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Robert laughed, and Katie got up to give the very took out a small engine beautifully made and finished. prettiest and primest little curtesy.

He lit a tiny oil lamp placed underneath a cylinder “We 1,” said Robert, “I had a long interview to. that differed very little in appearance from the boiler day with our old friend, Norman Firebrace."

of an ordinary engine “The hateful person," said Katie.

“ It is necessary," he explained, “ to apply a little " And he made me a very handsome offer."

heat." " About the invention ?.

Suddenly the wheels began to move with a stately “Yes, Katie, about the invention."

and rhythmic motion. Mr. Robertson looked at it in " And you would have nothing to do with him ?”

amazement, and then cried out: 66 Well, not much ; but I think that we ought to " Why there is no emoke!” tell Mr. Robertson something about the invention." “Nor steam, nor vapour; there is nothing but "Oh, I have heard of it."

motion. All the heat that would be needed to set " You have?"

| working the largest engine could be supplied by one " Yes : but since you did not speak about it to me, of those little oil stoves used for the heating of bed. I thought it best to say nothing to you.”

rooms." o I hope, Robertson, that you are not offended at " It is wonderful." my not having taken you into my confidence."

“Yes, that is my machine that is my secret that u Not in the least. I know that you hate to speak is wbat Norman Firebrace wants to get from me." of it."

"But why should you keep it a secret? An inven. "Ay that I do, even to Katie here That inven. tion like that sbould be used for your profit and the tion, Robertson, is the temptation and the terror of benefit of the whole world " my life."

“It would save eighty per cent. in expenses. "I do not quite understand you."

So much the better.” “ Well, look here, the matter is this. You know “Do you understand what that means ?" that ever since steam was applied to machinery men " It means so much more advantage to humanity." have been looking out for something less expensive "Ah, that is what I cannot see. Ultimately all and more easily managed than steam--a cheaper and improvements are for the best." better motive power.”

* Of course." • I know that men are never content."

" But in the meantime think what happens. "Well. I thought and thought on the subject. Here Engines would r.ot need coal." is gunpowder, I zaid to myself, good for nothing but "And therefore colliers would be throwd ont of to destroy. Can't I use the tremendous power in gun-employment. I see." powder to turn machinery? I did try and nearly " Then as the machine is almost automatic there killed myself."

would only be need for half the presect number of Yes," said Katie, quietly, “and he nearly killed me engineers, and there would be no need at all for with fright at seeing his face all scorched and firemen." blackened after the explosion."

"I can foresee dreadful misery and suffering for "Katie doesn't appreciate science. Well, then I those whom your invention would drive out of em. tried gases of all sorts —".

ployment. But might not that be said of every • And smells," put in Miss Kate.

invention ?" “. But these did not do what I wanted. I kept on “It might be said, and it has been said." experimenting for years. At last I thought it was "And because inventions throw men ont of em. only wasting time. I gave the thing up. But bless ployment, should inventors be henceforth considered you, I cou'dn't keep away from the subject any more public criminals ?than Katie here can keep some sewing away from " Robertson, I wish to judge no man except her hands. For a whole fortnight I gave it up- ". myself. Invention is good, but it has been the cause " And took me out to concerts," said Kate.

in this land, whicb it has enriched as never country 6. At the fortnight's end I came back to it just like was enriched before, of untold misery and hardship. a smoker to his tobacco."

Think of the hand-weavers, of the ship carpenters, "And then you found it ?"

of hundreds and thousands of others. Is it pot dread. "I hadn't sat down in front of my chemicals for ful that this good should be their evil? The victims half a minute when the whole thing came rushing of invention are more numerous in modern Europe into my head.”

than the victims of war. In a proper state of society 6 Which was--

it would not be so. The Government would provide " Ah, I can't tell you that. I have not even told it for those whose trade is taken from them by no fault to Katie."

of their own." - Of course I only want to know the effects of your "And since Government does not do this --" discovery."

"I, for ore, cannot take upon my conscience th: i Well, the discovery is so very simple that I can burden of giving this invention to the world. I feel hardly understand how it has not been made before. as if God would require at my hands on the Day of I find that by the simple treatment of very inexpen. Judgment the blood of those who would suffer from sive materials I can make a gas of the most wonderful | my idea." powers of expansion and most easily managed. For " That is to make yourself responsible for the in. its management I have invented an engine. See, justice of society." here it is."

" And are we not responsible each and a'l of us? As Makinnon spoke he grew more and more excited. What do you say, little sister ?" His eyes flashed and his cheek reddened with the "I think, Robin, that you had better be a happy discoverer's pride in his discovery. And when open.

man than a rich man, and that if you gave this ing a press he took out a large square box and set it

thing to the world against your conscience you would down on the table, Mr. Robertson felt the contagion never be happy again.” of his enthusiasm and leaned eagerly forward. Katie

"And I think," said Mr. Robartson, slowly and looked up with a loving and admiring look at her blushing, "as you think." enthusiastic brother, Makinnon opened the box and !

(To be con'igu L.)


Vol. IV.-No. 100.

MARCH, 1887.


The Dauntsey Charity.

the country for the maintenance of parks in The Tory Government have had the auda

London. The Metropolitan Members mean to

oppose the Bill prepared in accordance with city to lay on the table of the House of Commions the scheme of the Charity Commissioners

the resolution of the House, and they hope

that as Parliament is now less Democratic, and for depriving the poor of the benefit of the

therefore less just, they may continue to Dauntsey Charity, and handing the property over to the Mercers' Company to be spent in

impose an unjust burden on the provinces. It three-guinea dinners. So great is the indig

is clear that, with communities as with indination excited by this scheme that in all pro

viduals, the richer they are the meaner they hability the House of Commons will regret it.

become. A small provincial town would be On Tuesday, March 1, a motion to this effect

| ashamed to ask the country to support its will be made, and as this motion cannot be parks blocked, it will be certain to come on, and thus

Four Brothers-in-Law. all Members of Parliament will be enabled to Mr. Charles W. T. Craufurd writes to the take a part in the division. It is desirable

papers to correct the Financial Reform that electors should consult the division list on

Almanac, which he accuses of exaggeration. this occasion. If the scheme is allowed the

He admits, however, that a dozen men in the inhabitants of the locality, who are chiefly

Navy, “mostly his own friends and relations," agricultural labourers 'at 10s. per week, will be

receive £39,010 8s., and he adds that “my deprived of a free school which they have father's and my own receipts, as well as those enjoyed for 340 years, and the price of turtle

of my four brothers-in-law, were all grossly will be considerably enhanced, as some thou

exaggerated, speaking roundly, doubled.” If sands per annum will thus be placed beyond

this lucky family with the “four brothers-inthe control of Parliament and permanently law” cet half what the Financial Almanac put devoted to useless purposes. Can we won

them down for, it shows how much better off der at starvation and poverty in the midst the country would be if they emigrated. The of wealth when the “Charity” Commissioners independent statement of the compilers of the devote their energies to robbing the poor for

Financial Reform Almanac is more likely to the benefit of the rich ? Those who desire fur- be correct than that of any interested party ther information on this matter should see a

with “four brothers-in-law” all well provided pamphlet on the Dauntsey Charity by Mr. for. Saunders, which can be had for ls. from The DEMOCRAT Publishing Office.

The Wisdom of Our Rulers.

Mr. Wallace said in the House (Times, 15th Payment for Parks.

Feb.), that there was “a fundamental distincOne of the most sensible actions of the last tion between the title to land and the title to Parliament was a resolution calling upon the other kinds of property; while the latter was Government to refrain in future from taxing founded on industry, the title of private per

sons to land was founded on something that Cost of the National Debt. was not industry.” (Laughter from the wise

Since our National Debt was established it acres). Sir A. Campbell replied that “If the

has cost this country, in simple interest alone, title to land was not founded on industry, what

about £2,800,000,000. Few of us can realise was the title of the man who had earned his

what this sum actually means. Let us suppose money by industry and invested it in the

that a labouring man, made, during a working purchase of land ?” Money, the creation of

life of forty years' duration, an average income industry, can purchase stolen goods ; how can that alter the title ? and why do lawyers

of £50, which is just about a third more than,

as a rule, he would make. What we have paid charge their clients heavily for investigating

in simple interest for our National Debt will the title to land ? The landless masses are be

have consumed the whole life's earnings of ginning to study the matter for themselves, and

1,400,000 well-paid labourers, the substance ask what benefit they derive from the estate

and sustenance of seven millions of human “which the Lord their God gave them ” and the classes have taken from them.

beings. That debt falls mainly upon the working classes, and represents entirely the

reckless extravagance of the aristocratic classes. Welcome!

War was their delight. War gave them unWelcome brave spirit ! Michael Davitt, in paralleled chances of robbing their country at the name of the British Democracy, we bid you every pocket. War raised the price of wheat, welcome! Your name is as sweet to the heart and produced rents from the land that were of the people as the sound of holy bells. Even wrung from a starving people. Had Britain your enemies are compelled to respect you, and continued a Republic upon the pure model that to say unwillingly, “Here is an honest man,” the traitor Cromwell overthrew, Britain would Hardly less than “Chinese ” Gordon, you have not to-day have had a penny of National Debt, appealed to the conscience and the imagination and would not probably have paid a single tax of the age. In the far-off days, when impartial that did not come from the land. It is to our history records her final verdict, your name British aristocracy that we owe the deplorable will glitter on the historian's page, while all the condition of our British finance. show of court and camp shall be as a forgotten dream. By your sublime moderation, by your high-souled forgiveness of those that perse

Peers and Pay. cuted you, by your generous nobility of There are, according to that invaluable work, character you are fitted to complete the recon- The Reform Almanac, 7,991 peers or relations ciliation of those Democracies of Ireland and of peers who are in the public service and take Great Britain that have alike common interests public pay. Among these we do not refuse to and common enemies. Michael Davitt, your confess that there is some real ability. We will life has been dark and troubled. Your be generous and admit that perhaps the 991 patriotism has cost you life-long suffering. We give some value in return for the wages they rejoice that at last joy and hope have dawned receive. But what of the 7,000? Does any upon you. A lovely and a loving woman has one pretend that they are of the remotest use been given to you by God, that by her sweet to the country.” Will any one affirm that they ministry she may comfort your heart in the could have gained their present positions had battle which is but as yet half fought. We they been born in a humbler rank. Would welcome the gentle bride of Michael Davitt as that gentleman, whom the Irish very aptly call a true queen in our land. . To her is a queen, “ the Queen's impecunious cousin,” ever, by ship and a homage such as crowns and sceptres means of his own talents, have gained even the are powerless to confer. Welcome, therefore, humble position of a corporal ? These 7,000 noble patriot, thrice welcome gentle bride! Tusurp the positions that belong to real merit. They are a drag put upon the coach when the home that animates a Scottish or Irish peasant coach is struggling up hill.

gives a value to the land immeasurably above

its real value as poor bog or poorer rock. By British Methods.

Argyll's theory it is perfectly just that servant So contemptible are the British methods of

girls should toil in America in order that their governing Ireland, that hardly any comment

parents may buy this “value” from the landupon them is required. But from time to

lord at an exorbitant "price of hire." If time comments are given that make true-hearted

Calvary stood on one of the duke's estates, he Britons hot with shame for a Government

would tax the veneration of the whole world.

The duke is a century too late with his theory. which so misrepresents every principle of

Civilisation is at length invading that last British justice. Thus the packing of Irish juries with Irish Protestants is a thing calcu

| citadel of barbarism, the land laws. lated to bring contempt upon our pure Pro

Shame! testant religion. It means that the Govern

The word "shame” is no longer to be ment relies upon Protestants for the purposes

allowed in the House of Commons. The of perjury. They are expected to transgress

Speaker is evidently sensitive. When a the spirit of their oath, and to judge, not

Government of honour was conducted by according to their consciences, but according to honourable men, members might call out political considerations. This view has been

“ shame” until they tired. But so low has taken by the Protestant gentlemen of Sligo. In fallen Parliament, so degraded is government, a noble and eloquent letter they have protested

that shame is the one English word which against the exclusion from the juries of their

expresses the general stata. Therefore "shame” Roman Catholic fellow-countrymen. It is an is forbidden insult to the Roman Catholics, and it is an equal insult to the Protestants. There is no

The Value of Land. shame in the brazen officials of Dublin Castle, Recent arrivals of meat from Australia and but there is shame in their masters, the British | New Zealand have sold at prices ranging from public, that the writing of such a letter could | 23d. to 41d. per pound. The retail price will be necessary in our so-called land of freedom

doubtless soon be more in unison with the and justice.

wholesale prices than they are at present.

English meat must therefore be lower, and A Duke's Ideas.

with the fall in prices of produce rent and the It is unfortunate for the Duke of Argyll value of land must come down. Australian that he believes in his own abilities. He is statistics show that, during the last 13 years, the always writing letters to the papers which are pastoral interests have so prospered that the read by the public with great amusement. He number of cattle has increased from 5,500,000 has recently attacked the Ricardian theory of to 8,068,000, and the land under cultivation lent. The Ricardian theory is that rent is has increased from 3,300,000 to 8,028,000. the amount which a man will give for good Under these circumstances no sane man would ground when he can get inferior land for think of buying Irish land, or any other agrinothing. This theory cuts through the wicked cultural land, at 20 years' purchase on the profits of Highland and Irish landlords as a present rental. The proposal to do so is one of scythe cuts through grass or corn. So Argyll the greatest frauds ever put before the British has resolved to mend it. “Rent,” he says, “is people. But for the application of public the price of hire.” What he means is that funds to the purchase of land, Irish landowners land has some real and some fictitious values, would have been glad to sell their land at seven and that the landlord should get for these all or eight years' purchase, which represents its that he can. Thus, the almost holy love of ull commercial value. It is very well for Lord


He is store of land

Spencer and other Irish landowners to insist that great host of the miserable—the inhabitants they must be settled with before they will of East London. It is in vain for philanthropy consent to Home Rule, but it is time for the to grapple with the problem. There are only British people to see through this trick, and to two solutions of it. We must either once a declare that the unjust claims shall not be week invade the slums of London with the recognised, or allowed to stand in the path of troops and shoot down every ragged fellow progress.

who is visible, or we must make a vast altera

tion in our land laws. East London--and for Gentry and Gipsies.

that part East Glasgow, East Manchester, East The heaviest indictment yet pronounced every town-is a standing menace to civilisaagainst Irish landlords is that, as a class, they tion. It is a fouler blot on our civilisation are uncultured. They are untaught, unlearned, than the butcheries of a Roman holiday. And ignorant. Their ideas do not go beyond hunt yet there are vast tracks of fertile England as ing, shooting, and drinking. But, if there is deserted as the wild West of America. Long the slightest reason for an aristocracy, it is this, tracks of productive lanòl lay waiting for the that by giving a body of men superior oppor- industrious husbandman. Here we have the tunities for culture, they should show a superior men starving for the ground, there we have example of culture. If the men do not show the ground starving for the men. But landculture, but live a life on the lowest scale of lordism stands between and forbids them to humanity, what better are they than the come together. How long, oh Lord ! how long gipsies? We prefer the gipsies. They are must this murderous intervention continue ? less costly. The theft of an occasional goose or chicken is not nearly so bad as the theft of | To some of those who are erer hankering a whole family's means of living.

after the vulgar distinction of a title we may

recommend the wise reflection of Gil Blas when, Idlers and Idolatry.

sorely against his will, he was dubbed a noble. The efforts of many sons of poor but “I may add a foot of honour to my name whendishonest parents in Australasia to create an ever I please ; and, if any of my acquaintance aristocracy are regarded by the Democracy of should snuff or snigger when they call me Dou, the island-continent with ridicule or indiffer- | I may suck my teeth, lean upon my elbow, and ence. But the people should take care. It is draw out my credentials of heraldry. ... actually becoming respectable in Sydney and I may safely say that the recollection of the Melbourne not to have something to do. Ten act for which I was promoted effectually kept years ago an idler would have been regarded down my pride. Neither did the bashfulness with more abhorrence than an habitual of low blood ever forsake me ; so that nobility drunkard. It mattered not whether he was a | to me was like a hair shirt to a penitent. I poor idler or a rich idler: idleness was regarded | determined, therefore, to lock up the evidences as shameful. But things are changing. The

of my shame in a private drawer, instead of loungers are endeavouring to make lounging blazoning them to

blazoning them to dazzle the foolish and corthe prevalent idolatry. If the working men of Australia are not careful, the West-end of each of their great cities will become like the

The Land Commissioners in Scotland have West-end of London, which in viciousness and

been making some startling reductions in rental. idleness has long ago left Sodom and

These reductions extend from 25 per cent to Gomorrah far behind. The cure is a thorough

75 per cent. The meaning of this is that for going land tax.

years the landlords have been exacting rents

with an utter and shameless disregard of right It is said that every weck about seven and reason. Should they not be forced to hundred men drift from the country to swell I make restitution? We believe that an Aircars


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