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“ Kate !"

" Yes, you may say Kate. I have told you everything, and you may despise him and scorn him, and kill him if you please."

" Kate!"
" And he the kindest brother that ever lived !".
“ Kate!"
"And I shall be miserable all my life.”
“ Kate, I love him as he loves me."

An hour afterwards, when Makinnon awoke, he found two women sitting by his bed side. He thought that he was in a dream until his sister, bending over him, whispered

Dearest, I have brought one to you who loves you," and she slipped away. Then Helen bent over him until her bright hair touched his brow and whispered

"Yes, Robert, I love you, and have loved you from the first."

A few weeks afterwards Robert and Helen sat together on one of the lovely coasts of the Clyde.

" Robert," she said, idly turning a stone with her parasol, “there is one thing upon which I would like to speak to you."

“And what is that, dear ? "
"About my money."
“Aye," he said, and his brow darkened.

“ I know, my dear, that the thought of it is hateful to you."

“ It hangs over us both like a dark cloud."
“And yet it need not distress us!”
“ Money is easily got rid of."
“ I suppose so."
" Let us then get rid of it."
"What do you mean?"
" Let us give it to some good and great cause."
* Your fortune ?"
“But can you really live in my humble way?"
" I ask nothing more and nothing better."
“ And you can do without luxury."
"I hate it."
• The world will count us mad."
“The world itself will be mad to think so."

“ Then, my darling, I also will give the fruits of my invention, my great secret, to the same good cause. I have come to think that I have been wrong in holding it back from the world. These matters are in the hands of Providence. He gave me the skill to discover the idea which will upset the present processes of labour, it is for Him to direct its use."

“Yes," she replied, “ we must leave all to God."


“ REMITTANCE MEN " are fellows who hang about the billiard-rooms and city boarding houses, waiting for further supplies of money out of the earnings of the old father at home or the income of the widowed mother. Such men have had a lot of money spent on them at home, and have been brought up to be “gentlemen.” They live on the earnings of a loving father at home, until their idleness and deception and dissipation have tired him out, and are bringing the reputation of the home into jeopardy. They have split up the union of the father and the mother, inasmuch as the mother generally takes the part of such a son for long after the father has found him out. The son, having sucked his father dry, schemes to live on a father-in-law, and gets hold of some girl who has money, and who is taken by fine manners and by such education as has come out of the earnings and effort of the father. A few years later the father-in-law finds him out, or the wife's money has been spent, and then somebody is again appealed to. The father finds another hundred pounds by pledging his credit, or by drawing on savings intended to provide for the old age of the mother and himself, and this money is given to send the fellow out to a " new country " where he will have "a fresh start." But such a fellow takes with him his insobriety, and his wastefulness, and his conceit, and his idleness. He spends the money, and then writes home for more. The father refuses point blank, but a snivelling letter to the poor foolish mother often leads her to sell her trinkets, or to defraud the home of money which again is wasted by the profligate. Meanwhile he has used his father's good name and his letters of introduction to borrow money right and left and to get into debt until he gets "his next remittance." These are the " remittance men."-Dr. James Edmunds on “Emigration to Canada."

To the Editor of THE DEMOCRAT. SIR,—The Land Nationalisation Society declares its objects to be "To affirm that the State holds the land on trust for each generation." "To restore to all' their natural right to use and enjoy their native land." “ To obtain for the nation the revenue derived from its land.”

With these objects I wholly agree, but so far from seeking these objects, the cardinal and first principle of the Society appears to be to guarantee to existing landowners for three generations the present enormous revenues which they derive from land.

The only parties who would gain by this system would be the landlords, as they would have additional security for the payment of the monstrous rents which they now receive, and which, in the ordinary course of events, could not be maintained.

When a breach of trust is discovered, the proper course is to stop it, and if possible, obtain restitution.

The robbery of our land by legislators for the benefit of themselves and their families is a breach of trust of the worst possible kind, and those who benefit therefrom, either through inheritance or purchase, are the least entitled to the sympathy of any people on the face of the earth.

When shall we recognise the simple truth that compensation is due not to those who have benefited by wrong, but to those who have suffered therefrom ?-Yours truly,


Two things may be affirmed with absolute certainty. First, that Irish rents are, in an immense majority of cases, too high. Secondly, that these results are, almost without an exception, levied on the tenants' improvements. In point of fact, the rents of these small holdings have hardly ever been paid from the surplus produce of the soil. They have been paid mainly from three sources :First, harvest labour in England and Scotland; secondly, remittances from relatives in service, or employed as labourers elsewhere in Great Britain; thirdly, remittances from relations who had emigrated to America and Australia.-" The Plan of Campaign," by S. Laing.


Vol. IV.—No. 105.

AUGUST, 1887.

Price Twopence.

The Government Surrender. practical measure in the direction of justice WITH charming frankness Lord Salisbury | for the British people. The upholders of class admits that the Government decided to sacrifice interests have always shown judicious promptiConservative principles and judicial rents in tude in yielding a point which they cannot order to remain in office. He surrenders not to defend, in order to strengthen their hold conviction but to compulsion. He would con | upon privileges which enable them to rob tinue to extract unjust and impossible rents if industry. Radicals should strenuously resist public opinion and the Unionists permitted, but the imposition in any constituency of a candiboth have failed him. Davitt, at Bodyke, has date who will speak only on the question of so roused public indignation that some sacrifice

Ireland. We must have men who know that of rent must be made in order to retain power

the people are robbed, who are determined that until arrangements can be made for land this robbery shall cease, and who can give purchase, which is now the only hope of land- | reasons not only for their faith but for their lordism. To Michael Davitt belongs the credit | practice. Let the Radical electors in each conof compelling this surrender on the part of the stituency unite for the purpose of demanding Government. This fact shows, what history

from candidates such a programme as will has often proved, that men must help themselves enable Radical M.P.'s, whether British or Irish, in order to enable others to help them. So to work together for these reforms, upon which long as a people submit to proved injustice, so depends the prosperity of the people and the real long will it be practised against them. Dillon | union of the empire. and Davitt have again taught this lesson, and it will be the fault of Irish and English tenants

What One Woman Can Do.. if they do not act upon it accordingly. It is as true now as in former times, as true in Wales, Miss AGNES WESTON writes: “Satisfactory, in Scotland, in England, as in Ireland

very, is it not, to hear that after ten years' work at "Who would be free, themselves must strike the

Devonport, and five years' at Portsmouth, that blow.”

instead of decrease I have to report increase in

the work on every hand. We have taken over the The Radical Programme.

counters at our five Sailors' Rests, from our UPON what terms are British Radicals going to seamen and the public, the sum of £12,500 in give assistance to the Liberal party? This is the the year, showing an increase over last year's question of the day. The Liberal leaders are receipts of about £1,400. Our sleepers at the anxious to limit all discussion to the Irish five Sailors' Rests have been 64,798 during the question, but nothing is more dangerous to the | year.” Miss Weston is not one of our shillingliberties of a people than electing representatives | a-minute officials ; she is not even rewarded by on a shibboleth. It is easy for any parrot to having a vote in recognition of the splendid pronounce a single word, and men utterly service she renders. Miss Weston publishes unfitted for the post will be sent to Parliament if once a month the Naval Brigade News at one nothing is to be asked of them but their views penny, and actually makes it pay. She sent out on Ireland. Even from a party point of view last year 30,168 parcels of literature to our the one-idea policy is most dangerous. Under sailors in all parts of the world. If some of it the next House of Commons may be filled ' our idle dames or damsels would do likewise, with so-called Liberals who will resist every the world might be the better for their services.

Strikes or Legislation.

land purchase to enable landlords to leave SOME six thousand of Messrs. Harland and Ireland with their booty represented in British Wolffs shipbuilders went out on strike recently Consols, which they can sell and invest in land to protest against the system of fortnightly pay elsewhere; in districts where the people have not ments, and to demand payment by the week. become enlightened by tribulation as in Ireland, Mr. Bradlaugh has a Truck Bill passing through and where they are still willing to bear the burden the House of Commons, the object of which is of landlordism. In vain is the net spread in the to forbid employers compelling their workmen sight of any bird. either to accept in kind or to purchase their necessaries at the employer's stores. Mr.

The Sugar Bounties. Sexton seized the opportunity to move a new clause to this Bill compelling employers in Ire

To a deputation on the Sugar Bounties, Lord land to pay their workmen weekly. After a pro

Salisbury observed that if a man hits you you longed discussion, conducted with consummate

may act to him as he is acting to you. This

observation does not quite meet the case. Other adroitness by Mr. Sexton, this new clause was added to the Bill by a majority of nearly two to

countries are killing us with kindness. They one. Thus at a single stroke, what these six

are sending sugar to this country at less than it thousand Belfast working-men have been striving

costs them, and as a result we are doing a roaring for so long in vain has been accomplished for

trade in supplying sweetmeats to all the world.

If we act to them as they act to us, we might them by the Nationalist member for West

send them cloth and calico at less than cost Belfast. We should promptly have more of this kind of legislation if there were a few more

price, and then they would be able at our Sextons in the House of Commons to bury our

expense to supply clothes to all the world.

Upon the whole we think that we had better not oppressors. Some people want to exclude Irish Democrats from Westminster. We desire to

in this respect act to other nations as they act send there more English Democrats to work

towards us. with the Irish members.

Cass Light. - -

SEVERAL things have been revealed by the Cass Leasehold Enfranchisement. light thrown on the doings of our public men. In a pamphlet written by Lord Bramwell, One of the most significant is the fact that issued by the Liberty and Property Defence highly-paid and high-class offenders can commit League, his lordship criticises the Leaseholds outrage with impunity. Endacott, the police(Facilities of Purchase of Fee Simple) Bill | man, made a mistake ; Newton, the magistrate, the measure originally introduced by Mr. displayed the grossest brutality; Matthews, Broadhurst, and describes it as a "remarkable the cabinet minister, repeatedly defied common performance.” He says : “It gives power to humanity and common sense. Endacott, the take a man's property, not for any public purpose, least sinner of the three, is promptly suspended. but for the benefit of the taker, without paying The magistrate and cabinet minister, who were a fair compensation to the owner.” Lord placed in less trying circumstances, and maniBramwell has made a slight mistake. It is the fested greater unfitness for their duties, go on existing law which gives power to take a man's without interference. Not only are our working property without paying a fair compensation to classes overtasked and underpaid, but all the the owner.

punishment is reserved for them. The House of

Commons censured Mr. Matthews, but he is The Cat out of the Bag.

allowed to swallow the rebuke and hold his office. MR. GOSCHEN has revealed the intentions of Mr. Newton, whose brutality astonishes the the Government respecting Irish land. He says : whole world, and whose morality gives up “ I have told you, and it is notorious, that it is the Regent-street to prostitutes ; who is, in fact, a plan of the Government to facilitate the purchase | terror to respectable people and a support to of their farms on the part of the tenants, and those who do ill, continues to enjoy place, pay, that we are now endeavouring to bridge over and power. When the working classes realise the interval.” The Government are trying to their powers and act upon them, the conditions hold on until they can carry a scheme of which now prevail will be reversed.

Legal Injustice.

preach peace where there is no peace, and The law courts and the newspapers are much

advocate contentment where there is a lack of occupied by cases in which endeavours are made

justice. to obtain relief for losses sustained by the action of solicitors or barristers. One client unsuccess

Universal Suffrage. fully sues a lawyer who advised him to advance THE approaching revision of the lists of voters £6,000 on a patent which turned out to be in brings prominently forward the imperative valid for want of novelty. Another protests necessity for a speedy reform in the qualification against the action of a barrister who agreed to to entitle persons over twenty-one years of age a verdict against him for £350 without his eligible to vote for Members of Parliament. consent. These appeals have failed because the At present, either through the caprice of the law has been made for the benefit of lawyers, revising barristers or the differences of opinion and is administered by them in the interests of in interpreting the last Reform Bill, many their own order. We are a lawyer-ridden thousands are put on or kept off the register. people.

This state of affairs should not be in a country

which is designated the home of liberty; but to Contentment without Justice.

a great extent freedom is absent and it is quite

clear that no reform of voting qualification will MR. WALTER LONG, M.P., speaking at West

remove all injustice until we get universal Lavington, congratulated his audience on the

suffrage. satisfactory condition of the country. “Fifty years ago," he said, “the working classes were

Wanted-Informers. in a condition which might be aptly described

“WHOEVER will give such information, 'not as deplorable. But to-day they occupied a very

wholly false,' as will lead to the defamation of different position, and one which reflected the

the character of Mrs. Bowman or Miss Cass greatest honour and credit upon them.” This

shall be rewarded by a day's pay and travelling very satisfactory condition is represented in the

expenses." This is the substance of the locality in which he was speaking by wages of

announcement made by Mr. Horace Smith, the los. per week, or only two-thirds of the amount

Recorder of Lincoln, who sits with Sir Charles which it costs for food alone to keep a family in

Warren on the inquiry into the circumstances the workhouse. As compared with fifty years ago,

attending the arrest of Miss Cass. It is surthe working-man on the average now produces

prising how any man with a rag of reputation five times as much as he produced then. That

can make such an announcement. Here are his condition is better than it was fifty years

two ladies dragged before the public by what ago, when landlords and farmers were fattening

appears to be the blundering or plundering of a under protection and left their labourers to die

police inspector. Not the shadow of evidence of starvation, we do not deny, but the improve

has been adduced against them. A searching ment is in no degree adequate to the increased

inquiry extending over several days has failed productiveness of labour. The diminution in

to discover a shade on their history. But the pauperism, upon which Mr. Long congratulated

inquisition is to be pursued, with the help of a his audience, arises in a great degree from the

universal advertisement informing anyone that more severe administration of the poor law,

if he wants an excursion to London free of which, taken in connection with the diminution

cost and a day's pay he may come before this of common land, has greatly increased the

wonderful court and say something against privations of the people and largely counter

these ladies. It is clear that we are now come balanced the improvement in other respects.

to such a pass that the police, instead of preCan anyone say that the condition of the working

serving our liberties, deprive us of them. It is classes is in any degree what it ought to be, or

not ruffians whom we have to fear, but policemen. deny that in this, the most wealthy country in the world, a greater proportion of the people have died of famine and starvation than in

"Complete Simplicity.” any other country during the last fifty years. MR. J. E. PARSONS writes to the Standard These things ought not to be, but they will to say that he and his colleagues won North continue so long as the leaders of the people | Hants because they “primed the women with

arguments of complete simplicity." Simple as, instances beneficial, if the right people emigrate, it seems, the women were, they were not quite and we would advise these noble lords to set so simple as Mr. Parsons for telling. These the example, for surely the country would be “arguments of complete simplicity," he informs no losers; or a better plan, perhaps, would be us, “showed how separation would ruin Irish for them to promote with energy a grand manufactures in the North, and force indigent scheme for placing the people on the uncultiIrish families to resort in thousands to this vated or partially uncultivated land in England ; country for a living, and how unoffending people then they need not be so anxious to send out of our own faith would be subjected to the the bone and sinew of the country. Many cruelties of Irish priestly persecution.” Oh! members of the House of Lords who recommend innocent Mr. Parsons, how could you gammon emigration as a panacea for the large army of the poor women of North Hants in this fashion ? unemployed, should carefully consider the lines Before the next election these women may | by Goldsmith :learn how grossly they have been deceived ; “ Ill fares the land to hastening ills a prey, they may learn that instead of fleeing from

Where wealth accumulates, and men decay : countries where Home Rule prevails, people

Princes and lords may flourish or may fade, from all parts of the world are attracted thereto.

A breath can make them as a breath hath made.

But a bold peasantry, its country's pride, They may learn that under Home Rule,

When once destroyed can never be supplied." government taxes are less by half than with us. They may learn what a crammer is

FEW have been robbed by highwaymen, Mr. J. E. Parsons, and, then we should not like

many by lawyers, and all by landlords. to go through North Hants with this gay deceiver when the next contest takes place. Now Two inconsistent arguments are used in we know how North Hants was won, we support of land robbery : it is contended that the confidently expect to win next time.

present owners have held it so long that they have

a prescriptive right, and at the same time we Wanted-A Battle Ship.

are asked if we would take land away from PRACTICAL men are generally of opinion that

recent purchasers. The question is simply amongst the costly toys collected at Spithead

whether the private ownership of land is unjust,

if it be, neither the long or the short ownership for the recent review, there is not a reliable battle ship. Most of the vessels would be more

is an argument for its continuance. dangerous to ourselves than to our enemies.

It is satisfactory to see that Mr. Gladstone This is not wholly the fault of our naval

takes every opportunity of stating that he will constructors, because war ships can be tested

not employ Imperial funds for the purchase of only in battle ; we cannot create a war for the

Irish land. Irishmen will take care that Irish purpose, and without a trial no reliance can be

funds are not employed for this purpose. placed upon the utility of inventions. Therefore, what a folly it is to spend millions upon untried

THE Duke of Argyle declares that by experiments. The Daily Chronicle declares that

| lowering rents the fund for improvements is more than half the vessels seen on Saturday are

diminished. A good deal of the rent which the not worth the price of old iron.

Duke has received has been spent, not on

improvements but in the Divorce Court. Emigration. OUR hereditary legislators are very fond of THE Middlesex magistrates have quashed the advocating emigration, and the latest craze is conviction of Mr. Williams in reference to the the suggestion by Lord Sandhurst that the Socialist meeting, but the other six defendants Government should advance money for pen who were sentenced at the same time with Mr. sioners to emigrate to New Zealand ; and, if Williams are still in prison, and the Home necessary, to commute their pensions, so as to Secretary is not aware that the decision of the find the funds by which they could leave their magistrates affects the six defendants who are country for some of our colonies. Lord Napier in prison ; but, after a protest by Mr. Bradlaugh, and the Earl of Onslow are also in favour of he has consented to give the matter further the project. No doubt emigration is in some l consideration,

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