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And these proceed from Svarinshaugr to Aurvangar on Joruplain, and thence is Lovarr come; these are their names:
Skirfir, Virfir Skafidr, Ai,
Alfr, Yngvi, Eikinskjaldi,
Fair, Frosti, Fidr, Ginnarr."
XV. Then said Gangleri: "Where is the chief abode or
All know I, Odin, where the eye thou hiddest,
The third root of the Ash stands in heaven; and under
that root is the well which is very holy, that is called the Well of Urdr; there the gods hold their tribunal. Each day the iEsir ride thither up over Bi frost, which is also called the jEsir's Bridge. These are the names of the iEsir's , steeds: Sleipnir' is best, which Odin has ; he has eight feet. The second is Gladr,2 the third Gyllir,3 the fourth Glenr,4 the fifth Skeidbrimir,s the sixth Silfrintoppr,6 the seventh Sinir,7 the eighth Gisl,* the ninth Falhofnir,9 the tenth Gulltoppr,10 the eleventh Lettfeti." Baldr's horse was burnt with him; and Thor walks to the judgment, and wades those rivers which are called thus:
I Kormt and Ormt and the Kerlaugs twain,
* Them shall Thor wade
I Every day when he goes to doom
At Ash Yggdrasill;
Then said Gangleri: " Does fire burn over Bifrost?" Harry
1 The Slipper. 2 Bright or Glad. 3 Golden. 4 The Starer.
5 Fleet Courser. 6 Silver-top. 7 Sinewy. 8 Beam, Ray.
9 Hairy-hoof. ,0 Gold-top. "Light-stepper. » Past.
13 Present. M Future.
Norns; but there are many norns: those who come to each child that is born, to appoint his life; these are of the race of the gods, but the second are of the Elf-people, and the third are of the kindred of the dwarves, as it is said here:
Most sundered in birth I say the Norns are;
They claim no common kin:
Some are Dvalinn's daughters."
Then said Gangleri: "If the Norns determine the weirds of men, then they apportion exceeding unevenly, seeing that some have a pleasant and luxurious life, but others have little worldly goods or fame; some have long life, others short." Harr said: " Good norns and of honorable race appoint good life; but those men that suffer evil fortunes are governed by evil norns."
XVI. Then said Gangleri: "What more mighty wonders are to be told of the Ash?" Harr replied: "Much is to be told of it. An eagle sits in the limbs of the Ash, and he has understanding of many a thing; and between his eyes sits the hawk that is called Vedrfolnir. The squirrel called Ratatoskr runs up and down the length of the Ash, bearing envious words between the eagle and Nidhoggr; and four harts run in the limbs of the Ash and bite the leaves. They are called thus: Damn, Dvalinn, Duneyrr, Durathrow. Moreover, so many serpents are in Hvergelmir with Nidhoggr, that no tongue can tell them, as is here said:
Ash Yggdrasill suffers anguish,
The stag bites above; on the side it rotteth,
And it is further said:
More serpents lie under Yggdrasill's stock
Goinn and Moinn (they 're Grafvitnir's sons),
Ofnir and Svafnir I think shall aye
It is further said that these Norns who dwell by the Well of Urdr take water of the well every day, and with it that clay which lies about the well, and sprinkle it over the Ash, to the end that its limbs shall not wither nor rot; for that water is so holy that all things which come there into the well become as white as the film which lies within the egg-shell,—as is here said:
I know an Ash standing called Yggdrasill,
That dew which falls from it onto the earth is called by men honey-dew, and thereon are bees nourished. Two fowls are fed in Urdr's Well: they are called Swans, and from those fowls has come the race of birds which is so called."
XVII. Then said Gangleri: "Thou knowest many tidings to tell of the heaven. What chief abodes are there more than at Urdr's Well?" Harr said: "Many places are there,
and glorious. That which is called Alfheimr1 is one, where
A hall I know standing than the sun fairer,
Then said Gangleri: "What shall guard this place, when
1 Elf-home. 'Broad-gleaming. * Glittering.
4 Heaven-crag. 5 Seat or shelf of the Fallen. 6 Gate-seat.
7 Either dative of Himill = Heaven (f) (Cl.-Vig.), or Gem-decked (Bugge).