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Adam Smith advantage arises Balfour Stewart banker become beef benefit better bubble called capitalist carry cent cheaply circulating capital coal coins collapse commodity corn cost cotton difficult division of labour doubt E. A. Freeman earn employed employers employment England exchange factory fallacy farm farmer give gold increase Indirect Taxes invention iron Iron puddlers John Smith keep kind land laws of supply less limited in supply live machinery machines manage manufactured means ment metal Ollendorff paid payments pearls person plenty political economy poor pounds Price Primer produce profits proportion quantity railways rate of interest rate of wages receive rent requisites of production rich sell shares shillings silver sometimes Spanish Language spend strike supply and demand tenant things trade trades-unions usually utility valuable wealth wine workmen
Сторінка 128 - Every tax ought to be so contrived as both to take out and to keep out of the pockets of the people as Little as possible, over and above what it brings into the public treasury of the state.
Сторінка 57 - ... first, the agreeableness or disagreeableness of the employments themselves; secondly, the easiness and cheapness, or the difficulty and expense of learning them; thirdly, the constancy or inconstancy of employment in them; fourthly, the small or great trust which must be reposed in those who exercise them; and fifthly, the probability or improbability of success in them.
Сторінка 34 - ... the invention of a great number of machines which facilitate and abridge labour, and enable one man to do the work of many.
Сторінка 128 - Every tax ought to be levied at the time, or in the manner, in which it is most likely to be convenient for the contributor to pay it.
Сторінка 126 - The subjects of every State ought to contribute towards the support of the government, as nearly as possible in proportion to their respective abilities ; that is, in proportion to the revenue they respectively enjoy under the protection of the State .... In the observation or neglect of this maxim, consists what is called the equality 'or inequality of taxation.
Сторінка 127 - The tax which each individual is bound to pay ought to be certain, and not arbitrary. The time of payment, the manner of payment, the quantity to be paid, ought all to be clear and plain to the contributor, and to every other person.
Сторінка 56 - Secondly, the wages of labour vary with the easiness and cheapness, or the difficulty and expense of learning the business. When any expensive machine is erected, the extraordinary work to be performed by it before it is worn out, it must be expected, will replace the capital laid out upon it, with at least the ordinary profits.
Сторінка 134 - APPLETONS' FIFTH READER. 1 26 CHIEF MERITS. These Readers, while avoiding extremes and one-sided tendencies, combine into one harmonious whole the several results desirable to be attained in a series of school reading-books. These include good pictorial illustrations, a combination of the word and phonic methods, careful grading, drill on the peculiar combinations of letters that represent vowel-sounds, correct spelling, exercises well arranged for the pupil's preparation by himself (so that he shall...
Сторінка 134 - ... embody all the best elements of modern educative ideas. In the schools of St. Louis and Cleveland, over which two of them have long presided, the subject of reading has received more than usual attention, and with results that have established for them a wide reputation for superior elocutionary discipline and accomplishments. Feeling the need of a series of reading-books harmonizing in all respects with the modes of...
Сторінка 133 - The object of these primers is to convey information in such a manner as to make it both intelligible and interesting to very young pupils, and so to discipline their minds as to incline them to more systematic after-studies. They are not only an aid to the pupil, but to the teacher, lightening the task of each by an agreeable, easy, and natural method of instruction.