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shivering for hours as miserable and cold as are all the same—all bad to the unfortunate the souls that waited transportation over the workers of the East End. Styx. Then they kiss the Queen's hand, and go home to cough for a week. This is British Mr. Goschen says that suggestions are made loyalty!
to him to propose a tax upon cats. We can
better that advice. Let him impose a tax The Queen has had a circus performance all upon mashers Cats are useful, mashers are to herself. Is not that a funny idea ? The not. horses jumped, the athletes threw themselves about, and the clowns joked for her sole and One suggestion that often comes to a Chanparticular benefit. It must have been rather cellor of the Exchequer is to tax amusements a dull affair.
- to put a tax, say, upon theatre tickets. If
the tax were confined to the tickets for stalls That naughty little Battenberg has the mis- and boxes in certain West End theatres it fortune to have a mother-law who is very much would not, at any rate, be a tax upon brains. so. But she does throw him a sugar plum now and then. He is to be made a Duke. The Parliament wishes to restrain the railways honourable society of his Grace of Marlborough from their present shameful and consta is now open to him.
abuse of their numerous privileges. But,
according to Lord Bramwell, this is sheer and Birmingham is sadly and slowly going back. rank robbery. His phrase is, “ Plunder is in From idolising John Bright, it seems to have the air.” Well, if plunder is to restrain come to grovelling at the feet of Queen Vic
men from plundering, the sooner plunder toria. The idolatry was bad, the grovelling comes from the air to the earth the better it is worse --but what will follow ļ
An English Roman Catholic and an Irish
Betting has been prohibited on the raceProtestant have formed a very offensive league
courses of Paris. If this were done in to block the Bills of the Irish members. We
| Britain a good proportion of our old nobility shall hear next that the English Catholics
would be driven to the workhouse, for that is have canonised St. William of Orange and that
their only means of subsistance. the Protestants of Ulster have made Pope Pius W.G. V. of an Orange Lodge.
Mr. Jennings, M.P., lately spoke upon the
condition of the navy, and he spoke very The Duily Telegraph asks for a “ Plan of
sensibly. He said that the curse of our navy Campaign to settle the land question, which is
is the useless people who hang on to it, and at the rcot of the outcry, by the light of
take a huge salary for doing less than nothing, common sense." By all means, say we, and
for doing actual mischief. It is a remarkable the “light of common sense” shows that idle landlords are not entitled to take from the
thing in regard both to our army and navy
that we get far less for our money than any products of industry.
other country under the sun. The other night Mr. Goschen dined with the Lord Mayor, and seems to have had a good Lord Wolseley said of the axes supplied by time of it. Mr. Goschen takes a jovial view our Army Department that they were fit for of things. We are all going to be rich and nothing except to break eggs. At the same prosperous, which means that the great army time, we would like to see them tried on the of the Stock Exchange is going to pile a few heads of those who supplied them. We would more fortunes. For, alas, good times and bad not grudge the loss if it relieved the country of those who deliberately send our soldiers Tory party and laugh. The Tory party, eninto the most dreadful danger with useless deavouring to over-ride Ireland, is likeimplements.
“ The young lady of Niger,
Who went out for a ride on a tiger;
They returned from that ride Colonel Tottenham has told the House of With the lady inside, Commons that we spend our money in keeping
And a smile on the face of the tiger." highly-paid officials, who do not know a cutlass from a bit of hoop iron. Perhaps some day The attempt to increise the rate by raising these officials will be taught the difference the salary of the Clerk to the School Board between receiving thousands of pounds for from £1,200 to £1,400 a year was a barefaced doing nothing, and nothing for doing the same attempt at robbery, and that a resolution in amount of business.
favour of the advance could have been carried,
after seven bours' discussion, shows the deterLord Salisbury has made a great discovery. mination of plunderers of the public purse to He says that our national fault is too much have our money or our life. This fortunate softness. We must be up and doing. Upon clerk commenced his duties on a fixed salary of this a Tory M.P. writes to the Times to eluci- , £800, which has been raised at various times date the meaning of his leader, and he says to £1,200. In three years he will have to that meaning is we must be up and shooting. retire on a pension equal to two-thirds of his Lord Wolseley is to be sent to Ireland as first salary, and in the meantime he is to have an murderer. Therefore, the Tory policy is “assistant,” which is, of course, always necesbayonets and bullets. But, as Lamb used to sary when a man has to spend a large income. say of Coleridge's philosophy, it's only their If any of the members who voted for this fraud fun. Heroics are good in after-dinner talk. are again returned to the board, it will be the Sensible men remember the history of the 'fault of the ratepayers.
THE POLITICAL SITUATION.
Had the Round Table come to any agreement, lieutenants have been defending the blunders it would have produced but little effect. The which he made last spring, he himself kept nation is not in a mood to accept dictation silence until the time came for their effectual from politicians or parties; it is determined to repudiation. He now starts afresh on firmer work out the Irish problem for itself.
i ground. Mr. Chamberlain truly said that Mr. Glad.' History is being made very rapidly just now. stone is the only man who can unite the Liberal New and effective plans of campaign are party. And why is Mr. Gladstone the only adopted daily, and our vivacious fellowman? Because he is the prince of opportu- countrymen across the Irish Channel scarcely nists who sees more clearly than anyone else require an hour's notice to be prepared to what is possible at the moment, and can adapt meet the Castle authorities on any ground himself more readily than any other statesman which they may choose for a contest. to the changing circumstances of the time. The arrest of Father Keller and his conver
Mr. Gladstone is one of those rare politicians ance to Dublin was made the occasion of a who can recognise and reverence a principle triumphant procession. Faithful chroniclers while he holds action in abeyance until circum- ' relate that at Cork this "prisoner" was “met stances make the application a possibility. Mr. : by a vast concourse of people. The Mayor and Gladstone not only sees further than other members of the Corporation, with their insignia people into the future, but he sces more clearly of office, were present, attended by maceinto the past. He is always the first to recog. bearers, for the purpose of presenting an nise the errors which time and events bring to address, which was read by the Mayor." At light iu his own policy. While his doughty Dublin “the Lord Mayor presented an address
which welcomed Father Keller as a prisoner of not anxious inquirers. We are satisfied to Judge Boyd (groans) and the landlord cabal.” | know that public opinion, now aroused, will The prisoner" was taken to the Imperial | not permit such monstrous injustice as the Hotel in the state carriage of the Lord Mayor, reward at the public expense of landlords, and so vast was the greeting that it took three whose callous indifference to the claims of quarters of an hour to get him through the justice and humanity is the darkest page in acclaiming crowd. No one but Father Keller the world's history during the present century. himself could maintain order ; at his request | We know that the power of the British nation the police were kept out of sight, and on his will not be much longer employed in hurling persuasion the people were orderly and well | industrious tenants from homes built with their behaved.
own hands, and whose only fault is that they Thus it is that a coercional Government is cannot pay impossible rents. We know that mocked and jeered throughout the land which public opinion will no longer permit the idea it professes to rule, and where it is practically of separating the democracy of Ireland from powerless. The “landlord cabal” are beginning the democracy of other portions of the empire, to see that it is only through the lenient con- and that the people will henceforth work tosideration of the national leaders that any rent gether to emancipate themselves from those at all is paid.
| burdens which circumstances have made intolerThe Irish people having thus shown such a able and which education and enlightenment remarkable capacity for helping themselves, have shown to be unjust. other people are rapidly making up their minds In the meantime the Government pursues a to help them.
| policy of brutality and imbecility. It announces Events have marched on so quickly that the most atrocious intentions, and allows itself politicians are left far behind, and panting to be covered with ridicule through the weakopportunists endeavour in vain to make a show ness of its administration. of leading where they are actually unable to The Liberal Unionists are taxing the patience keep alongside.
of the country beyond all endurance by sitting These events are most cheering to all true with Liberals and supporting Toryism of the Democrats. They indicate the rapid approach worst type. of the time when the rights of the people will The Liberal party now know that they have triumph over privileged interests, party organi- nothing to hope and nothing to fear either sations, and the misdirected power of one-sided from Tories or Dissentient Liberals. The power governments. The last election was apparently of the Liberal party will depend upon their a popular defeat; it was in reality a popular own vigour and just appreciation of popular triumph. It showed that the people discerned necessities. They have lost the Whigs, they more clearly than their rulers the consequences have lost the classes, and it may therefore be of the crude propositions which were offered hoped that we have seen the last attempt to for their acceptance. While a real, genuine, “conciliate powerful interests." and universal application of Home Rule becomes These interests can only be conciliated by daily more popular, the ill-considered conces- robbing the people, and the people are now so sions made to powerful interests are daily wide awake that new forms of robbery would receding from our view. No one now imagines | be unprofitable. that the Irish Members will be excluded from Neither can matters continue without change. Westminster ; that British credit will be used It is becoming daily more apparent that want for the purchase of Irish land ; that a First in the midst of abundance, and starvation in Order will be established ; or that Ireland will sight of food, is caused mainly by unjust legisle subjected to a tribute instead of remaining | lation, and that the evils from which we suffer a partner in taxation.
can be removed only by reversing the action The nation and Mr. Gladstone himself saw which has caused them. that all these features of the scheme were ! No party, whatever name it may adopt, blunders almost as soon as they were pro- will receive the permanent support of the pounded, and these errors would have been British people unless it recognises this necessity more prompsly dropped but for the obtuse per- for action, and proceeds promptly to remove version of some of Mr. Gladstone's supporters, evils which have become intolerable. who were unable to perceive that intelligent
—:0:criticism is more useful to a leader than blind
A war ship costs a million sterling. That sum rartisanship.
spent in improving the sanitary condition of a city Respecting the immediato course of events, will reduce the death-rate by 1,667 persons per so far as political parties are concerned, we are l annum, and save 33,330 cases of sickness every year.
FREE TRADE IN LAND.
There are three classes of people who believe robberies in the past, and its tyranny in the in Free Trade in Land. First there are those present. All at once, a powerful agency who, seeing what numerous advantages have appears for its protection and support. Landbeen and are being pro:luced by the Free Trade lordism has always accepted everything it has principles which Adam Smith defined, to which been offered, no matter whence, or how, it Richard Cobden devoted his life and his came. Landlordism, therefore, accepts the fortune, and which Sir Robert Peel finally Free Land League. reduced to actual and beneficent facts, imagine. What does Free Trade in land mean? It that what is good in some things must be good means that, for a high price, the landlords are in all. So at various times free trade in slaves willing to take in a large number of partners, has been put forward as a cure for the evils of who will be entitled to a share in the profits slavery and free trade in rum as a cure for of their enormous past, present, and future national drunkenness.
robberies. Hodge, the farmer; Smith, the Free Trade as understood by some is not and commercial traveller ; Brown, the small shopcapnot be a cure for the evils of landlords. It keeper; will all--for a consideration-be enis not really Free Trade. It is only the free- titled to a share of the plunder hitherto endom to change monopoly from a bad form to a joyed by Cecils and Cavendishes. The land. worse.
lord "long firm ” is increasing its partnership, There are those—and they are many--who the robber chiefs are augmenting their hordes. think that no legislation could make matters The impertinence of all this is, that the worse, and they are ready to let all try their people of this country are asked to bless those hands at law making and law changing who men who are seeking to make their bands have a taste for such matters. It is needless broader and stronger. We admit at once that to show how weak and unsatisfactory is such some men, many men even, would profit. If a state of mind. Happy is it for those people | land was sold in small allotments, a class of themselves that the general world is made of peasant proprietors would arise, as industrious sterner stuff. But either of these two classes and as frugal as the peasants of France. It is may, and can be, met with reason. We are true that they would lose in taxation what able to convince the too ardent Free Trader they would gain in rent, but it is also true that land is by no means free and never can be that, so great is the fascination of holding free, that it is limited, for one thing, by certain land, that to get it, and to keep it, men will inconvenient rules as to size, so much of it endure the most numerous and cruel difficul. having been made, and no more of it by any ties. But why should the peasant have to buy possibility being likely to be made. We may his land at all? The Scottish crofters well even arouse the indifferent man to enthusiasm understand that difficulty. They do not wish to a sense that one effort made for humanity to hold land of their own. They wish to hire is better than a dozen efforts made for it from the State, to have the State as their himself.
| landlord, and to pay to the State their rent. It But there is one last, large class, whom we is almost a mockery to offer to the ordinary can neither arouse to enthusiasm nor awaken peasant ground to buy. He might, after to conviction. Or, rather, it is better to say, years of toil, lay past enough money for the that they are so convinced on one side that purpose, and after other toilsome years gain they support the other with all the enthusiasm enough more to enable him to stock it. But and intelligence they possess. We wonder | by that time, the better part of his life that the many good and honest men who would have passed away; it would have believe in Free Trade in land are not startled been entirely wasted, as far as gaining and alarmed by the cordial co-operation which any good for himself, by his toil. The is being given to them by the landlords. earth was always there ; he might during these These have been as much surprised as rejoiced years have been working upon it, and have to see men so able and enthusiastic fight their been reaping its fruits. If the peasants of battles. They know what their allies do not Britain allow themselves to be swindled by know. They see that landlordism has grown any scheme which will take half a life time's weak, and is daily growing weaker. Its work out of them, before they can see the enemies multiply. On all sides, able and con- least fruit for all their toil, then the peasants vincing' speakers are thundering against its' of Britain deserve their fate. But we do not
think they will thus allow themselves to be de- | And so in they come, and population goes up ceived. They are more awake than the while wages go down. Yet there is land deluded landlords imagine. At some near enough, and to spare. There is fertile and unelection they will show their power, and will occupied land enough to feed over and over demand their rights.
again the starving city population-only they But if Free Trade in land would be injurious cannot get at it. And Free Trade in land to the peasants, it would be still more hurtful proposes to add a few more feet to the wall to the artisans of our mighty cities, and to those which shuts them out from their natural rights, who go down into the bowels of the earth to dig and this it pretends to do in the name and for for the coal and the ore upon which our indus the sake of the people. The Free Traders add tries depend, as a man depends upon meat and insult to injury when they tell us this. drink. If there had been Free Trade in land, Free Trade in land exists in America, and in who would have been benefited by the extrava- | America is a failure. It has created a race of gance of certain noble peers who have mort- men such as Jay Gould and the Vanderbilts, gaged everything they could mortgage ? If who are as useful as that aristocrat of nature, in the wild heat of their youthful extrava- the potato bug. They devour the substance gance, these gentlemen had been able to sell of the people, and give nothing back to the their mines they would have sold them. And people. They control the railways and the to whom would they now have belonged ? | telegraph lines, and, blessed as America is in They would have been held, perhaps, by money many a great and noble thing, she is cursed in lending Christians instead of money lending a land grabbing plutocracy, ever seeking to enJews. Would the miners be a bit the better, rich themselves at the expense of their country. or a penny the richer ? Not they. The When we remember how enormous is America, mines would have been held then, as they are how immense its wealth, how deep and deheld now, on "a purely financial basis.” And grading the poverty of many of its children, your financial Christian differs precisely, and we see and understand what Landlordism no more, from your financial Jew than six wishes to present to us as a new and benefidiffers from half a dozen. If the change is cent reform. to be made from the present system of mine | Let us reject this gift of the Greeks. It really holding to one founded on Free Trade, there means an increase of all the evils that we alis not a living miner has any more interest in ready suffer. We want, and must have, the it than the dead miners long buried and for- | land for the people, not for an increased body gotten, who toiled all their lives at the most of landholders. dangerous of human avocations, and perhaps died in the workhouse.
The iron and steel trade of Belgium is recover
ing from the trade depression with far greater Equal interest has the question for our city
ir city rapidity than the same trade in this country. The workmen. What these want is better houses
reason is simple. There the royalties are nominal; at cheaper rents, more wages to pay these here the royalties are a crushing burden. rents. and immunity from taxation, which It cannot too often be pointed out that the should fall upon the land as naturally as the
whole taxation of this country, local and Imperial, sunlight falls upon it. How are these advan
amounts to over a hundred and fifty millions per
annum. By the very least calculation the whole tages to be brought about by Free Trade in
ground rental of the country amounts to the same. land ? How will Free Trade in land cause
PATRIOTIC POETRY.–We would call the attention wages to rise ? The cause of the fall in wages of our readers to the fact that a pamphlet has just is the enormous competition wherever work been published from the office of THE DEMOCRAT, is adoing. Will Free Trade in land remove entitled, “ Patriotic Poetry and Stirring Songs of that? Not a whit. It will not take one
Labour.” In issuing this pamphlet we have straw from the back of the already
endeavoured to meet and to satisfy a widely felt
ay and widely expressed want. Those thinking and orerburdened camel. It does not give feeling that they and we are engaged in a great man what is his natural right, free access to work often wish to have those poems and songs the land, without which right all our social which express the love of men to their country and system, from the bottom to the top, is in an un their desire for its happiness and advancement, natural state. The population of the country In this pamphlet, within small compass, and at the is daily growing less, the population of the
very lowest price, we give a number of such songs
aná poems, the quantity and quality of which will city is daily growing greater. Does anyone
alike attract all" classes of our readers. These think that the majority of those who leave the
pamphlets cost only a halfpenny each, and we have country prefer the city? They do not. They no doubt that they will be largely distributed for go because they must go. If starvation is missionary purposes, since a song will penetrate before them, starvation is also behind them. where a sermon would not go.