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and from this time he applied wholly to theatric poetry. In 1729 he was invited to Vienna as the Imperial Laureate, and continued to furnish such dramas as his patron bespoke, until his death in 1782. Dr. Burney well observes, that it is possible for a man of learning, study, and natural acumen, to be a good critic on the works of others, without genius for producing original works himself, similar to those which he is able to censure. The opinion of Metastasio, there. fore, may have its weight even when he criticises the great operawriters of antiquity: for the modern opera is the only faithful imitation of the ancient tragedy. From his practice it appears, however, that he entertained one fundamental error in theory, and had not discovered that, in the opera, the means of imitation being peculiarly apparent, the distress should be more harassing, and the crimes more atrocious, in order to excite an equal degree of tragic emotion with these representations which approach more nearly to real and common life. We had selected

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some passages in order to give an idea of the spirit of his criticism : but, finding them too long for our insertion, we must refer our readers to the 3d vol. in which they occur, p. 356-379. Let it not be a reproach to our estimable biographer, that he has described, with the voluminous gravity of history, a groupe of poets, singers, ačtors, and musicians. It is well that a work of this kind should make its appearance. We are scarcely accustomed as yet to assign, in human storv, a place to each proportioned to the extent of his influence on human happiness. The crowned and the titled have their peculiarities immortalized, although they may have never added to the enjoyments of a nation ten evenings of glowing delight. The amusers of our leisure, the artists of our pleasures, may justly be ranked among the benefactors of society. Let it belong, then, to the muse of fame to elevate monuments over their remains, and to strew flowers on their grave, in token of our grateful remembrance 1


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Situation of the French Nation and Government, and Views of the Diree-
tory.—Difficulties to be encountered by France at th' Close of 1795.-
State of Parties in England—Temper of the British Nation.—Assem-
blies for the Purpose of a Parliamentary Reform, and Peace with France.
—A great and dangerous Scarcity of Provisions.—Meeting of Parlia-

- ment.—Insults and Outrages of an immense Mob against the King, on

his Way to the House of Lords.- The regret of all People of Sense at

this Treatment of the King.--Speech from the Throne.—Lebates

thereon.—In the House of Commons.—And in that of the Lords - 1

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In the House of Commons, Regulations respecting the Sale of Flour, and
the Making of Bread.--Motions by Mr. Lechmere and Mr. Hoithread,
respecting the Causes of the Scarcity of IWheaten Flour, and the Hard-
ships incident to the Labouring Poor, Negatired.— Bill for encouraging
the Cultivation of Iłaste-Lands.—Motions for the Support of the Land
and Sea Service. —Strictores on the Conduct of Ministry in the IWar De-
partment.—Replied to by "Ir. Hondham.—Delates on the Erection of
Barracks,—A Statement of the Lapences of 1796, amounting from
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Free Negroes in the Island of Jamaica.-Hunted by Blood-Hounds.-Mo-
tion by Mr. Grey, in the House of Commons, for an Inquiry into the

State of the Nation.—Negatived.—Farther Taxes.—For paying the In-

terest of an additional Loan.—Mortality among the Troops sent against
the French lost-India Islands.-Negleči and Distresses of the Troops.
—Motion for Documents on these Subjects by Mr. Sheridan.—De-
lates thereon.— Mr. Sheridan's Motion agreed to.—Motion, in the
House of Peers, for the Produćtion of Papers respecting a Wote of Par-

liament, in 1783, recognising the Necessity of certain Public Reforms.

—Detates thereon.—The Motion negatived. Report of the Committee
of Supply on the tiesolution for granting a Subsidy to the King of Sar-

dinia. Conversation on that "Subject—Charges laid against Mi-

nistry by Mr. Grey, as Ground of Impeachment; and a Motion on that

Suljeci-Negatived.— Motions, in toth Houses of Parliament, against

the Continuation of the War.—Negatived.—Motion, by Mr. Witber-

jorce, for the Abolition of the Slave-Trade, on a certain Day.—Negg-
tived—The Session of Parliament closed by a Speech from the


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Erultation of the French at the Successes of their Armies.—Their Army

in Italy animated by the Praises of their Countrymen, and the Conver-

sation as well as the Proclamations of Buonaparte, to a high Passion for

Glory.—Enter the Duchy of Modena.—"poliation of Monuments of

Antiquity and Art.—Abhorrence of the Italian Nobility and Clergy to-

wards the French greater than that of the inferior Classes.—A general

Insurrečion ready to break out, quashca sy the Vigilance and Prompti-

tude of Buonaparte.—The Austrians, under General Beaulieu, with

the Connivance of the Penetians, take Possession of Peschiera.-Buona.

parte advances against Beaulieu, who retreats to the Tyrolese.—The

Venetians tremble before the French.—Di miss from their Territories

the Brother of the late King and Claimant of the Crown of France.—

Buonaparte takes possession of Perona.-Blockades Mantua.—Pre-

pares to march into the Tyrolese–Detained by Insurrečtions in the

Distriëls, known under the Name of Imperial Figfs.—These being sup-

ressed, he carries his Arms to the Southward—Reduces Tortona, Bo-
%. and Urbino.-Menaces Rome.—Armistice between the Pope and

Buonaparte.—Suspension of Hostilities with Naples.—Buonaparte the

Friend and Patron of Men of Learning and Science.—Ambitious Views

of the French Republic.—losurrection in Lugo.-Quelled, and the

City reduced by the French.—The Blockade of Mantua converted into

a close Siege.—Raised ly Marshal lourmser.—.icions between the

French Army and that of the Austrians, reinforced by Detachments

from Mantua.—itemarkable Instance of Presence of Mind in Buona-

parte.—The Austrians driven back beyond the daige - - - 95


Italian Mobs creited against the French-Suppressed by a Terror of the
vićiorious French,-Marshal Warmser, pursued by Buonaparte, re-
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