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Smith (Adam): 6, 15 n., equal

distribution of happiness 61,
on wealth 92, improvements
93, natural liberty 96, original
state of things 101, relation
to Hutcheson 113, more in-
dividualist than Hume 116,
on labour 118, predecessors
129, 130, 140 n., Book II.
ch. viii. passim, 185, 195, use
of “law” and “principle”
194, followers 199, relation
to Godwin 200, 201, 205 seq.,
to Malthus 210 seq., to Ben-
tham 215, 216, 221, to J. S.
Mill 240, 241, 258, to Kant
270, 271, 275, 276, 309,
(Proudhon) 331, (Marx) 339,
(Hegel) 221, summary 382

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ROUSSEAU (J. J.): 100 n., 104 n.,

133, 134, 141, 161, 167 n., 168
(Rousseau and Mandeville)
181 Note, state of nature 186,
Swiss ideal 187, influence on
Godwin 199, 200, 203, (Kant)
279, (Fichte) 285, (Hegel)

311, 317, 322, 333, 363.
Roux: on organs of animals 360 n.
RUGE (Arnold): 335.
Russia (Hegel in): 329.
SADLER (Michael T.): 218.
Saint Simonians : 239, 329, 333.
Savage and civilized man: 93, 94,

138, 154, 181 Note, 207 (cf.

213), 259, 349.
Sax (Prof. Emil) : 18 n., 180 n.,

219 n., 316 n.
Say (J. B.): 218, 309, 331.
Sceptic: (Hume's) 113, 116 (cf.

125).
SCHÄFFLE (Prof. A.): 299.
SCHELLE (G.): 135, 138, 144,

145.
SCHELLING (F. W. J.): 298.
SCHILLER: 317 n.
SCHMIDT (Oskar): 361 n.
SCHMOLLER (Prof. G.): 156 n.,

295 n.
School life : (Hegel) 308.
SCHULZE-DELITZSCH : 353.
Selection : sexual 360; natural, see

Nature.
SENIOR (W. N.): 258.
SHAFTESBURY (Lord): 109, 380.
SHELLEY (P. B.) : 200 n.
SIDGWICK (Prof. Henry): 218.
SIÈYES (Abbé): 335 n.
Silver : the best money (Kant)

275. See also Money.
SIMONIDES: 26.
Sin and atonement: (Ad. Smith)

182.
SKARZYNSKI (Dr. W.): 181 Note.
Slavery : (Plato) 21, 27, 28, 29,

(Aristotle) 34, 36, 376, replaced
by machines 35, (Stoics) 49,
(Christianity) 53, 353, (More)
64, (Grotius) 74 (cf. 107 n.),
141, (Hegel) 303, 315, 374,
(Engels) 349, 350.

Social or customary morality :

(Hegel) 307.
Social Science : (J. S. Mill) 240

seq.
Socialism : (J. S. Mill) 254 seq.

German-See Books IV.

and V. passim.
Society: spontaneous growth 5,

15, (Plato) 23, 24, ruled by
custom 25, 26, distinct from
state 30, 46, (Epicureans) 48,
Stoics 50, (Grotius) 72, 73,
75, (Locke) 96, 99, 100,
(Hume) 121, (Physiocrats)
139, (Ad. Smith) 148, 159
seq., 163, 174, 179, spon-
taneous 184, (Rousseau) 185,
relation to rights 188, (God-
win) 200 seq., (Bentham) 228,
(J. S. Mill) 259, (Kant) 272,

(Hegel) 310 seg.
SOCRATES : 11, 18, 21, 36 n., 47,

48.
Sophists : 16, 72 n., 78.
SPENCER (Herbert): 16, 196 Note,

218, 300, 362, 389.
SPINOZA : 60, 76, 86, cf. 388.
Sponte acta : 24, 85 (cf. 96), 102,

123, 124, 133, 215, 220, 221,
252, 309, 318, 363, 372, cf.

394.
Standard of comfort : (More) 64,

256.

65, (Malthus) 212, 213, Theology : natural theology (Ad.
(Fichte) 288. See also Ne Smith) 148, 150 (cf. 162,
cessaries.

182), (Malthus) 206, (J. S.
State: as distinguished from Mill) 251, (Kant) 307, (Hegel)

Society 5, 15, 24, 30, 46, 50, 323, (Marx) 338, (Engels)
State a necessary develop 347, (Lassalle) 351.
ment 43, from contract THOMPSON (Perronet): 227 n.,
(Epicurus) 49, Christian and 232 n.
Stoic 51, analogy of body / THOMPSON (William ): 336 n.
and members (Grotius and Time : in economics 114 seq., 355,
Hobbes) 52, 74 seq., 79, not 356, cf. 358, 363-4.
like household 81, (cf. 41), Tolstoi (Count Leo): 21.
(Harrington) 86, (Locke) 98 TRACY (Deslutt de): 218.
seq., 378, (Hume) 121, (Ad. Trades Unions and Guilds :
Smith) 148, 174 seq., 178, (Fichte) 286, (Hegel) 313 seq.
(Rousseau) 185, in relation | TRENDELENBURG (A.): 196 Note,
to rights 188, 189, (Kant) 297.
272 seg., (Fichte) 281, State TscHERNISCHEWSKY (N. G.): 330 n.
as educator 296, (Hegel) 308, TUCKER (Abraham) : 105.

310 seq., struggle of States 366. TUCKER (Josiah): 129 Note.
Statistics:(Kant) 277, (Fichte) 289. | TURGÓT (A. R. J.): 129, 134, 135,
STAHL (F. J.): 75, 100 n.

141, 142, 144, 154, 160, 195,
STEUART (Sir James): 137 n., 146,

147.
STEWART (Dugald): 136 n., 147, Usury : (Plato) 22, (Aristotle) 38,
152, 180, 182.

(Canon law) 53, (More) 65,
STIRLING (Dr. Hutchison): 323 (Bacon) 67, (Grotius) 76,
Note.

(Harrington) 89, (Bentham)
Stoics : Book I., ch. iii. passim, 215

also 51, 54, 161, 169, 271, Utility : final 219, 299.
375, 377.

Utilitarianism : ancient 49, 72,
Hume's “Stoic” 116.

modern (Hobbes etc.) 85, 86,
STRAUSS (D. F.): 347.

(Locke) 98, theological 103,
Struggle for existence : 78, 205, 104, (Hume) 108, 122 seq.,
210, 358 seq., 366, 367.

(Ad. Smith against) 164, 167,
SUAREZ : 98.

168, (Godwin) 201, (Malthus)
SWIFT (Jonathan) : 173, 199.

207, 209, 212, 213, Book III.
SYDNEY (Algernon): 98.

ch. ii. passim, (J. S. Mill) 247
Sympathy : (Hume) 108, 124, seq., 261, sum of pleasures
(Ad. Smith) 164 seq.

380, 385 seq.

Utopias : not at all times alike 64,
TAINE (H. A.): 265 n.

210, in contrast with scien-
Taxation : (Bodin) 68, (Hobbes) tific socialism 329, 331 (cf.

81, 83, (Harrington) 88, 345, 346, 387).
(Locke) 96, 100, (Hume)
117, 129, (Quesnay) 137, 140, Value : (Plato) 20, 21, (Aristotle)
(Ad. Smith) 180, 384, (J. S. 37, 40, (Grotius) 74, (Hobbes)
Mill) 262, 263, (Kant) 273, 82, 83, (Locke) 94 seq.,
(Fichte) 289, 294, (Hegel) (Hume) 118 seq., (Quesnay)
311, (Lassalle) 351.

137, 138, (Ad. Smith) 156,
Teleology: 170, 221, 279.

158, 384, (Ricardo) 212 (cf.
THALES: 11, 38 n.

74), 368, 387, (Malthus) 212,

Ε Ε

(Bentham) 215, (J. S. Mill) (Fichte) 281, 292, (Hegel)
246 seq., (Kant) 275, (Fichte) 321, 322 (cf. 79 n.). See also
288 seq., (Hegel) 303, in rela Hobbes, Grotius.
tion to property 369, in latest WATT (James) : 183 Note.
economics 386, 391 (cf. 369), Wealth : (Plato) 12 seq., (Aristotle)
in terms of theology (Proud 32 seq., (Epicurus) 48, (Stoics)
hon) 331 n., (Marx) 336, 341. 50, (Christianity) 53, (Machi-

Surplus Value: Book V. avelli) 60, (More) 62 seq.,
I. passim.

(Hobbes) 84, (Harrington)
VAUBAN (Sebastian) : 133.

87, (Locke) 91 seq., (Hume)
Venice: ballot etc. 87 seq.

107, desire of 111, wealth not
VERRI (Pietro): 137 n., 218.

happiness (Hume) 112, 113,
Vices : public benefits. See Man (Quesnay) 135 seq., (Ad.
deville.

Smith) 153 (cf. 161), not
Vico (J. B.): 364.

happiness (ib.) 172, abstractly
Virtues : intellectual (Hume) 124 considered 178, (James Mill)
(cf. 108), 172 (cf. 201).

230, (J. S. Mill) 245, 248,
Voigt (Moritz) : 72 n.

(Marx) 341, 379, in view of
VOLTAIRE (Arouet de): 141, 186. development 362, 368.

Women : (Plato) 28, 376, (Aris-
Wages : high and low 117, 118, totle) 35, (Stoics) 49, (Con-

154, 159, Fund 258, (Kant) dorcet) 204, (Bentham and J.
274, in food (Fichte) 289, S. Mill) 240, 387 (cf. Hume
(Hegel) 303, (Lassalle) 350, 121, 125, 126), (Kant) 292 n.,
(Marx) 341, 342, 343, dyn (Engels) 349, 350.
amical view 355.

XENOPHON : 18 n., 21 n., on divi-
WAGNER (Prof. A.): 7, 374 n.

sion of labour 31 Note.
WAGNER (Richard): 248, 370,

371.
WALLACE (A. R.): 214, 358, 360 n. | ZELLER (Prof. Eduard): 48 n., 49.
WALLACE (Dr. Robert): 205. ZEyss (Dr. R.): 181 Note.
War: (Kant) 276 seq., 387, | ZUCKERKANDL (Dr. Robert): 97n.

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