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the door in the hall, and locks it before those who should not go in; she is also set at trials as a defence against such suits as she wishes to refute: thence is the expression, that syn' is set forward, when a man denies. The twelfth is Hlin: she is established as keeper over those men whom Frigg desires to preserve from any danger; thence comes the saying, that he who escapes 'leans.' Snotra is thirteenth: she is prudent and of gentle bearing; from her name a woman or a man who is moderate is called snotr* The fourteenth is Gna: her Frigg sends into divers lands on her errands; she has that horse which runs over sky and sea and is called Hoof-Tosser. Once when she was riding, certain of the Vanir saw her course in the air; then one spake:

What flieth there? What fareth there,
Or glideth in the air?

She made answer:

I fly not, though I fare

And in the air glide
On Hoof-Tosser, him that Hamskerpir

Gat with Gardrofa.

From Gna's name that which soars high is said to gncefa.1 Sol and Bil are reckoned among the Asynjur, but their nature has been told before.

XXXVI. "There are also those others whose office it is to serve in Valhall, to bear drink and mind the table-service and ale-flagons; thus are they named in Gr'tmnismal:

1 Denial, refutation. 2 Wise, prudent.

3 Project, be eminent, tower.

Hrist and Mist I would have bear the horn to me,

Skeggjold and Skogull;
Hildr and Thrudr, Hlokk and Herfjotur,

G611 and Geirahod,
Randgridr and Radgndr and Reginleif—

These bear the Einherjar ale.

These are called Valkyrs: them Odin sends to every battle; they determine men's feyness and award victory. Gudr and Rota and the youngest Norn, she who is called Skuld, ride ever to take the slain and decide fights. J6rd,the mother of Thor, and Rindr, Vali's mother, are reckoned among the Asynjur. .

XXXVII. "A certain man was called Gymir, and his wife Aurboda: she was of the stock of the HilPGiants; their 'daughter was Gerdr, who was fairest of all women. It chanced one day that Freyr had gone to Hlidskjalf, and gazed over all the world; but when he looked over into the northern region, he saw on an estate a house great and fair. And toward this house went a woman; when she raised her hands and opened the door before her, brightness gleamed from her hands, both over sky and sea, and all the worlds were illumined of her. Thus his overweening pride, in having presumed to sit in that holy seat, was avenged upon him, that he went away full of sorrow. When he had come home, he spake not, he slept not, he drank not; no man dared speak to him. Then Njordr summoned to him Skirnir, Freyr's foot-page, and bade him go to Freyr and beg speech of him and ask for whose sake he was so bitter that he would not speak with men. But Skirnir said he would go, albeit unwillingly; and said that evil answers were to be expected of Freyr.

"But when he came to Freyr, straightway he asked why Freyr was so downcast, and spake not with men. Then Freyr answered and said that he had seen a fair woman; and for her sake he was so full of grief that he would not live long if he were not to obtain her. 'And now thou shalt go and woo her on my behalf and have her hither, whether her father will or no. I will reward thee well for it.' Then Skirnir answered thus: he would go on his errand, but Freyr should give him his own sword — which is so good that it rights of itself;—and Freyr did not refuse, but gave him the sword. Then Skirnir went forth and wooed the woman for him, and received her promise; and nine nights later she was to come to the place called Barrey, and then go to the bridal with Freyr. But when Skirnir told Freyr his answer, then he sang this lay:

Long is one night, long is the second;

How can I wait through three?
Often a month to me seemed less

Than this one night of waiting.

This was to blame for Freyr's being so weaponless, when he fought with Beli, and slew him with the horn of a hart." Then said Gangleri: "'T is much to be wondered at, that such a great chief as Freyr is would give away his sword, not having another equally good. It was a great privation to him, when he fought with him called Beli; by my faith, he must have rued that gift." Then answered Harry: "There was small matter in that, when he and Beli met; Freyr could have killed him with his hand. It shall come to pass

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that Freyr will think a worse thing has come upon him, when he misses his sword on that day that the Sons of Muspell go a-harrying."

^XXXVIII. Then said Gangleri: "Thou sayest that all those men whojiaye jallejiin battle-from the-heginning of the worldare now come to Odin in .Valhall. What has he to give them for food? I should think that a very great host must be there." Then Harry answered: "That which thou sayest is true: a very mighty multitude is there, but many more shall be, notwithstanding which it will seem all too small, in the time when the Wolf shall come. But never is so vast a multitude in Valhall that the flesh of that boar shall fail, which is called Sshrimnir; he is boiled every day and is whole at evening. But this question which thou askest now: I think it likelier that few may be so wise as to be able to report truthfully concerning it. His name who roasts is Andhrimnir, and the kettle is Eldhrimnir; so it is said here:

Andhrimnir has in Eldhrimnir

Sashrimnir sodden,
Best of hams; yet how few know

With what food the champions are fed."

Then said Gangleri: "Has Odin the same fare as the champions?" Harry answered: "That food which stands on his board he gives to two wolves which he has, called Geri1 and Freki;2 but no food does he need; wine is both food and drink to him; so it says here:

1 Ravener. 2 Glutton, greedy.

Geri and Freki the war-mighty glutteth,
The glorious God of Hosts;

But on wine alone the weapon-glorious
Odin aye liveth.

The ravens sit on his shoulders and say into his ear all the tidings which they see or hear; they are called thus: Huginn1 and Muninn.2 He sends them at day-break to fly about all the world, and they come back at undern-meal; thus he is acquainted with many tidings. Therefore men call him Raven-God, as is said:

Huginn and Muninn hover each day

The wide earth over;
I fear for Huginn lest he fare not back,—

Yet watch I more for Muninn."

XXXIX. Then said Gangleri:" Whatjiaye. the champions ts-drink, that may suffice them as abundantly as the food? Or is water drunk there?" Then said Harr: "Now thou askest strangely; as if Allfather would invite to him kings or earls or other men of might and would give them water to drink! I know, by my faith! that many a man comes to Valhall who would think he had bought his drink of water dearly, if there were not better cheer to be had there, he who before had suffered wounds and burning pain unto death. I can tell thee a different tale of this. The she-goat, she who is called Heidriin, stands up in Valhall and bites the needles from the limb of that tree which is very famous, and is called Laeradr; and from her udders mead runs so copiously, that she fills a tun every day. That tun is so great

1 Thought. 2 Memory.

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