Theories of Organizational Stress

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Cary L. Cooper
OUP Oxford, 29 окт. 1998 г. - Всего страниц: 294
During the past two decades, the nature of work has changed dramatically, as more and more organizations downsize, outsource and move toward short-term contracts, part-time working and teleworking. The costs of stress in the workplace in most of the developed and developing world have risen accordingly in terms of increased sickness absence, labour turnover, burnout, premature death and decreased productivity. This book, in one volume, provides all the major theories of organizational stress from the leading researchers and writers in the field. It is a guide to identifying the sources of pressures in jobs and the workplace so that we may be able to intervene to change and manage the growing problem of organizational stress.
 

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Содержание

An Organizational Psychology MetaModel of Occupational Stress
6
PersonEnvironment Fit Theory
28
A Multidimensional Theory of Burnout
68
Stress and the Sojourner
86
A Cybernetic Theory of Organizational Stress
101
Cybernetic Theory of Stress Coping and WellBeing
122
A Control Theory of the Job Stress Process
153
Stressors Innovation and Personal Initiative
170
Adverse Health Effects of EffortReward Imbalance at Work
190
Job Characteristics in a Theoretical and Practical Health Context
205
The Etiological Theory of Stress
220
The Theory of Preventive Stress Management in Organizations
246
Index
269
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Стр. 1 - This book, being about work, is by its very nature, about violence — to the spirit as well as to the body. It is about ulcers as well as accidents, about shouting matches as well as fistfights, about nervous breakdowns as well as kicking the dog around. It is above all (or beneath all), about daily humiliations. To survive the day is triumph enough for the walking wounded among the great many of us.
Стр. 4 - Insofar as his entire job and life situation facilitate and support such feelings of adequacy, inner security and meaningfulness of his existence, it can be presumed that his mental health will tend to be good. What is important in a negative way is not any single characteristic of his situation but everything that deprives the person of purpose and zest, that leaves him with negative feelings about himself, with anxieties, tensions, a sense of lostness, emptiness and futility.
Стр. viii - ... general principles of prevention: (a) avoiding risks; (b) evaluating the risks which cannot be avoided: (c) combating the risks at source; (d) adapting the work to the individual, especially as regards the design of workplaces, the choice of work equipment and the choice of working and production methods, with a view, in particular, to alleviating monotonous work and work at a pre-determined work-rate and to reducing their effect on health...
Стр. viii - ... coherent overall prevention policy which covers technology, organization of work, working conditions, social relationships and the influence of factors related to the working environment; (h) giving collective protective measures priority over individual protective measures; (i) giving appropriate instructions to the workers.

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Об авторе (1998)

Cary Cooper is Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Organizational Behaviour (Wiley & Sons) and is also on the Editorial Board of many other journals including the Journal of Applied Psychology, British Journal of Management, Journal of Organizational Change Management, Leadership and Organization Development Journal, and the Employee Rights and Responsibility Journal. He is a contributor to many national broadsheet newspapers and appears regularly on British radio and TV. Professor Cooper is Chair of the British Academy of Management Fellowship Committee; former Chair of Alcohol Concern's commission on a National Strategy for Training in Alcohol Work; and Chair of the Higher Education Funding Council's Research Assessment Exercise for all UK Business and Management Schools.

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