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Berry Betrays New York Pressmen
OMPERS has been outgompered! La
STRIKE Goaded to desperation by eighteen
BREAKER months of slavery, filthy pressrooms, two, and sometimes three stories underground in unventilated holes, for longer hours than Gary steel workers endured, the pressmen came up for air at the expiration of the
UNIONIZING, A LA A. F. OF L. infamous Manton Award, rendered in March, 1922.
ment of the intolerable conaitions. But A brief outline of the Manton Award is
the International Major Berry was there as follows. Federal Judge Martin T. Man- ahead of them. Since his appearance on
the scene the publishers have ignored the WAKE UP! HURRY
pressmen's negotiations. At the union's THEYRE BUSTIN MY MEGAPHONES
regular meeting, on Sept. 17, Berry was to 72L PUTA STOP TO appear in his official capacity. He failed THAT SIR
to materialize. Messengers could not reach him at the palatial Waldorf. The men delivered their ultimatum to the publishers. Secure in their faith in good man Berry the publishers remained stonily silent. The strike was on. No paper except the New York Call and Jewish Forward appeared on the stands throughout the five
boroughs of New York for two days. BERRY
With the loyalty of Berry the strike
would have been won in twenty-four hours. “THREE O'CLOCK IN THE MORNING"
But Berry assured the publishers that Philton was chosen as arbitrator by an agree
adelphia pressmen would willingly scab ment entered into secretly by Major Berry
on their New York brothers. As yet no and the publishers in 1921 whereby aủ great number of Quakers have shown a
all questions in dispute were to be submitted willingness to do anything of the kind. to one not engaged in publishing or printing. In this Award the judge ruled against
YOU'LL HAVE TO
LEND A AAND IN the Pressmen in every contested point. The
THE PRESSROOM! hours of the night shift were increased ten hours per week. Day work was increased MOULDERS 3 hours per week. The employer alone
OF PUBLIC was given the right to dictate the number OPINION of men on presses.
WERE ORDERED This automatically reduced the press
TO DO SOME
SCABBING. men's pay and made them subject to call for work any time night or day the employer demanded. That's that.
OWNER The sweltering pressmen looked forward to the expiration of the Award and better
Information at local pressmen's headquarters disclosed a Berry scheme that staggers belief. Professional strike breakers were issued cards at the emergency employment bureaus of the International.
On Sunday, Sept. 1, 1923, Berry called a meeting for the purpose of addressing the men on a new contract that he had signed with the publishers. His first act was to have Local President Dave Simons and local committeemen thrown out bodily by policemen.
For thirty years the New York pressmen have adjusted their differences with the publishers as the differences arose. Thirty years without a strike when the men met the publishers man to man. Today they are the victims of Berryism, the natural product of official rule and trades division in labor unionism. Under the new contract, again entered into with the publishers by Kaiser Berry, the pressmen, will have a paltry increase in pay, but the old conditions of absolute dictatorship will still prevail in favor of the employer.
Yet the strike was not wholly lost, for two thousand five hundred pressmen are awakened to the true meaning of Industrial Solidarity as exemplified in the Industrial Workers of the World.
M. J. C.
Another Shameful Alliance
| VERYWHERE the workers turn they behold to the union. Several stated that they had been
the alliance of capitalists and labor leaders re-employed after paying the regulation re
against progressive unionism. This time it instatement fee of $4.25, but were obliged to is the Brockton Shoe Manufacturers' Association sign cards giving the employing firms the right to and Baine of the Boot and Shoe Workers who have deduct $2 a week from their earnings until Mr. united to prevent working class development in Baine, secretary of the Boot and Shoe Workers' organization and to perpetuate capitalism by so do- Union, got all that was coming to him. The idea ing. They have succeeded in defeating the latest of the manufacturers collecting the fines raised a revolt against them. Some day, perhaps, a revolt howl of indignation, and furnished the 'last word' in will come with such completeness as to overwhelm absolute proof of what might be properly called a them; who knows?
live and active conspiracy between the ManufacThe latest news regarding this nefarious alli
turers' Association and the Boot and Shoe Workers'
Union to 'fleece' the men and women who make ance is contained in the following item from a
shoes in this city." Boston paper:
This item should cause renewed activity in be“Brockton Shoe Workers Fight Boss and ‘Union' half of industrial unionism, for it is only by an in"Eight days after the calling-off of the strike,
creased understanding of industrial union principles, the Brockton District Shoe Workers' Union held a
on the part of a greater number of workers, that meeting in Eagle Hall. It was attended by 700
the capitalist-labor leader alliance will be over
thrown. members, many of whom had returned to work and rendered reports as to the fines to which they had
EXTRA! been subjected for rebellion against the 'Boot and Shoe.' The business of the meeting was confined December number of Industrial to a discussion of this angle of the case, and the Pioneer will be a 64-page Christmanufacturers were scathingly denounced for col- mas Amnesty Special. Same price! lecting fines from their employes to hand over ORDER NOW!
Social Conditions in South
By J. W. LEIGH
HOSE who are fortunate enough to claim the
North, East or West as their homes, do not
SHORTER HOURS bor, both white and colored, live and have their being; for, if the truth were told, the nation would rise and demand that those guilty pay the penalty before the bar of justice.
Florida, with its swamps and everglades, its convict camps, in which human beings, slender youths who, lured to this "land of sunshine and flowers" by the glaring advertisements of the various cham
อะไร bers of commerce, are flogged to death on account of their inability to produce more profits for the lumber companies, controlled in many instances by members of the state legislature, is a festering sore on the body politics and union legislation should be enacted to stop the outrages practiced on the unfortunates by the labor exploiters of that state.
Florida Open Shop Florida is an open shop state, and labor unions exist in name only. Jacksonville and Tampa are literal hells in practically all industries, and woe betide the union man who has principle enough to stand up for his rights. Craft unionism, with its
THE LURE spies and scabs within its ranks, will soon deplete what little unionism there is in the state. Wages
be worked in mines, insanitary to the highest deare low, averaging in the mills $1 a day, and in various other industries fifty per cent lower than
gree, faces a legislative inquiry as to the mutiny that paid in other sections of the country. This
in the mines near Birmingham, in which, it is said,
that more than a score of convicts who refused to can be explained: many tourists visit that state, and becoming "stranded” by the high prices are
work until better food was provided, were beaten obliged to accept any salary in order to again re
into insensibility by brutal guards. turn to their native state. This is the alternative
New Orleans Storm Center accept what we give you or go to jail for vagrancy. Louisiana, as usual, is occupying the front pages In Ku Kluxers' Home
of the prostituted press this month with one of the Georgia, the home of the Ku Klux, turpentine largest strikes in the history of the South. Seven camps and cotton, is claiming a shortage of labor, thousand workers on the river front are out, and and according to the reports many are the deserted have been joined by many more at Mobile and farms on which not even a negro tenant will re- Gulfport, in a demand for a shorter work day, and side; wages, low prices paid, is the true cause of an advance in wages. the migration. A movement is on foot to replace This is refused on the ground that the interests the negroes with white families from the poverty- cannot afford to pay the increase in competition stricken holes of Europe, but up to the present with other ports. However, the steamship Minnetime this ambition has not been realized as starva- sota has been fitted up with accommodations for tion with a government behind them is better than seven hundred in which scabs are herded like catslavery in the southern states of America.
tle, and all that goes in the way of food and pleasCarolinas Vie with Hell
ure contributed free, in addition to a higher rate The Carolinas are in the same condition, and the of wage than that demanded by the union longshoreturpentine camps, manned by convicts, present a men and screwmen. picture that would vie with hell itself for punish- The city of New Orleans during the latter part ment. Beaten, kicked, starved, in order that the of September presented the appearance of an armed wives, daughters and concubines of the men of camp. Police with riot guns patroled the princiwealth may have the luxuries, pleasures, and all pal streets day and night; at the head of Canal of this world at their command, the life of the street two armored automobiles loaded with maturpentine worker cannot be conceived by those chine guns stood ready to mow down the working. who have not visited this section of the United man who asked for the privilege of existence and States.
the right to educate and care for his loved ones. Alabama, with its notorious convict leasing sys- Fully one hundred extra police officers were entem, in which the state allows the unfortunates to gaged for this affair, and the hours of service leng
thened to twelve instead of eight without extra late, Nero, and Benedict Arnold all can wear the compensation; union men scabbed against each oth- white robes of purity and sit on the right hand, er; brothers, both blood and fraternal, were arrayed etc., when their deeds are compared to the southern on opposite sides while spies swarmed the meetings open shopper who controls press, pulpit and schools at the various union halls—all for the paltry dol- of that section of the "land of freedom” which selar to keep the breath of life in their worthless ceded from the central government in 1860-65, carcasses.
and whose ancestors today are roasting in hell for The workingman will pay for this in increased their endeavor to maintain human chattel slavery. exploitation as the rich swear off their just indeb- The forefathers of the present generation sought tedness to the state.
only to enslave the black man-today all who labor And all this and more too, in order to make New for an existence are included. Truly can it be Orleans the banner open shop city of the United
said to the worker of the South, “Unite, you have States.
nothing to lose but your chains." Bosses' Economic Action Industries are closing down, many for the pur
NEGRO MIGRATION COSTLY pose of supplying men for the scab herders who would wreck the human family. The American Sherman's march to the sea cost Georgia no more Sugar Refinery last month laid off many of its men than the loss that state is suffering from the migra-not those without any responsibilities, but deliber- tion of her Negro population, according to the Georately selected men with large families dependent on gia Bankers' Association. The state is threatened them, and those who were buying homes through with a loss of wealth amounting to $27,000,000 this various building and loan associations, in order year. It has 46,674 vacant farm houses, 55,524 that they might be forced to scab on their fellow idle plows, and a labor shortage of 70,8434 persons. man in order to save what little they had paid for a haven for their old age. Not long ago a publicity campaign was put on
INDIA GETS IWW BANK VIEWS with the slogan, “Own your own home,” in which NDUSTRIAL Review for India," "for promoting workingmen were practically forced to purchase India's industrial development and foreign property in order to secure a place to live; backed trade relations,” is published in English in Berby the real estate agents, owners refused to rent; lin, Germany. In its September issue, under Reand, as a consequence, many thousands bought view of the Press, it treats of "Workers' Banks property at an advance of 100 per cent over its two viewpoints.” The first view is that of conservreal value. This was done in order to hold them ative German bankers. The second is that of the in case of labor trouble.
IWW, as expressed by Industrial Pioneer in the Jim Crowism Condemned
article “Labor Turns to Banking,” by Alois SenneTo the southerner, a colored man is a nigger, a
felder, Jr. beast of burden and one to be exploited; the Jim
This article is reprinted in its entirety, and is Crow law (segregation) is enforced in places of
credited to "the August issue of the Industrial Pioamusement, on street cars, and on the railroads; neer, a new magazine issued from 1001 West Madbut, judging from the number of "negroes" with
ison St., Chicago, Illinois, U. S. A., an official organ white blood in their veins, the Jim Crow law is lost
of the Industrial Workers of the World, an indussight of when passion rules his mind.
trial unionist organization in that country.” Some Formerly it was a crime to teach a negro to read
advertisement, say we!! and write; now all is changed, and the rascally southerner is using the negro's education to bring
BUILDING WORKERS GROWING him back to a state of slavery-industrial this time, if you please. In the city of New Orleans
SMALL number of building construction is located a publication office which prints and cir
workers met in Chicago in July, 1920. They culates a monthly magazine sent free to all mill
received a branch charter as the Chicago operatives in the South, counseling moderation and Branch Building Construction Workers' Industrin! "sticking to the boss" who provides a place where Union No. 330, in August of the same year. Since you may earn your livelihood. Mill owners from that time, branch charters have been issued to OmaTexas to Florida subscribe for their employes and ha, Sioux City, New York, Minneapolis, Jersey City, this is mailed monthly in the hope of destroying Detroit, Milwaukee, Seattle, San Francisco, Oakland unionism.
and another in Chicago; twelve in all. In this way, The publisher of this magazine at one time was "330" has grown into one of the most important inan organizer for the American Federation of Labor, dustrial unions within the IWW. later a member of the I. W. W., a member of the The monthly increase in membership in all branchKu Klux Klan, and is now publishing a weekly es is going on steadily. Calls are coming in for newspaper booming a Roman Catholic candidate literature and information. A handbook on the for governor-such is the versatility of the average Building Industry is being printed. Address order: southerner,
to Building Construction Workers' Industrial Ur King Herod, of old; Judas Iscariot, Pontius Pi- ion No. 330, 1001 W. Madison St., Chicago, Ill.
By FORREST EDWARDS HE enthusiasm with which the working people raised by the imprisonment of men for "the mere ex
of Minneapolis answered the call of the Gen- pression of opinion."
eral Defense Committee for an Amnesty There were two meetings held that day; one at meeting at Gate-Way Park, Sunday, Oct. 7th, may 2 P. M. and the other at 7. The afternoon meeting be fairly judged by the photos taken of those meet- was a large one and its success from every angle ings. Should we estimate the size of the audience compelled, even the most optimistic of the Commitas being 1,000 there would be many to tell us that tee, to feel like pessimists when their previous esour estimate was by far too small. So then, we timates were compared with the general results. submit the photos and leave the reader to judge for But the evening meeting was equally as large if himself, as to the size of the assembled crowd. not larger, than the afternoon meeting. Anyway, Resolutions of protest against the furher imprison
there is no doubt in the minds of the workers here, ment of Political Prisoners were passed with a deaf
about the injustice of keeping men in prison; a ening roar and the chairman promptly sent them on
prison that is a burning hell; for the "mere exto the President.
pression of opinion.” That something must be done The speakers urged every one to work, not mere
about it is certain. That the best way to help get
the men out of prison is to support the General ly for the release of the men in prison, but for a
Defense Commitee in its “Amnesty by Christmas" full and complete amnesty. Nothing less will satis
campaign, was proven by the very generous collecfy the working class, nor will it meet the issue tions made up at these meetings for that purpose.