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its tenants, any more than an ordinary landholder Liberals are making to shake the Tory domination. now is.
But how are they going to do it? A great meetThis palpable distinction between a political com- | ing has been held, Mr. John Morley has made a very pact and a commercial contract escaped the astute witty speech, and that doggerel, which is miscalled perception of Mr. Gladstone, or he would never the National Anthem, has been vigorously hissed have framed his Irish land purchase scheme. If and every one is pledged vaguely to do something. the State meddles with land it should resume They have often been pledged before in exactly tho absolutely, except when the land tax has been re- same manner. And what has come of it? deemed ; in such case the redemption money should Nothing. And why nothing? Because in a great be returned, because the State has descended to a city like London it takes much to urge men to commercial transaction. Or, again, if it is con- | political toil. And what great good would they tended that the original grant was in lieu of a get if all the ordinary Liberal programme were carpecuniary consideration for State services per- ried out ? None. Therefore they have no motive. formed ; then, to get rid of the question, it could Give them a motive, a great motivo, and they will repay the money value of the land estimated at work-but not till then.-Yours truly, the time of the grant, and land in early times was
' X. Y. 2. worth from 20. to 1d. an acre rent. Such com
- -:0:pensation would not be ruinous to the taxpayer. T'he increased value of the money is due to the
DO LIKEWISE. increase of the population and not to any meritorious action of the landowner. Therefore, he can
TO THE EDITOR OF THE DEMOCRAT. have no claim to it, the unearned increment.
SIR,-am instructed by the Chairman of our Remarkable cases in point occur in Cornwall,
Society to inform you that a new club has been where the Duchy has sold wasteland and reserved the formed in Ipswich. Its officers are all bona- fide Inineral rights. Purchasers, or their representatives, I working men, the subscription is one penny per after making the laud worth £5 a year rent, have week, and it holds its meetings every Tuesday been compensated at the rate of 10s. an acre by the
evening at eight o'clock, at the “ George Inn," mipers for the fee simple of land they destroy, and
Woodhouse-street. Every fourth Tuesday is taken under the plea that the Duchy sold for 10s., and
up by an entertainment, to which all are invited, as the purchaser improved, or dealt commercially
well as on the other three Tuesclays, for political with, the land at his own risk.
discussion and enlightenment of the workers, In the case of railways, the State, through an
Trusting you will be able to insert this in FebAct of Parliament, actually exercises its preroga
ruary's DEMOCRAT, I remain, on behalf of the club, tive of resuming land for public uses, while the
yours faithfully, promoters justly compensate the landlords com
WILLIAM ARTHUR ANDREWS. mercially, as between men and men. But should the State require land for national defences, works
P.S.—The name of the club is “ The Ipswich of public utility, recreation grounds for the people,
Democratic Club." or eren for resettling the labourer on the soil under the "three acres and a cow" programme, or any other allotment scheme based on purposes of sound
A CAUTION. political economy, then it can and should resume
TO THE EDITOR OF THE DEMOCRAT. by cancelling its political compact with landlordism i fortiori. The object of Mr. Gladstone's Irish | Sir,- When our Prince becomes our King, I land purchase scheme can be more readily attained would consider him paid with exaggerated by the constitutional method, lying in abeyance, of liberality if we gave him two pounds a week and resumption without compensation. Startling as his travelling expenses-third-class. And although this announcement is, it is nevertheless true, and all Democrats are not prepared to go this length, the deeper and closer our investigation the clearer there is a general feeling abroad that the Prince is the truth brought home to us. I repeat educate, would be well paid with a fourth or fifth of the educate, educate! I want my countrymen fully to monstrous income we give to his mother. Now know that our country belongs to us, and that we this is a question that should be agitated. No can sweep away at a breath the usurping parasites public meeting should take place without it being who have betrayed their trust, filched our country | brought forward. The public conscience should be from us, and exercised fictitious rights of owner aroused. If Her Majesty were to die suddenly, ship over it.
the Prince might, in the present state of public JOHN WHEELWRIGHT, opinion, be able to lay his hands on the whole
enormous income of royalty. It should be our
duty to so awaken all thinking men that we will LIBERALS AND LONDON.
| make this an impossibility.-Yours truly, TO THE EDITOR OF THE DEMOCRAT.
- :0:Sir,- It is wrong to say that the provinces are jealous of London. As a matter of fact they are LORD SHAFTESBURY ON THE HOUSE OF LORDS. proud of London, Aud whatever is done in London - After a discussion on the Forty Hours' Bill in is of interest even to those dwelling as far away as the Lords, he wrote: “Never have I seen such a the capital of the Highlands. Thus all Britain display of selfishness, frigidity to every human sentiWatches with interest the struggle which London 'ment, such ready and happy self-delusion."
LETTER FROM THE CHILDREN'S and mutual wisdom, by each doing his own part. DEMOCRAT.
The very opposite of this is when one class of men
demand a share in whatever there is going of good, My Dear CHILDREN,–In my last letter I spoke
and sometimes more than a share, without having of the increased rents which are paid in London, in had to exert themselves to bring it about. consequence of the improvements and advantages
Wishing you a happy New Year which have been brought about in that place. Now this increase of rent ought to go into the pockets
I am, your affectionate of the people whose skill and industry have brought
OCRAT. about these advantages. This might be done by P.S.-I hope you will none of you decline to paying taxes or rates with it. In some way it improve yourselves for fear of making residence in should save the people expense, or promote further your neighbourhood more agreeable, and so improvement, and what we want are members of increasing the ground-rents. Do all you can to Parliament who will vote for this.
increase the value of property in your neighbourBut it is not Loudon only. All over the country hood. The ground-rents will rise accordingly, and you will find that everybody's skill, and everybody's what we must do is to get these rents paid into the industry, and everybody's goodness goes to swell the right hands. amount of cash which goes into the hands of the
-:0:owners of ground-rents. Suppose, for example, that your father is a shoemaker, and that (letting
REVIEWS. rents alone) he could make more profits than most other shoemakers. The reason of this may be “The New Liberal Programme." By representathat he is in a better place for getting custom, and tives of the Liberal Party. Edited by Andrew Reid. that may be because someone has built and keeps Swan Sonnenschein and Co., Paternosterup a mill or a factory which keeps a great many square. - As it is notorious that Mr. Reid is essenpersons in employment. If this is the case, your tially a party man, and that his writings and comfather will have to pay higher rent, so will everyone pilations are published in the interests of the Liberal else in the place, and the man who owns the ground-party, the remarks he appends to the declarations rents will get richer through the labour and enter- of a number of prominent Liberals are significant, prise of oiher persons. Or your father's business Mr. Reid says: “ The Land Question in England may be profitable because he is in such a good has now got beyond the reach of any society such place for sending off goods, and for getting in those as the Free Land League. We must lay hold of some that he needs for his work—the roads and the rail great objects and principles. What are some of roads or seaports are so good and so convenient. these objects and principles ? 1. That the State The consequence will be just the same, persons shall not purchase the land for the benefit of the always have to pay higher rent in a place where landowners, or even for the labourers. 2. That the traffic is made more convenient, and the man who cost of putting the labourer on the soil shall be claims and receives this incre:use of rent may have thrown not upon the rates, but upon the rents and done nothing to promote the conveniences. He the landowners." Again, “ We have stated that may have done something, but whether he has or the soil of the United Kingdom belongs little more not makes no difference to his having the power by to the British people than the soil of France law to demand it. But there is another way in belongs to the Englishman. The time has come which your father's business may have become more when this intolerable and humiliating condition of profitable, and that is by his having learned to the people in relation to the evil of their own make shoes cheaper or better. In this way he is country, must be remedied. We are not going. likely to keep more of the profit to himself than however, to remedy it by the nation handing to the in either of the other ways, but even in this case owners of land a price for what is the nation's. We also his cleverness will tend to swell the amount of will not act unjustly to any man, but we had the ground-rent in his neighbourhood. Men like better be unjust to one individual than to a whole to live where there are good workmen, good shops, people. . . . . The landlords have reaped in and where the best goods can be had without send- | the past, the State must reap in the future. If the ing to a distance for them. It is worth while to latter, by a far-reaching policy, shall attempt to pay more rent in such places, and whose skill and undo the public and vast mischief which the landindustry has made it worth while ? You cannot owners have inflicted upon the community, and of even mend your tempers or your manners without which they have now become the victims: if the improving the prospects of owners of ground-rents, State calls back again the yeomen to the soil and for you can think what a difference there is between puts the spade into their hands and the seed into having to say, “ What delightful neighbours we their baskets when the fields are deserted, the should have if we went to live there," and, " What homesteads in ruins, and the soil choked with disagreeable neighbours we should have.” A doctor weeds; if it changes all this into fruitful plains cannot become more skilful, or a teacher more populated by a happy peasantry, will any landefficient, or a lady more beautiful, but it tends to owner who has been the parent of the desolation make residence in the neighbourhood to be more dare to come in the time of rejoicing and harvest, sought after, and to increase the gains of the and say to the State, “I am the owner of all this; owners of the ground.
give me compensation-purchase my land-pay me Now nothing can be more desirable than that my rent ! Pay him rent for his desolation ! Comthe good of one should be also the good of another, pensate him for ruining the country!” Mr. Reid but this must be brought about hy mutual industry I is in favour of the abolition of the House of Lords:
"a heavy progressive succession duty," and the The Kapunda Herald (Australia), is fighting a payment of election expenses out of the rates. very honest battle against those who go on reck
An interesting lecture on “ The Reform of Local lessly opening up railways in Australia that will Self-Government," by Mr. Silvanus Trevail, has not pay. The public debts of Australia are quite been reprinted from the “ West Briton," Mr. high enough, and we cannot see why they should Trevail points out the complications of the present be made higher to enrich the land-grabbers who system, and advocates the formation of local would of course drain immense profits from the councils " responsible for every description of local administration now performed by Local Boards,
The Commonwealth (Adelaide), is edited by“ that School Boards, Burial Boards, Boards of Guardians,
| bad man Singer." This desperate person actually Sanitary Boards, Highway Boards, &c." As an
believes that land robbers are as bad as highway intermediate between the local council and central
robbers. This irreligious man positively has the authority, Mr. Trevail advocates the formation of
audacity to think that Christ's ministers should County Boards. He is also in favour of separate
act up to Christ's example. This bloody revoluNational Parliaments for England, Scotland, and
tionary harbours the mad, bad idea that poor men Wales.
have a right to live. No wonder his journal is The Million (Des Moines, Iowa), is all solid facts hated-and read. and figures. It is meant to track Free Trade to The Workmani's Advocate (New Haven, Connecthe United States, and therefore to supply the
ticut), is a broad and manly working man s paper. great Union with one of the very few things it
It talks as sensibly about the Canadian fishing lacks for its proper enfranchisement and develop
difficulties as if it were edited by King Solomon ment. The Million is just the sort of journal
and sub-edited by Mr. Tupper. It is not our Richard Cobden wonld have admired.
fight." Don't let Canadian and States workmen The Weekly Star of San Francisco is an advanced | fight each other, but let both join against the and brilliant advocate of Land Reform. With its monopolist. What matters the trifle extra that views on Chinese labour we do not, however, quite
goes to Canadian labourers or to States labourers agree, although it is doubtless one thing to specu
when after all it's “all in the family." late on the Chineso problem in Britain and quite The Scottish Highlander (Inverness). --A paper of another to deal with it in America. The Chinese the right sort, and just a very thorn in the sides are seemingly irreclaimable. They live a heathen of the northern landlords. Lately Lord Lovat life in the midst of a Christian land, and spread tried to cheat his tenants out of whatever fair vice while they lower the price of labour, But advantages the Crofter Act gives them. And he surely after all they put more into the country | would have succeeded, too, in getting them to sign than they take out of it, and they might with a | leases but for the energy of the Highlander's properly regulated labour system be made very editor, who not only exposed in print the mein113eful, especially in doing such work as white menness and deceit of Lovat, but went down and cannot and will not do.
explained, point by point, to the tenants who
came miles to hear him through the rain and John Swinton's Paper (New York), is one of the
storm, every point of the Act. Now the tenants few prints we read through and through. There is
would rather cut off their hands than sign a lease, nothing in it not worth knowing, and little that is not worth careful study. Any club of British
and the landlords regard that editor with truly
Christian feelings. workmen who want to know how affairs are moving across the herring-pond would find a dollar a year
The l'incennes News (Ind., U.S.) bears on its spent in buying it, and half-a-dollar in bringing it,
dauntless front a motto which we recommend to a very profitable investment. John Swinton is
our friend, Mr. Labouchere, for his admiration: very anxious to change the word boycott to tabov.
“Nothing is beautiful but Truth." The Neurs is We don't particularly see why. A word like boy- / very good news, and it has a smart way of putting cott provokes curiosity, and makes men think on | things. Some Anti-Free Trade journal has been the great struggle between those who work and
putting the old conundrum,“ How did Britain get those who rule.
on for ten centuries without Free Trade ?” And
the News replies, " just as it got on without steam, The Industrial News (Toledo, Ohio), is a high class but couldn't get on without steam now." labour paper of a kind that it would rejoice us to
We read through a whole week's Evansville Duily see in this country. It hits from the shoulder, but
Couri " (Evansville, Ind., U.S.), and not only surnever strikes below the belt.
vived it but enjoyed it. The toughest part was a The Board of Traile Journal is one of the results | sermon by Dr. Talmage, so highly coloured that one of bad times. Merchants are complaining so londly wanted to read it with blue spectacles. The fact and with so much justice that otticials are almost is that Talmage's sermons are all seasoning with a as viseless as the Archbishop of Canterbury, that little meat thrown in. News from all parts of the they are beginning to consider it advisable they world is well boiled down in the Courier, and what should do something for their money. Thus this is dull is boiled out. We find from its ably-edited journal and the Emigration Statistical Office share columns that land companies in the United Kingan awakening desire on the part of our highly-paid dom hold in the States 2,016,883 acres in fee officials to make themselves useful. The feeling is simple, 1,115,796 acres in lease. If we add the Very laudable, and the journal is very good--as far enorinous acreage held by individuals it will be
seen that the landed classes of this country have
as it goes.
cut out for themselves very pretty estates in the The Londoner Arbeiter-Zeitung is another Gernew world. The time has decidedly come for the man paper that we are pleased to see upon our Uuited States to keep its lands for its own people table. In its own words it exists and to warn off foreign grabbers.
«Für des Volkes Richte The Oban Times is a newspaper that has fought
Gegen alles Shlichte !" the Crofter battles ably and long. It has a very and certainly it goes out to do battle for the people wide range of correspondence, it is written and con with zeal and ability. . ducted with great talent, and it is as popular with
The Pioneer (Glasgow) is a new weekly paper landlords as mustard is popular with cats.
upon thoroughly Democratic lines. It represents, The Highland News (Inverness) is another ably and eloquently, the growing feeling in the West journal of the highest merit, and is devoted to the of Scotland that we must have real political work best interests of the Highland people.
from the old political leaders or else provide our
selves with new leaders. Democracy in Scotland To read The Irish World (New York) is to
is a thriving plant, and we believe that the Pioneer admire it. There is a dash and swing in its
will give it adequate expression. articles with a brilliancy of style and a Celtic fervour that makes it more than interesting. At
:0:the same time we greatly doubt if Mr. Patrick
RECEIVED. Ford, its editor, serves in it the best interests of the Irish people. He does not clearly enough distin Weekiy Star (San Francisco), Highland Neus, quish the British people from the British Industrial News (Toledo, Ohio), Oban Times patricians. He does not make sufficient note of the Weekly Echo, New Zealand Ilerald, Kent and Sussex fact that as soon as the Democracy of Britain was Times, Jus, Scottish Highlander, Northern Ensign, roused to the meaning of the Irish question it made Sheffield Weekly Echo, Londoner Arbeiter-Zeitung, a speedy and generous response.
l'incennes News, Commonwealth (Adelaide), Labour With the religious views of the Liberator (Mel
Tribune, Evansville Courier (Evansville, Ind.), Le bourne) we have no sympathy whatever. At the
Proletariat, Weekly Bulletin, Workman (Grand same time it is idle to deny that Secularist opinions
Rapids, Michigan), Crédit Foncier of Sinaloa, Daily
Courier (Evansville), John Swinton's Paper, Temperhave sway with many. And it would be well if our clergy, who are much given to fighting men of
ance Chronicle, Workmen's Advocate (New Haven, straw, would study the views set down here with
Conn.), True Witness (Montreal), Irish World, great ability and with no intemperance of language.
Carpenter, Pioncer', Shadow of the Sword, Scottish Much that is said about the practice of Christians
Leader (Edinburgh), Kapunda Herald (Kapunda, and Christian churches, we must sadly confess to be
South Australia), Malvern Alrertiser, only too true. When such papers as the Liberator
-- -:0:are popular and respected, the Church should look All classes of the community should read the to its ways.
| interesting consular reports that have lately been A very lively, energetic, and able paper is the coming to hand. It appears from these that the Labour Tribune (High street, West Bromwich).
two great objections to British goods are the disIt represents in capital style the coal and iron | honesty of some of our merchants, and the aristoworkers of this country. The editorials are thought
cratic methods of some of our commercial travellers. ful and the nutes have a brightness not common on
So many men are hastening to dishonest riches and this side of the Atlantic.
the House of Lords, that English shoddy is held
in hatred where the foot of Englishmen has never The light is spreading. From Germany there gone. As to our foreign travellers, they affect the reaches us the first dozen numbers of Land (Berlin). style of the Prince of Wales, and try to impress All these numbers are written in a thoughtful and their customers with their condescension in trading philosophical manner; indeed, if we were to offer at all. We want truer men with better manners any criticism we might ask the editor to give us a to revive our trade. few more figures and a little less philosophy. We are THE editor of Longman's Magazine has intervery eager to learn more about German land and ested himself in a scheme by which warm and the German Land Law. A feature of Land is that wholesome food is given at almost nominal prices now and then it supplies a very clever picture. In to the labourers at the docks. The whole amount the first number this picture is called “Between of money received by him during the year is someScylla and Charybdis." The ship of the German thing less than £230. We find that during last State is tossed between Revolution and Reaction, October alone over 1,300 men were served with while right in front of it is the lighthouse of Free- sour, or stew, or pudding. How the men who dom, to which Miss Land League points as she received these rations would have lived but for the stands waiting to take the helm. The declaration - Donna," as the provision cart is called, we do not of faith (unser Glaube) in the first number amounts, know. But this we do know, that (230 would in short, to this : “The beautiful earth was made but coldly furnish forth an aristocratic feast. for man, and there is ample room for all men to More money is wasted in the West End of London live in comfort upon it." We hope to see more of in a day than would feed the East End for a week. our brilliant and eloquent contemporary, and we IT is good news that Gladstone and Churchill congratulate the Land Reformers of Germany in are together about to raise the “Flag of being served by so excellent a newspaper.
A WORKMAN'S SECRET.
For some months following the death of bis grand best workmen cease to be workmen. No wonder is it father life flowed very smoothly and evenly with when such things are believed that there is antipathy Robert Makinroa. Work was very plentiful in between class and class! Workmen only hate those Glasgow, and a skilled workman could earn high fellow.workmen who succeed by lying, sneaking, and wages. His sister and he had a house in one of those fawning. But the power to lie, fawn, and sneak is streets near the West-End Park, where there are a great mercantile talent. If the human race wers better and cheaper houses for the more prosperous of suddenly deprived of these high powers one half of the working classes than in any other part of that our greatest and most honoured reputations would great grim city. Miss Kate Makinnon was a very collapse like the pio-pricked bubble. Honest working quiet nice little girl, with a good head and a good men, that is to say three-fourths of the working class, beart, who worked very hard all day in a neighbour regard with pride the success of a bruther workman. ing school, and enjoyed at night the society of her It is a compliment to themselves ; an honour to their brother. Of late, too, she had very much of the whole body. society of another. We have mentioned a young pro. Thus Robert Makinnon was liked by all his brother bationer, Mr. Robertson. He, too, had come to engineers. He was thoroughly one of them. When Glasgow as “ assistant minister” to that light of the s
of the 'he rose quietly and modestly to speak at any of their evangelical pulpit D:. Boanerges MuDuff. In the
meetings he was heard with silence and respect. long winter erenings he often came to the brother and
They knew that when he spoke he had something to sister saying little to them, but feeling supremely
ng supremely say. By-and. by it began to be whispered that he contented. A strange gioup these three hippy, quiet heim
hippy quiet had made a great mechanical discovery. Whence the voung people. In an arm.chair close to the blazing rumour came and how it spread none could be certain. tire sat Katie busy with one of those miracles of 'When Makinnon himself was questioned as to his female art which it is not given to the male mind to discoverdhe only langhed in a haitawkward manner. comprehend, or the male pen to describe. Mr. Robert
; But those who knew him best were certain that he
Rot th son would sit beside her in a higb, straight chair, and had discovered some great application of science. At would read aloud some book in which with a woman's iner
18 last the rumours came to a head. good nature she pretended to be interested. Had any sharp person like you or I, dearest reader, been present
Katie bad once or twice looked up from her sewing, we might, no doubt, ever and again have seen that
and had noticed something that surprised her. Robert Miss Katie looked up to the reader with just the was sitting, as was
ith inst the was sitting, as was his custom, a little apart at a slightest touch of mischief in her 4ye and just the
inst the table, upon which were his drawings. But he did slightest smiling pout on her sweet red lips. Very
not seem to mind them. Leaning his head upon his still and demure this little girl was, but she could hands, he was staring intently into the fire. The langh at times with that musical archness tbat is the
attitude was so unusual, the look upon his face of sweetest thing in woman. Not a fairy mind
weariness and vexation so extraordinary, that she took you, or if a fairy a working fairy, and a little weary
advantage of the first pause in Mr. Robertson's reading with her hard life tasks. A house fairy at any rate as
to ask if he were ill. the tripped aboat and set supper on the table, and said ' “ No, uot ill, Katie, but put out a little." pleasant things to her brother or to her brother's Ka'ie looked very anxiously into his face. friend.
"Oh, it is not much,'' he said, replying to her look. As to her brother he sit a little apart with a box of “Get supper on the table, and then I want your com passes and drawing paper befo.e him. In these advice--yours and Mr. Robertson's." mathematical instruments Katie had the deepest Katie bustled away, and Makinnon came to the pride, and she kept them in a state of brightness such, fire, and leaning agaiost the mantelpiece, said. as if as made them the very aristocrats of mathematical to himself, “ Yes, I would rather have the advice o: instruments. They had been won as a prize in the little Katie than that of a D.D." evening classes, and had first brought Robert Makin. "Far be it from me," said Mr. Robertson, “ to non to the notice of those who love to see talent undervalue the counsels of the Church, which are for unfold its sweet blossoms among the people. And a comfort to all ages, but I agree with you that many well had they been used. Robert Makinnon had three a D.D. is less wise than Miss Makinnon." Having pleasures in life. He loved the quiet home he had made which alarmingly gallant speech Mr. Robertson made for himself in the mighty city, he loved the keen felt faint and cold, and seemed almost to expect that political discussions of the debating club, and he loved Robert would snub him. But Makinnon was too the peculiar scientific studies connected with his pro. much engrossed to notice even this tremendous com. fession. It is the noblest and most hopeful sign of pliment, and Mr. Robertson began to recover. onr day and generation that thousands of young men " Katie," said Makinnon, as they seated themselves like Robert Makinnon are growing up, and are chaag. at the supper table,“ how would you like to be a fine ing the whole current of modern thought. Antique lady?' prejudice has no chance against these young Davids “I don't know, Robin ; do you intend to make me who are bothering tbe poor maimed old giant with one?" whole rolleys of smooth pebble-stones.
“Mr. Robertson, how do you think Katie woull For years Makinnon had thought and worked. lle look in a grand carriage, with a pair of horses and a had been to sea in one of those great vessels that are pair of footmen ? like travelling hotels. Even there, pencil book or Unhappy Mr. Robertson. He knew that he mu it japer had been ever in his hands. His comrades ' pay a compliment, and still he had not quite got over laughed at him, but respected him. They felt that he ihe perturbation caused by the last. At length he was altogether one of hemselves. We hear much of cleared his throat, and blushing and stammering, workmen's jealousy. We are told that the man who muttered, “ Miss Makinnon would look well under raises himself a little above his fellows becomes dis. any circumstances." trusted and hated, We are often told that always the And thereupon he hid his blushes in his coffee cup.