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carry forward the work of improvement in the condition of mankind. As the result of the wide and earnest diffusion of knowledge, which characterizes our age, he confidently anticipates more rational forms of religion, and more popular forms of government among the older nations of the earth. He shows a patriotic and laudable attachment to the institutions of our own country; and thinks they are destined to have no small influence on those of other countries. Hence spring our duties, as American citizens, to preserve them pure, as examples to the world of the ability of a nation to govern themselves by their own laws. We confidently recommend these Discourses to our readers; and regret that our limits do not allow us to give a more full analysis of them.
The Leper of Aost. Translated from the French of Lemaistre. 12mopp. 37. Boston. Cummings, Hilliard, & Co.
Resignation; an American Novel, by a Lady. In 2 yols. 12mo. pp. 408 & 444.
A System of Pyrotechny, comprehending the Theory and Practice, with the Application of Chemistry, designed for Exhibition and for War. In four parts. Containing an Account of the Substances used in Fireworks the Instruments, Utensils, and Manipulations-Fireworks for Exhibition--and Military Pyrotechny, adapted to the military and naval officer, the man of science, and the artificer. By James Cutbush, A. S. U. S. A. &c. 8vo. pp. 600. Philadelphia. Clara Cutbush. Price $4,50.
The Northern Traveller, containing the Routes to Niagara, Quebec, and the Springs, with descriptions of the Principal Scenes, and Useful Hints to Strangers, with Maps and Copperplates. New York. 18mo. pp. 222. Wilder & Campbell.
This work will be found highly interesting and useful to those who are making the tour and visiting the places which is describes.
The Traveller's Directory through the United States, with an Appendix, &c.; the whole illustrated by appropriate Maps. By John Melish. A new edition, revised and enlarged. Philadelphia,
A Brief Outline of the Evidences of the Christian Religion. By Archibald Alexander, D. D. Professor of Didactic Theology in the Theological Seminary, Princeton, N. J. Price 87 cents. Princeton.
A Mirror, in which is shown the Likeness of Professing Christians, who place no confidence in the Light Within, or Spirit of Truth, as being the Gift of God. New York.
Essays on some of the First Principles of Metaphysics, Ethics, and Theology. By Asa Burton, D. D. Pastor of the Church of Christ in Thetford, Vt. 8vo. pp. 411. Portland. Arthur Shirley.
The Christian Spectator. Vol. VII. No. VI. June, 1825. New Haven.
Discourses on the Offices and Character of Jesus Christ. By Henry Ware, jun. Minister of the Second Church in Boston. 12mo. pp. 217. Boston.
A Sermon on the Art of Preaching, delivered before the Pastoral Association of Massachusetts, in Boston, May 25, 1825. By Edward D. Griffin, D. D. President of Williams College. 8vo. pp. 35. Boston.
The Gospel Advocate, No. LIV. for June, 1825.
The Claims of Past and Future Generations on Civil Rulers. A Sermon preached at the Annual Election, May 25, 1825, before His Honor, Marcus Morton, Esq. Lieutenant Governor, the Honourable Council and the Legislature of Massachusetts. By William B. Sprague, Pastor of the First Church in West Springfield. 8vo. pp. 36. Boston. True & Green.
A Collection of Essays and Tracts in Theology. By Jared Sparks. No. X. Boston.
AMERICAN EDITIONS OF FOREIGN WORKS.
The Museum of Foreign Literature and Science. No. XXXV. for Mav, 1825.
The Elements of Natural and Experimental Philosophy. By Tiberius Cavallo, F. R. S. &c. Third American edition, with Additional Notes, selected from various authors. By F. X. Brosius. 2 vols. 8vo. Philadelphia. Towar & Hogan.
Precapts for the Improvement and Preservation of the Sight. Plain Rules, which will enable all to judge exactly when and what Spectacles are best calculated for their Eyes, &c. By William Kitchiner, M. D. author of the Cook's Oracle, &c. 1 vol. 18mo.
Morning Thoughts, in Prose and Verse, on the Gospel of St Matthew. By J. W. Cunningham, author of the Velvet Cushion. First American from the third London edition. New York. Wilder & Campbell.
A Treatise on the Law of Mercantile Guarantee, and of Principal and Surety in General. By Walter W. Fell, Esq. Barrister at Law. With Notes and References to American Decisions, by Charles Walker, Esg. of the New York Bar. Philadelphia. P. H. Nicklin.
Helon's Pilgrimage to Jerusalem, a Picture of Judaism in the century which preceded the Advent of our Saviour. Translated from the German of Frederick Strauss. 2 vols. 12mo. Boston. Wells & Lilly.
Universal Geography. By M. Malte-Brun. 8vo. Boston. Wells & Lilly.
New Monthly Magazine, No. LII.
LIST OF WORKS IN PRESS. Memoirs and Recollections of Count Segur, Ambassador from France to the Courts of Russia and Prussia. New York. Wilder & Campbell.
Lectures on Female Education. By James M. Garnett. To which is annexed the Gossip's Manual. Third edition, with corrections and additions by the author. Richmond, Va. Thomas W. White.
The Christian Father's Present to his Children. By Rev. S. A. James, author of " Sunday School Teacher's Guide.” Boston. Crocker & Brewster.
Juliana Oakley. A Tale. By Mrs Sherwood. Boston. Crocker & Brewster.
The Life of the Chevalier John Paul Jones. Washington, D. C.
Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & Co., No. 134 Washington-Street, Boston, for the Proprietors. Terms, $5 per
Cambridge: Printed at the University Press, by Hilliard f. Metcalf.
Memoir of the Life of Josiah Quincy, Jun. of Massachusetts : By
his son, Josiah Quincy. Boston. 8vo. pp. 498. They, whose toils, and pains, and perils established for all nations and all time a principle in political philosophy of vast importance, have not all gone from among us. A few yet live to see that great principle in practice. They held an undoubting belief in the capacity of men to govern themselves, -in the utter uselessness of that cumbersome machinery, which held nations together in all other climes,--and in the injurious influence upon human character, of institutions, which all preceding generations had thought demanded by its essential needs, and they have lived to see the wisdom of their belief justified. But although that generation has not wholly passed away, yet the lapse of time has made their deeds matter of history; the tale of their efforts and sacrifices falls upon ears which never heard the sound of their voices; their children and their children's children are men, filling all the offices and relations, and active in all the employments of society; and asking of the historian to tell them what things their fathers did. This call should be answered; it is an imperious duty of all who are acquainted with facts and possessed of documents which throw any light upon the causes or conduct of our revolution, or upon the character of those who brought it forward or were brought out by it, to give these facts and documents to the public. There must be many alive, who have it in their power to communi
cate valuable information; and although we cannot hope for many volumes filled with papers so important as those which form the bulk of this, yet there are doubtless many
letters and journals and notes extant, which, were they within the reach of the historian, would materially assist him. One man, mighty among the mightiest of those who led our fathers on their way to independence, was permitted, -perhaps unavoidably, to destroy a mass of papers, the loss of which can never be fully supplied. We rejoice that those which Josiah Quincy Jun. left, have met with better fortune ; his son has performed an acceptable service to more than his fellow-citizens and his own age, by placing them upon an imperishable record, and thus building, of materials over which time can have no power, the best monument to his father's memory.
Before we proceed to make an abstract of the life of Mr Quincy, or to give extracts from his papers, we would stop to acknowledge the good taste and sound discretion which the author of this memoir has manifested. The family history of Mr Quincy and the principal facts of his life, are stated with brevity and simplicity; and little more is added to them than is requisite for the right understanding of the various papers now, for the first time, published.
Mr Quincy was descended from one of the earliest pilgrims; and his ancestors, in all their generations, filled important offices in the government of the province. He was born in Boston, February 23, 1744 ;--and in his childhood and youth those qualities were indicated, which characterized him through life, and enabled him to earn, in his short career, a fame, which will never die. He was educated at Cambridge, and as soon as he left the University, entered upon the study of the law. By good fortune, which his abilities and efforts improved to the utmost, he succeeded to an extensive practice immediately after the expiration of the student's term ; and during the remainder of his life he held a high rank as a lawyer. About a year after he commenced the practice of his profession, he turned his attention to public affairs, and published in the Boston Gazette two pieces signed “Hyperion.” Their character is sufficiently obvious from the following extracts.
“ Be not deceived, my countrymen. Believe not these venal hirelings when they would cajole you by their subtleties into submission, or frighten you by their vapourings into compliance. When they strive to flatter you by the terms moderation and prudence,' tell them, that
calmness and deliberation are to guide the judgment, courage and intrepidity command the action. When they endeavour to make us perceive our inability to oppose our mother country,' let us boldly answer: In defence of our civil and religious rights, we dare oppose the world ; with the God of armies on our side, even the God who fought our fathers' battles, fear not the hour of trial, though the hosts of our enemies should cover the field like locusts. If this be enthusiasm, we will live and die enthusiasts.
“ Blandishments will not fascinate us, nor will threats of a "halter' intimidate. For under God, we are determined, that wheresoever, whensoever, or howsoever, we shall be called to make our exit, we will die freemen. Well do we know that all the regalia of this world cannot dignify the death of a villain, nor diminish the ignominy, with which a slave shall quit bis existence. Neither can it taint the unblemished honour of a son of freedom, though he should make his departure on the already prepared gibbet, or be dragged to the newly erected scaf. fold for execution. With the plaudits of his conscience he will go off the stage. A crown of joy and immortality shall be his reward. The history of his life his children shall venerate. The virtues of their sire shall excite their emulation.” *
“ By the sweat of our brow, we earn the little we possess; from nature we derive the common rights of man;-and by charter we claim the liberties of Britons ! Shall we,--dare we,-pusillapimously surrender our birthright? Is the obligation to our fathers discharged, is the debt we owe posterity paid? Answer me, thou coward ! who bidest thyself in the hour of trial! If there is no reward in this life, -no prize of glory in the next, capable of animating thy dastard soul; think and tremble, thou miscreant ! at the whips and stripes thy master shall lash thee with on earth,—and the flames, and scorpions, thy second master shall torment thee with hereafter !
“Oh, my countrymen! what will our children say, when they read the history of these times, should they find we tamely gave away, without one noble struggle, the most invaluable of earthly blessings? As they drag the galling chain, will they not execrate us? If we have any respect for things sacred; any regard to the dearest treasure on earth; -if we bave one tender sentiment for posterity; if we would not be despised by the whole world ;-let us, in the most open, solemn manner, and with determined fortitude, swear,—we will die,- if we cannot live freemen!”
Although he continued to express these sentiments unreservedly, in 1770 he was solicited by the British officers and soldiers under trial for “ the Boston Massacre," to undertake their defence in conjunction with John Adams; and after mature consideration he complied with their request. This resolution, before the motives which had led to it were known, produced the greatest consternation among the people, who were at this time under a high degree of excitement at the outrage which they believed had been committed upon them. Mr Quincy was now considered one of the master spirits who