mankind will never cease to revere the memory of this hero; and while gratitude remains in the human breasts the praises of WASHINGTON fhall dwell on every Amerioan tongue.
28. General Washington, with other officers appointed by Congress, arrived at Cambridge, and took conmaid of the American army in July. From this time, the affairs of America began to assume the app arance of u regular and general opposition to the forces of Great Britain.
29. In autumn a body of troops, under the command of general Montgomery, befieged and took the garrison of St. John's, which commands the entrance into Canada. The prisoners amounted to about seven hundred. General' Mortgeinery pursued his fuccefs, and took Montreal : and designed to pufn bis victories to Quebece
A body of troops commanded by Arnold, was or. dered to march to Canada, by the river Kennebek, and through the wilderness. After suffering every hard'hip, and the most diftrefli ng hunger, they arrived in Canada, and were joined by general Montgomery before Quebec. This city, which was commanded by governor Carleton, was immediately belieged. But there being little hopes of taking the town by a siege, it was determined to storm it.
3'r. The attack was made on the last day of December, but proved unfuecessful, and tatal to the brave general, who with his aid, was killed in attempting to scale the walls.
32. Of the three divisions which' attacked the town, one only entered, and that was obliged to furrender to fue perior force. After this defeat, Arnold, who now commanded the troops, continued fome months before Quebec, although his troops suffered incredibly by cold and sickness. But the next spring, the American's were obliged to retreat from Canada.
32. About this time the large and flourishing town of Norfolk, in Virginia, was wantonly buint by order of lord Dunmore, the royal governor.
34. General Gage went to England in September, and was succeeded in the cominand by general Howe.
35. Falmouth, a considerable town in the province of Mame, in Maflachusetts, shared the fate of Norfolk ; being laid in afhes by order of the Britishi admiral.
36. The British king entered into treaties with some of the German princes for about seventeen thousand men, who were to be sent to America the next year, to assist in fubduing the colonies. The Britif parliament also paffed an act, forbidding all intercourse with Ajnerica ; and while they repealed the Bofton port and fishery bills, they declared all American property 011 the high feas, forfeited to the cap ors.
37. This ad induced Congress to change the mode of carrying on the war; and niealures were taken to annoy the enemy in Boston. For this purpose batteries were opened on several hills, from whence thot and bombs were thrown into the town. But the batteries which were opened on Dorchester point had the best effect, and foon obliged general Howe to abandon the town. In