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Vol. IV.–No. 101.

APRIL, 1887.


The Crisis.

One for the Bullies. Lord Salisbury relentlessly pursues his policy The bullies at Portree are not going to have of exaction. He will have rent whether the it all their own way. John Macpherson, the land produces it or not. To obtain rent he Glendale martyr, has raised an action for £500 demands coercion, and in the demand Bright damages against the Procurator-Fiscal of Portree and Chamberlain support him. This is a mar- for wrongful imprisonment. If law were justice vellous action on their part, and the reason he would get the money. They treated a given there for is more marvellous than the Christian man as if he were a hog or a dog. action itself. Courcion is to be granted Such injuries cannot be paid for in money, but because it is to be accompanied with land pur- still, as far as money can mend the injustice, chase! Thus cruelty is justified, because those who injure should be forced to give it to fraud is added. To devote public moncy, the injured. whether British or Irish, to the purchase of land increases the amount which the industrious

Parlour Politicians. worker has to pay to the idle exactor. No

There is one pressing danger of the moment. argument can alter this. Land is a monopoly, w

While honest and thorough politicians are and money devoted to its purchase will

carefully studying the Irish Question and comincrease its price; and the price, whatever it

batting their own doubts, a class of men are may be, if paid to a useless landlord, represents

rushing in, eager to proclaim that all Mr. the amount of which the community is robbed.

Gladstone, Mr. Chamberlain, or Lord Salisbury Let coersion and fraud be again applied to

believe they believe. They simply say ditto Ireland, and the time is not far distant when

to dot to any great man, and, in the hurry, the collection of rent will cease. Payment of

often get accepted. Yet they are as much rent will be unanimously refused by an out

politicians as a log of wood is the river, down raged people, and in that refusal they will be

which it drifts. Let all constituencies beware supported by the force of public opinion

of such men. They are as numerous as they throughout the world.

are nauseous.

We congratulate Scotland, we congratulate

Coal and Ground Rents. Ireland, and we congratulate Mr. A. J. Balfour. The Attorney - General received ocular Scotland has got rid of a man who called him- demonstration at the Birkbeck Institute that self a Scotchman, and had as much sympathy the coal duties are unpopular. After making with Scottish ideas as if he had been a heathen an able speech in their support, and replying Chinee. Ireland has had a new Chief to speeches on the other side, a resolution in Secretary thrown to her to worry. Mr. A. J. support of the duties was defeated by a large Balfour has a chance of glory. He will be majority. At several meetings resolutions in added to the long and brilliant list of British favour of substituting a tax on ground rents failures in Ireland.

for the coal duties have been enthusiastically

received. It is clear that improvements must men that they did not understand their own be continued, and it is equally clear that the country, that Sunday closing had been a failure owners of ground rents who directly benefit by and that, in short, it was not what Scotland the expenditure in improvements should pro- liked, but what they liked, that must be Scotvide the cost.

land's law. The Bill was lost by 112 to 100.

The loss will be a gain in getting converts for Civilisation and Bayonets. Home Rule. It seems the fate of the Tory party is to disgrace us in the eyes of the world. No

Land Purchase. sooner did Lord Salisbury make his brutal and Mr. Gladstone apologises for his recent bitter speech against the laws and liberties of abortive scheme by stating that it would not Ireland than the Corporation of Dublin issued have involved the British tax-payer in any loss. an appeal to the whole world for sympathy. The question is, however, not so much whether Here is Ireland appealing to civilisation against the British tax-payer would lose as whether a nation that calls herself the most civilised the Irish people would suffer wrong. The nation upon earth ; and civilisation is trying to effect of devoting British credit to the purchase talk of Britain and Russia in one breath, and of Irish land must be to raise or maintain the Ireland and Poland in another. This is worse price beyond the natural level, and thus imdisgrace than the loss of a dozen battles. pose upon Irish tenants a greater burden for

the use of land than would otherwise fall upon Free Law

them. Land being limited in extent, the Barristers are agitating for the right to application of capital to its purchase does not practice as solicitors, and solicitors desire to be stimulate and promote industry as would be advocates. By all means. We want free the case if land were a manufactured article, trade in law ; let any man act as an advocate but it simply enables idle monopolists to exact and plead for his friend, neighbour, or pay. | a greater number of sovereigns from an indusmaster. When they are accorded the privilege trious, impoverished, and, in many cases, a of standing in court, advocates, like cabmen, starving people. who have the privilege of standing in the streets, should be limited in their charges.

How Can it Be ? Cabmen, who must be men of nerve and intel It is surprising that a humane and conscienligence, are allowed to charge 2s. 6d. an hour tious man like Sir G. 0. Trevelyan can be a for their own services and that of a horse and supporter of coercion in Ireland, for coercion cab. A barrister or advocate might be allowed means the tyrannous use of the power of to charge 2s. per hour for merely his own Government for the purpose of exacting unjust labour, being paid, of course, only for the time rents from starving tenants. Lord Salisbury he is actually employed.

| has declared that he will exact rents whether

the land has or has not produced their value, England and Scotland.

and, after this brutal declaration, he receives English Toryism once more over-rides Scot- the support of Sir George, who is known to tish Liberalism. Dr. Cameron brought in a be a gallant and noble knight. His apparent Bill for the early closing of licensed premises indifference to the injustice and inhumanity of in Scotland. This Bill is needed all over Britain, landlordism calls to remembrance the action of but it so happens that Scotland is ripe for it the pious Newton, who sang hymns and while the rest of Britain is not. Had Scotland offered earnest prayers on the deck of the been allowed to vote for herself the Bill would slave ship, of which he was captain, while at once have passed. She was not allowed. underneath there writhed a seething mass of English Tory members calmly told the Scotch-human misery and wretchedness. So Sir

which resphael Hicks-Benublic life ma

George talks glibly of law, order, and coercion But just as, in spite of his hallucinations, we with a meaning attached to these terms which respect Don Quixote, so we respect Sir involves the most callous injustice ever prac- Michael Hicks-Beach. We hope that his tised by the oppressor towards the oppressed. | retirement from public life may be of the

shortest, and we sincerely hope that it will Families Wanted.

be free from pain. Not only his own party, We are informed in Holy Writ that the but those to whom he is most strongly Earth is given to the children of man. Land- opposed, will unite in welcoming him back lords and capitalists are constantly devising to that position in the House of Commons means to exclude manhood and develop inferior which he so eminently adorns. creatures ; in these attempts they constantly fail. The latest evidence of failure comes from

Titles Count, Not Men. the American cattle ranches, where the dis- / A recent report by a Royal Commission proportion of cattle to manhood has led to shows that while prisoners convicted of the ruin. Mr. Morton Frewen puts this matter grossest and rankest offences are treated with very clearly. He tells us : “The cattle baron' kindest and tenderest attention, persons who belongs to the domain of history. The great have been arrested and are awaiting their herds must be broken up and dispersed ; a trial may have to suffer the most grievous hundred gangers must absorb the ten thousand detention in foul and narrow cells, unfit for cattle owned by the bullock baron.' The the worst criminal that was ever hanged. ganger and his family can hay-feed 100 cattle The facts of the case are as startling as they within a fenced field; not so the ranchemen. I are striking. Here are people who may be It is a mistake to suppose that those colossal innocent, and often are innocent, condemned companies, operated to pay dividends to foreign sometimes for days to inhabit places, the shareholders, could be permanently advan- sight, smell, and touch of which are pollutageous to the Western territories. Wyoming tion. The Standard says that it would not broken up into thousands of squatter home have believed that such a state of things could steads, with little well-bred herds of cattle and exist were it not for the high authority of horses, will be much more productive of such men as Mr. Justice Wills, Sir Robert national wealth and well-being."

Fowler, and Sir Edward Du Cane. Just so.

In this country we will believe nothing out Sir Michael Hicks-Beach.

of the lips of two or three witnesses unless Sincerely do we sympathise with Sir Michael | these two or three witnesses have titles and Hicks-Beach in the dark affliction that has are famous. Poor creatures have always been fallen upon him. He is a man who, while he suffering; men have always been telling of was not popular, was not hated in Ireland. An sufferings, but until a justice and a baronet amiable and good-hearted gentleman, he lost say it is true nothing can be done. Titles his head, and played the very game that his seem to count, not men. opponents wished him to play. In better times he would have done very well; he would

Ryde on Ground Rents. have been rather popular; he would have Mr. Edward Ryde is the favourite witness given, and would have eaten, good dinners ; for the landlords who gave evidence before the and many a year hence good and jolly gentle-Town Holdings Commission to which the men would have spoken respectfully of the taxation of ground rents was referred, and his rule of Hicks Beach. But the Plan of Cam evidence is, therefore, of peculiar value on the paign was too much for him. He ran a tilt subject. In reply to Mr. Gibson he said : against it as Don Quixote ran a tilt against “No freeholder would undertake a building the windmills, and he met Don Quixote's fate. operation, which is the most risky operation

ar hence on respection of Cam.

ay would come that men drilled by orders, to

you can undertake." It would be difficult to hers, the House of Commons would become get stronger evidence as to the uselessness of —what at present it is not-an instrument for freeholders. If, however, they were merely doing good. Constituents cannot do better useless they might be forgiven, but Mr. Ryde's than elect members from the classes which our evidence goes on to show that landowners not | Conservative friend enumerates. only leave all the labour and risk of building operations to other people, but that they exact from the industrious classes the utmost value

Shall Ireland Govern ? of the land, and often, in addition, the value of There has been no more remarkable spectacle buildings erected upon it and the goodwill of in our generation than that presented by the businesses established by the exercise of skill Irish Parliamentary party at this moment, and industry. He narrated, with evilent While English Liberals and Tories are alike satisfaction, how an idle landlord com- divided, distracted, and irresolute, the Irish pelled the London and County Bank to know what they want, and understand how to pay him £70,000 for a piece of land get it. Instead of the traditional Irishmen of “about as big as this room,” which was in the novels and plays—a lighthearted, lazy, thriftmiddle of the bankers' property, and of which less people, destitute of political instincts, the original lease had transpired. He thought incapable of self-government, too ready to this transaction was quite right because the quarrel amongst themselves to be able to combankers knew that the day would come when bine against a common foe—we see a body of they would have to do it. He admitted that men drilled and disciplined like soldiers, cach these landlords who never do anything often ready to obey orders, to risk his individual get £30 or £40 per square foot for land in the claims and wishes, to become a mere machine City of London.

for the sake of the country which sent him to

his post. Amongst their leaders, there is Irish Members.

Parnell, calm, impassive, inscrutable, and, like A provincial Conservative print says: “Mr.

Cavour, a wily diplomatist as well as a patriot ; Parnell has 85 followers, and who are they? |

av? while we must go back to the English CommonThere is a retired pork butcher, a half-educated

wealth to find a man like the austere and young baronet, two or three small grocers,

single-minded John Dillon. Irishman and a couple of retired civil servants, half a

devout Catholic as he is, he is cast in the dozen newspaper reporters unknown to fame

Puritan mould—the mould of Andrew Marvell until they enlisted with the Land League,

and Sir Harry Vane. Behind these men there a handful of publicans, two dancing saloon

is a nation, disciplined, organised, sternly keepers, a few retired commercial clerks, five

determined to be free. If England does not or six small drapers, an ex-convict, a pawn

let Ireland govern herself, Ireland will virtubroker, a watchmaker in a small provincial | ally govern England. town, a cattle dealer, a fruiterer, a tailor, and last, but not least, a slater.” We will not

£40,000 per annum is wasted in collecting seek to quarrel with this critic's knowledge.

the revenue of the Duchy of Cornwall, the But this we will say, that no eighty-five

whole revenue of which is a little ever members of the House of Commons work

£100,000. Here is jobbery with a vengeance. 80 zealously and with such ability as these despised eighty-five. Among them is more wit and eloquence than in any other | An Irish landlord does not hesitate to exact quarter of the House. And above all they do rents which can only be paid by poor servant what they are sent to do. If Britain were as girls sending portions of their hard-earned wages well served by her members as Ireland is byl to parents poorer than themselves.

The Times has published a series of articles The Marquis of Lothian is now Secretary upon “Parnellism and Crime.” It would be for Scotland. We suppose Scotland will be more to the purpose to publish a series of ex- neither the better or worse for that fact. Expositions on “ Landlordism and Crime.” | cept Lord Rosebery she has had no Secretary

for whom she cared twopence. “One of the most amazing phenomena of the day is the indifference with which a large Mr. Jesse Collings, in giving evidence before section of the public look upon one of the the Endowed Schools Commission, described most disgraceful spectacles that can be found the action of the Charity Commissioners as a in political history.” Thus saith the Times, Plan of Campaign for taking property from the and we entirely agree with the writer if he will poor and giving it to the rich. apply the diatribe to the "amazing phenomena” which shows Irish landlords and a Tory The national cause in Ireland is supported, Government endeavouring to extract rents to a large extent, by remittances from America, from "starving people.”

but perhaps ten times as much is sent from the

States and used to support the upas tree of Mr. Gladstone says "Ireland blocks the way." landlordism as finds its way to the National That is true enough of the House of Commons. League. Our American brethren should disIt is not true of the country at large. There cover some plan of campaign which will enable never was a time when people thought so much

them to assist their relatives without supportupon so many reforms.

ing Irish landlords.

Sometimes Mr. Gladstone goes to the very | In U ister, where there is no Plan of Camdepth of a question, and in one sentence gives paign, and, therefore, no protection for the it form and expression. So he did when he people, men have pawned their wives' and said : “ The Irish question is strictly a question, children's clothes to raise the rent. Aye, and not between individuals, but between nations.” | if rent could only be raised by pawning their That is it all. We must learn to know Ireland souls landlords would still demand it. as a nation, to treat her as a nation, to respect her as a nation, and then she will love us as a | Mr. John Morley defines coercion as the nation.

landlords' Plan of Campaign to force their - - -

tenants to buy their land at unreasonable rents. Mr. Gladstone points out the hoary antiquity It is exactly opposed to the tenants' Plan of of the arguments used against the liberation Campaign ; but while law will be with one of Ireland from landlords, officials, and all justice will be with the other. other robbers. They have been used in turn against every great reform and every great It is a remarkable thing how constantly reformer. We suppose there will always be public attention is being turned to different new abuses and old abuses to be met until the phases of the social question. We are delighted end of time, but we may fairly expect that to see how well the victims of the London they will be removed more readily in the future sweaters are plucking up courage, and how than in the past.

enthusiastic are their meetings.

French is sometimes advertised as being learned in six lessons. Our modern states men go to India, and learn India in six Wecks. The learners learn as thoroughly in both cases.

Nothing is more disgusting or amusingfrom the point of view which you regard itthan the Queen's Drawing Room exhibitions of this month. A crowd of women, with very little more on than their diamonds, wait

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