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Lectures on the coinage of the Greeks and Romans: delivered in the ...
Повний перегляд - 1832
actually admit adopted afterwards ancient coins Antoninus Pius appear assigned Athenian Athens Augustus authority bearing belonging Boeotia brass CAES Caesar Caligula Caput laureatum Caput Palladis Carausius Cicero cient coinage coins of Athens commerce common confined connexion currency degree denarius denote devices difficulty Eckhel emblems emperor empire employed evidence fact favour forgery gold and silver gold coins Grecian Greece Hadrian hastam hitherto illustration important impressed inscription instance issued known LECTURE Lentulus Lepidus letters Macedon Magna Graecia manner medals mention metal minted modern muliebre Nerva noticed numismatic obtained opinion Otho Pallas period piece of money Pliny pone Pontifex Maximus possession practice probably purpose quinarius reason reference reign Roman coins Rome sedens senate Sestini shew silver coins specimens Suetonius suppose Sybaris Tacitus tion tokens Trajan tribunicia potestas triumviri Vespasian word workmanship writers
Сторінка 215 - Dedimus profecto grande patientiae documentum; et sicut vetus aetas vidit quid ultimum in libertate esset, ita nos quid in servitute, adempto per inquisitiones etiam loquendi audiendique commercio. Memoriam quoque ipsam cum voce perdidissemus, si tam in nostra potestate esset oblivisci quam tacere.
Сторінка 167 - Romane, memento — hae tibi erunt artes — pacisque inponere morem, parcere subiectis et debellare superbos.' sic pater Anchises, atque haec mirantibus addit: ' aspice, ut insignis spoliis Marcellus opimis ingreditur, victorque viros supereminet omnes ! hie rem Romanam, magno turbante tumultu, sistet, eques sternet Poenos Gallumque rebellem, tertiaque arma patri suspendet capta Quirino.
Сторінка 18 - Athens, in all probability, was afraid materially to change that styled appearance by which their money was known and valued among these people. A similar proceeding in the state of Venice throws the strongest light on the practice of the Athenians. The Venetian sechin is perhaps the most unseemly of the coins of modern Europe. It has long been the current gold of the Turkish empire, in which its purity is universally and justly esteemed; any change in its appearance on the part of the Venetian Government...
Сторінка 97 - We shall not be so bold as to dwell upon the beauty — though, in truth, the coins of Naples have a charming tint, and pleasant is the gloss of Malta : but hear our learned professor on its usefulness : ' The brasses of the ancients contain for the most part a quantity of tin united with the native copper. As the mines which are known to have been worked by them do not appear to have given them these two metals in combination, we may infer that tin was made use of designedly, and from their knowing...
Сторінка 119 - ... have escaped the crucible : and, secondly, (though this supposition is less likely,) if it were less bulky than we think, and has at all survived, an extract from Dr. Cardwell himself, immediately preceding the assertion upon which we comment, may possibly settle the question : — ' M. Cousinery has assigned a considerable number of silver coins to Athens, which if properly so assigned, must belong to a very early period of its coinage. The -workmanship is rude; the reverse possesses, in several...
Сторінка 218 - Paulo minus, patres conscripti, quinque milia ingenuorum fuerunt, quae liberalitas principis nostri conquisivit, invenit, adscivit. Hi subsidium bellorum, ornamentum pacis publicis sumptibus aluntur, patriamque non ut patriam tantum, verum ut altricem amare condiscunt.
Сторінка 90 - Alexander, preserving a strict correspondence, with each other, and being specimens doubtless of the money so often mentioned by ancient authors under the names of those illustrious sovereigns. We have also a long series of Athenian tetradrachms, varying somewhat, as we might naturally expect, in their actual weight, but maintaining a constant resemblance to each other, and extending apparently from the earliest times down to the Christian era. " On the contrary, when medals are of much greater bulk...
Сторінка 89 - ... those among them which were designed as money. " It was an opinion, however, maintained by Hardouin, and before him by Erizzo, that none of the various specimens we possess were issued as money, but were all of them originally bestowed as tokens or memorials. But the opinions of Hardouin, as Barthelemy well...
Сторінка 92 - Cedrenus, that wood was also employed by them for the same purpose. Aristides says that leather money was once current at Carthage, and Seneca makes the same remark on Sparta. But with respect to all these cases alike we may answer, that no such money is now known to exist ; that the authorities quoted are in no instance competent evidence respecting times so far remote from them ; and that if such money ever had existed, and could have been preserved to the present day, it would be as utterly destitute...
Сторінка 99 - It may also be a matter of surprise, that, with their imperfect command over metals, the ancients should still have recourse to the hammer for common purposes, as they would be compelled, from want of a welltempered material, to be constantly making new dies, after a small number of impressions had been taken ; but this difficulty only furnishes us with a new evidence in favour of what has been stated as to the general practice. It is a singular fact, that in very few instances have any two ancient...