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cannot go back to what the law was and how it was is made profitable. Kindly forgive this very placed ages back. I will concede, for argument's long letter. We are, I believe, in almost thorough sake, that the land was improperly divested of its unison on most points, and I wished to make it taxation, and in that way that it was improperly perfectly clear why I am compelled to differ from denationalised, but, granted all this for the sake of you in the vital point, which you appear to make argument, you cannot get over the fact that, your main principle. Thanking you for your kind rightly or wrongly, the private property in land courtesy,-I remain, dear sir, yours faithfully, has been recognised by the law of the land, and ALBERT SOLOMONS." has been sanctioned and confirmed by the tacit Now, this letter of our correspondent is extremely acquiescence of the people in the Acts of their interesting, because it brings forward, in a very comostensible representatives. Upon the faith of the plete manner, arguments that are being constantly, law of the land, thousands of honest, hardworking and far less ably, repeated. men have invested the savings of years of toil in (1.) The writer tells us that land is like other land, and it would be a monstrous act to make property, to take away other property is robbery, those innocent men beggars simply because those | and therefore land restoration and robbery are the who have hitherto sanctioned the existing system same thing. now choose to cry out against it. You cannot with As a matter of fact nothing could be more unany justice separate land from other investments.true. There are certain things in which private If you want to confiscate, or to otherwise legally property can no more be recognised as a right than rob innocent holders of their land, you should do we can recognise the right to commit murder. We exactly the same thing with respect to consols and cannot recognise proprietary rights held by one man all other investments. Supposing two men to have in another man, that is to say, we refuse to admit worked all their lives and to have saved £1,000 slavery. But if we hold the land upon which men each, which one had invested in land and the other must live we really hold the men; we are guilty of had invested in consols, it would be a cruel and making and keeping men in slavery. Property, indefensible act to practically ruin the man who truly so called, originates in industry ; but that is had bought land, while the other man retrieved | not the case with land. The landlord does nothing, his full property. The law even recognises the but buys the right to charge other people for doing rights of the innocent holder of a bill of exchange something. improperly obtained from the acceptor. I oppose (2.) Our correspondent pities the lot of small robbery, no matter how it is put forward. If it holders of land, if our ideas should be carried into were a question of investigating the title to land, effect, as every day makes probable they will be. Our which is still in the hands of the descendants of the correspondent has created a class of men out of his original grantee, I should be with you in your own imagination. The men of small fortunos who efforts to secure the return to the nation of such are interested in land would benefit by the change. land, if it were proved to have been improperly At present they pay a proportion of taxation, which granted, either for no consideration, or for an is absolutely crushing. From that taxation they improper or immoral consideration. In such cases, would be relieved. The land tax upon their holdhowever, I should require the land so returned to ings would amount to less-in some cases to much he immediately sold for the benefit of the nation. less-than what they now pay. I object entirely to the nation holding land under (3.) With much of what our correspondent sugany circumstances, except, of course, for public | gests we are not without sympathy. But will he parks, &c. I do not know if you are aware of the show us how to do it? There is probably no such fact that an enormous area of agricultural land is | unsatisfactory tax as the Income-tax. It simply now out of cultivation, and that the sole cause of puts a premium on dishonesty. But while you can this is that no matter whether the harvest is lie about an income you cannot lie about a bit bountiful or not, the price obtained for the pro- of land. duce will not pay cost of working. I don't think A sea captain writes to us the following intesuch a state of things would be improved by resting letter:-“In your current number I see someincreased taxation of land. The low prices are body has put in another word for mercantile Jack. caused almost solely by foreign competition, and Allow me to say a word for mercantile John, viz., the many years back I foretold what would result, and shipmaster. Thanks to the paternal and fostering proposed the following remedies :

care of the Board of Trade and Mercantile Marine, 1. Import duty on all foreign manufactures, Jack is put on a much better footing than John, as, taxing luxuries the highest.

for instance, I to-day wished to send to a sailor's Sliding scale of Income Tax.

mother and a sailor's wife £10, but because I was 3. Giving owners of uncultivated but productive John, instead of Jack, I was not permitted to send

land the option (a) of cultivating, (6) of it by the Seaman's Money Order, in connection with letting fur cultivation, (c) of paying to State | Mercantile Marine Offices. I also wished to send a sum yearly, equivalent to value of produce 15s. to a sailor and was refused until I explained of land if cultivated.

'twas part of his wages. Now, a John is not con4. With the funds derived from the foregoing sidered a seaman. Take another case. A few years

sources I should pay a bounty on their pro ago I lost a vessel; my crew saved all their clothes duce to the farmers.

and one twentieth part of mine were saved, yet the I observe that now various persons are taking up whole of the crew were provided with passage and the bounty scheme as their own child. Sic vos non board until they reached England or some port vobis. However, I do not mind if good results. where they could get employment. I had to pay The land will soon come into tillage if its working my own way. Now, I quite fail to see what Jack


has done any more than John to have such a claim afford such a treat every day. Some of the any more than any other individual working man. wealthy farmers--- viz., those who pay their rent, The Mercantile Marine is established sololy on be- / have nothing but potatoes and sour milk for half of Jack, to see that his employers do not rob breakfast, and the same for dinner. The day we him, yet the shipmasters or John, if he has any had mate (meat) has passed into a proverb. It is question with his employers, must put into motion a sort of a chronological land mark, a reu letter the most costly machinery of the law. As to the day." food Jack is supplied with, my experience of the H. HUTCHINSON, Derby. Many thanks for kind past 25 years tells me that he is better fed, on the letter. We will carefully attend to your valuable whole (although there are a few exceptions), than

suggestions. the labouring man or lower class of mechanics on shore."

J. NUTTHEAD SNELL. We cordially agree with While we think that mercantile Jack is nearly as much of what you say. The land wrong lies at the badly treated as the human animal can be, we are

root of all other wrongs. When we take that quite aware of the troubles of mercantile Johp. away the great edifice of wrong will come tumbling Many owners treat their captains like dogs. After

down. the captain of a sailing ship has run his vessel at a rate which makes it marvellous that she escapes wrecking, the owners grumble at him because they SONGS FOR THE PEOPLE.think that he might have been half a dozen hours

No. 1. earlier, Hundreds of ships and thousands of lives

Awake! are lost by the merciless pressure put upon mercantile John. At the same time it will only be when

A wake, awake, () men of faith!

And gird you for the fray ; mercantile John and mercantile Jack unite to- |

Awake, awake, cast off your sloth, gether and work with one purpose to one end that the evil will be cured.

Behold ! 'tis dawn of day. “COVENTRY” writes:-“ Huntsmen do me much

Oppression's owls afear the light, harm. I have had nine acres of permanent seeds

And tremble in the morn, party destroyed, thirty-three gaps made in my

And seek the shade of thickets deep fences, some large enough to drive a waggon

Of sophisty and scorn. through, and the live stuff trodden to pieces. £50 would not repay me this lo3s. If anyone

Their dismal hoot invades the ear, accidentally backs his conveyance into my fence,

But not a child alarms, or otherwise damage it, he is usually willing

For the glad song of freedom's lark to repair it ; if not, I can get it put right and

The son of labour charms. charge him with the amount. But the damage done by huntsmen is wilful, yet they object to pay

The pure, the sweet, the high-keyed song, for it, and when remonstrated with use language

That right is highest might, for which a poor man would be punished. I have

That truth is gold without the dross, made application to the master of the hounds, and

Is ringing in the light. applied to him repeatedly for compensation, but in

Awake, rejoice, 0 men of faith! vain. Can anyone suggest the course I should now

Prepare ye for the fray; adopt ?"

Be brave, to conscience stern be lealA CORRESPONDENT writes us from Leeds regarding

Brightens afar the day. the town clerk of that thriving town. He has a

R. C. C. discontent. The poor man is only paid at the rate

Feb. 28, 1887. of £1,250 a year, and, naturally enough, he objects to a pittance so poor. It seems, however, that his assistant, who, if he is like the assistants of other

of other | The discontent amongst agriculturists at the town clerks, must have very hard and very constant present system of tithe-paying is universal. It has work, does not get a fourth of that sum. But even extended to Wiltshire, and the meeting while a town clerk always thinks himself underpaid, I held at Urchfont to protect against the exorhe always thinks his assistants overpaid. We dare bitant demands made, considering the depressed not hope that Conservative Lecds will do justice to state of agriculture, is an indication of the way the officials, but we might suggest to more Liberal wind is blowing. The agitation is not confined to towns, such as Glasgow, that they ought to look

any particular class, creed, or politics. It is only after their under servants, the over servants being

a matter for astonishment how long the farmers so able to look after themselves. In London, also,

have continued to tolerate such a charge on the we find that the highly-paid official of the School | land without serious attempt to get it reduced. Board“ asks for more ;” but he does not tell us how much is paid to his subordinates.

WELCOME home, Lord Randolph Churchill, Prince

of Confusion! you come to your native element. All A friend in Glin writes to us :

politics are reduced to one gigantic muddle. The “ I am afraid that it will be a very long time topsy-turveydom of comic opera is the chronic state before things improve here, even with the assist of the House of Commons. We pretend to coerce ince of a Coercion Bill. The people have a tay | Ireland, and Ireland laughingly coerces us. Therereakfast only on Sunday because they cannot | fore, welcome home. The charm is now complete.


the land thus sold. . . . One nobleman is

known to have received a million sterling for the Go tell the court it glows,

mere sites of docks constructed by the enterprise And shines like rotten wood;

of others.
Go tell the church it shows

What's good, but doth no good.
If church and court reply,

Political education is like the keystone of the
Give church and court the lie.

arch--the whole of society depends upon it. Sir Walter Raleigh.

Our errors arise from our passions. Lines for the Irish patriots to think upon :

Stone walls do not a prison make,
Nor iron bars à cage,

But wilt thou accept not
Minds innocent and quiet take

The worship the heart lifts above,
That for a hermitage.

And the heavens reject not

The desire of the moth for the star,

Of the night for the morrow, History was her great forte, for she had read all !

The devotion to something afar the political romances of the day.

From the sphere of our sorrow?

- Shelley. Thus does a false ambition rnle usThus pomp delude and folly fool us.

England. -- Shenstone

I've taught me other tongues--and in strange eyes

Have made me not a stranger; to the mind Labour in France.

Which is itself, no changes bring surprise ; “At Die, a town of four thousand inhabitants, Nor is it harsh to make, nor hard to find there are about 500 proprietors of land, the pro. A country with --ay, or without mankind; perties being of all sizes, from two and a-half Yet was I born where men are proud to be, acres upward, but generally small. The peasant Not without cause ; and should I leave behind labourers have been generally improving since the | The inviolate island of the sage and free, revolution in wealth, comfort, and intelligence. And seek me out a home by a remoter sea. They ate black bread, and now they eat brown; Perhaps I loved it well : and should I lay they wore rags, and now everybody is decently clad. |

ay is decently clad. My ashes in a soil which is not mine, Their wages have doubled, while the price of corn | My Spirit shall resume it-if we may has only risen one-fifth. The peasant proprietors

Unbodied choose a sanctuary. are gradually becoming richer. A frugal and sober family in fifteen or twenty years generally manages to put past £600."- Dr. Ireland in Studies of a

Breathes there the man, with soul so dead, Wandering Observer."

Who never to himself hath said,

This is my own, my native land !

Whose heart hath ne'er within him burned, It was great pity, so it was,

As home his footsteps he hath turned
That villanous saltpetre should be digged
Out of the bowels of the harmless earth,

From wandering on a foreign strand !
Which many a good tall fellow haå destroyed.

If such there breathe, go, mark him well;
For him no minstrel raptures swell;

High though his titles, proud his name,
A Hint to Mr. Chamberlain.

Boundless his wealth as wish can claim;

Despite those titles, power and pelf,
It is good to be merry and wise,

The wretch concentred all in self
It is good to be honest and true,

Living, shall forfeit fair renown,
It is good to be off with the old love

And, doubly dying, shall go down
Before you are on with the new.

To the vile dust from whence he sprung,

Unwept, unhonoured, and unsung.

His soul
Still sits at squat and peeps out from its hole.

Never may from our souls one truth departIt must be confessed that flattery comes mightily

That an accursed thing it is to gaze
easy into one's mouth in the presence of royalty. On prosperous tyrants with a dazzled eye;
---Letters of Stephen Montague.

Nor-touched with the abhorrence of their guilt,
For whose dire ends tears flow, and blood is spilt,

And justice labours in extremity-.
The landed interest of England is said to have | Forget thy weakness, upon which is built.
received a sum exceeding the national revenue from

ceding the national revenue from wretched man, the throne of tyranny. railways alone over and above the market price of

- Wordsworth,


Part V.

It was of no use. All was tried that could be tried, While thus speaking to herself it was twilight, and but Robert Makinnon would not yield his secret. In she sat looking out upon a sweet spring sun

was divided from the room by heavy curtains. The his mild and philosophical nature was a firmness that

" | door opened, and her father entered, accompanied by often goes with such temperaments—like the coolness a man whom he often saw at home, and never at his that tempers the Northern summer day. He was not office. This man was Mr. Jacob Ropeworthy, and he

earned an honest living as a professional leader of the altogether sure that he was right in with holding his

working classes. He had been a Radical, and might secret from the world, yet, as long as he had doubts,

possibly be a Radical again, but at present he earned he gave the benefit not to himself but against him. his bread and whisky from the Conservative party. self.

He would get up agitations on the sugar bonnty

question; he would head deputations to the immoral Yet he had become the frequent guest of Mr.

Duke of Snuffleton, in which that true nobleman Firebrace. The house had a mysterious influence for

would be asked to defend the religion of his fathers him. He would sit listening to Mr. Firebrace's | from the attacks of low dissenters; he would organise brutalities, which he called views of life and men- a select band to interrupt Liberal meeting8-in short,

he manipulated public opinion with much dexterity, and they would pass by him as unheeded as the dull

and was fully worthy of his reward. For the rest walls of the houses he passed in bis daily walks. His

he was an oily rascal with a perpetual smile. eyes and attention were all for Miss Firebrace. Not “Now, Ropeworthy," said Mr. Firebrace, " let us that he loved her. Man does not lore a statue, in come clearly and at once to the point."

“Yes, sir, I'm sure I like to deal with a gentleman spite of classic legend, even although that statue

of your straightforward principles." live, move, and have human life in its marble veins. • Well, what have you done about Makinnon ? " But these cold, quiet, listless women, with their noble 1 “Not much, I'm afraid."

“How's that?" grace and the wonder of their baughty eyes and

"Well, he's a sharp one, and he doesn't over and glowing hair, have a strange fascination for many

above like me. Our politics, you see, don't agree." men. It is not love. It is, perhaps, no higher than “Your what?” Even Mr. Firebrace could not repress curiosity and irritation. Given an inaccessible height his disgust at this scoundrel having the audacity to and men will rush to climb it; given a region

call his work politics. “But never mind, you won't

manage to get the secret out of him in this way. guarded by icy, death-dealing winds or fatal fevers I've tried.” It was one of Mr. Firebrace's fixed ideas that brood over scorehing wildernesses, and to these that no one could succeed where he had failed. the restless energy of thousands will be directed and

“Well, sir, we must go tt work another way."

“What way?" the breathless attention of the whole world. So a

"Oh, that's my idea. I have got a secret, too.' woman who sits serene in a tower of pride and in “How much ?" difference provokes all the dormant energy of man. i "Two hundred.” Robert Makinnon was one of the humblest of men,

“Well, I don't mind. Bring the engine here, or a but this woman irritated and piqued him against her.

plan of it, and I will give you two hundred pounds.

But how will you get it?" Not that he thought of the matter in this or any "Oh, quite easily, sir. You see Makinnon lives in other light. He only followed an all potent instinct. the top flat of a very quiet house. Well, every And she? Ah ! I cannot follow the changes of a

Monday night he gives a lecture to come young

people, and his sister goes to hear him. Now, if I woman's mind, I cannot perceive their causes. Only

es. Only just walk upstairs with a wig on that nobody knows a woman can read a woman.

and open the door, which is as easy as anything when Yet she felt an interest in this man so far out of you know how, and take up the engine-I've heard her own sphere. She felt truly that not only in social where he keeps it-and walks downstairs with it

quietly and comfortably, who'll be a bit the wiser till station, in manner of living, in all that makes up it's too late is outer existence, were they apart. She understood 1 Mr. Firebrace thought for a moment, and then he dimly that the seen in life is paltry compared with the said, “Well, you can try, but if you fail mind you unseen. A great pride is not a bad teacher. And so

hold your tongue, or it'll be the worse for you. Now,

come, and I'll give you some whisky.' she began to understand how the aristocracy of intel.

As the two scoundrels left the room Miss Firebrace lect may look upon the aristocracy of wealth as the came from the window. She seemed to have lost ber mud beneath their feet.

coldness ard her languor, for her fine eyes were flash" You may make a god of mud," she murmured,

* No," she said, “ this will not be done if I can "you may set it on high and clothe it and gild it, but prevent it." it is mud still."

(To be continued.)

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Vol. IV.–No. 102.

MAY, 1887.


Where are We?

name of sport abhorrent. A selection from the In a tight place. All the power of Parlia- hounds of two packs met to hunt a fox. ment and of Government is in the hands of a The game of fox-hunting is in itself sufficiently Tory minority supported by a contingent of ridiculous. To see horses, hounds, and God. recreant Liberals. The people are thus betrayed created human beings dash madly after a poor, into the hands of the aristocracy, who are using panting animal, little bigger than a cat, is at their temporary ascendency in remorselessly best a sorry sight. Here, however, the noble exacting impossible rents ; carrying out sen- sportsmen found a fox that wouldn't be hunted. tences of death, in the form of eviction, and It simply sat still on the ground and looked at subverting the national liberties by a Coercion them. They whipped it, they kicked it, they Bill which makes thought a crime. We are cursed it, in short, they behaved generally like thus face to face with a crisis in which the fools and brutes. Still the fox would not people must exercise their power or sacrifice move. At last one of the boobies was seized their liberty for ever. The only hope for a with a brilliant idea. He put a string round successful issue from the impending struggle is the animal's neck and dragged it along the in the determination of the Irish people to ground, until the poor brute, its flesh torn into maintain their rights by a passive but effectual ribbons, at last succumbed. That's your sport, resistance to injustice. The total suppression gentlemen of England ! of liberty by the Government must be followed by a total suppression of rent by the people.

Miners. The chief object of the Government is to exact Mr. Henry Matthews has given his time and rent, and this object must be defeated by the intellect to solve the miners' question. We steady and universal determination on the part deed hardly say whether he has, or has not, of the people not to remain the subjects and succeeded. The problem before him was the instruments of oppression. Hitherto the very old problem-to please everybody. And people, by paying rent for land which is their his success is equal to the success of those who own, have supplied the aristocracy with the before him have tried the same thing. It is a means of maintaining their unjust supremacy. Bill to benefit miners. Therefore, of course, Let the people keep the rents they have what the miners want they don't get, and most hitherto paid away for their own land, and of what they get they don't want. They spend the money in providing for their pressing wished that boys under twelve should not go necessities and the requirements of the national into the mines. Mr. Matthews thinks that cause.

the boy of ten is old enough to face the hardSport !

ships of a miner's life. They wished that cerWe sympathise with Yorkshire. It must tain opportunities should be taken away from be a trial to any district so energetic and so mine managers of practising petty spite. These self-respecting to possess sportsmen of the kind opportunities are still left. They asked that that lately,: at Meltham, made the very the man who examines the safety lamp should

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