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Books : like Money (Kant) 275. Civil Society and State : (Hegel)
BOSANQUET (Bernard): 301 n.

308 seq., 350.
BOWRING (Dr. John): 227 n., cf. Civilization : 93, 117, 119, 122,
216 n.

127, 141, 154, 181 Note, 189,
BRADLEY (Prof. A. C.): 40 n.

207, 213, 248, 259, 277, 293,
BRADLEY (F. H.): 323 Note.

348, 366.
BRAY (J. F.): 336 n., 337 n., 350 n.

Classical Economists : 85, 86, 331,
Bright (Prof. Franck): 89 n.

338, 345, 348, 377, 385, 387,
Brissot (J. P.): 332 n., 335 n.

391.
BUCKLE (H. T.): 181 Note, 365. CLEON : 21.
BURKE (Edm.): 158 n., 187, 195, COBDEN (Richard): 386, cf. 258.
199, 241 n., 261, 383.

COHN (Prof. G.): 374 n.
Burton (Hill): 106 n., 129 Note, COLERIDGE (S.T.): 106 n., 239,
151 n., 177 n., 240 n.

261.
BUTLER (Bishop): 49 n., 110, 270. Commune : as political unit 187,

cf. 200.
CAIRD (Prof. Edward): 187 n., Communism : (Plato) 22, (Aristotle)
232, 269.

43 seq., (Christianity) 52, 54,
CAIRNES (J. E.): 218.

(More) 62, 65, (Locke) 99,
Canon law : 5, 22 n., 52, 53.

(Hume) 117, 125, 126,
CANTILLON (Richard): 106 n., 134. (Morelly) 142 (cf. 210), (J. S.
Capital : (in Aristotle) 36, 375, , Mill) 254 seq., (Proudhon)

(Quesnay) 138 seq., (Proud- 334, tribal communism 349,
hon) 333, 334, (Marx) 340 in relation to Socialism, 369,
seq., variable and constant, 334.
343 ; capitalistic production, Competition : (Hobbes) 81, 85, (J.
341-3, 372.

S. Mill) 253 seq., 261, (Marx)
Carneades : 72.

343
CARLYLE (Thomas): 230 n., 235 COMTE (Auguste): 219, 239, 243,
Note, 248 n., 367.

261, 265, cf. 327.
Cause and effect : (Hume) 106, CONDILLAC (Abbé) : 138 n., 226.

in economy 110, in society CONDORCET (Marquis de): 202
better known than in physical

seq., 262 n.
nature 120.

Consumption : consumer's interest
CHALMERS (Dr. Thomas) : 253 n. 96, 160, consumption best for
Chartism : 348.

the sovereign 135, 136, not
Christianity: and old notion of part of political economy 244,

State 50 (cf. 76), general 247 (cf. 387–8), not
work of, Book I. ch. iv. as waste 153, (Proudhon)
passim, praise of humility 61, 334.
praise of peace 75, Christian Contract : social (Epicurus) 49,
liberty 176, equality 189, (Grotius) 74, 75, (Hobbes)
built on natural law 73 n. (cf. 79, 85, 378, (Locke) 98 seq.,
76–7), relation to individual 379, (Hume) 122 seq., (Kant)
309, against slavery 375 (cf. 272,

274, (Fichte)

292,
377), on immortality 352.

(Hegel) 304, 319, 321. See
Church : (Kant) 277, as a spon-

also Rousseau.
taneous growth 318.

Co-operative industry of the
Circulation of money : 82, 18. future : 257, 372, cf. 315, 353.
See Money.

Corners (commercial): 38, 74.
Civil Injury and Crime : (Hegel) | Cosmopolitanism : (Grotius) 76,
304.

(Ad. Smith) 176, (Kant) 277,

same

388, (Fichte) 296, (Krause)

Book IV. iv., passim, de-
298. See also Stoics, Christi velopment and Darwinism
anity.

388 seq.
Cossa (Prof. L.): 374 n.

DIDEROT (Denys): 134. See En-
COURCELLE - SENEUIL (J. G.): cyclopedists.
152 n.

DIEHL (Dr. K.): 333 n., 337 n.
COURTNEY (W. L.): 265 Note. DIETRICH (K.) 279 n.
CowPER (William): 185 n.

Distribution : (Plato) 13 seq.,
Crusades : 365, 367.

(Aristotle) 39 seq., (More)
CUMBERLAND (Richard): 145 Note. 62, 64, 65, (Hobbes) 82,
CUNNINGHAM (Prof. W.): 131 n. (Harrington) of land, 88, 90,
Currency: (philosophy and -) (Hume) 117, 122, 123, (Ad.

97, (quantity theory) 97 Smith) 154, 155, 172, 173,
(Hune) 118, 119. See also 211, laws of — 195, (cf. 18 n.,
Money.

73 n., (Godwin) 201. seq.,
Custom : (Plato) 24, 25, 26, (Malthus) 211, (James Mill)

(Aristotle) 41, 43, 45, (Machi 229, (J. S. Mill) 244, 252
avelli) 60, (Locke) 102, (Ad.

(cf. 18 n.), (Darwin) 366, in
Smith) 166, as origin of law distant future 370.
189, (J. S. Mill) modifying Division of labour : (Plato) 5, 15,
economic principles 253, 264, 16, 21, 375, (Aristotle) 29,
(Hegel) 310, 365.

34, 35, 37, (Xenophon) 31,
Cynics and Cyrenaics : 44, 47, 48. (More) 63, (Grotius) 72,

(Locke 94, 95, 101, (Hume)
DAIRE (E.): 135 seq., nn.

117, 124, (Ad. Smith) 154
D'ALEMBERT (J. le Rond): 134. seq., 161, (Godwin) 202,
See Encyclopedists.

(Fichte) 286, 288, (in relation
DANTE: 51 n., 54, 77, 79 n., 90, to Government) 265, (Proud-
168 n., 322.

hon) epoch of-332, primitive
DARWIN (Charles): 210, 213 Note, 349, physiological 362, a per-
328, 357 seq., 393 seq.

manent fact 370.
Dawson (W. H.): 354 Note. Domains : (Hobbes) 82.
Debasement of currency: (Bodin) Dove (P. E.): 284 n.
69, (Hobbes) 83.

DUMONT (Etienne) : 232 n.
Debts (Public): the ruin of nations DUNBAR (Prof. C. F.): 144 n.
(Hume) 119 (cf. 333).

DUPONT DE NEMOURS : 134, 135,
Definitions : 241. See Abstract 139, 140, 143, 144 n.
Method.

Duties as divine commandments :
DEGRASLIN : 142 n.

181 Note.
Democracy: (Machiavelli) 60, Dwight (T. W.): 90 n.

(Harrington) 87 seq., (Rous-
seau) 185, 186, (Hegel and Economy : relation of means and
Aristotle) 320 (cf. 41), de ends III, 226, relation of
mocracy and music, 369.

past, present, future 114,
DEMOCRITUS: 25.

economy and waste 110,
DESCARTES (René): 204, 347, 367. 177 (cf. 226, 362).
DE TOCQUEVILLE (A.): 240. | Economics : in sense of Domestic
Development: 173, 210, 211 Economy 18, 32 (cf. 62), 66,

(cf. 213, 214), Book V. ch. 67 (cf. 93).
ii. passim, of faculties 227, Economical element predominant :
not in Mill 257, (Kant) 279, 90 (cf. 115), 129 (cf. 131), 233,
(Fichte) 282 seq., (Hegel) | Book V. 1. and 11. passim.

Economical Categories and Legal 146 seq., 162 seq., 168, 176,

(or Historical): 17, 18, 25, 40, (Godwin) 201, (Malthus) 212,

119, 120, 252, 253, 351, 381. 213, (Bentham) 216 seq., re-
Economists, schools of: (Marx) lation to legislation 228, (J.

338, 339, 340, cf. 382, 386–7. S. Mill) 247, (Kant) 269 seq.,
EDMONDS (T. R.): 336 n.

(Fichte) 283 seq., (Krause)
Education : (Plato) 27, 29, (Har 297, (Hegel) 302 seq.

rington) 89, Physiocrats 145, EUCKEN (Prof. Rudolf): 194 n.,
(Ad. Smith) 178 n., 185 n.,

279 n.
(Rousseau) 185, (J. S. Mill) Evolution : the word 278 n. See
263, (Fichte) 296, (Krause) Development.
297, (Hegel) 308, 313, Exchange : (Plato) 17, 18, 19,
(Proudhon) 337, (Maurice) (Xenophon) 31, (Aristotle)
373, in view of Development 36, 37, 39, 40 (cf. 74), can-
363.

on law 53, problem of equit-
ELSTER (Prof. L.): 40 n.

able exchange 61, value in
EMERSON (R. W.): 337 n.

exchange 83, (Locke) 94 seq.,
Emigration : (J. S. Mill) 263, (Ad. Smith) 154, 155, (J. S.

(Fichte) 293, 294, (Hegel) 315. Mill) 246, 252 seq., 258,
Encyclopedists : 134, 135, 180, (Marx) 341, 342, (Engels) 349.
182.

Fall of Man (Kant and Hegel) 278.
ENDEMANN (W): 55 Note.
ENGELS (Friedrich): Book V. Family : 31, 43, 45, 48, 67, 68,
ch. i., also 357, 391 seq.

81, 93, 156, 274, 286, 304,
Ephors : (in Fichte) 291.

307, 314 seq., 318, primitive
EPICURUS: Book I. ch. iii. passim, 349, in German law 352(cf.353).

162, 173, 270, 374, 376, | Farmers : Quesnay's view of them

(Hume's “Epicurean ") 113, 136.
Equality: (Aristotle) 39, (Bodin) FARRER (J. A.): 181.

68, (Hobbes) 80 seq., 377, Fatalists as an economical school :
(Locke) 98, 103, (Hume) | 339.
117, 125, 127, (Physiocrats) FERGUSON(Prof. Adam): 147, 179 n.
142, equal distribution of FESTER (R.): 279 n.
happiness 154 (cf. 61, 113, FEUERBACH (Ludwig): 330, 346–8.
172), (Ad. Smith) 155, 158, FICHTE (J. G.): 31,133 n., Book IV.
(Rousseau) 181, 185, 188 ch. ii. passim. Also 297, 330,
seq., (Godwin) 201, (Con 351, 371, 388 seq.
dorcet) 204, (Malthus) 205, | FILMER (Sir Robert): 98.
210, (Bentham) 234, 386, Flint (Prof.): 70 n.
(J. S. Mill) 254, 387, (Chris- | Foulis Press : 146.
tianity) 189, 190, (Darwin) FOURIER (Charles): 255, 256,
360, 369.

316, 329, 333.
ERDMANN (Prof. J. E.): 3, 15 n., | Fox (Caroline) : 265 Note.
25 n., 323.

Fox (C. J.): 208.
ERYXIAS: (pseudo-Platonic) 11. France, rural and city population
ESPINAS (Prof. A.): 7, 70, 134 n. 8gn., popular philosophy 117,
Ethics : relation to economics, etc. absolute monarchy 128, 129,

II, (Plato) 12, 14, (Aristotle) before and under the Physio-
32, 35, 42, (Christianity) 51 crats 133, 135, Commercial
seq., (More) 62 seq., (Grotius) Treaty with England 144,
70, 71, (Hobbes) 80, (Man Revolution 144 n., 176, 272,
deville) 107 seq., (Ad. Smith) 351, 366, before the Revo

lution 186, Declaration of 200, errors of people from
Rights 188, 190, Committee their governors (Harrington)
of Public Safety 204, Con 87, 89, society without govern-
vention 353, revolutionary ment (Hume) 120, govern-
epoch 204, 368, influence on ment founded on opinion
J. S. Mill 238, Enlightenment (Hume) 128, 318, paternal
278, 384, influence on Fichte 141, justice without institu-
281, abolition of guilds 316, tions (Ad. Smith) 148, rela-
colonies 318, Revolution (of lation to society (J. S. Mill)
1848) 347, outbreak at Lyons 259 seq., optional and neces-
348.

sary functions of (Mill) 263,
FRANKLIN (Benj.): 136 n., 202. best government (Mill) 260,
Freedom. See Liberty.

276. See also Anarchism,
Friendship : (Aristotle) 32, 33 n., State.

44, 48, (Epicurus) 49, (Ad. GREEN (T. H.): 80, 86, 129 Note,
Smith) 155.

187 n., 196 Note, 297, 389.

GRESHAM (Sir Thos.): 106 n., 359.
GASSENDI (P.): 48.

GROSE (T. H.): 105 n.
Generalization: (Hume) 105, 106, Grotius (Hugo): 6, 69, Book II.

(Ad. Smith) 155 n., 168, (J. S. ch. ii. passim, also (letter about
Mill) 259, 260. See also Hobbes) 78 n., 80, 82, 85, on
Abstract Method.

right reason 87, law of nature
GIERKE (Prof. Otto): 52 n., 55 n., 96, 139, (Ad. Smith on) 148,
72 n.

185, 223, 378, 389.
Gneist(Prof. Rud.): 264, 265 Note. GUIzoT : 239.
GODWIN (William) : 30, 34 n., 174,

188 n., Book III. ch. i. pas HALDANE (R. B.): 181.
sim, also 217, 221, 229, 261, Happiness : (Locke) 91, 92,
262, 281, 294, 384.

(Hume) 113, (Ad. Smith) 153,
Goethe : 94 n., 347

of a people 118, equally dis-
Golden Age: 73, 122 (cf. 157), tributed 61, 113, 154, 173

186, 189, (Kant and Hegel) (but cf. 159, 169), 171, (God-
278.

win) 200 seq., (Bentham) 213,
GOLDSMITH (Oliver): Johnson's 215 seq., (Kant) 270, 272.

lines in his “ Traveller” 113 n. | HARRINGTON (James) : 66, Book
Good : moral 108 (cf. 91), common II. ch. iv. passim, 128, 129, 350,

good 79, 99, 306, 322, good 379.
and evil in history (Proudhon) | Harris (Joseph): 106 n., 147 n.
337, 338, 339, census of goods | HASBACH (Prof. Wilhelm): 6, 48 n.,
(Bodin) 68, goods of mind 70 n., 124 n., 129 Note, 146 n.,
and fortune (Harrington) 88, 180.
goods immediate and remote HEGEL (G. W. F.): 219, 221, Book
(Locke) 92, “nature's goods” IV. IV., V. 1. II. passim, espe-
(Locke) 97 n., classification of cially 296, 337, 346 seq., 372,
goods (Hume) 112, 113, biens 373, 389 seq., Philosophy of
primitifs etc. 135, 137, 138 n., Right (summary of) 302 seq.,
material in relation to labour cf. 342, 351, 366, 388 seq.
158, moral and material HEINZEN (Karl): 334, 335.
(Krause) 297, 299, economic HELVETIUS (C. A.): 199.
(Marx) 341.

HERACLITUS : 351.
GOURNAY (Vincent de): 134, 195. HERDER (J. G.): 279.
Government, an evil (Godwin): | HERMANN (F. B. W.): 310 n.

D D

Higgs (H.): 134 n.

255, 260, 263, (Hegel) 309
History and historical method : seq., (Darwin) 359 (cf. 377).

239 seq., 367 seq. (cf. 126). | Individual the supreme judge of
See Economical and historical his interests 92, 98, 108, 109,
categories.

224 seq. Book III. ch. ii.
Philosophy of history 239, passim.
246, 265, 277, 295, 317, 322, Infinity of human wants: 13, 33, 60,
337, 338, 348, 351, 364.

78, 79, 81, 92, 107, 219, 222,
Historical Economists 196, 223, 226, 231 seq., 248, 310,
295 n., 344, 367, 392.

362, 378, 380.
HOBBES (Thomas): 5, 66, Book INGRAM (Prof. J.K.): 132 n., 241 n.

II. ch. iii. passim, 87, 99, 142, Inheritance: laws of (Lassalle)
185, 189, 223, 231 n., 272, 352-3.
347, 378, 389.

Interest : of Loans (Aristotle) 38,
HODGSKIN (Thomas): 336 n.

(Hume) 120 seq. (cf. 115 n.),
HOOKER (Richard): 73 n., 76 138, 375. See also Usury.
Note, 87, 98.

Ireland : Harrington's plan 89 n.
Humanitarians: as economical
school 339.

JACOB (L. H.): 242 n.
HUMBOLDT (Wilhelm von): defi JEFFERSON (Thomas): 187.
nition of liberty 238.

Jesuits : in Paraguay 255, 367.
HUME (David):6, 76, 89 n., Book | JEVONS (W. S.): 196 Note, 218

II. ch. vi. passim, 130, 143, 236, 247, 331 n.
146, 151 n., 152, 155, 157, Jews : 89 n., 182.
167, 177, 180, 182 Notes, 185, JOHNSON (Samuel): 113 n., 173n.
199, 201, 203, 205, 223, 269, JONES (Richard): 120 n., 196.
318, 379.

Jurisprudence : (Ad. Smith) 147,
HUTCHESON (Francis): 6, 109, 148, 177, 179.

113, 118, 120, 123, 125, 146, Justice: (Plato) 15, 16, 17, 26, 381,
180, 380.

(Aristotle) 39 seq., (Grotius)

73, (Hobbes) 79, (Hume) 107,
Identity : of human nature (Ad. 122 seq., 381, 388, (Physio-

Smith) 157, 164, (Hume) 126, crats) 140, 145, (Ad. Smith)
157, 203, (J. S. Mill) 251, 252 148, 168, 177, 388, (Godwin)
(cf. 356); of Indiscernibles 200 seq., (J. S. Mill) 254, (cf.
(Leibnitz) 359 n.

Kant 273). See also Law,
Immortality: (Kant) 307 (cf. 282), Rights.

Roman idea 352, Christian
ibid.

KANT (Immanuel): on imperfect
Independence : declaration of 187. obligation 86, Kant and Ad.
Individualism : wanting in Aris Smith 168, 182, (J. S. Mill

totle 45, not social in Cynics on) 239, Book IV. ch. i.
etc. 45, new impulse in de passim, also 282, 283, 297,
cline of Greece 48, 49, (Stoics) 305, 306, 321, 329, 330, 388.
49, (Christianity) 51, (Grotius) KAUTSKY (K.): 67 n., 347, 367 n.
74, 76, (Hobbes) 79, 85, KEARY (C. F.): 365 n.
(Locke) 102, 115, (Ad. Smith) KEYNES (J. N.): 242 n.
155, 165, 174, in view of KING (Lord): 91, 92, 102 n.
natural rights 192, 193, 196 KING (Rev. Richard): 98 n.
Note, (Godwin) 200, (Malthus) KNIES (Prof. Karl): 60 n.
207, 208, 213, (Bentham) 216, | KRAUSE (K. C. F.): Book IV. ch.
218, 219, cf. 385-6, (J. S. Mill) | iii., also 196 Note, 389.

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