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ing- (for which perhaps those parents encourage him to enter into the Miare all the while praying)- the more nistry, with a lie in his mouth!- to abundant Outpouring of the Holy say, before God and the Church : “I Spirit? For surely we are warranted trust that I am inwardly moved by in applying to the Ministerial Office the Holy Ghost, to take upon me generally, that which is written of the this Office ”_when he knows in his priesthood : “ No man taketh this ho heart, and you know in yours, that he nour unto himself, but he that is has no reason to “ trust so;" but called of God, as wus Aaron. So also rather every reason to believe the Christ glorified not Himself to be made contrary! an high priest; but he that said unto If this be not grieving and tempting him, Thou art my Son, to day have I the blessed Spirit-what is ? or what begotten thee. As he saith also in can be? another place, Thou art a Priest for And what can we expect to be the ever after the order of Melchisedec.” end of all this? If your son should (Heb. v. 4–6.) On which passage, turn out a Tractarian and an Aposit has been well observed, How awful tate-a curse to the Church and not must be the presumption of those, a blessing, What can you do (when who intrude themselves into the mi- you have encouraged him to intrude nistry without a call from God, when uncalled into the sacred Office) but even Christ did not enter upon His lay your hand upon your mouth, and office without a special call from His hide your face in the dust, and say: Heavenly Father!
“ True and righteous are Thy judgeTo the same purpose is what Paul ments”? says of himself, and his call to his Office And for the son whom you love, and Ministry : “Paul, a servant of would it not be much kinder to him, Jesus Christ, called to be an Apostle, to bind him apprentice to the humseparated unto the Gospel of God!” blest honest trade, than to make him (Roin. i. 1;) and again : “ Paul, an a Clergyınan, when he has no call to Apostle, Not OF MEN, NEITHER BY MAN, that Office ? Ought it not to be far but by Jesus Christ, and God the more satisfactory to you, to see him FATHER, who raised Him from the labouring as a carpenter for his daily dead.” (Gal. i 1.) And the necessity bread, than to see him entering upon of this call of God Himself to the Mi- a sacred and a solemn Office, with a nisterial Office is most distinctly re- lie upou his lips ;-to become a blind cognized by the Church of England, leader of the blind, (Matt. xx. 14 ;) in the first question which is put to and to bring upon his soul the awful the Candidate for Deacon's Orders, in curse, which must be the portion of our Ordination Service: “Do you an unfaithful minister of Christ,-or trust that you are inwardly moved by of one who preaches that Gospel to the Holy Ghost, to take upon you others, which he does not receive himthis Office and Ministration, to serve self? God for the promoting of His glory, The same considerations would apand the edifying of His people ? ply, in great measure, and with much
What a solemn question is this ! force, to all those who, from mere Do Christian parents consider it, when worldly and carnal considerations, do they take upon themselves to devote induce, or shall induce, their children their children to the Ministry? We to enter into the Ministry. It is an would say to any such Christian pa- awful thing, when any parent, for the rent, most affectionately, yet most so- sake of securing a living for his sonlemnly, - What are you doing? Do for the sake of putting him into a reyou love God? and do you love yıur spectable profession, or a higher posison ?- when thus-before you have tion in the world, is induced to send any proof of his true conversion to that son into a spiritual Office, to which God, or any proof of his call to the he is not spiritually called. And many Office of the Christian Ministry- you of these considerations, mutatis mutanare taking upon yourself to designate dis, might be fitly addressed to those him to that Office ?-to instruct and who have patronage to bestow; and who bestow it, from mere worldly and truth. Are there any means of awakcarnal considerations, on those whom ening it !--of bringing it to bear on they have no reason to believe are this important subject? truly called to the Ministerial Office. But that Christian parents should The responsibility of those who have sanction this profanation of sacred patronage in their hands, public or things ?-that they should, from the private, is by no means duly con- workings of natural feelings and affecsidered. The condemnation of those tions, and for want of serious considewho, from whatsoever cause, or on ration of their duties and responsiwhatever pretence, bestow it on un- bilities, encourage their sons to rush faithful teachers and pastors, must be uncalled, and run unsent, into that unspeakably awful. Is it not one of sacred Office, which belongs alone to the crying sins of our Church and a true and faithful Ambassador of Nation ?-a sin which hinders the Christ-to one who, being truly sent blessing of God, and is calculated to by Him, may confidently rely upon bring down His curse upon us ? His gracious help—this is an evil to Would it not be well, if our Bishops which we desire to call particular atand Nobles,-Her Majesty's Minis- tention. And to all those who are ters—the Lord Chancellor in particu- in any danger of falling into such a lar,--and all who have patronage,- mistake, and committing such a grievwould lay these things to heart ? ous sin, we would earnestly address Would it not be highly desirable to the word of faithful warning and excall upon the public to consider the postulation, -as in the sight of Him, subject ?- to bring the weight and in- is who shall judge the quick and dead fluence of Public Opinion to bear at His appearing and His kingdom." upon it ?-for we hope yet that the May He command His blessing on Public Opinion of Englishmen would our words ! be given in favour of integrity and
A THEOLOGIAN'S OPINION ON THE PROSPECTS OF
" Before you seek to apply a remedy, and at all events before you pledge yourselves
to an indefinite plan for unsettling all that is, and of settling nothing, be quite sure that you know the consequences of the course which you are about to pursue. Be satisfied of the existence of the evils which you are called upon to meet. Be satisfied that the remedies which you propose to apply will meet and not aggravate
those evils.”—Earl Derby on Parliamentary Reform. The following remarks from the has induced me to consider their vapen of a clergyman of mature age and rious objections, and I imagine that I experience- a dignitary of the Church can readily answer them. Take the - who from his thorough knowledge words in the sense the Reformers used of Church subjects, was considered them, and every difficulty at once quite a theological " oracle," a kind vanishes. This would, however, at of “walking Ecclesiastical history," present be almost impossible. A dif. as he was once termed by a mutual ferent sense has been for some time friend in a conversation with myself attached to these words and phrases. in this part of the country (where he What then is to be done? I would officiated for some years previously substitute in their places words and to his removal to his present residence) phrases conveying the same sense on the subject of Liturgical revision, and already in the Prayer-book. I may be both interesting and profitable do not at present anticipate a Revito the readers of the Christian Guar- sion: I rather place it at some disdian,
tance. We are in three great parties, “I have been placed in situations the old High Church, the Evangelical, where Dissenters are numerous. This and the Tractarians. There are also
a large number, and in general cler- With these sentiments I quite congymen of great excellencies, who do cur. The History of the Hampton not class with any of these parties. Court Conference in 1604, and of the Now a revision most certainly would Savoy Conference in 1661, in Dr. not be committed to any one of these Cardwell's History of Conferences, parties: the general sense of the would also be a valuable subject for Church would be taken. But what the study of all persons who wish to are we to expect from this in the bring about Liturgical Revision. And present state of sentiment and feeling? I would, moreover, particularly call At the same time it would be well to attention to the subject which I have read about it and to keep it in view. before noticed in the Christian GuarI do wish that all parties would make dian for April, 1851, p. 169, viz.," the themselves masters of the writings of unspeakable importance of earnest our Reformers, particularly of those supplication at the throne of grace" who framed our Services and drew up with reference to this subject. our Articles. I should say that Hooker “Prayer," says Mrs. H. More, contains the best exposition of sound “moves the hand that guides the uniChurch principles to be met with in verse !" the works of one man.” (Rev. J. S-, Prebendary of L-, Dec. 3, 1851). 4th March, 1852.
[The Editors are not responsible for every statement or opinion of their correspondents; at the same time, their object is to open the pages of their Magazine to those only, who seek the real good of that Protestant Church with which it is in connexion.)
To the Editor of the Christian Guardian. her motives, that we are at a loss to
Mr. Spurrell's pamphlet has sub- household smells of Rome; and the stantiated enough to let all who will words in which she clothes her exsee, see clearly, whatever be the halo planation of Mr. Spurrell's charges, of charity and of love of God which breathe the very language with which is thrown around this Sisterhood of Newman was wont to speak, and with Mercy, that its real object is the not which Pusey still covers his real very gradual development of the con- treachery to the Protestant faith of stitutions and practices of Romish the Church in which he remains a Nunneries. Our countrywomen are minister. being called upon to petition for the From some minds, the activity and efficient and open inspection of the self-devoted earnestness of the sisterreal thing; ought they not at once to hood win an unthinking admiration : raise a decided protest against its in- they compare the comparatively listsidious imitation in the very bosom of less idleness of others with all this our own Communion ?
show of an abundant and ceaseless The unhappy Bishop of Exeter has zeal in the service of God and man; been obliged to withdraw from the and they bestow a commendation the Office of Visitor of this Protestant most misplaced and mischievous. It Convent, but he has coupled his de- is not because some of our clergy are cision with such an excessive amount rich and idle, and because some, even of the most fulsome adulation of Miss many, of our daughters are unsymSellon, and the piety and purity of pathising, inactive members of the
great human family, that we are to touched; so that they may not unrealook with the slightest leniency and sonably be led to suppose that a more tenderness, much less approbation, of comprehensive view of the Church one ran,ification of that great conspi- formularies would have been fatal to racy which has for its object the unpro- the author's line of defence. testantizing of our national Church. I was strongly impressed with this
That Miss Sellon, in the formation feeling in perusing " Thoughts upon and constitution of her house, its regu- Questions of Existing Controversy, in lations, and practices, her own assump- Letters to a Friend. No. 1. Baption as “the Lady Superieure," with her tismal Regeneration," By the Rev. almost unrestricted claims to obedi- Joseph Baylee, M.A.(Hatchard, 1850). ence, is either a most principal hand, or The excellent author seems to have a most efficient and willing tool of the been strangely inadvertent in many parties who head the Tractarian move- of his statements in this pamphlet. ment, we doubt not for an instant. The cause of truth seems to require Surely, those who are parents must that they should be pointed out. I do adopt some instant and decisive pro- not doubt but that the author can clear test, if they do not want to see their up the difficulties which I point out; daughters first fascinated with a false that he will do so, I earnestly hope, fire of religious zeal, and then caught for the truth's sake, for the public's to be, perhaps for life, entangled in sake, and for the Church's sake. It occupations and degradations of which is, therefore, in no hostile, or un-ChrisMr. Spurrell's pamphlet has revealed tian spirit that I purpose to draw atenough to make us as Protestants tention to certain anomalies in this indignant, and as Christians mourn, for “Letter” of Mr. Baylee's. the perversion of our brethren.
1. Mr. Baylee more than once flatly Yours faithfully,
contradicts statements and opinions H. L. which he himself formerly advanced
and defended in a valuable little work
of his own, “ The Institutions of the THE REV. J. BAYLEE AND THE
Church of England are of Divine AuBAPTISMAL SERVICES.
thority' (Holdsuorth, 188)! Thus in To the Editor.
the “ Letter” he argues that“RegeneSir,- When an author undertakes rated by Bap.ism implies no more than a defence of our Church services, and “born of water and of the Spirit'' contends that they are not only fairly (p. 17). While in the “ Institutions" defensible, but that others' objections he argues--and I think rightly, that to them are the result either of igno- the Baptismal birth is only the being rance or of prejudice, he should be “born of water,” while to be born of very careful to grapple with the whole the Spirit” is the exclusive privilege of the objections which are, or which of the Lord's elect (see pp. 60, 61). may be, raised, and neither to over- Again in the “Letter” Mr. Baylee look, nor to ignore any passages which strenuously opposes the hypothetical may be alleged against him; nor yet view that “ we ought charitably to to make such tacit admissions in his believe that that is given for which we mode of defending one portion of the pray,” and so ought to thank God impugned formularies, as may by his hypothetically for regeneration and opponents be used to assail those por adoption in their highest sense, and tions which are so overlooked or ig- terms it “ fearfully unscriptural in nored. If he neglects this needful ascribing too much or too little to caution, he does justice neither to the Baptism"-as “a fearful error”(p. 21), formularies which he undertakes to and he “can scarcely conceive how defend, nor to the impugners of the persons who know in their own souls same, inasmuch as his defence is the power of the Spirit of adoption founded on partial views of the for- could ever have brought themselves mularies, and his opponents are dealt to the hypothesis that any charitable with as really answered, when a por- judgment ought to attribute its reception of their objections is left un- tion to Baptism” (p. 22). But in the “ Institutions” Mr. Baylee ably and and made heirs of everlasting salvaforcibly defends the very view which tion." A like prayer is offered before he here so severely denounces as un- Baptism for the infant; while the pubscriptural (see pp. 65, 66)! Has he lic part of the service for Private Bapdeliberately changed his opinion on tism speaks of the baptized infant as further examination? If so, would it “being born again, and being made an not be candid to openly avow it, in- heir of everlasting salvation." Does stead of leaving the reader bewildered Mr. Baylee dissent from this language between his conflicting statements? of the Church? For at p. 17, he
2. At p.5 and p. 7 of the “ Letter," takes so much pains to show that the Mr. Baylee speaks of being “ born into word “inheritor" in the Catechism the kingdom," which I understand to “differs from an heir," which " is a be equivalent to his statements at very important distinction,” that it pp. 60, 61, 62, 75 of the “ Institutions." almost amounts to a tacit admission There (e. g. p. 75) he expressly states that the word “heir” would have been the water-regeneration, to be equiva. wrong, and indefensible, had it been lent to “ grafted into the body of used in the Catechism ! Christ's church.” Not so our Bap- 4. Consistently with all this, we find tismal service: The two are distinct; Mr. Baylee at p. 8 stating that “the there is a comma after “regenerate" baptized, as such, have not the character "is regenerate, and grafted" &c.and or the feelings described by St. Paul" they are described (not as “this bene in Rom. viii. 14–16. Mr. Baylee fit" but) as “these benefits." The quotes this passage, stopping short at one is the prerequisite for the other. the children of God;" but of course The child is thus 'grafted"&c. because he means really to include the remainhe is, or is supposed to be, regenerate; der of the passage, “and if children, “none can enter into the kingdom of then heirs; heirs of God, and joint God, except he be regenerate and born heirs with Christ." (verse 17). So that anew;"- that is the qualification, then, when Mr. Baylee tells at pp. 6, 7, that for the entrance or admission, not the the Church assumes the adult candientrance itself.
date for Baptism to be already “ a Again in the “ Letter” Mr. Baylee renewed man" (p. 6) and one who “is argues in favour of applying "the born of God” (p. 7) before his BapChurch's language" of " spiritual re- tism, he must of course mean that he generation” to “ the baptismal gift" is already an "heir of God, and a (p. 7). But the Church's language is joint heir with Christ" before his Bap" that he, coming to thy holy Bap- tism? And so in deducing his fatism, may receive (not any thing equi- vourite dogma of “ a regeneration valent to admission into the visible which is not a renewal of nature" church with its accompanying spiri- (p. 5), from our Adult service, Mr. tual privileges but.] remission of his Baylee argues thus: “He is theresins by spiritual regeneration"! Mr. fore born of God. Yet we pray for Baylee's view of “spiritual regenera- his regeneration, and subsequently tion" appears, therefore, to be differ- thank God that he is now born again, ent from the Church's view of it? that is, born into that kingdom of
3. Mr. Baylee says, “ The efficacy heaven which is now on its probation of Baptism is not to secure heaven, here, and of which many of the chilbut to engraft into the Church .... dren shall be cast into outer darkIt does not therefore confer eternal ness” (p. 7). But surely there is here privileges." (Letter, p. 16). The either a suppression, or (as is far more Church service for Adult Baptism likely, and as I believe to be really teaches us thus to pray for the candi- the case) a palpable forgetfulness of the dates before their Baptism: “ Give immediate context in our Baptismal thy holy Spirit to these persons, that Service, which prays that the adultthey may be born again, and be made although what Mr. Baylee terms “ a heirs of everlasting salvation ;” while renewed man”—“ may be born again, immediately after Baptism it speaks and be made an heir of everlasting salof them as “ being now born again, vation," and which speaks of him after