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LIST OF ILLLUSTRATIONS

Cover design, drawn specially for this book by

DOROTHY I. VERRILL

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1. Operation of Two-cycle Engine 2. Operation of Two-cycle Engine 3. Operation of Two-cycle Engine 4. Operation of Two-cycle Engine 5. Operation of Four-cycle Engine 6. Operation of Four-cycle Engine 7. Operation of Four-cycle Engine 8. Operation of Four-cycle Engine 9. Three-port Motor 10. Gray Model “T” Motor 11. Two-three-port Motor 12. Two-three-port Motor with Accelerator 13. Grasser Motor 14. Smalley Motor 15. Powell Open-base Motor 16. Motor with Throttle in By-pass 17. Elmore Motor with Distributor 18. Two-throw Crank Shaft 19. Three-throw Crank Shaft 20. A, Four-throw Crank Shaft at 90 Degrees 20. B, Four-throw Crank Shaft at 180 Degrees 21. Cylinders Cast en bloc 22. Separate Cylinders on Solid Base 23. Tappet Valve 24. Poppet-valve Mechanism 25. Mechanically Operated Valves 26. L-head Cylinder 27. Valve in Head Cylinder 28. Sleeve-valve Motor; Sleeves and Piston 29. Sleeve-valve Motor; General Plan 30. Sleeve-valve Motor; Section 31. Sleeve-valve Motor; Section 32. Sleeve-valve Motor; Section.

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33. Diagram of Cylinder Head of Reynolds Motor and Valve

Removed with Gear 34. Motor with Offset Crankshaft

69 35. Opposed Cylinder Motor

71 36. Freak Balanced Motor

73 37. Horizontal Motor. 38. Parts of Two-cycle Motor

77 39. Parts of Four-cycle Motor

79 40. Make-and-break Spark System

81 41. Piston and Rings 42. Piston Pin 43. Section of Piston with Pin held by Set-screws 44. Piston Pin Bushed in Piston

86 45. Piston Pin Bushed in Connecting Rod

86 46. Connecting Rod with Hinged Cap

86 47. Connecting Rod with Bolted Cap 48. Solid Base with One End Removable 49. Split Base

88 50. Base with Both Bearing Ends Removable

89 51. Cylinder with Separate Head .

90 52. Cylinder with Water Jacket Clamped on

91 53. Methods of Attaching Counterweights

92 54. Gray Counterbalanced Shaft

93 55. Removable Bearings, Gray

94 56. Tapered Fly-wheel Shaft 57. Tapered Fly-wheel Shaft with Bushing 58. Tapered Fly-wheel Shaft with Releasing Nut 59. Vaporizer 60. Schebler Model “D" Carburetor

IOI 61. Krice Carburetor

103 62. Kingston Carburetor

104 63. Cadillac Carburetor

105 64. Plunger Pump

108 65. Rotary Pump

109 66. Lobee Gear Pump (Ghost View) 67. Lobee Gear Pump, Flow of Water 68. Ferro Water-circulating System

112-113 69. Multiple Oiler

115 70. Detroit Force-feed Oiler

116 71. Osgood Force-feed Oiler

117 72. Buffalo Oiling Rings

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73. Buffalo Oiling Rings Assembled on Shaft 74. Gray Oiling System 75. Grease Cup 76. Ferro Oiling System 77. Diagram of Dynamo 78. Diagram of Magneto 79. Parts of Comet Magneto 80. Wico Igniter. 81. Diagram of Jump-spark Coil 82. Types of Vibrators. 83. Connecticut Plug Coil 84. Standard Plugs 85. Reliance Plugs 86. Breech-block Plugs 87. Rajah Plugs 88. E-Z Plugs 89. Magneto and Edison Plugs 90. Cam and Spring Timer 91. Simple Timers 92. Tuttle Timers Assembled on Motor 93. Tuttle Timers, Sectional View 94. Roller and Spring Wipe Timers 95. Delco System 96. Make-and-break Igniter with Lettering 97. Make-and-break Igniter . 98. Make-and-break Igniter, Self-contained. 99. Make-and-break Igniter, Altered to Jump Spark 100. Gray Auxiliary Exhaust 101. Auxiliary Exhaust Chamber 102. Reid Underwater Exhaust Head 103. Reid Underwater Exhaust Connected to Boat 104. Underwater Exhaust Connections and Fittings 105. Underwater Exhaust Connections and Fittings 106. Muffler with Pebbles 107. Muffler with Perforated Inlet Pipe 108. Muffler with Inlet and Outlet Perforated 109. Baffle-plate Muffler 110. Yankee Auto Muffler III. Yankee Marine Muffler 112. Ejector Muffler 113. Hydrex Silencer

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157 158 159 160 163 164 166 166 167 168 169 169 170 170 171 171 172 173

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PAGE 114. Thermex Silencer

174 115. Exhaust-valve Governor

175 116. Throttle-valve Governor

176 117. Hit-and-miss Governor

177 118. Inertia Governor

178 119. Concrete Beds

184 120. Beds in Boats

186 121. Marine Exhaust Properly Connected (Under Water)

188 122. Marine Exhaust Properly Connected (Above Water) 189 123. Stationary Exhaust with Connections

190 124. Detroit 3-way Valve

191 125. Gasolene Piping and Connections

193 126. Wiring Single-cylinder Jump Spark for Batteries 194 127. Wiring Single-cylinder Jump Spark for Batteries and Magneto

195 128. Wiring Two-cylinder Jump Spark for. Batteries

196 129. Wiring Make-and-break for Batteries

197 130. Wiring Make-and-break for Batteries and Magneto 197 131. Wiring any Number of Cylinders with Master Vibrator 198 132. Alpco System with Generator and Storage Battery 199 133. Wiring for Perfex or Orswell Systems

199 134. Wiring for Perfection Plug Transformer 135. Wiring for Connecticut Plug Coil 136. Wiring “Delco System 137. Reliance Terminals 138. “Connecticut” Terminals

203 139. Old Bolt Split to Tighten 140. Slit Lock Nut

213 141. Monkey Wrench Used with File as Pipe Wrench 214 142. Patching Leaky Jacket

216 143. Set-screw to Tighten Bearings

219 144. Valve Lifter 145. Valve Grinding Tool from Augur 146. Valve with Ball Race

223 147. Morgan Priming Cup

224 148. Spreading Rings with Pliers

225 149. Shims for Removing Rings

225 150. Pliers for Spreading Rings

226 151. Wedges on Cylinder-head for Putting in Piston

227 152. Shims for Inserting Piston in Cylinder

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