The Economic Implications of Aging Societies: The Costs of Living Happily Ever After

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Cambridge University Press, 17 січ. 2005 р. - 396 стор.
The world is getting older and no one knows exactly what life will be like in tomorrow's older societies. But we do know that age dependency ratios--the ratio of retirees to workers--will be much higher than we see today. The combined effects of fewer workers, more retirees and longer retirement periods threaten not only the sustainability of pension systems but also the broader economic prospects of many developed countries. This analysis describes current trends in birth rates, longevity and labor force participation and productivity, the cross-border flow of capital, the globalization of labor markets, the financial viability of social insurance programs, and the ways economic output is shared between working-age and retiree populations.
 

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Зміст

Introduction
1
Population Developments in a Global Context
8
Pension Options Motivations and Choices
35
Labor Supply Patterns and the Efficiency of Alternative
57
Pension Structures and the Implications of Aging
81
Retirement Systems and the Economic Costs of Aging
107
Beyond Pensions to Health Care Considerations
129
Labor Supply and Living Standards
154
Alternatives to Finding More Workers
214
Aligning Retirement Policy with Labor Needs
234
Funding Pensions and Securing Retiree Claims
264
Macroeconomic Policies for Improved Living Standards
290
Risks Associated with Alternative Public Policies
315
Roadmap to the Future
351
Some Portion of Retirement Savings Should be Annuitized
359
Facilitating CrossNational Capital Flows
368

Too Many Wants or Too Few Workers?
195

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Про автора (2005)

Steven A. Nyce is a Senior Retirement Research Associate with the Research and Information Center of Watson Wyatt Worldwide in Washington, DC. Dr Nyce joined Watson Wyatt in 2000 upon completion of his PhD in economics from the University of Notre Dame, Indiana. He has written numerous articles and spoken regularly at public and private forums on the impacts of demographic aging on the developed economies. His research also includes the study of behavioral aspects of private pensions and public and private retirement policy.

Sylvester J. Schieber is Vice President, Research and Information Center, Watson Wyatt Worldwide in Washington, DC. Prior to joining Watson Wyatt in 1983, he served as the first research director at the Employee Benefit Research Institute in Washington, DC. Before that he served as the Deputy Director of the Office of Policy Analysis, US Social Security Administration. Also at Social Security he served as the Deputy Research Director of the Universal Social Security Study, a congressionally mandated study that evaluated whether remaining federal and state and local government workers outside the system should be included. Dr Schieber has authored or edited ten books by himself or with colleagues. These include the seventh and eighth editions of the Fundamentals of Private Pensions. His 1999 book with John B. Shoven, The Real Deal: The History and Future of Social Security, received special recognition in the 2000 Paul A. Samuelson Prize competition for economic writing. Dr Schieber served as a senior advisor to the organizers of the Global Aging Initiative at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. He was appointed to the 1994-6 Advisory Council on Social Security convened by the Bill Clinton Administration. He was appointed to a six-year term on the US Social Security Advisory Board in 1997 and reappointed for another term in 2003.

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