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size to accommodate all the regulating apparatus, switches, 'bus bars, etc., named below without crowding, supported on a stout framing of —, and set out not less than — from the wall. A design of the switchboard shall be submitted with the bid.
(Note.—This specification includes only the instruments used in the simplest of installations. The instruments required for any particular installation must, of course, be determined by its individual purposes and necessities.)
There shall be placed upon this switchboard all the dynamo regulating apparatus and the following appliances:
main ampère meters. — ampère meters for risers. dynamo galvanometers. — dynamo galvanometer switches. — dynamo switches. | riser | feeder switches for connecting system with dynamos in the building or with external source of supply. breakdown switch. double-pole fusible cut-outs. (switches, cut-outs, etc., for purely local conditions). All switches carrying over — ampères shall be knife switches; all other switches shall have sliding contacts, and shall make
29. Switchboard AppaTatllS.
30. Connections (con
31. Connections (sur
and break contact automatically beyond the
All connecting wires shall be carried back
of the switchboard using only — insulated wire. All joints shall be soldered. All connections to switch -outs, etc., shall be soldered or made approved form of lug
or set screw, in ass cases care being taken to secure good and sufficient contact to prevent heating and insure permanency; when made with lugs or set screws they shall be in plain sight and easily accessible for tightening. Connecting wires shali be so run and secured that crosses or grounds are impossible in the normal operation of the plant. All main wires shall have a capacity of at least — C. M. per ampère, and no wire smaller than -— B. & S. or — B. W. G. shall be used.
All dynamo, 'bus, feeder and riser wires
shall be of | o ated | wire fastened neatly
and securely to the front surface of the switchboard. All bare wires shall be separated from the board by an air space of not less than —. Bus bars shall be of — section. All minor connections, such as to pressure indicators, ground detectors, etc., shall
be made on the } ofa Ce | of the board using
— insulated wire. All joints shall be soldered. All connections to switches, cut-outs, etc., shall be soldered or made with an approved form of lug or set screw, in all cases care being taken to secure good and sufficient contact to prevent heating and insure permanency, when made with lugs or set screws they shall be in plain sight and easily accessible for tightening. All main wires shall have a capacify of at least —— C. M. per ampère, and no wire smaller than — B. & S. or — B. W. G. shall be used.
The following circuits will centre at the switchboard: (Enumeration of circuits To different floors; To different sections of the building; Residence circuits; Commercial circuits; Street lighting circuits; Power circuits, etc. This enumeration will largely determine the extra instruments to be supplied.)
Incandescent Series System, Dynamos Medium
This contractor shall furnish, and, unless otherwise specified, erect the following apparatus and material:
33. Dynamoss). — dynamo (s) (each) having a capacity of −–, -- c. p., incandescent lamps. The maximum voltage at the terminals of the dynamo(s) shall not exceed —— volts at full load. The dynamo(s) shall be of the latest and most efficient pattern ; mounted on a base provided with an adjustable belt tightener, so that the belt may be tightened while in operation; capable of operating under full load for —— consecutive hours without increasing the temperature of any part, especially the armature, fields, and commutator, to such a degree o, as to endanger the insulation or decrease the * efficiency of operation; shall not spark unduly with proper care of the commutator and adjustment of the brushes, nor under considerable variation of load; shall have an insulation resistance of not less than – – ohms be: tween all parts insulated from each other; . * . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . o:
shall be adapted to operate at such speed as will allow the use of high-speed, automatic cut-off engines belted direct; shall be provided with efficient oiling devices; the armature shall be balanced both electrically and mechanically so that there will be no tendency to spring the shaft, or to draw the armature toward either bearing so as to cause
excessive friction and heating, and no vibra- . . .
tion; the dynamo(s) shall be of such design that the power required will be automatically proportioned to the number and candle-power of the lamps burning at any time; if of the
direct and constant-current type }*
shall be so designed that with the proper connections two or more may be operated successfully in series, so that with ordinary care and precaution any dynamo may be added to or taken from the circuit without in any manner affecting the efficient operation of the remainder, and with but a momentary fluctuation in the candle power and steadiness of the lamps; if of the direct-current, constant
potential type }* shall be so designed
that with the proper connections two or more may be operated successfully in parallel so that with ordinary care and precaution any dynamo may be added to or taken from the circuit without in any manner affecting the operation of the remaining dynamos in circuit or causing any change in the candle