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And Morginn on Vakr;'
Ali rode Hrafn,
They who rode onto the ice:
But another, southward,
A gray one, wandered,
Wounded with the spear.
Bjorn rode Blakkr,
Arvakr' and Alsvidr'" draw the Sun, as is written before; Hrimfaxi" or FjorsvartnirI2 draw the Night; Skinfaxi" and Gladrl4 are the Day's horses.
"These names of oxen are in Thorgrimr's Rhymes:
Of all oxen the names
1 Watchful, Nimble, Ambling, or perhaps Hawk.
2 Related to Kerti = a candle? 3 Tumult. * Slinger. 5 Horse j etymology? 6? 7 Goth.
8 Shining-Lip > (Jonsson). « Early-Wake. ,0 All-Swift.
11 Frosty-Mane. I2 Swart-Life. I3 Shining-Mane.
'* Bright, or Glad.
"Red. I6Meet. "Driven. "Gentle.
Himinhrjodr" and Apli,2
These are names of serpents: Dragon, Fafnir, Mighty
Neat-Cattle: Cow, calf, oxen, heifer, yearling, steer, bull.
Sheep: Ram, buck, ewe, lamb, wether.
Swine: Sow, she-pig, boar, hog, suckling.
LVIII. "What are the names of the air and of the winds?
Wind 't is called among menfolk,
The Wind is also called Blast.
LIX. "Two are those birds which there is no need to periphrase otherwise than by calling blood and corpses their Drink and Meat: these are the raven and the eagle. All other male birds may be periphrased in metaphors of blood or corpses; and then their names are terms of the eagle or the raven. As Thjodolfr sang:
1 Heaven-Bellowing, or perhaps Heaven-Destroyer. * Calf.
3 Bull \ properly = cattle, pecus, fee; hence, inheritance. 4 Heir; cf. with 3.
5 For these names and their meanings, see Gylfag., ch. xvi.
The Prince with Eagle's Barley
These are names of the raven: Crow, Huginn,1 Muninn,"
With flesh the Host-Convoker
Thus sang Einarr Skulason:
He who gluts the Gull of Hatred,
And as he sang further:
But the King's heart swelleth,
1 For the meaning of these names (which are those of Odin's Ravens), see Gylfag., ch. xxxviii.
Where heroes shrink; dark Muninn
As Viga-Glumr sang:
When stood the shielded Maidens
As Skuli Thorsteinsson sang:
Not the hindmost in the hundred
The erne is called Eagle, Old One, Storm-Shearer, Inciter,
With blood the lips he reddened
As Thjodolfr sang:
The Spoiler of the Lady
Swiftly flew with tumult
To meet the high God-Rulers,
Long hence, in Old One's plumage.1
And as stands here:
With skill will I rehearse
Of the Storm-Shearer my verse.
And again as Skuli sang:
Early and late with sobbing
I wake, where well is sated
The hawk of the Cock's blood-ocean:
Then the bard heareth good tidings.
LX. "What are the names of the Sea? It is called Ocean, Main, Wintry, Lee, Deep, Way, Weir, Salt, Lake, Furtherer. As Arnorr sang, and as we have written above:
Let men hear how the Earls' King,
Here it is named Sea, and Main also.
When the man-scathing Meeter
1 See page 130. 2 See page 198.