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as the reviews, and remarked, as somewhat singular, an editorial note in praise of a poetical article contained in it. It seemed to us like an indirect way of complimenting one's own work.
The articles in this number are of various merit, but on the whole we read it with interest. We think the editors are not always sufficiently impressed with the importance of preserving the purity of the language, nor sufficiently careful to exclude slight errors in construction, or unauthorized words; we could select a few trivial instances of this sort, but it would probably seem to some of our readers hypercritical, and we wish only to hint at the importance of vigilance in this particu lar. The typographical execution of the work, is very good. The price, 6 dollars per annum, seems to us too high, when compared with those of our New England periodical Journals.
A Particular Account of the Battle of Bunker or Breed's Hill, on the 17th of June, 1775. By a Citizen of Boston. Boston. 1825. 8vo. pp. 26.
This pamphlet is rather a continuation of the controversy, which took place a few years since, upon the same subject, than a correct narrative of that important event. And it appears remarkably deficient in the two properties, to which it pretends, and which alone could give an additional work on the subject any value, viz. great research and perfect impartiality.
NEW WORK RELATING TO LORD BYRON.
The most intense curiosity seems still to exist, in regard to every thing, that relates to this remarkable man. And this new work is announced to the public in a manner exceedingly well calculated to excite and keep it alive. The London Courier of May 14th, says, "We smell a work in the press, which will create a great fermentation among the fashionable and literary world. Endless conjectures are already abroad respecting its author. Some have imagined it to be a distinguished nobleman, others a chère amie of Lord Byron's; at any rate it contains what cannot fail to be eagerly sought after-Recollections of a perusal of his Lordship's self-written memoirs, and will, we understand, be given to the world this week, splendidly embellished, under the title of The Life, Writings, Opinions, and Times of the Right Hon. Lord Byron, in three interesting volumes, including anecdotes and sketches of all the public and noble characters and courtiers of the present polished age, and court of His Majesty George the Fourth, dedicated to the Right Hon. George Canning, M. P." This, as we observed before, is exceedingly well calculated to provoke curiosity upon the subject; and we doubt not that in due time we shall be favoured with the forthcoming volumes. We hope we may have them all at once, without any garbling or reserva
tions, for we are quite discouraged in buying and noticing books about Lord Byron. He was a great genius, no doubt, and we need not withhold our admiration of his splendid talents; but his infidelity and recklessness of moral principle made him a curse to his own age, and will make his writings one to posterity. It is in connexion only with such splendid talents as Lord Byron's, that depravity so deep has the power to taint the moral atmosphere of more than one age. And the fewer recollections the world have of his private life and history, the better it will be both for his character and their condition.
A PEEP AT THE PILGRIMS IN 1636.
This novel, which was seasonably noticed in the first volume of the United States Literary Gazette, has beer. lately reprinted in London; and is thus noticed in the Literary Gazette.
"The moderns have certainly added another muse to the nine maiden ladies of the ancients, viz. the muse of novel-writing; and were the works of her votaries to be heaped up in a pile to her honor, they would, like the tower of Babel, reach even unto the clouds. Novels seem to be also quite the national literature of America The present one is no discredit to the land of its birth. Without exciting any very overwhelming emotion, it yet attracts and keeps up a pleased attention, and presents an interesting, and we doubt not, true account of the time and country it describes-New England, about the middle of the seventeenth century."
NUMBER OF AMERICAN WORKS PUBLISHED DURING THE LAST QUARTER.
In the last six numbers of this Gazette, embracing a period of three months, we have collected and published the titles of one hundred and eighty-five new American works, including pamphlets and periodicals, which have issued from the different presses in the United States during that time. Nine of them are works of two volumes each, making, in all, one hundred and ninety-four volumes. A goodly portion of them, however, are twelve and a half cent pumphlets, of which our authors and presses seem abundantly prolific. In the same numbers, we have published the titles of fifty foreign works, making sixty-nine volumes, which have been reprinted in this country during the same time. The whole number of volumes, therefore, foreign and domestic, which have issued from our presses, during the last three months, is two hundred and sixtythree. Probably many works have been published, which have not reached us, but we think this is as complete a list as can be found in any journal in the country for the same time.
STATISTICS OF PARIS.
The number of births in Paris was, in 1820, 24858: in 1821, 25156: in 1822, 26880: in 1823, 27070. The number of deaths was, in 1820, 22464: in 1821, 22917 : in 1822, 23882: in 1823, 24550. The consequent increase of which amounts, in 1820, to 2394: in 1821, to 2239: in 1822, to 2998 in 1823, to 2570: making a total increase of population, during the four years, of 10201. The number of natural children in 1820 was 8870;
in 1821, 9176; in 1822, 9751; and in 1823, 9806; the proportion of the latter year being rather less than or rather one third, of the total of births. There are generally more boys than girls born; the difference in 1820 was 448; in 1821, 564; in 1822, 264; 1823, 434. The number of deaths in 1823 was as follows, 15273 at their residences; 8227 in the hospitals; 661 military, 72 in prison; and 267 deposited at Morgue. There were also 1509 still-born children in 1823, of which 847 were boys. There has also been a tremendous increase in the deaths occasioned by the small pox: in 1820 they were only 105; in 1821, 272; in 1822, 1084; and in 1823, 649, of which 365 were boys. In 1823, there were 6280 marriages between bachelors and spinsters; 332 between bachelors and widows; 680 between widowers and spinsters; and 212 between widowers and widows, making a total of 7504. There were consumed in the same year 915958 hectolitres of wine; 51416 of brandy; 11465 of cider and perry; 16860 of vinegar; 150069 of beer.
JOHN BULL IN AMERICA.
This burlesque upon English travellers in America, a work which we noticed in a late number of our Gazette, has been reprinted and published in London by John Miller, who seems among the London publishers to take the deepest interest in American literature. The work has been reviewed of course in the Literary Gazette, and openly attributed to Mr Paulding of New York. A review in the London Literary Gazette, however, means no more, than that the work has been again reprinted in that journal. For the conductors of it seldom do more than pirate the best parts of a book and connect them by a few sentences of their own.
SCHOOL UPON THE PLAN OF FELLENBERG.
We learn from the New Monthly Magazine for April, that another school has been lately established in Switzerland under the care of M. Eberhardt upon the plan of the one at Hofwyl, conducted by M. Fellenberg, by whom young Eberhardt was instructed. The experiment began with two pupils; the number is now increased to twenty-four. The aim of the institution is to form honest and religious men, and make them good practical agriculturists. The expense of the two first was, at the utmost, 200 francs per head. Since the number has increased, this sum is diminished; and it is expected, that by the fifth year there will not only be no loss, but a surplus remaining to the establishment.
A curious piece of mechanism has been invented and exhibited in Great Britain. It is called the Alarm Statue, and is intended for presentation to the king. It is designed for the protection of dwellinghouses &c. from midnight depredators. This automaton represents a soldier in full regimentals, six feet in height; its position is erect, in the manner of a sentinel on duty, having a blunderbuss in his hand. Upon touching a wire, it immediately turns round in that direction, drops its head, and fires the piece, at the same time ringing two alarm-bells, and pronouncing the word "fire" in a distinct and audible voice.
MORTALITY OF THE RICH AND POOR.
A memoir was lately read by Dr Villerone before the Academy of Sciences at Paris, "on the mortality in France in the class in easy circumstances, compared with what takes place among the indigent." In two arrondissements of Paris, the first and the twelfth, he makes it appear, that the former, which is inhabited by rich persons, has a mortality of one in 50; and the latter, which is inhabited by poor, has a mortality of one in 24, and there being no other assignable cause for this enormous difference than wealth and poverty. He found the deaths in Rue de la Mortellerie, where poor people are crowded together in unhealthy lodgings, four times and a half as numerous as in the quays of the Isle St Louis, where rich people live in large and well ventilated apartments. He also shows that the mortality in the hospitals rises or falls with the rate of wages of those who enter them.
Of Jewellers, Compositors, &c. there die in the Hospitals
The poorest of them all, Rag-gatherers &c. "Soldiers, who are the best off,
1 in 11
1 in 8
1 in 7
1 in 6
1 in 5
1 in 5
1 in 20
NEWLY DISCOVERED QUADRUPED.
Dr T. William Harris of Milton, a very intelligent and promising naturalist, has lately received from Machias in the state of Maine, a specimen of an animal of the genus Condylura, which he believes, after an investigation, to belong to a species hitherto unknown. This genus, we believe, has hitherto embraced but one species, the "radiated mole," which was included by Linnæus under the genus Sorex, and by Cuvier under that of Talpa. Other naturalists have, however, thought it presented differences sufficient to authorize its establishment as a separate genus, and we have now a new species added to it, to which Dr Harris has proposed to give the name prasinata. The fur of this animal is of a green colour, and it nearly corresponds in size to the species previously known. We understand that Dr Harris has prepared a full account of this animal, which will appear in the Number of the Boston Journal of Philosophy and the Arts, which is now in press.
• NEW UNIVERSITY IN ENGLAND.
Such is the number of students accustomed to resort to the Universities now in operation, that it is proposed to establish a third, somewhere in the vicinity of York. To this institution Earl Fitzwilliam has promised to subscribe fifty thousand pounds.
An English journal announces, among other American projects, that it is in contemplation "to cut a canal between the Delaware and Rariton and Barnstaple rivers and Buzzard's bay."
Annals of Portsmouth, comprising a Period of Two Hundred Years, from the First Settlement of the Town; with Biographical Sketches of a few of the most respectable Inhabitants. By Nathaniel Adams. Portsmouth. Published by the Author.
Elements of Geometry, by A. M. Legendre, Member of the Institute and the Legion of Honour, of the Royal Society of London, &c. Translated from the French for the use of the Students of the University at Cambridge, New England, by John Farrar, Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy. Second edition, corrected and enlarged. 8vo. pp. 224. Boston. Cummings, Hilliard, & Co.
An Introduction to Algebra, upon the Inductive Method of Instruction. By Warren Colburn, Author of "First Lessons in Arithmetic," &c. 12mo. pp. 372. Boston. Cummings, Hilliard, & Co.
An Address delivered at the Laying of the Corner Stone of the Bunker Hill Monument. By Daniel Webster. Svo. Boston. Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. pp. 40.
Address delivered before the Alumni of Columbia College, on the 4th of May, 1825, in the Chapel of the College. By Clement C. Moore, A. M. 8vo. pp. 37. New York.
The author has given a brief sketch of the history of Columbia College from the date of its first charter in 1754, to the present time. "As the institution now stands," says he, "its Faculty consists of a President and five Professors, all of whom the students are required to attend, and a Professor of Law, the attendance on whose lectures is voluntary." The address closes with a statement of the advantages of the association, and the annual meetings of the alumni of the college; and a few judicious remarks upon the purposes and means of education.
The Order of Exercises in the Chapel of Transylvania University, A Collection of Original Pieces in Honour of the Arrival of General . Lafayette. 12mo. pp. 16. Lexington, Ky.
This pamphlet contains an Address to General Lafayette in French-three Odes in English-an Eclogue and two Odes in Latin. The Ode by Samuel Wilson, A. M. in Sapphic and Adonian measure is highly poetical in its conceptions and classical in its language. We hope to see it published in some form which will meet the public eye in this part of our country.
Philadelphia Magazine, No. V. Philadelphia.
An Exposition of the Facts and Circumstances which justified the Expedition to Foxardo, and the Consequences thereof; together with the Proceedings of the Court of Inquiry thereon, held by Order of the Honourable the Secretary of the Navy. By D. Porter. 8vo. pp. 107. Washington. Davis & Force.
This pamphlet was published after the Court of Inquiry upon the conduct of Commodore Porter at Foxardo had closed its examination; and was transmitted to the Secretary of the Navy by Commodore Porter, after he had been apprised by the navy department, that further proceedings would be had, and that he would be arrested and tried by a Court Martial. Commodore Porter, it seems, hoped to obviate the necessity of further proceedings, by making this seasonable defence. But the Secretary of the Navy has expressed his surprise that Commodore Porter should have thought it proper to make a publication relative to his case, while it was still under