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members to Parliament, who are devoted to non-Trades Unionist clergy be kept out of the her interest, and can and will enforce her Union workshops, but the boycott must be wrongs. The Scotch members are without employed to prevent the Union clergy froin aim, unity, or eloquence, and therefore the filling the pulpits of those who are outsilo Governmeut imagine that with Scotland they of the great corporation. It would not do to may do as they please. There are, however, allow Church of England clergyment) the people to reckon with, and the public will appear in the Tabernacle or the City Temple. not stand tamely by and see the British forces Comparisons are not only odious, they are employed in the exactions of unjust rents, the dangerous, and if people began to ask themimprisonment of their trusted leaders, and the selves what was the difference between a confiscation of cradles and collie dogs. clergyman who received state pay, and one

who didn't, that corner stone of undefile 1

religion, that proud result of all the lives of the The Year of Jubilee.

saints and the sufferings of the martyrs, the The preparations for that great event, when,

income of the Archbishop of Canterbury, might for the fiftieth time, Her Gracious Majesty will

be in danger. Therefore, his Lordship of sheer the national sheep, go merrily and briskly

London is right to carefully guard, even with on. Drudge the toilerand Fudgeand Smudge, the

the boycott, his Trade Union. Working mon, toiler's proprietors, have been given gracious

go ye and do likewise. leave to rejoice together. The Mayoress of Grovelton cannot sleep o' nights for thinking

Balfour's Consolation. that her husband is to be made Sir Lickspittle | From the bottom of our soul we pity the Littlebrain. Oh, let us be joyful. Just to farmers. This month has shown a state of think that this stout, little, ancient dame has despondency lower than which they can hardly for half a century done us the honour of taking sink. But, to say the truth, they no mɔrɔ our money. Does not France envy us that dare to thoroughly examine their position and glorious privilege of the great and free ? does reckon all their losses than face an angry not Uncle Sam sigh to have the proud distinc

ghost. Miny farmers cannot have male a tion of paying to some family a few millions of

penny of profit since 1830, and they are paying yearly dollars ? Here is the cry with which

rents from their capital. The Scottish farmers the poor should greet the splendid occasion :

made an appeal to that heaven-born Secretary “God bless your Majesty, you and yours take for Scotland, Mr. Arthur J. Balfour. That the living of twenty thousand families, and we

gentleman gave them a dose of official sympathy loves you for it, we does.” Somebody has that will last many of them all their lives. suggested that our noble Queen should celebrate First, he tried to prove to men almost desperate her fittieth pay day by giving a year's income with impending ruin that they were not badly to the unemployed. That is the gentleman, of at all, and then, with a vastness of calm we fancy, who thought that the moon was lit

impudence that makes us hope much from his with London gas.

political future, he said that landlord and

tenant were business partners, and that their The Bishop3' Trades Union.

partnership could only be broken with mutual The Bishop of London probably by this time consent. Mr. Arthur J. Balfour is a man quite regretsthathe forbad one of his clergymen toenter capable of telling Sinbad the Sailor that the a Dissenting pulpit. For our own part we feel Old Man of the Sea was not the least bit of a very grateful to his lordship. He has supplied burden, and that Sinbad had no right to throw us with an apt, appropriate, and striking illus- him off his shoulders unless he first got his tration of our contention that the Church of consent. Truly, Providence and the Tory England is one of the most perfect Trades Government have sent a great man to gover) Unions in the world. Not only must the Scotland.

examine their po

reckon all their

le proud distinc

Windsor Castle for Widows.

progress. Mr. Schnadhorst must not start by The French people, besides putting the Crown

thinking that it is especially agreeable to the jewels up to auction, are about to turn the royal

people of the metropolis to be ruled by an palaces to various useful purposes. 'Tis a great

ignorant and stupid corporation of men who and bright example. Never do we see Windsor

drink and devour and otherwise destroy an Castle as an advertisement of soapsuds or other

annual million of money. No city is so splenwise without thinking of the poor needlewomen

didly endowed as London ; in no city is there of London. What a health resort that would

such abominable waste. Oh for a year of be for destitute widows and their families !

Henry George as Lord Mayor of London ! Could we use Windsor for the purpose, and divert to its support a part of that sum spent

The Brewery Bounce. by Royalty in corrupting the pure tastes and It takes a good deal to make religious new.3simple habits of the country, think how noble paper3 understand-at least, those with a fair would be the result !. Pale cheeks would glow circulation and good advertisements-that with rosy health, emaciated forms would be filled progress and poverty are not joined together by with bounding strength, and the sad at heart a decree of Almighty Providence. But even would sing for very joy. Windsor would be they have been somewhat startled by the in the London streets, and courts, and lanos, a thronging crowds that clamoured to be allowed holy and a happy name.

to invest their hundred and thirty millions of

money in Guinness's brewery. They have an To the Corrupt Majority of New York.

uneasy suspicion that if while Jerusalem was

starving opulent Pharisees had rushed to invest There are defeats that cost

in a tipple manufactory, the dread “woe unto The victors very dear;

you” of Jesus would have echoed through There are defeats that show

temple courts and city streets until every soul The victors' end is near.

was stirred to hate, or fear, or shame. You So in your triumphs proud

see, the fact is so tremendous that not even Of ignorance and rum,

religious newspapers 'can realise it. ThereYe tremble for ye know

fore, they indulge in platitudes which amount The hour of George will come.

to this : “We are miserable sinners, but four

| teen per cent. is very good.” An Easy Task. With the blowing of many trumpets Mr.

Precedents. Schnadhorst has been appointed director-general There is a vast and almost unexplored of the Liberal conscience of England. We treasury in our old Acts of Parliament. wish Mr. Schnadhorst joy of what is the easiest Colonel Fraser hunts out authority for prematter in the world—if he sets the right way venting the Socialists doing what it has been about it. It is not natural that London should our proud boast that every Briton is free to be anything other than Democratic. All great do. Away in Skye, Sheriff Ivory drags out capitals are so except London, and, perhaps, of the dustbin of Parliament an ancient Act to Pekin. The fact is that London has very prevent a few crofters looking on while he little, if anything, to gain from ordinary practises his atrocities on children and help. Liberalism. But let the Liberal party con- less old women. Now if one forgotten Act be struct a programme of Home Rule for London, revived why not another ? They have the taxation of London land for the benefit of the power now, and can revive what Acts they London people, and the appropriation of please ; some day the power will be ours, and London charities to the London poor, and he we will surely find unrepealed Acts enough for will find London as ready as Paris to fight for | all our purposes.


The East End Defence Alliance teaching is taking possession of practical This alliance has been formed for the pur- | minds, more especially in Greater Britain, pose of denying inconvenient facts. Property

where men have not to clear away the accusuffers when disease and distress are ex

mulated prejudices of centuries before they are posed; therefore it must not be mentioned,

allowed to do honest work. That there should and if mentioned it must be denied. It is be a single person in the vast Anglo-Saxon the old story. Why should the comfortable world who is at once needy and willing to classes be disturbed and disquieted by unplea

work is a grim comment on the wisdom of all sant facts ? If more poor people crowd into the East-end rents will rise and wages fall. Thus property gains both ways, and if the people

Coal Duties v. Taxation of Ground Rents. cannot live they will die in accordance with the The Metropolitan Board of Works have rules of political economy, and thus the diffi- expended ten millions sterling on London culty will settle itself. We should get on very improvements of the sum received from coal well but for charity-mongers who distress us duties. The coal tax is exacted from the poor and with revelations and lessen our rents by warn- industrious classes and expended for the benefit ing the poor not to come into our traps. of the rich and the idle. The outlay has added

to the value of land, and yet landlords have Selling Light.

not been called upon to contribute. The value The churchwardens of St. Edmund's, in the

of building ground in London is £16,000,000 City of London, have hitherto received three

per annum, a thirty-fifth part of which would guineas a year as an acknowledgment for light

provide the £150,000 annually obtained from obtained through the window of a bank which

the coal duties. By a fair tax on ground rents, overlooks the churchyard. A short time since

the improvement of London might be continued the lease of these lights, expired, and such

without increasing the general rates and withwas the anxiety of the devout churchwardens

out continuing to tax the poor man's fire. A to increase the revenue of the church that they

tax on ground rents would fall upon those raised the charge for the light from three

who benefit by the expenditure, and it guineas to fifty pounds per annum.

would be advantageous to landowners to

continue the improvements by such a tax Village Settlements.

rather than suspend operations, the carry

ing out of which adds to the value of their Sanity begins to be felt in the settlement of

property. Lord Randolph was quite right in the land and labour questions. In New Zea

saying that the coal duties must not be conland has been begun a system that we hope to

tinued ; he was quite wrong in suggesting that see imitated from China to Peru. To the un

improvements should be suspended. employed of Auckland are given small farms | of about fifty acres to be held on perpetual lease. Further, the tenant is lent a small sum of

Burmah. money at seven and a half per cent. A bonus The Burmese war, upon which the Tories of fifty shillings is allowed him for every acre entered with such a light heart, is proving a he clears. And if he is absolutely destitute, difficult and disastrous business. We cannot he is permitted to earn a little money at road compel men to trade with us, and the war with making and other work necessary for the Burmah will probably have the same deterrent general improvement of the district. Already effect on trade as the China Wars. Before our two hundred men have accepted the chance, advent, the Burmese were a happy, contented, and 50 successful is the scheme that it is to be and prosperous people. One of the arguments widely extended. This for us is a veritable for the war was founded on the fact that in bit of blue sky. It shows how deeply our Burmah wages were one shilling per day,

whereas in India similar labourers receive There are twenty - seven Established fourpence halfpenny, and it is supposed that churches in the City of London in which the low wages leave a better chance of profit to attendance on the 24th of October was less the trader. This, of course, is a delusion, for than 100. Most of these churches have large the amount of wages regulates the volume of revenues, and the ground which they occupy is trade. The monstrous part of this war is that of enormous value. It is probable that the we tax the men of India, who are getting four- largeness of the revenue attached to these pence halfpenny per day, in order to fight churches and the smallness of the duties was at Burmah and reduce wages there. The whole the bottom of the strenuous protests against business is wicked and foolish. It is worse

their removal when it was proposed a few years than a crime—it is a blunder.

ago to place the parsons and churches in new

localities. The London meeting to support the candidature of Mr. Henry George was cheered by the

We are sick of hearing the Irish called a presence of Miss Taylor, who has returned to degraded race. Oppression makes any nation England with her health greatly improved and more or less degraded. After the Norman with an evident intention of continuing to the invasion of cut-throats that gave us an ariscause of Radical politics the magnificent ser tocracy, here is how a Welsh writer speaks, vices which she rendered in former times. not without truth, of ourselves : “Who dares Her denunciation of the chronic corruption compare the English, the most degraded of all connected with English politics was very nations, with the Welsh? In their own telling. The meeting was also addressed by country they are the veriest slaves of the the Rev. Stewart Headlam and Messrs. Man- Normans. In our country, whom else have ville, J. Walker, W. Saunders, J. C. Durant, we for our herdsmen, cobblers, skinners and others. Mr. Maddison, the president of cleaners of our dog-kennels, ay, and our sewers, the Trades Union Congress, took the chair, but Englishmen ?” Now, if we put in Irish and made a sensible speech. We hope some for English, this elegant description would be day to see Mr. Maddison in Parliament as re just what some of our own scribes say and presentative of the class to which he belongs. keep saying about our fellow citizens in Ire

| land. We do not deny that there is much There is a sprinkling of Tory representatives Irish degradation. What we do say, is that among the Trades Unions who usually devote

it comes not from the Irish nature, but from themselves to paralysing every movement in our misrule of Ireland. the direction of obtaining representation for labour in Parliament. It is to be hoped that We require, and must have, Home Rule for the more sensible majority, who recognise Ireland without separation or land purchase. the vital necessity of Parliamentary influence, will not allow themselves to be stultified by a handful of men who place party before prin. It is a maxim of Catholic philosophy that “no

| law is just which has only a private end, or which ciple. Some of these men are prepared to benefit's only a particular person or part of the sacrifice their order at the instigation of the community; for the public or common welfare is

the essential end of just law." It is also laid down s upper classes,” whose fascinating influences

that "each person in the community has the right they are unable to resist. Parliament must be to some determinate and equitable share of the the battle-ground between justice and privi. property first given in common by Nature.” Apply

ing these principles to land, Lacordaire says:lege, and justice will be defeated in the future " Take away from man the domain of the land and as in the past if working-men are absent, for of labour, what will there be left but a slave? For

there is but one definition of a slave-it is the experience shows that “the absent are always

being who is neither master of land nor of his own in the wrong."



Mr. Disraeli created a new part in the drama They hate reform, but they hate reformers of British politics. It was a great and brilliant more, and are always willing to use any hated part, conceived with splendid audacity, and reform to injure the far more hateful reformer. played with consummate skill. Yet the rules To offer these people a principle would be and maxims by which he played are very old absurd. You must supply them with weapons and very simple. "Be sure of what you want and lead them against the enemy, and in place and then get it, no matter how ; honest means of principle trust to their bitter and undying are safest, but dishonest means are surest, and hate. Few Conservatives know much about the man who would succeed must not stand on politics, they only know that they detest the trifles.” Men often play such a part in common Liberals. Their leaders and their press do not affairs, and other men name them with various argue, they revile. Lord Beaconsfield was just discourteous titles. But, happily for society, the leader for this ignorant and angry host. few men ever really carry thoroughly out a He supplied them with brilliant epigram and great dishonest ideal. They have occasional biting satire, with sounding phrases and lapses into honesty, and these ruin them. To ingenious conceits, and although they only play the Disraelian part needs so vast a want understood the half of all he said, they clapped of conscience that not many are by nature fit their hands and shouted till the echoes rang. for it. For the want of conscience is a But the same audience that will rapturously valuable talent, and by its means Mr. Disraeli applaud a fine comedian would often enjoy far achieved a marvellous success, and is now wor- better a fellow who comes on to the stage and shipped as the tutelary saint of a mighty makes grimaces. This Lord Randolph Churchill party. But when once any party is successful clearly perceived. He was not a great actor, imitators soon appear. It is a great ambition but he could make grimaces. When that idea to rule the gentlemen of England, to have struck him he saw in a single flash his future dukes to fetch and carry, and an old nobility and his greatness. applauding to the echo every stupid word you The right man and the right party having choose to utter. Thus, when the great actor been brought together, it only remained for the left the scene, and went away to eternity, per- man to make himself leader of the party. chance to muse upon the foolishness of men, Here again the imitator found useful the wise another soon came forth to take his place, and maxims and great example of his spiritual to wear his honours.

father. Mr. Disraeli laid it down as an axiom Lord Randolph Churchill made his bow. that to gain power in a party you must cause the Much was against him. He was a middle-aged party to fear and detest you. Lord Randolph man, who had shown no particular virtues and Churchill speedily made himself the nightmare talents, he was.shamefully ignorant of politics of the Conservatives. The effect was immeand of history, he was not an orator, and his wit diate and startling. His leaders dreaded him was of the clumsiest. A good debating society more than they dreaded all their opponents towould hardly have endured his speeches, and in gether. They surrendered ; they gave him all he the ordinary course of politics he might by great wanted; impudence was once more triumphant. good luckandextraordinary efforts have achieved Disraeli hounded Peel to his grave, Churchill at sixty a secretaryship of State. But some hounded Sir Stafford Northcote to the House advantages he did possess. He knew himself, he of Lords. The Conservative party has always knew his audience, and he possessed in a degree contained some honest and simple gentlealmost equal to Mr. Disraeli the talent of a want men. Being by nature dull, they dislike of conscience. Besides all this, the old leader had all flippancy, and having been brought up to made things very easy for the new leader. The honour and obey the ten commandments they education of the party had been completed, and especially dislike Lord Randolph Churchill. it no longer possessed a moral sentiment. Hence- But when once they are conquered they make forth the Conservative party would exist, not the best of tools, and Lord Randolph Churchill to maintain and advance a mighty principle, has completed their conquest. They have now but as an unlimited liability company to turn only to shut their eyes and open their mouths the Liberals out of office and to keep them out. to shout. It took Mr. Disraeli years to make

The greatearlknew that progress offends many this class his own; Lord Randolph Churchill men and many interests. These naturally join has gained them in weeks, so complete and together to form a great party of opposition. 'thorough has been their education. His lordship

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