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deemed worthy of notice, in former numbers of this Gazette. The public opinion has long since settled down upon most of these subjects. The fortunate authors are enjoying their fame, and the sale of large editions of their books, and have no need to be cumbered with praise at this late period; and the unfortunate ones have become reconciled to their fate, and have no need to be told what the public have long since virtually told them. The booksellers too have cleared off the dusty remains of the editions from their counters, and placed them in their cel lars or their garrets, and are ready to begin upon some new work. So that none will be likely to be very much affected or disturbed by any anathemas now bestowed. It really requires no great boldness or independence to say what has before been said, and what every body is known to believe.
Upon the principle involved in the concluding paragraph, we beg leave to observe, that it is perfectly useless to attempt to sooth and pat into good nature, an auther who has just been tortured by what he deems perversions of his meaning, or who is yet writhing under the lash of satire for his folly. It is an insult to his feelings and his common sense to make overtures for peace at such a moment. The authors of wicked or silly books, and reviewers in their official capacity, are natural enemies; though they may be at the same time personal friends. It is the ambition and the interest of the former to extend their fame and the circulation of their works; and it is the duty of the latter to limit their fame, if it be undeserved, and to prevent the circulation of their books; because they corrupt the public taste, and cumber the ground which would be otherwise occupied by those of a higher and a better order. Upon the subject of "sweeping denunciations," and the efficacy of "flippancy," and "bitterness," we observe, that we have always thought the greatest refinement and the boldest exercise of "flippancy" was to bestow the epithet upon others.
[To be continued.]
English Life, or Manners at Home, in four Pictures.
London,-reprinted at New
This book has been some time under our hands for a character, but the difficulty of explaining in what its signal want of merit more particularly consists, and a reluctance to read enough to give a fair account of it, have prevented our noticing it before. There are so many good novels now, that a bad one is a heavy task; but as it comes within our plan to notice all republications of foreign books as well as native American productions, w must say something of this. For that purpose we have honestly read it through; and if we are not the last who do so, it shall not be our fault. The most remarkable thing about it is, that any one who can write so tolerable English, and can quote so much that others have written well, one who commits so few faults, should have made two volumes so utterly worthless as to defy all criticism. The worst and the best that can be said of them is, that they are good for nothing. They contain four tales, professing to be pictures of English Life. If they be really so, the whole business of life in England is love, and matrimony its only object; for these tales tell of absolutely nothing else. And what is most remarkable, and must produce great confusion and distress in that singular country, every body at first falls in love
with the wrong person. Life there goes always to the same dull tune of perfect beings captivated by showy qualities in the unworthy,-discovering their mistake, and then marrying their own shadows. The only thing which we notice as a positive fault in these stories is, that they contain a large portion of religious cant. We should judge them to have been written on contract by some poor young clergyman, who put in just as much religion as would excuse him to his conscience for writing novels. If such books sell here, we are sorry for the public; if they do not sell, we are not sorry for the publishers.
DON ESTABAN, OR MEMOIRS OF A SPANIARD.
We have long thought that a work describing Spanish manners, and sketching the changes which have taken place in the Spanish Govern ment for the last twenty years, would be peculiarly acceptable to all, who have taken any interest in the struggles of that devoted nation. And if the title of the following work is any indication of what we may expect it to contain, it will be eagerly sought for here as well as in England. All we have seen upon the late Spanish revolutions amounts to little more than newspaper paragraphs, or books written by those who, from their situations, could take but partial views of the important events which they have attempted to describe. "Don Estaban, or Memoirs of a Spaniard," has lately been published in England, and is said by the London papers to contain, not only a picture of the Spanish manners in the various classes of society, and at the court of Spain, anecdotes of the king and the royal family, and of public and private individuals; but also sketches of the Guerilla Partisans and their mode of warfare, descriptions of scenes in various parts of the Peninsula, and an account of the most remarkable public events from 1808 to 1823,—the whole blended with the author's own interesting adventures. We cannot but hope this work, which we expect soon to receive, will give us what we have hitherto sought for in vain.
RECORDS OF SCOTLAND.
The Public Records of Scotland have lately been reprinted by the king's command under the direction of Thomas Thompson, Deputy Clerk and Register. They now amount to fourteen large folio volumes, a full copy which has been sent as a present to the Library of the Northern Scientific and Literary Institution. The work contains the Acts of the Parliament of Scotland from 1424 to the Union in 1707 in ten volumes, the Returns of Services in three volumes; and the Register of the Great Seal during the Reign of Robert I., David II., Robert II., and Robert III.
The poems of the Quaker, Bernard Barton, have reached the fourth edition, to which he has added several pieces.
NEW ROMANCE FOUNDED ON IRISH HISTORY AND SCENERY.
The London Courier states, that a Romance founded on the celebrated Geraldine Rebellion, in the reign of Henry VIII., and headed by Thomas Fitzgerald, has made its appearance; that the writer is thoroughly conversant with the manners and customs of that period; and that the language is very good, and the story possesses great interest.
The prize of £300, assigned by the LORDS OF THE ADMIRALTY for the best chronometer, after one year's trial at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, has just been awarded to Mr R. Widenham of East street, Red Lion square, a very young and ingenious artist. His chronometer, which was an elegant piece of mechanism, only suffered within the year an extreme variation of one second and 84 hundredths of time, according to the tables of mean rates computed by the Astronomer Royal, from actual daily observation. There are generally thirty chronometers sent to the Royal Observatory for competition. Mr Widenham's, having varied the least, has been purchased at the prize value by the Lords of the Admiralty.
LONDON EDITIONS OF MR WAYLAND'S SERMON.
Four editions of the sermon of the Rev. Mr Wayland of this city "on the Moral Dignity of the Missionary Enterprise," have been published
THE ROYAL INSTITUTION.
Great differences are said to exist among those, who have taken an active part in the management of this institution; and it is feared, that the consequences will be a dissolution of the institution.
NEWLY DISCOVERED FRESCOES.
We learn from the London Literary Gazette, that two new frescoes have just been discovered at Pompeii, which are most remarkable for the perfect correctness of their design and for the excellence of their colouring. They represent Briseis taken from Achilles, and the Nuptials of Thetis and Peleus. These pictures still remain in the place where they were found, and are considered as the finest that have ever been discovered belonging to ancient times.
REMAINS OF THE OBELISKS AT ROME.
The same paper informs us, that M. Champolion Jr. is pursuing with great zeal his archæological researches at Naples and in the surrounding country. He has visited Pozzuoli, Baia, Pompeii, and Pæstum, and has been present at the searches made at Nola. The Bourbon Museum at Naples has furnished him with new subjects of Egyptian investigation; he has ascertained that three large engraved fragments of red granite, which are there preserved, are remains of three of the obelisks at Rome. He has discovered also for the first time the case of a mummy, the legends drawn on which are in hieratic characters;
they are followed by another inscription in writing, which is neither Egyptian nor Grecian, and respecting which the enlightened traveller promises to give further details.
NEW ZOOLOGICAL PROJECT.
Sir Humphrey Davy has started a project for organizing a zoological society and establishing a ménagerie, which are designed to answer the same purposes and afford the same facilities for the study of the science of zoology as the Horticultural society and establishment do for Botany. "The great objects," he says in his prospectus, "should be the introduction of new varieties, breeds, and races of animals for the purpose of domestication, or for stocking our farm-yards, woods, pleasure-grounds, and wastes; with the establishment of a general zoological collection, consisting of prepared specimens in different classes and orders, so as to afford a correct view of the animal kingdom at large, in as complete a series as may be practicable, and at the same time to point out the analogies between the animals already domesticated, and those which are. similar in character, upon which the first experiments may be made."
THE PLEASURE OF LOVE QUARRELS.
The following aphorism, taken from a work recently published, called "To-day in Ireland," though it may not come very appropriately under the head of literary and scientific intelligence, will, we think, revive a consciousness of its truth in the minds of many literary and scientific people. "There is a pleasure in quarrelling, which none but a piqued lover knows, and which it would be idle to attempt to explain. Fancy has generally ere then exhausted the store of hope, and hath run over the fair side of the question, till not one new source is left to imagine-it then, perforce, turns the canvass, and having spent all its gay colours on one side, it delights to employ its untouched stock of lugubrious ones upon the reverse. If a lover's hope be supreme bliss, a lover's despair is not without its soothing and flattering accompaniments, so that, on the whole, perhaps he is not vastly to be pitied!
DR BIGELOW'S AMERICAN MEDICAL BOTANY.
This valuable work, published a few years since, has been noticed and highly complimented in a late number of the Revue Encyclopédique, published in Paris. The reviewers think we ought to live forever, if we have medicinal plants, in such numbers, that the description of them fills three quarto volumes.
WRITING ON BOARDS COVERED WITH SAND.
We learn, on the authority of the London Literary Gazette, that the Counsellor Slootsoff, in a tour of inspection, which he recently made in the countries beyond the lake Baikal in Siberia, having occasion to explain to the elders of the tribes of Bouriaates on the banks of the Salenga the most simple mode of teaching the children to write, was much surprised to learn from them, that their Lamas were in the habit of using boards covered with sand in teaching arithmetic to their pu
pils, and that this method had been borrowed from Thibet. Bell and Lancaster have hitherto claimed and received the honor of being the first to use these means for teaching writing.
LOUIS XVIII. AND NAPOLEON IN THE ELYSIAN Fields.
A book has lately been published in Paris with the above title. We think they must have some interesting conversation, and hope the volume will reach us, that we may hear what they have to say to each other.
STEAM ENGINES IN ENGLAND.
The steam engines in England represent the power of 320,000 horses, equal to 1,920,000 men; which, being in fact managed by 36,000 men only, add actually to the power of the population 1,884,000 men.
ARTS AND SCIENCE.
of Science and Arts.
The American Journal Conducted by Benjamin Silliman. Vol. IX. No II. June 1825. New-Haven.
This work is published in quarterly numbers, making two volumes each year of at least 320 octavo pages each. The plan of the work was projected by Professor Silliman four or five years since; and by his talents and industry it has been in a great degree sustained. He has now, however, the assistance of many able and intelligent correspondents in different parts of Europe, as well as in our own country. These together with the industry of the editor, bring into his journal a greater mass of intelligence upon those subjects to which it is more particularly devoted, than is collected in any other work of the kind published in this country. The present number, contains many interesting and original articles, on Geology, Mineralogy, and Topog raphy; Botany, Entomology, and Ichthyology. And under the department of Mathematics, Mechanics, Physics, and Chemistry, we notice a communication on crank motion, from Mr A. B. Quinby, a distinguished mathematician in New-York, which shows a great deal of research. It seems there has been some controversy on the subject before, as this article is called a "Reply to the remarks of the author of an article in the North American Review." We have not now the leisure necessary to trace the controversy to its origin, but we think Mr Quinby in the present article worries his antagonist of the North American with some zeal and effect.
The Carolina Journal of Medicine, Science, and Agriculture. Vol. I. No II. Charleston. Gray & Ellis.
Boston Monthly Magazine. No I. June 1825.
Views on the subject of Internal Improvement, Steam Boats on the Susquehanna, &c. By William Hollins. Nos. I. & II. Baltimore. Etting Mickle.
Ă Lecture, being the second of a Series of Lectures, introductory to a Course of Lectures, now delivering in the University of Maryland. By David Hoffman. Published at the Request of the Faculty of Law. 8vo. pp. 50. Baltimore. John D. Toy.
North American Review. No. 48. July 1825.