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Firmly forthwith was fastened
To the Fosterer of Skadi;
To Jotunheim's Strong Dweller
The pole stuck, and the fingers
Of Loki too, companion
Of Hoenir, clung to the pole's end.
The Bird of Blood flew upward
Then Hymir's Kinsman ordered
At that the steep slope-dwellers
Hasted; grewsome of fashion
And ugly all the gods were.
This heard I, that the Staunch Friend
Swiftly the gods have kindled
"This is the correct manner of periphrasing the Msiv: To call each of them by the name of another, and to designate him in terms of his works or his possessions or his kindred.
XXIII. "How should the heaven be periphrased? Thus: call it Skull of Ymir, and hence, Giant's Skull; Task or Burden of the Dwarves, or Helm of Vestri and Austri, Sudri, or Nordri; Land of the Sun, of the Moon, and of the
■"Brjalattur texti"—Jonsson,Edda (Reykjavik, 1907), p. 384.The condition of the text makes translation impossible.
Stars of Heaven, of the Wains and the Winds; Helm, or House, of the Air and the Earth and the Sun. So sang Arnorr Earls'-Skald:
So large of gifts ne'er mounted
And as he sang again:
Bright grows the sun at dusking,
Thus sang Bodvarr the Halt:
For never 'neath the Sun's Plain
And as Thjodolfr of Hvin sang:
Jord's Son drove to the steel-play
(High swelled the godlike anger
In the mind of Meili's Brother),
And the Moon-Way 'neath him quivered.
Even as sang Ormr Barrey's-Skald:
Lady of Draupnir's gore-streak,
The wielder (by right he ruleth)
Even as the skald Bragi sang:
He who threw the dead eyes
And as Markus sang:
'Tis long since the dear-loved Warder
Even as Steinn Herdisarson sang:
I sing the holy Ruler
And as Arnorr Earls'-Skald sang:
Help, dear King of Heaven,
The Day's Plain, help my Hermundr.
And as Arnorr sang further:
Soothfast King of the Sun-Tents,
And as Hallvardr sang:
Knutr wards the land, as the Ruler
As Arnorr sang:
Michael, wise of understanding,
Weighs what seems done ill, and good things:
Then the Monarch of the Sun's Helm
At the Doom-Seat parts all mortals.
XXIV. "How should one periphrase the earth? Thus: by calling her Flesh of Ymir, and Mother of Thor, Daughter of Onarr, Odin's Bride, Co-Wife of Frigg and Rindr and Gunnlod, Mother-in-law of Sif, Floor and Bottom of the Storm-Hall, Sea of Beasts, Daughter of Night, Sister of Audr and of Day. Even as Eyvindr Skald-Despoiler sang:
Now the beaming gold is hidden
As sang Hallfredr Troublous-Skald:
In council 't was determined
And he said further: